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placename:- Arthur's Round Table
other name:- King Arthur's Round Table
locality:- Eamont Bridge
parish Yanwath and Eamont Bridge parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
henge
coordinates:- NY523284
10Km square:- NY52
Circular earthwork bounded by a ditch and bank, prehistoric.

1Km square NY5228

photograph

Arthur's Round Table -- Eamont Bridge -- Yanwath and Eamont Bridge -- Cumbria / -- 2.6.2006
photograph

Arthur's Round Table -- Eamont Bridge -- Yanwath and Eamont Bridge -- Cumbria / -- 2.6.2006

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 3 16)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- King Arthur's Round Table
antiquity
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
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Arthur's Round Table

placename:- Arthur's Round Table
county:- Westmoreland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 133:-
...
... Arthur's Round Table, on the banks of the stream, an amphitheatre twenty-nine yards in diameter, surrounded by a ditch and mound. ... Antiquarians have hazarded several but unsatisfactory conjectures, as to the uses of these mysterious structures. They are evidently of British origin, ...

placename:- Arthur's Round Table
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Otley 1823 (8th edn 1849)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
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Engraving, King Arthur's Round Table, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge, drawn by T Binns, engraved by O Jewitt, on p.68 of A Descriptive Guide of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, 8th edition, 1849.

placename:- King Arthur's Round Table
date:- 1849
period:- 19th century, early; 1840s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P082, button   goto source.
Page 82:-
King Arthur's Round Table is a circular plot of ground about forty yards in diameter, encompassed by a trench and bank of earth; with places of entrance on two opposite sides. It is situated between the rivers Eamont and Lowther, rather more than a mile from Penrith, on the road to Kendal.
.. The dates and purposes of these two interesting pieces of antiquity [Mayburgh], are left entirely to conjecture.

placename:- King Arthur's Round Table
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

descriptive text:- Baker 1802

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
pp.25-26:-
... A circular entrenchment seen near the road is called Arthur's round table, supposed by some to have been a place for tournaments in the Saxon times, and by others to have been erected in commemoration of a peace concluded here between the kings of England Scotland and Wales. ...

placename:- Arthur's Round Table
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 161:-
...
"Within a mile of Perith, but in Westmoreland, is a ruin, as some suppose of a castle, within a flite shot of Loder, and as much of Emot water, standing almost as a mediamnis between them. The ruine is of some called the Round table, and of some Arthur's castel. ..."
...
Page 162:-
... a large circular earthwork, single trenched, the ditch within 29 yards diameter, the two entrances opposite to each other north-west and south-east. This is called Arthur's Round Table. A small distance from this to the south is another such earthwork, consisting only of a low rampart, and called the Little Round Table.

other name:- Round Table, The
other name:- Arthur's Castel
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 8:-
...
About three hundred yards from Lowther Bridge, by the road-side, is a monument of antiquity, called by some Arthur's Round Table, by others simply the Round Table. Authors differ widely as to the origin and use of this place; but there cannot, I think, be a doubt, that it hath been a place for the exercise of arms. It is round, about an hundred and twenty feet diameter, surrounded by a broad ditch, (two openings excepted, which are diametrically opposite to each other,) and all round is a sloping bank of earth, seemingly intended for the accommodation of spectators.
If we allow this to have been a place for the exercise of chivalry, the name of Arthur's Round Table may not improbably be esteemed the genuine one. King Arthur is said to have lived much at Carlisle, and most of the old songs and poems concerning him and his knights have their scene laid in this country, and with these the popular traditions accurately agree, as we shall see hereafter: it is farther remarkable, that the old songs were lost in English, but were afterwards translated from the French, in which language they had been preserved almost entire.
The History of the Order of the Round Table is briefly this: King Arthur observing many quarrels about precedency among his knights, about the year 516 caused a Round Table to be made, at which all the Order, the Sovereign himself not excepted, took their seats promiscuously: To this Table none were admitted but those who had given sufficient proof of their valour and dexterity in the use of arms. As there are some who even deny the existence of King Arthur, I shall not insist farther on this subject, but refer them to other authors, whose province it is more particularly to inquire into these affairs: I shall, however, add from Favine, (lib.5. p.97.) a list of the first table of these knights.
ARTHUR, King of Great Britain.
Galaad. / Percival. / Lancelot. / Gawaine. / Boors. / Lyonnel. / Helias le Blanc. / King Baudomages. / King Ydiir. / King Rions. / King Karadoc of Wales. / The King of Clare. / The Duke of Clarence. / Hector de Marests. / Blioberis. / Gueriot. / Keux de Seneschal. / Yrien the Son of King Vrian. / Brunor the Black. / Bedonier the Constable. / Agloual. / Securades, and / Patrides.
Caxton's old book exhibits a greater number, with the distinguishing epithet of each; but this seems to come nearest the truth, or rather the ancient story.
...

placename:- Arthur's Round Table
other name:- Round Table
person:- : Arthur, King
person:- : Knights of the Round Table
person:- : Galahad, Sir
person:- : Percival, Sir
person:- : Lancelot, Sir
person:- : Gawaine, Sir
person:- : Boors, Sir
person:- : Lyonnel, Sir
person:- : Helias le Blanc, Sir
person:- : Baudomages, King
person:- : Ydiir, King
person:- : Rions, King
person:- : Caradoc, King of Wales
person:- : Clare, King of
person:- : Clarence, Duke of
person:- : Hector de Marests, Sir
person:- : Blioberis, Sir
person:- : Gueriot, Sir
person:- : Keux de Seneschal, Sir
person:- : Yrien, Sir
person:- : Brunor the Black
person:- : Bedonier the Constable
person:- : Agloual, Sir
person:- : Securades, Sir
person:- : Patrides, Sir
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02NY42, button   goto source.
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placename:- King Arthurs Round Table
county:- Westmorland

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P171, button   goto source.
Page 171:-
... Near Eamont bridge is Arthur's round table, and at a small distance from it is Mayburgh, both of remote antiquity, and doubtful use. The first may be presumed to have been a place of public exhibition for martial exercises, ...
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
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King Arthurs Round Table
double circle

placename:- King Arthurs Round Table
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
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K. Arthurs Round Table.
double circle

placename:- King Arthurs Round Table
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP3P7, button   goto source.
Page 1025:-
...
That which the Country People call King Arthur's Round Table is a little to the South of the Conflux of the Lowther and Eimot. There's a Trench on the Inside of it, by which some think it was a Place for Justs and Tournaments; but others that it was only a Cockpit, or a Ring to wrestle in. ...

placename:- King Arthur's Round Table
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP4P189, button   goto source.
... at a little Distance from the Conflux of the Eimont and Lodor, (at
image SMP4P190, button   goto source.
which is the round Trench, called King Arthur's Table) ...

placename:- King Arthur's Table
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY52, button   goto source.
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King Arthur round Table
Double circle with entrances into the earthwork.

placename:- King Arthur round Table
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

poem:- Drayton 1612/1622 text

Poem, Polyolbion, by Michael Drayton, published 1612, part 2 with Cumbria published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
page 168:-

placename:- Arthur's Table
date:- 1612; 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s; 1620s

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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