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placename:- Appleby Castle
locality:- Appleby-in-Westmorland
parish Appleby-in-Westmorland parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
castle
coordinates:- NY685198
10Km square:- NY61

1Km square NY6819

photograph

Appleby Castle -- Appleby-in-Westmorland -- Appleby-in-Westmorland -- Cumbria / -- From Parkin Hill. -- 28.10.2005

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 15 3)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
Appleby Castle / Caesar's Tower

placename:- Appleby Castle
other name:- Caesar's Tower
castle
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0001, button to large image
Photograph, Appleby Castle, The Keep, Appleby-in-Westmorland, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1907.
Vol.1 no.1 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
1. / Appleby Castle, The Keep. Appleby St. Lawrence. E.

placename:- Appleby Castle
date:- 1907
period:- 1900s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0002, button to large image
Photograph, Appleby Castle from the Courtyard, Appleby-in-Westmorland, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1907.
Vol.1 no.2 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
2. / Appleby Castle from the Courtyard. Appleby St. Lawrence. E.

placename:- Appleby Castle
date:- 1907
period:- 1900s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0003, button to large image
Photograph, Appleby Castle and River Eden, Appleby-in-Westmorland, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1907.
Vol.1 no.3 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
3. / Appleby Castle and River Eden. Appleby St. Lawrence. E.

placename:- Appleby Castle
date:- 1907
period:- 1900s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0004, button to large image
Photograph, Appleby Castle from the Moat, Appleby-in-Westmorland, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1907.
Vol.1 no.4 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
4. / Appleby Castle from the Moat. Appleby St. Lawrence. E.

placename:- Appleby Castle
date:- 1907
period:- 1900s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
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page 289-290
At Appleby the Castle, Earl of Thanet, and Rev. Jno. Moore.
list of seats
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page 315-316
At Appleby is Appleby Castle, Earl of Thanet.

placename:- Appleby Castle
person:- : Thanet, Earl of
person:- : Moore, John
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 148:-
... the assizes held in [Appleby's] its castle, which is the county gaol, ...
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 157:-
...
... The castle, now the seat of the earl of Thanet, is a square tower, surrounded by modern apartments, built by Thomas lord Clifford t. Henry IV. and repaired by the countess; in which are curious portraits, armour, and tapestry. ...
person:- : Thanet, Earl of
person:- : Clifford, Thomas, Lord
person:- : Pembroke, Anne, Lady
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY62SE, button to large image
Earl of Thanet
castle?
county:- Westmorland
person:- Thanet, Earl of
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY61, button to large image
Castle
circle
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP3P4, button   goto source.
Page 1022:-
... William King of Scots took this Town [Appleby], and the Burgh under Stanemore by Suprize, a little before himself was taken at Alnwick; but they were afterward recovered by King John, who gave the Castle and Barony of this Town and the Burgh to John de Vipont, ...
... the Goal for Malefactors, which was formerly in the Castle, is now at the End of the Bridge. ... the Castle, almost surrounded with the River, and with Trenches, where the River comes not. ...
person:- : William, King of Scots
person:- : Vipont, John de
person:- : John
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

hearth tax returns:- Hearth Tax 1675

Records, hearth tax survey returns, Westmorland, 1674/75.
Apple Castle
in
Appleby

placename:- Apple Castle
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
OUTER WALL TO APPLEBY CASTLE GROUNDS, FROM SOUTH LODGE TO THE RIVER / / SHAW'S WIEND / APPLEBY IN WESTMORLAND / EDEN / CUMBRIA / II / 73719 / NY6864519721
courtesy of English Heritage
Mostly C18 and C19 but including some older work and much modern repair and rebuild. Sandstone rubble, between six and eight feet high, continuous.
district:- Eden
listed building
coordinates:- NY68641972
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
MAIN BUILDING OF APPLEBY CASTLE / / BOROUGHGATE / APPLEBY IN WESTMORLAND / EDEN / CUMBRIA / I / 73609 / NY6861819936
courtesy of English Heritage
Occupied as private dwelling. Grey stone rubble and ashlar. North wall of house, and west part of north wing, with round tower are C13. Eastern part built 1454. Partly dismantled 1648 but restored by Lady Anne Clifford 1651-3. House largely rebuilt in 1686, the north-west wing added 1695. Again restored, and sash windows inserted in C19. See R.C.H.M. Westmorland.
district:- Eden
listed building
coordinates:- NY68611993
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
GATEWAY TO APPLEBY CASTLE COURTYARD / / BOROUGHGATE / APPLEBY IN WESTMORLAND / EDEN / CUMBRIA / I / 73610 / NY6855519940
courtesy of English Heritage
Probably mostly C17, grey stone, gateway battlemented. Gatehouse Cottage adjoins to west, long and low, two storeys, with three-light casement windows with flat -- stone mullions, and 12-paned sashes (C18 alterations). Castle Moat Cottage adjoins farther to west, single storey, studded door, two 12-paned sash windows. Both cottages are built into the C17 curtain wall.
district:- Eden
listed building -- gateway
coordinates:- NY68551994
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
CAESER'S TOWER AT APPLEBY CASTLE / / BOROUGHGATE / APPLEBY IN WESTMORLAND / EDEN / CUMBRIA / I / 73608 / NY6851419930
courtesy of English Heritage
Uninhabited keep. C12 square keep on island site in court, stone, with round- arched entrance. Upper parts altered C17 and C18. A.M.

other name:- Caeser's Tower
district:- Eden
listed building
coordinates:- NY68511993
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
NORTH LODGE TO APPLEBY CASTLE / / BOROUGHGATE / APPLEBY IN WESTMORLAND / EDEN / CUMBRIA / II / 73614 / NY6843720097
courtesy of English Heritage
Mid/late C19, contemporary with the gateway. Red sandstone with cornice and battlements, two storeys with cornice/string between storeys. Cross windows of four and six lights with moulded stone mullions and transoms. Stepped gable to rear. Adjoins entrance gates. Modern addition in angle.
district:- Eden
listed building
coordinates:- NY68432009
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
OUTER WALL TO APPLEBY CASTLE GROUNDS, FROM NORTH LODGE TO SOUTH LODGE / / SHAWS WIEND / APPLEBY IN WESTMORLAND / EDEN / CUMBRIA / II / 73718 / NY6837620056
courtesy of English Heritage
Mostly C18 and C19 but including some older work and much modern repair and rebuild. Sandstone rubble, between six and eight feet high, continuous.
district:- Eden
listed building
coordinates:- NY68372005
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

old print:- Pennant 1773 (edn 1801)

Book, A Tour from Downing to Alston Moor, 1773, by Thomas Pennant, published by Edward Harding, 98 Pall Mall, London, 1801.
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Print, engraving, Appleby Castle, Appleby-in-Westmorland, Westmorland, drawn by Moses Griffith, engraved and published by Edward Harding, 98 Pall Mall, London, 1801.
Tipped in opposite p.139 of A Tour from Downing to Alston Moor, 1773, by Thomas Pennant.
St Michael's Church, Bongate in the foreground.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Moses Griffith. Del / E Harding Sc / APPLEBY CASTLE / Pub June 1 1801 by Edw Harding 98 Pall Mall.

placename:- Appleby Castle
date:- 1801
period:- 18th century, late

old drawing:-
thumbnail PR1413, button to large image
Drawing, Appleby Castle, Westmorland, The Seat of the Earl of Thanet, Appleby-in-Westmorland, Westmorland, by William Havell, 1817.
View of Appleby Castle, Westmorland, the seat of the Earl of Thanet. Appleby Castle set on top of wooded hill in distance. A shepherd and his flock can be seen walking down a track leading below the castle. On the right two women are seen walking in the same direction. On the left a house set in woodland. The Castle is set on top of a wooded hill. One of a set of eight 'Drawings for a Pocket Book' intended to be engraved executed on the spot by the artist. Eight drawings pasted to one piece of paper all executed in pencil, brown wash and white gouache.
at bottom right:-
June 1817
person:- : Thanet, Earl of
date:- 1817
period:- 19th century, early

old map:- Hill 1754

Plan of Appleby in Westmorland, scale about 32 ins to 1 mile, engraved by Nathaniel Hill, 1754.
thumbnail M010Vgn2, button to large image
The North East VIEW, of the CASTLE
date:- 1754
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

old print:- Bogg 1898

Book, Lakeland and Ribblesdale, OR A Thousand Miles of Wandering along the Roman Wall, the Old Border Region, Lakeland, and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg, publishd by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
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Print, engraving, Caesar's Tower, Appleby Castle, Appleby-in-Westmorland, Westmorland, by P M Teesdale, published by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
Included on p.117 of Lakeland and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg.

placename:- Appleby Castle
date:-
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Morris 1866-80 (vol.4 no.20)

4 volumes of colour lithographs, A Series of Picturesque Views of Seats of Noblemen and Gentlemen of Great Britain and Ireland, edited by Francis Orpen Morris, published by William Mackenzie, 69 Ludgate Hill, London, etc, 1866-80?
thumbnail PR0098, button to large image
Print, coloured lithograph, Appleby Castle, Westmorland, about 1880?
printed at bottom centre:-
APPLEBY CASTLE.

placename:- Appleby Castle
date:- 1880
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0111, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, A Perspective View of Appleby Castle in the County of Westmoreland, published by J Hinton, King's arms, Newgate Street, London, late 18th century.
Included in the Universal Magazine.
printed at bottom:-
A Perspective View of APPLEBY CASTLE in the County of Westmoreland.

placename:- Appleby Castle
date:- 1760=1799
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0389, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, View of Appleby Castle in Westmoreland, engraved by Thornton, published by Alexander Hogg, the Kings Arms, 16 Paternoster Row, London, late 18th century.
printed at top:-
London: Published by Alexr. Hogg at the Kings Arms, N0.16 Paternoster Row.
printed at bottom right, centre:-
Thornton Sc. / View of Appleby Castle in Westmoreland.

placename:- Appleby Castle
date:- 1780=1799
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0390, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, View of Appleby Castle in Westmoreland, engraved by Thornton, probably published by Alexander Hogg, the Kings Arms, 16 Paternoster Row, London, late 18th century.
Included in England Displayed.
printed at top:-
Engrav'd for England Display'd.
printed at bottom right, centre:-
Thornton Sc. / View of Appleby Castle in Westmoreland.

placename:- Appleby Castle
date:- 1780=1799
period:- 18th century, late

old map:- Moule 1836

Maps, Westmoreland and Cumberland, by Thomas Moule, published by George Vertue, Ivy Lane, Paternoster Row, London, 1836.
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KEEP OF APPLEBY CASTLE
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old map:- Hill 1754

Plan of Appleby in Westmorland, scale about 32 ins to 1 mile, engraved by Nathaniel Hill, 1754.
thumbnail M010P, button to large image
date:- 1754
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

hearsay 12th century keep, and other remains, plus additions in 15th, 17th, 18th centuries.
It was early inhabited by the Vipont Family, from whom it went to the Clifford Family in the 13th century. Thomas Clifford built the main house, 1454. After the death of Lady Anne Clifford, 17th century, it passed to the Earl of Thanet, and then to Lord Hothfield.
Privately owned; closed to visits.

ghost story A ghostly white lady with a lantern used to haunt the castle. This was thought perhaps to be a poor maiden who hung herself for love, or perhaps it was Lady Anne Clifford. Lord Thanet stayed up to catch the ghost and, as reported by Poet Close:-


hearsay An old tailor in Appleby had a nightmare of the whole town beginning to sink, with a noise like thunder, into clouds of smoke. The last thing to disappear being Appleby Castle.
The old tailor was known to drink spirits.

references Robertson, Dawn & Koronka, Peter: 1992: Secrets and Legends of Old Westmorland: Pagan Press (Kirkby Stephen, Cumbria) & Cumbria CC (library service)

notes 12th century earthwork, keep and castle
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; plans and illustration

button   trig point, NY6852019929

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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