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placename:- Aira Beck
locality:- Aira
parish Matterdale parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
river
coordinates:- NY40001974
10Km square:- NY41

1Km square NY4019

photograph

Aira Beck -- Aira -- Matterdale -- Cumbria / -- Towards the lake from Aira Bridge. -- 7.1.2006

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY32, button to large image
wiggly line, river
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 146:-
[Gowbarrow Park] ... A powerful brook dashes through rocks hung with a happy mixture of natural wood, beds of luxuriant fern, aged hawthorns, hollies, and honeysuckles; while fallow deer are seen glancing and bounding through the thickets and over the lawns. The attraction of the retired views, and the ever-varying fore-grounds, which heighten the beauties of the water, are not to be described.
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old map:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY32, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY32, button to large image
river

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 28:-
...
It may seem surprising that the river above the Force [Aira] is more plentifully stocked with fish than it is below. This is the more extraordinary, as it is quite impossible for them to have either ascended or descended through this cataract: ...
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Ullswater)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
thumbnail CL4NY32V, button to large image
river
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02NY32, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02NY32, button to large image
river
county:- Cumberland

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Ull)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
thumbnail CT5NY32V, button to large image
Ara River
thumbnail CT5NY31Z, button to large image

placename:- Ara River
river
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY31, button to large image
wiggly line, into Ullswater
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYF, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYF, button to large image
Wiggly line; into Ullswater.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY31, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY31, button to large image
Running by the edge of Gowbarrow Park and into Ullswater.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY42, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10NY42, button to large image
Arey beck

placename:- Arey Beck
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY31, button to large image
Single wiggly line.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11NY42, button to large image
wiggly line, runs into Ullswater
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Wmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP14NY42, button to large image
double line, into Ullswater
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY32, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY32, button to large image
county:- Westmorelandia
river
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

button   Aira Bridge, Matterdale
button   Aira Force, Matterdale
button   bridge, Dockray
button   bridge, Matterdale
button   High Force, Matterdale

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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