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placename:- Appleby-in-Westmorland
parish Appleby-in-Westmorland parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
building/s -- market town; selected place
coordinates:- NY684204
10Km square:- NY62
place code:- Appl

1Km square NY6820

photograph

Appleby-in-Westmorland -- Appleby-in-Westmorland -- Cumbria / -- 28.10.2005
photograph

Appleby-in-Westmorland -- Appleby-in-Westmorland -- Cumbria / -- 28.10.2005

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 15 3)

OS County Series (Wmd 9 15)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Appleby
building/s
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY62, button to large image
APPLEBY
blocks, settlement

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY61, button to large image
APPLEBY

placename:- Appleby
county:- Westmoreland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old map:- Cobbett 1832

Maps, Westmoreland and Cumberland, by William Cobbett, 11 Bolt Court, Fleet street, London, 1832.
thumbnail COB4, button to large image
Appleby
dot and circle; town

placename:- Appleby
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1832
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old map:- Greenwood 1824

Map of the County of Westmorland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by C and J Greenwood, published by George Pringle jnr, 70 Queen Street, Cheapside, London, 1824.
thumbnail ScGRW5V1, button to large image
VIEW OF APPLEBY
Vignette on a Map of the County of Westmorland

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1824
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Greenwood 1834 (1830)

thumbnail Grn4Vgn1, button to large image
date:- 1822=1923
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Perrot 1823

Map, Cumberland, Westmoreland, scale about 38 miles to 1 inch, by Aristide Michel Perrot, engraved by Migneret, 1823, published by Etienne Ledoux, 9 Rue Guenegaud, Paris, France, 1824; published 1824-48.
thumbnail PER2, button to large image
Appleby
double circle; county town

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Wmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA18, button to large image
APPLEBY / 270
circle, block caps; county town; distance from London; two stars for MPs

placename:- Appleby
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

descriptive text:- Wallis 1810

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 19 miles to 1 inch, by James Wallis, 77 Berwick Street, Soho, London, 1810; published 1810-36.
PRINCIPAL INNS, RECOMMENDED TO TRAVELLERS AND FAMILIES.
Appleby: Crown, King's Head, Crown and Mitre.
...
PRINCIPAL FAIRS.
Appleby: Whitsun-eve, horned cattle; Whit-Monday, linen cloth and merchandise; June 10, cattle and sheep; August 10, horses, sheep, and linen cloth.

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1810
period:- 19th century, early; 1810s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Wd, button to large image
APPLEBY / 267
blocks, upright lowercase text; town, and two stars, distance from London

placename:- Appleby
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
thumbnail C38281, button to large image
page 281-282
Appleby - King's Head / At Appleby on r. a T.R. to Kendal.
market town, post office
thumbnail C38285, button to large image
page 285-286
INNS. ... Appleby, Crown. ...
thumbnail C38315, button to large image
page 315-316
Appleby / INN. Appleby, Crown.
market town, post office

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 148:-
... ABALLABA, mentioned in the Notitia, which still retains its name with so little variation as to discover itself most clearly, and remove every doubt. For we call it by shortness from Aballaba Apelby. This place is considered only for antiquity and situation, as in the Roman times it was a station of Aurelian Moors, situate in a very pleasant country, and almost surrounded by the river Eden, but so thin of inhabitants, and meanly built, that were it not that for its antiquity it deserves to be accounted the principal town in the county, and to have the assizes held in its castle, which is the county gaol, it would be little better than a village. For all its beauty consists in one broad street running up a gentle hill from south to north. On the top of the hill is the castle, almost entirely surrounded by the river. At the bottom the church, and a school founded by Robert Langton and Milo Spencer, Doctors of Law, the head master whereof is the very learned Reginald Bainbrigge, who kindly copied for me several antient inscriptions in these parts, and removed several into his garden here. William of Newburgh, not without reason, calls this place and Burgh royal fortresses, when he relates the surprize of them by William king of Scots, a little before he was taken prisoner at Alnwick. King John generously gave them to John de Vipont for his services in re-taking them.

placename:- Apelby
other name:- Aballaba
roman fort
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 157:-
...
"Appleby is the shire town, but it is now but a poor village having a ruinous castle wherein the prisoners are kept."
Mr. Horsley removes Aballaba to Water-cross on the Wall; the station being placed per lineam valli. It occurs also on lord Hertford's Roman cup, under the name of Avallava, as it is also spelt in Ravennas. Appleby being thus out of the wall, yet from the antiquities found there, and the Roman road a station, he determines it to be GALACUM of the Itinerary, which ever since Mr. Camden's time has been placed at Kirby Thor or Whellop castle.
It is now the best corn market in the county. and has three fairs, makes a neat compact appearance at a distance; the principal street broad, with a good inn fronting the market-cross, which stands aukwardly in the middle of the street. ...
...
... The assizes are now held in the town-hall, and the gaol is at the end of the bridge.
Page 158:-
...
Appleby has several evidences of its antient splendour. Henry I. gave it privileges equal to York, that city's charter being granted as is pretended in the forenoon and this in the afternoon of the same day. Henry II. granted them another charter of like immunities, as did Henry III. in whose time here was an Exchequer. These privileges were in all points like those of York, and confirmed by succeeding kings. When it was first governed by a mayor does not appear; but here was one in the reign of Edward I. with two provosts, who seem to have been formerly equal to sheriffs or bailiffs, and signed the public acts of the town with the mayor, though now they only attend him with halberds. Bromton mentions Aplebyschire, which seems to imply that it had then sheriffs of its own as most cities had, though now we call them bailiffs. For 2 Edward I. in a confirmation charter to Shap abbey we find this subscription: Teste Thoma filio Johannis tunc vicecomite de Apelby. The Scotch wars by degrees reduced this town. It was burnt 22 Henry II. and again 11 Richard II. when of 2200 burgages by due computation of the fee-farm rents, these remained not above 1/10th as appears by inquisitions in the town chest. Since that time it never recovered itself, but lay dismembered like so many separate villages which could not be known except by records to have belonged to the same body. For though Burgh gate is spoken of as the principal street, yet Bon gate, Battle burgh, Dongate, Scattergate, are all members of it, and that it was antiently of greater extent appears from the Burrals near a mile from it, which word being a corruption of Burrow walls may prove its having been walled about, because the town walls of Bath are called Burrals, and ruins of buildings have been dug up two or three miles from the present town. The condition and misfortunes of this place are recited in the inscription before-mentioned in the school-house garden.
The Viponts and Cliffords (ancestors on the mother's side to the earls of Thanet) have been lords of the country, and flourished at this place for above 400 years. Here was a house of White Friars founded 1281, and near it an hospital of St. Nicholas.

placename:- Appleby
other name:- Galacum
person:- : Henry I
person:- : Henry II
person:- : Henry III
person:- : Vipont Family
person:- : Clifford Family
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P200, button   goto source.
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769
Page 200:-
... On the ascent of the hill above Appleby, the thick hanging woods, and the long reaches of the Eden, clear, rapid and full as ever, winding below, with views of the castle and town, gave much employment to the mirror [1];
[1] Mr. Gray carried usually with him on these tours a plano-convex mirror, of about four inches diameter, on a black foil, and bound up like a pocket-book. A glass of this sort is perhaps the best and most convenient substitute for a camera obscura, of anything that has hitherto been invented, and may be had of any optician.
image WS21P243, button   goto source.
Tour to the Caves in the West Riding of Yorkshire, late 18th century
Page 243:-
...
... Bremetonacae [Overborough] is placed ... twenty-seven Roman (or twenty-four English) miles south of Galacum, which some antiquaries conceive to be Apulby, though others with more probability think it was Brough: the distances correspond, besides the additional argument of their being nearly in the same direction, whether we conceive Galacum to be Apulby or Brough. The Roman road is easily traced from Ribchester ... to Overborough; afterwards the Roman road goes through Casterton and Middleton, and, as some think, by Borrow-bridge and Orton, to Apulby. Others, and perhaps from better reasons, are of opinion, the road went by Sedbergh, or Sedburgh, over Blewcaster, along Ravenstonedale-street, and through Kirkby-Stephen, to Brough or Burgh.

placename:- Apulby
other name:- Galacum
date:- 1769
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY62SE, button to large image
APPLEBY
blocks on a street plan, labelled in block caps; settlement, market town?
Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY61NE, button to large image
Aballaba
antiquity; roman fort

placename:- Appleby
other name:- Aballaba
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail JEF5Appl, button to large image
APPLEBY / Aballaba
blocks on a street plan, church, bridge, castle, named suburbs, Scattergate, Bondgate, Clappersgate

placename:- Appleby
other name:- Aballaba
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY61, button to large image
APPLEBY Mar. Sat. / V
blocks, on roads, street plan, vicarage, county town, market, two stars for members of Parliament

placename:- Appleby
market town
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

descriptive text:- Bickham 1753-54

Maps, A Map of Westmorland, 1753, and A Map of Cumberland, 1754, by George Bickham, published 1750s-96.
Print, engraving, imaginary scene and a coat of arms:-
The Arms of the Town of Appleby.
Three lions passant guardant.
...
[Appleby] is esteemed the County Town, but is now of little Note except for its Antiquity.
date:- 1753
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

old map:- Bickham 1753-54 (Wmd)

Maps, A Map of Westmorland, 1753, and A Map of Cumberland, 1754, by George Bickham, published 1750s-96.
thumbnail BCK3, button to large image
Appleby
view (sort of)

placename:- Appleby
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1753=1754
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYQ, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYQ, button to large image
Appleby
Building and towers; labelled as a town..

placename:- Appleby
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP3P3, button   goto source.
Page 1021:-
...
... It [Westmoreland] sends only four Members to Parliament, viz. two for the County and two for
Appleby, which claims the first Place both on account of its Antiquity, and because 'tis a County Town, where the yearly Assizes are held, tho' 'tis neither very rich nor beautiful; but the Situation of it in the midst of pleasant Fields, and on the Banks of the River Eden, which almost encompasses it, is very agreeable. The Name is a Corruption of the Aballaba mentioned in the Notitia. In the [Romans]
image SMP3P4, button   goto source.
Page 1022:-
Romans Time it was the Station of the Mauri Aureliani, a Band of Soldiers, so called because they were sent hither by the Emperor Aurelian. King Henry I. gave it Privileges equal to York that city's Charter being granted, as 'tis said, in the Forenoon, and this in the Afternoon of the same Day. It has the same Privileges still, its Charter having been confirmed by King Henry II. and also by King Henry III. (in whose Time there was an Exchequer here) and by the succeeding Kings of England. In the Reign of King Edward I. it had a Mayor and two Provosts, who sign'd the publick Acts of the Town together with the Mayor, tho' at present they only attend the Mayor with two Halberds. Brompton makes mention of Applebyshire, and 'tis supposed that it had once Sheriffs of its own, as most Cities had; or else that Westmoreland was called the County of Appleby or Applebyshire. In the 22d of Henry II. it was set on Fire by the Scots, as it was again in the 12th of Richard II. In 1598 it was also a great Sufferer by a Pestilence, and so depopulated, as appears from an Inscription placed in the Garden belonging to the School-house, describing those Calamities, which it has never yet recovered, that the Market was removed to Gilshaughlin, four or five Miles from the Town. William King of Scots took this Town, and the Burgh under Stanemore by Suprize, a little before himself was taken at Alnwick; but they were afterward recovered by King John, who gave the Castle and Barony of this Town and the Burgh to John de Vipont, whose Family and that of the Cliffords have been Lords of this County, and flourished at this Place for above 500 Years. Its Market is on Saturdays, and Fairs on Whit monday, May 30, and June 10.
The Assizes are held here in the Town-hall, but the Goal for Malefactors, which was formerly in the Castle, is now at the End of the Bridge. Here is the best Corn-market in all these northern Parts; but the chief Beauty of the Town consists in one broad Street, which runs with an easy Ascent from North and South; at the Head whereof is the Castle, almost surrounded with the River, and with Trenches, where the River comes not. At the Lower-end of the Town are the Church, and a School built by Robert Langton and Miles Spencer, Doctors of [Law,]
image SMP3P5, button   goto source.
Page 1023:-
Law, and much improved and augmented by Dr. Smith, late Bishop of Carlisle, and other Benefactors: But the greatest Benefactress to this Town was the Lady Anne, Daughter and Heiress of George Lord Clifford, who in 1651 founded, and afterwards endowed an Hospital here, for a Governess, and twelve other Widows, commonly called, the Mother and twelve Sisters, settled Lands on the Top to the Value of 8 l. a Year to keep up the Repairs of the Church, School-house, Town-hall, and Bridge; rebuilt a good Part of the Church in which she lies interr'd, and wholly rebuilt the Church at Bongate, which is a Part of this Town.
The Town is governed by a Mayor, Recorder, twelve Aldermen, a Common-council, and Serjeants at Mace. It stands on the Roman military Way, which crosses this County from Rear-Cross on Stainmore in the East, to the River Eden, a little below Penrith in the West.

placename:- Appleby
other name:- Aballaba
person:- : Henry I
person:- : Henry II
person:- : Henry III
person:- : Edward I
person:- : William, King of Scots
person:- : John
person:- : Vipont, John de
person:- : Vipont Family
person:- : Clifford Family
person:- : Langton, Robert
person:- : Spencer, Miles
person:- : Clifford, Anne, Lady
person:- unit : Mauri Aureliani
person:- : Aurelian
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
Appleby the County Town, sends 2 Members [to Parliament], Market Saturday, Fair May 30.

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD12, button to large image
Appleby
circle, tower/s, upright lowercase text; town, and two stars

placename:- Appleby
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

descriptive text:- Defoe 1724-26

Travel book, Tour through England and Wales, by Daniel Defoe, published in parts, London, 1724-26.
The upper, or northern part of the county [Westmorland], has two manufacturing towns, called Kirkby Stephen, and Appleby; the last is the capital of the county, yet neither of them offer any thing considerable to our observation, ...
...
In this vale [Eden], and on the bank of this river, stands Appleby, once a flourishing city, now a scattering, decayed, and half-demolished town, the fatal effects of the antient inroads of the Scots, when this being a frontier county, those invasions were frequent, and who several times were masters of this town, and at length burnt it to the ground, which blow it has not yet recovered.

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1724=1726
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

descriptive text:- Fiennes 1698

Travel book, manuscript record of Journeys through England including parts of the Lake District, by Celia Fiennes, 1698.
Kendall is the biggest town and much in the heart of Westmoreland but Appleby 10 mile off is the shire town where the session and assizes are held ...

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1698
period:- 17th century, late
period:- 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (EW)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MRD3Cm, button   goto source.
thumbnail MRD3Cm, button to large image
Appleby
circle, buildings and tower; county town

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY62, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY62, button to large image
Appleby
Circle, buildings, towers.

placename:- Appleby
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY62, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10NY62, button to large image
Apalby / ABALLABA
Circle, buildings, towers on the road north of the river, and circle, building and tower south of the river.

placename:- Apalby
other name:- Aballaba
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Seller 1694 (Wmd)

Map, Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, by John Seller, 1694; editions to 1787.
thumbnail SEL7, button to large image
Appleby
circle, upright lowercase text; town, large

placename:- Appleby
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1694
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Sanson 1679

Map, Ancien Royaume de Northumberland aujourdhuy Provinces de Nort, ie the Ancient Kingdom of Northumberland or the Northern Provinces, scale about miles to 1 inch, by Nicholas Sanson, Paris, France, 1679.
thumbnail SAN2Cm, button to large image
Appleby
circle, buildings and towers; town

placename:- Appleby
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1679
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 38)

Ogilby 1675 (plate 38)

Ogilby 1675 (plate 38)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG38m257, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG38m257, button to large image
In mile 257, Westmoreland.
Turning right:-
to Applebey & Newcastle
Houses drawn at the junction.
Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG38m267, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG38m267, button to large image
In mile 267, Westmorland.
Turning right:-
to Applebey
In mile 271, Westmorland.
Turning right:-
to Applebey
Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG38m282, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG38m282, button to large image
In mile 282, Cumberland.
Turning right:-
to Applebey

placename:- Applebey
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

hearth tax returns:- Hearth Tax 1670

in Westmoreland / The Hundred of Bottome of Westmoreland
Records, hearth tax returns, exchequer duplicates, Westmorland, 1670.
Appulbye Towne

placename:- Appulbye Towne
date:- 1670
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY62, button to large image
Appleby
Buildings and towers, suggestion of a wall, notice ?fence palings; upright lowercase text; market town.

placename:- Appleby
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Jenner 1643

Table of distances and map, Westmerland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, by Thomas Jenner, London, 1643.
thumbnail JEN3Sq, button to large image
Applebye
dot, double circle, buildings, red tint

placename:- Applebye
date:- 1643
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

source:- Brathwaite 1638

Poem, Drunken Barnaby's Four Journey to the North of England, by Richard Brathwaite, 1638, published 1716-62.
Page 119:-
...
Horse Fairs.
...
Tra-montane Fairs.
...
Thence to Native Appleby mount I,
Th'ancient Seat of all that County.
...
Page 4:-
... I conclude his Name was Barnaby Harrington. ... He further says, ... he at last arrived at Appleby in Westmorland, where he was born, and where, if I mistake not, there are some Remains of the Family still living, That he was a Graduate in Queen's College, Oxon, is plain, but I have not had an Opportunity of knowing what Degrees he took. ...
Unreliable deductions by the publisher, William Wiiliamson, 1762.

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1638
period:- 17th century, early; 1630s

table of distances:- Simons 1635

Table of distances and map of Westmorland, engraved by Jacob van Langeren, published by Mathew Simons, London, 1635-36.
thumbnail SIM3, button to large image
Appleby N
upright text, a larger place; and tabulated distances; A on thumbnail map

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1635
period:- 17th century, early; 1630s

old map:- Drayton 1612/1622

Map, Cumberlande and Westmorlande, by Michael Drayton in part 2 of Polyolbion, probably engraved by William Hole; published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
thumbnail DRY512, button to large image
Appleby
Lady with a 'town' headress.

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1620s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cum/EW)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SPD6Cm, button to large image
Appleby
dot, circle, and tower

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Wmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP14NY62, button to large image
Appleby / ABBALLABA
circle, buildings and towers

placename:- Appleby
other name:- Abballaba
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

source:- Keer 1605

Map, Westmorlandia et Comberlandia, ie Westmorland and Cumberland now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605; published about 1605 to 1676.
thumbnail KER8, button to large image
Applebye
dot, two circle, tower, tinted red; town

placename:- Applebye
county:- Westmorland

descriptive text:- Keer 1605 (edn 1620)

Map, Westmorlandia et Comberlandia, ie Westmorland and Cumberland now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605; published about 1605 to 1676.
second page
(8) Places of memorable note for Antiquitie are ... and Aballaba, which we contractly call Apleby. ... In [which] the Aureli-
third page
[Aureli]an Maures kept a station in the time of the Romanes, and their high streete is yet apparently to be seene by the ridges thereof which lead by Apelby to a place called Brovonacum, mentioned in the Booke of Provinciall notices. The antique pieces of Romane Coyne otherwhiles digd up hereabouts, and some Inscriptions not long since found, shew of what continuance they have beene: although Time, which devoureth all things, hath so fed upon their carkasses many ages together, as it hath almost consumed both houses and Inhabitants. For Apelby now is bare both of people and buildings; and were it not for the antiquitie that makes it the more esteemable, in whose Castle the Assises are commonly kept, in would be little better in account then a village. ... These two places [Brough and Appleby] William of Newborough called Princely Holds, and writeth that William King of Scots a little before he himselfe was taken prisoner at Alnewicke, surprized them on a sodaine, but King John recovered them after, and liberally bestowed them upon Robert Vipont, for his many worthy services.

placename:- Aballaba
other name:- Apleby
person:- : Newborough, William of
person:- : William, King of Scots
person:- : John
person:- : Vipont, Robert
date:- 1620
period:- 17th century, early; 1620s

source:- Lloyd 1573

Map, Angliae Regni, Kingdom of England, with Wales, scale about 24 miles to 1 inch, authored by Humphrey Lloyd, Denbigh, Clwyd, drawn and engraved by Abraham Ortelius, Netherlands, 1573.
thumbnail Lld1Cm, button to large image
Apelbya

placename:- Apelbya
date:- 1573
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Gough 1350s-60s

Reproduction of the Gough Map of Great Britain, reduced size, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1875; and a full size line reproduction, with added transcriptions of placenames, 1935.
thumbnail Ggh1Cm, button to large image
thumbnail Ggh2Cm, button to large image

placename:- Appelbee
county:- Cumbria

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY62, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY62, button to large image
Buildings and towers, symbol for a town.
APPLEBYE

placename:- Applebye
county:- Westmorelandia
town
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old itinerary:- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, British High Roads, published in four parts by Tinsley Brothers, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
thumbnail TLY137, button to large image
Itinerary, route 3, London to Edinburgh and Glasgow via Boroughbridge and Carlisle, including from Bowes, Durham; through Brough, Appleby, Westmorland; then Penrith, Carlisle, Longtown, Cumberland; and into Scotland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
pp.36-49 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes; pp.37-39.
printed at p.36:-
... / ROUTE III. - LONDON to EDINBURGH and GLASGOW via / BOROUGHBRIDGE and CARLISLE (See Maps 31 to 42.) / Boroughbridge 206 (as per Route I.), Leeming 221 1/2, Catterick 228, Greta Bridge 242 1/2, Bowes 248 1/2, Brough 261 1/2, Appleby 269 3/4, / Penrith 283 1/2, Carlisle 301 1/2, Longtown 310 1/4, Langholm 321 3/4, / Hawick 349 1/2, Selkirk 356, Middleton 379 1/2, Edinburgh 392 1/2. / ...
thumbnail TLY138, button to large image

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1877
period:- 19th century, late

old strip map (pp.35-36):- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, British High Roads, published in four parts by Tinsley Brothers, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
thumbnail TLY1M2, button to large image
Strip map, road map, part of London to Edinburgh via Boroughbridge and Carlisle, including from Appleby, Westmorland through Penrith to Carlisle, Cumberland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
Map pp.35-36 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes.
printed at top:-
BRITISH HIGH ROADS. / 35 LONDON TO EDINBURGH, VIA BOROUGHBRIDGE & CARLISLE. 36

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1877
period:- 19th century, late

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
thumbnail JS5083, button to large image
Itinerary, Route 41. reverse in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Glasgow to Doncaster, through Appleby, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.83-84 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.83:-
ROUTE 41. Reverse. / GLASGOW via Carlisle (95), Penrith (113), Appleby (125 1/2), Bowes (146 3/4), Scotch Corner (162 3/4), Boroughbrisge (191 3/4), to DONCASTER (235 1/4).
thumbnail JS5084, button to large image

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP4, button to large image
Appleby
double circle, and two dots on spikes for MPs; county town

placename:- Appleby
locality:- West Ward
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Hill 1754

Plan of Appleby in Westmorland, scale about 32 ins to 1 mile, engraved by Nathaniel Hill, 1754.
thumbnail M010P2, button to large image

other name:- Correction House
other name:- Jail
date:- 1754
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

market notes:- see:- Palmer's Index No.93:: Public Record Office

see:- Owen: 1792: New Book of Fairs

see:- Bowen, Emanuel & Kitchin, Thomas: 1760: New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland

Customary market held in the borough.
Letter patent for a market at Appleby, 51 Hen 3, 1266-67, in Palmer's Index No.93 at the Public Record Office.
Market day Saturday given on Bowen and Kitchin's map, 1760.
Market listed by Owen, 1792.

other name:- Appleby
market town
person:- : Henry III
date:- 1267; 1792; 1760

old map:- Horsley 1732

NB: Horsley's ideas are not all accepted today.
Map, Britannia Antiqua, by Johanne Horsley, 1732. (nb this is tentative data)
thumbnail HOR1Cm, button to large image
Galacum / Appleby

placename:- Galacum
other name:- Appleby
date:- 1732
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.1 no.57)

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail PR0021, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Appleby, Westmorland, drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by M J Starling, published by Peter Jackson, London and Paris, 1830s.
vol.1 pl.57 in the set of prints, Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated, originally. In the foreground water is being fetched from the River Eden.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
T. Allom. / M. J. Starling. / APPLEBY, WESTMORLAND. / PETER JACKSON, LONDON & PARIS.

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1832=1835
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail R219, button to large image
Highcup-Gill, Appleby in the Distance
Drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by S Lacey, 1833.
date:- 1833
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Sayer 1847

Book, Sayer's History of Westmorland, published by W Sayer, Kendal, Westmorland, and Partridge and Oakey, 34 Paternoster Row, London, 1847.
thumbnail SY01E2, button to large image
Frontispiece to vol.2 of Sayer's History of Westmorland, drawn by Thomas Gilks.
APPLEBY, FROM THE CASTLE GATE.

placename:- Appleby
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early; 1840s

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Appleby-in-Westmorland -- Appleby-in-Westmorland -- Cumbria / -- The pillar at the top of Boroughgate. -- 28.10.2005
tiny photograph, 
button to large Appleby-in-Westmorland -- Appleby-in-Westmorland -- Cumbria / -- Memorial panel by the Eden. -- 23.2.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Appleby-in-Westmorland -- Appleby-in-Westmorland -- Cumbria / -- Memorial panel by the Eden. -- 23.2.2007

hearsay There is said to be a sycamore tree here, under which John Wesley preached.

hearsay The main street, Boroughgate, was planted with lime trees in the 1870s.

hearsay The famous horse fair is held on the second Tuesday and Wednesday in June. It had a charter granted by James II.

hearsay John Robinson was an alderman here, and later MP for Appleby. He was called Jack, as:-
Afore you can say Jack Robinson

button   Aboard Inn, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Appleby Castle, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Appleby East Station, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Appleby Eden Cricket Club, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Appleby Fire Station, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Appleby Gaol, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Appleby Grammar School, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Appleby Junction, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Appleby Police Station, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Appleby Pool, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Appleby Station, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Appleby Bakery
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Appleby Flower Basket
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Barclay's Bank
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Battlebarrow
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Battlebarrow, 1
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Battlebarrow, 2
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Battlebarrow, 3
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Battlebarrow, 4
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Battlebarrow, 5 and 7
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Battlebarrow, 11
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Bongate
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Bongate, 3
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Bongate, 5 and 7
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Bongate, 6
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Bongate, 11
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Bongate, 13
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Bongate, 31 to 35
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Bongate, 37 and 39
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 3 and 5
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 7 and 9
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 11
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 14
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 15 and 17
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 16
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 23 and 25
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 27
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 28
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 30
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 32
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 36
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 37 and 39
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 40
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 41 to 45
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 42 and 44
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 48
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 49 to 55
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 50
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 52
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 54
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 56 and 58
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Boroughgate, 60 and 62
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Bridge Street
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Bridge Street, 1 and 3
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Bridge Street, 3
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Bridge Street, 4
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Bridge Street, 5 and 7
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Bridge Street, 6 and 8
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Bridge Street, 9
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Bridge Street, 10
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Bridge Street, 11
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Chapel Street
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Chapel Street, 1
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Chapel Street, 16 to 19
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Chapel Street, 20 to 26
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Chapel Street, 27 to 29
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Chapel Street, 30 to 32
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Chapel Street, 33 and 34
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Chapel Street, 39 and 40
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Colby Lane
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Colby Lane, 1 and 2
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Doomgate
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Doomgate, 1
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Doomgate, 2 to 4
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Doomgate, 5
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Doomgate, 11
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Doomgate, 13 to 15
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Doomgate, 18
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Dowding, N J and M
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Emerald Laundry
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Ewbank
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: High Wiend
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: High Wiend, 1
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: High Wiend, 2
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: High Wiend, 12 and 14
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: High Wiend, 18
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Holme Street
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: horse fair 2005
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Low Wiend
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Midland Bank
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Mill Hill, 1 to 3
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Pigney and Sons
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Post Office
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Sands
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Sands, 1 to 3
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Sands, 3
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Sands, 4
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Sands, 5
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Scattergate
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Scattergate, 1
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Shaw's Wiend
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Spar
button   Appleby-in-Westmorland: Stephenson
button   Armoury, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Bainbridge Inscriptions, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Bank House, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Barbadoes Lodge, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Bardon House, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   barn, Appleby-in-Westmorland (2)
button   Battlebarrow House, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Bay Tree Cafe, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Beech Croft, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Bongate House, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Bongate Mill, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Bongate Weir, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Bongate, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   boundary stone, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   bridge, Appleby-in-Westmorland (2)
button   Butts, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Castle Bank House, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Castle Park, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   chapel, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   church hall, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Church View, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Clappersgate, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Clock House, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Cloisters, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Courtfield Hotel, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Crown and Cushion, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   drain, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   drain, Appleby-in-Westmorland (2)
button   drain, Appleby-in-Westmorland (3)
button   drain, Appleby-in-Westmorland (4)
button   Eden Bridge Cafe, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   engine shed, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Fair Hill, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   flood defences, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   ford, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Friary Cottage, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Friary, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Gale House, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Gallows Hill, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Gardeners Cottage, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Gilshaughlin, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Glen Hotel, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Golden Ball, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Grapes Inn, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Hall's Warehouse, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Hare and Hounds, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   High Cross, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Hospital of St Anne, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   house, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   hydrant plate, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   hydrant plate, Appleby-in-Westmorland (2)
button   King George's Field, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Kingdom Hall, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   King's Head. Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Kirkstone House, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   lamp post, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   level crossing, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Low Cross, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   milestone, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   milestone, Appleby-in-Westmorland (2)
button   Moot Hall, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   New House, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Old Brewery, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Old Hall, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Old Hall, Appleby-in-Westmorland (2)
button   Parkinhill, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Peg Sneddle's Trough, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Pinfold Cottage, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   pinfold, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   pinfold, Appleby-in-Westmorland (2)
button   Primrose Stone, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   railway bridge, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   railway bridge, Appleby-in-Westmorland (2)
button   railway bridge, Appleby-in-Westmorland (3)
button   railway bridge, Appleby-in-Westmorland (4)
button   railway bridge, Appleby-in-Westmorland (5)
button   Rhondda House, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   ring of bells, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Rose Cottage, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Royal Oak, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Sands Methodist Church, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Scattergate, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   school, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   school, Appleby-in-Westmorland (2)
button   Sheepfold Centre, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Shire Hall, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Slosh, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   St Lawrence, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   St Lawrence's Bridge, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   St Michael, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   St Nicholas's Hospital, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   sundial, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   sundial, Appleby-in-Westmorland (4)
button   Tarka, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Terrace, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   trig point, NY6852019929
button   Tufton Arms, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   war memorial, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   war memorial, Appleby-in-Westmorland (2)
button   Water Marks, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Westmorland House, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   White Hart, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   White House, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   White Rails, Appleby-in-Westmorland
button   Wiend House, Appleby-in-Westmorland

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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