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placename:- Brougham Castle
MDA code:- ENGH
locality:- Brougham
parish Brougham parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
castle
coordinates:- NY53722900
10Km square:- NY52

1Km square NY5329

photograph

Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- Keep on the left, new gatehouse on the right. -- 2.8.2008
photograph

Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- Plaque over the castle entrance -- 'THYS / MADE / ROGER' -- originally over the door to the new hall erected by Roger, Lord Clifford, 1380s. -- 2.8.2008

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 4 9)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Brougham Castle
castle
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old print:- Heaton Cooper 1905 (edn 1908)

thumbnail HC0166, button to large image
Print, colour halftone, Brougham Castle, Penrith - Brougham, Westmorland, from a watercolour painting by Alfred Heaton Cooper, published by Adam and Charles Black, London, 2nd edn 1908.
Opposite p.198 of The English Lakes, painted by Alfred Heaton Cooper, described by William T Palmer.
printed at tissue opposite the print:-
BROUGHAM CASTLE, PENRITH
printed at signed lower right:-
A HEATON COOPER

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1905
period:- 1900s

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL103, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Brougham Castle, Brougham, Westmorland, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
On page 17 of Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at bottom:-
Brougham Castle.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

old print:- Taylor 1892

thumbnail TY5004, button to large image
Print, plan of Brougham Castle, Brougham, Westmorland, published for the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, by Titus Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, and by Charles Thurnam and Sons, Carlisle, Cumberland, 1892.
Tipped in opposite p.37 of The Old Manorial Halls of Cumberland and Westmorland, by Michael Waistell Taylor.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1892
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0080, button to large image
Photograph, Brougham Castle from the North East, Broughan, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1896.
Vol.1 no.80 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
80. Brougham Castle from the North East. Brougham. W.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1896
period:- 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0081, button to large image
Photograph, Brougham Castle from the East, Broughan, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1896.
Vol.1 no.81 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
81. Brougham Castle from the East. Brougham. W.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1896
period:- 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0082, button to large image
Photograph, Brougham Castle, The Keep, Broughan, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1897.
Vol.1 no.82 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
82. Brougham Castle, The Keep. Brougham. W.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1897
period:- 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0083, button to large image
Photograph, Brougham Castle, The Gatehouse, Broughan, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1896.
Vol.1 no.83 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
83. Brougham Castle. The Gatehouse. Brougham. W.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1896
period:- 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0084, button to large image
Photograph, Brougham Castle, Interior of the Gatehouse, Broughan, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1896.
Vol.1 no.84 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
84. Brougham Castle, Interior of the Gatehouse. Brougham. W.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1896
period:- 1890s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 171:-
... The Castle of Brougham has been held by the Veteriponts, Cliffords and Tuftons, and is now the property of the Earl of Thanet. It is now in ruins; and fine ruins they are. They stand at the confluence of the Eamont and Lowther Rivers, at the distance of a mile from Penrith.
person:- : Veteripont Family
person:- : Clifford Family
person:- : Tufton Family
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY52, button to large image
Brougham Cas
block, building

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
... The Norman conquerors, however, seem to have left this tract [The Lakes] wholly to itself: all the remains of the castles being found on the outskirts, as Egremont, Cockermouth, Brougham, and Kendal. ...
Page 134:-
...
BROUGHAM CASTLE,
On the site of the Roman Brovoniacum, at the confluence of the Eamont and Lowther, where many Roman remains have been found. The present Castle is Norman. The first Roger Lord Clifford built part, as appears from an inscription - 'This made Roger.' In 1651 the countess re-edified it, after it had lain in ruins from 1617. The entrance is by a machicolated gateway and tower, and a short covered way leads to an under gateway with iron-grated gates. The Dongcon, a stately edifice of excellent masonry, rises from the midst of the area: within this is a vault, the groined roof of which is supported by a single octagonal pier. The outward and inner gateways are both vaulted with common arches, and have been defended by portcullises.
These ruins, standing on a tree-clad eminence
Page 135:-
at the junction of two pretty streams, wear a venerable and majestic appearance, and are, as a whole, a conspicuous and romantic object in every approach. ...

placename:- Brougham Castle
person:- : Clifford, Roger, Lord
person:- : Pembroke, Anne, Lady
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Fielding and Walton 1821 (plate 41)

Set of prints, Picturesque Tour of the English Lakes, illustrated with hand coloured aquatints by Theodore Henry Fielding and John Walton, published by R Ackermann, 101 Strand, London, 1821.
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Print, coloured aquatint, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, drawn by Theodore H A Fielding, published by R Ackermann, 101 Strand, London, 1821.
Tipped in opposite p.260 in A Picturesque Tour of the English Lakes.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1821
period:- 19th century, early

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY52, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY52, button to large image
Marked as a great house.
building/s

old map:- Baker 1802 -- probably relevant

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
thumbnail Bk03Vg06, button to large image

date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 160:-
...
"... At Burgham is an old castle that the common people there say doth sink. About this Burgham ploughmen find in the fields many square stones tokens of old buildings. The castle is set in a strong place by reason of rivers enclosing the country thereabouts."
Page 161:-
In Brougham castle Francis; earl of Cumberland, entertained James I. on his return from his last progress into Scotland 1617. Having been desolated in the civil wars it was repaired by Anne countess of Pembroke 1615 and 1652, since which it has been suffered to go to decay.

placename:- Brougham Castle
other name:- Burgham Castle
person:- : James I
person:- : Clifford, Francis; Cumberland, Earl of
person:- : Pembroke, Anne, Lady
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 3:-
...
The next place worthy the traveller's notice is Brougham Castle; a fine old ruin, built
Page 4:-
of a reddish free stone. Like most of our Northern strong-holds, this castle is built in a square form, with its sides facing the cardinal points; three of which have been defended by a ditch, and the other (the North side) is close to the river Emont. No place can exhibit more striking remains of that gloomy strength for which these edifices of defence were so remarkable; arched vaults, winding passages in the walls, so narrow as not to admit more than one person at once; the doors to these passages contracted to a mere hole, through which no one can enter without stooping; and the remains of vast bolts and massy hinges, give us a lively idea of those times of danger and jealousy, when the lord was almost a prisoner in his own castle.
Some of these vaults and holes are as curious as they are difficult of access; one of which contains what is called the Sweating Pillar, from it being continually covered with a moisture or dew. This vault should appear to have been the dungeon or keep where prisoners were confined, and is situated under the main body of the building; its walls are four or five yards thick, through which are several dark passages, some open, others blocked up. In the centre stands the pillar, which, at its top, where it reaches the roof of the vault, divides itself into eight branches; these branches are reflected along the curvature of the vault, like the arms of a tree; thus preserving, even in a dungeon, the true Gothic stile of architecture. The extremities of these branches terminate near the ground in deformed heads of animals, such as we constantly see in the buildings of our ancestors; and each of these heads holds in its mouth an iron ring, probably intended for the chaining of unruly and riotous prisoners. Part of the roof is now broken, and that side of the pillar opposite to the breach is now become dry, which furnishes us with a solution of the phaenomenon of the sweating.
Cambden calls Brougham Castle the Brovoniacum, and tells us, that the word signifies, that a company or band of defenders lay there, and adds, that there was a beautiful town there. For this he quotes Antonine, who places the Brovoniacum 20 Italian miles from Verterae: nor is it improbable that the foundation of this Castle was laid by the Romans, as the Roman causeway which leads from Carlisle, by the Ala Petriana, passes this place, Kirkby-Thore, and Brough, under Stainmore.
The first authentic historical account we have of this Castle is in the reign of William the Conqueror, who granted it, and the estate belonging to it, together with the Barony of Westmorland, to Hugh de Abrinois. This Hugh de Abrinois, (who was surnamed Lupus, and was the son of a sister of the Conqueror's,) and his successors, held it till the year 1170, when it was forfeited by Hugh de Morville. King John afterwards granted this Castle, together with Appleby, to Robert de Veteripont or Vipont, the son of Maud, daughter of Hugh de Morville: but Robert, the grandson of this Robert, espousing the cause of Montfort Earl of Leicester, forfeited his estates, which however were restored to Isabella and Ivetta, or Idonea, his two daughters. They being minors were in wardship to the King, who delegated this trust to Roger de Clifford of Clifford-Castle in Herefordshire, and Roger de Leybourne of the County of Kent: these guardians afterwards married them to their two sons Roger de Clifford and Roger de Leybourne. Idonea, who was married to Roger de Leybourne, died without issue, but Isabella became the mother of the illustrious family of the Cliffords. In the Clifford family this estate

placename:- Brougham Castle
person:- : William the Conqueror
person:- : Abrinois, Hugh de
person:- : Morville, Hugh de
person:- : Veteripont, Robert de
person:- : Cliford, Roger de
person:- : Leybourne, Roger de
person:- : Clifford Family
person:- : Pembroke, Anne, Lady
person:- : Thanet, Earl of
person:- : Tufton Family
person:- : James I
person:- : Monkhouse, John
person:- : Adderton, Mr
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old print:- Clarke 1787

Bearing from line Penrith Beacon to Helvellyn on topograph = -70 degrees;
bearing calculated from grid references = -82 degrees.
Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
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Brougham Castle
building with two towers

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P171, button   goto source.
Page 171:-
... Brougham-castle is an awful ruin, the Brovoniacum of the Romans, and since that the bulwark of Westmorland, on that side, and the pride of its Earls for many descents. In the roof of a gallery, is a stone with a Roman sepulchral inscription, much defaced.
image WS21P200, button   goto source.
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769
Page 200:-
... Passed ... Brougham-castle, ... crossed the Eden and the Eamont ... [to] Penrith ...

placename:- Brovoniacum
other name:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1769; 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY52NW, button to large image
Brougham Castle
castle

placename:- Brougham Castle
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY42, button to large image
Brom Castle
circle and line

placename:- Brom Castle
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYL, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYL, button to large image
Browham C.
Building.

placename:- Browham Castle
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 94)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
thumbnail B094m277, button to large image

placename:- Broom Castle
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY52, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY52, button to large image
Broughton Cast
Circle, building with two towers, by its park.

placename:- Broughton Castle
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY52, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10NY52, button to large image
Browham Cast
Tower.

placename:- Browham Castle
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 38)

Pronounced Broom to this day.
Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG38m277, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG38m277, button to large image
In mile 281, Westmorland.
Broome castle vulgo Brougham
the castle to the right of the road.

placename:- Broome Castle
other name:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY53, button to large image
Brougham Cast.
Buildings and tower with flag.

placename:- Brougham Castle
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

table of distances:- Simons 1635

Table of distances and map of Westmorland, engraved by Jacob van Langeren, published by Mathew Simons, London, 1635-36.
thumbnail SIM3, button to large image
Browgham Ca. N.
and tabulated distances

placename:- Browgham Castle
date:- 1635
period:- 17th century, early; 1630s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11NY53, button to large image
Broughton cast
circle, buildings, tower; Westmorland

placename:- Broughton Castle
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Wmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP14NY53, button to large image
Brougham Ca
circle, buildings and tower

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY52, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY52, button to large image
Building with two towers, symbol for a castle.
Brougham cast:

placename:- Brougham Castle
county:- Westmorelandia
castle
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD12, button to large image
Browha[m] Cast
circle, italic lowercase text; castle

placename:- Browham Castle
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

text:- Jackson 1990

Jackson, M J

other name:- Broome Castle
other name:- Brouham Castle
other name:- Browham Castle
other name:- Bruham Castle
other name:- Brum Castle
other name:- Burgham Castle

old drawing:-
thumbnail PR1410, button to large image
Drawing, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, by William Havell, 1817.
View of Brougham Castle, Westmorland with stand of trees to right, birds in sky above castle and in the foreground. Group of sheep lying on grass in foreground. Pennines in the background. One of a set of eight 'Drawings for a Pocket Book' intended to be engraved, executed on the spot by the artist. Eight drawings pasted to one piece of paper all executed in pencil, brown wash and white gouache.
at bottom right:-
July 1817
date:- 1817
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Green 1819

Guide book, 2 volumes, The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green, Ambleside, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1819 and 1820.
thumbnail GN0131, button to large image
Print, soft ground etching, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, by William Green, 1820, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1820.
Tipped in opposite vol.2 p.389 of The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green.
printed at bottom right, centre:-
Vol.2, page 389, line 22. / BROUGHAM CASTLE. / Published at Ambleside, by Wm. Green, 1820.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Robertson 1911

Wordsworthshire, by Eric Robertson, Windermere, Westmorland, illustrated by Arthur Tucker, published by Chatto and Windus, London, 1911.
thumbnail RSN130, button to large image
Print, lithograph? Mountains of Lakeland, seen from Brougham Castle, from a watercolour by Arthur Tucker, published by Chatto and Windus, London, 1911.
Tipped in opposite p.156 of Wordsworthshire by Eric Robertson.
printed at bottom:-
MOUNTAINS OF LAKELAND, SEEN FROM BROUGHAM CASTLE
signed at painting lower left:-
Arthur Tucker

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1911
period:- 1910s

old print:- Robertson 1911

Wordsworthshire, by Eric Robertson, Windermere, Westmorland, illustrated by Arthur Tucker, published by Chatto and Windus, London, 1911.
thumbnail RSN115, button to large image
Print, lithograph? Brougham Castle, from a watercolour by Arthur Tucker, published by Chatto and Windus, London, 1911.
Tipped in opposite p.54 of Wordsworthshire by Eric Robertson.
printed at bottom:-
BROUGHAM CASTLE

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1911
period:- 1910s

old print:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail R220, button to large image
Brougham Castle, Westmorland
Drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by S Lacey, 1833.
date:- 1833
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old photograph:- Bogg 1898

Book, Lakeland and Ribblesdale, OR A Thousand Miles of Wandering along the Roman Wall, the Old Border Region, Lakeland, and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg, publishd by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
thumbnail BGG136, button to large image
Photograph, halftone print, Brougham Castle and the bridge over the Eamont, Brougham Westmorland, published by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
Included on p.132 of Lakeland and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:-
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0388, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Brougham Castle, in Westmoreland, engraved by Coote, published by Alexander Hogg, 16 Paternoster Row, London, late 18th century.
printed at bottom right, centre:-
Coote sculpt. / BROUGHAM CASTLE, in WESTMORELAND. / Published according to Act of Parliament by Alexr. Hogg No.16 Paternoster Row.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1780=1799
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0364, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, drawn by H gastineau, engraved by W Tombleson, published by Longman and Co, Paternoster Row, London, 1823.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
H. Gastineau delt. / Sketch'd & Engraved by W. Tombleson. / BROUGHAM CASTLE. / Westmorland / Published by Longman & Co. Paternoster Row Jan. 1. 1823.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0239, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, drawn by Copley Fielding, engraved by W Cooke jnr, published early 19th century?
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Drawn by Copley Fielding. / Engraved by W. Cooke Junr. / BROUGHAM CASTLE.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1830=1869
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0238, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, published early 19th century?
printed at bottom:-
BROUGHAM CASTLE. / PENRITH, WESTMORELAND.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1830=1869
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0237, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, published late 19th century?
printed at bottom:-
BROUGHAM CASTLE.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1860=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0204, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Brougham Castle, Westmoreland, engraved by Godfrey, published by Samuel Hooper, 1774.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Novr. 10. 1774 / Godfrey Sc. / BROUGHAM CASTLE, WESTMORELAND. / ...

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1774
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0203, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, engraved by Godfrey, published by Samuel Hooper, 1775.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Printed for S. Hooper 7. May 1775. / Godfrey Sc. / Brougham Castle, Westmorland

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1775
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0190, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, published by J and J Cundee, Ivy Lane, Paternoster Row, London, 1819.
Included in vol.4 of The New British Traveller, or Modern Panorama of England and Wales, by James Dugdale.
printed at bottom:-
BROUGHAM CASTLE, / WESTMORELAND. / Drawn & Engraved for DUGDALES ENGLAND & WALES Delineated.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1819
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0181, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, The North West View of Brougham Castle, Westmorland, about 1769.
Included in vol.9 p.268 of a set of castle pictures?
printed at bottom:-
The North West View of Brougham Castle, in the County of Westmoreland.
printed at top left of page:-
Vol.IX pa.268.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1769
period:- 18th century, late

old print:- Britton and Brayley 1802

Book, with prints, The Beauties of England and Wales, by John Britton and Edward Wedlake Brayley published by Vernor and Hood, at al, London, 1802; published to 1847?
thumbnail PR0145, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, drawn by E Dayes, engraved by S Noble, published by Vernor and Hood, Poultry, London, 1804.
Included in the Beauties of England and Wales, by John Britton and Edward W Brayley.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Engrav'd by S. Noble from a drawing by E Dayes, / for the Beauties of England & Wales. / BROUGHAM CASTLE, / Westmoreland. / London, Published by Vernor and Hood, Poultry, Oct. 1. 1804.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1807
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Britton and Brayley 1802

Book, with prints, The Beauties of England and Wales, by John Britton and Edward Wedlake Brayley published by Vernor and Hood, at al, London, 1802; published to 1847?
thumbnail PR0144, button to large image
Print, hand coloured engraving, Interior of the Chapel in the upper Story of Brougham Castle, Westmorland, painted by G Arnald, engraved by J Storer, published by Vernor, Hood and Sharpe, Poultry, London, 1807.
Included in the Beauties of England and Wales, by John Britton and Edward W Brayley.
printed at bottom:-
Engrav'd by J. Storer, from a Painting by G. Arnald, for the Beauties of England & Wales. E.W.B dxt. / Interior of the Chapel in the upper Story of Brougham Castle, / Westmoreland. / London, Published by Vernor, Hood & Sharpe, Poultry, May 1. 1807.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1807
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0107, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, The Chapel, Brougham Castle, Westmoreland, drawn by J Morris, engraved by E Roberts, published by W Clarke, New Bond Street, 1818.
Included in the Antiquarian Itinerary.
printed at bottom:-
Engraved by E. Roberts from a drawing by J. Morris, for the Antiquarian Itinerary. / The Chapel, Brougham Castle Westmoreland / Published for the proprietors May 1. 1818. by W. Clarke. New Bond Street.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1818
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0106, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Brougham Castle, Westmoreland, drawn G Arnald, engraved by T Higham, published by W Clarke, New Bond Street, 1818.
Included in the Antiquarian Itinerary.
printed at bottom:-
Engraved by T. Higham from a Sketch by G. Arnald, for the Antiquarian Itinerary. Pl.2 / Brougham Castle Westmoreland / Published for the proprietors May 1. 1818. by W. Clarke. New Bond Street.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1818
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0105, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Brougham Castle, Westmoreland, drawn and engraved by J Greig, published by W Clarke, New Bond Street, 1818.
Included in the Antiquarian Itinerary.
printed at bottom:-
Drawn & Engraved by J. Greig for the Antiquarian Itinerary. / Brougham Castle Westmoreland / Published for the proprietors May 1. 1818. by W. Clarke. New Bond Street.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1818
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0446, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Brougham Castle, Cumberland, published early 19th century?
printed at top, bottom:-
WESTMORELAND. / Brougham Castle.

placename:- Brougham Castle
date:- 1800=1819
period:- 19th century, early

descriptive text:- Lowther 1780s-90s

Scrapbook, 4 volumes, of descriptive texts, maps, and prints of views and coats of arms, for Westmorland and Cumberland, assembled by a member of the Lowther Family, late 18th early 19th century.
thumbnail BNF07, button to large image
Print, engraving, Brougham Castle, Brougham, Cumbria, engraved by Godfrey, 1774; with descriptive text:-
BROUGHAM CASTLE, WESTMORELAND.
HISTORY has not recorded the Builder of this Castle, nor handed down to us the time when it was erected; but its stile of architecture, and particularly the Keep, indubitably pronounce it Norman.
IT is situated on the banks of the river Eimot, vulgarly pronounced Yeoman. Its remains shew it was once a strong, extensive, and beautiful edifice. The chief entrance is through a number of arches by the river-side.
THE following agreeable description of it is given in a late publication, intitled,
'An Excursion to the Lakes.'
'WE quited the high-road in order to pass by Brougham castle, a spacious ruin, situate on the banks of the river Yeoman. That we might enjoy the prospect to advantage, we crossed over the river, and made a sweep round the Mill which stands almost opposite to Brougham, from whence a view opened upon us delightfully.
'The Mill, with its streams, lay on the fore-ground to the left;- a beautiful and shining canal, formed by the river Yeoman, margined with shrubs, laid spreading to the right;- in front, the streams which fell over the wear made a foaming cascade;- immediately on the opposite brink of the channel arises brougham Castle.- Three square
towers projecting, but yet connected with the building, form the front;- from thence, on either side, a little wing falls back some paces;- to the north-east a thick grove of planes and ashes block up the passage, and the gateway;- to the south-west the walls stretch out to a considerable distance along a fine grassy plain of pasture-ground, terminated by a tower, one of the out-posts of the Castle. In the centre of the building arises a lofty square tower, frowning in Gothic strength and gloomy pomp. The shuttered turrets which had formed the angles, and the hanging galleries which had communicated with each, were grown with shrubs and waving brambles. The sun-beams which struck each gasping loup, and bending window, discovered the inward devastation and ruin; and touched the whole with admirable colouring and beauty. To grace the landscape, fine groups of cattle were dispersed on the pasture; and through the tufts of ash trees, which were irregularly dispersed on the back ground, distant mountains were seen skirting the horizon.
'THE lower apartment in the principal tower is still remaining entire; being covered with a vaulted roof of stone, consisting of eight arches which, as they spring from the side walls, are supported and terminate on a pillar in the centre. The apartment mentioned to have been in Bowes Castle, was assuredly of the same architecture;
date:- 1774
period:- 18th century, late

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- 15.7.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- Window tracery on the gatehouse. -- 2.8.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- Privy in the gatehouse. -- 2.8.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- Vaulting, inner gatehouse. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- The keep, lower three stories early 13th century, built by Robert de Vieuxpont; third floor added by Robert Clifford about 1300. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- Inside the keep. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- Tower of League, built by Robert Clifford about 1300.. -- 2.8.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- Tower of League, built by Robert Clifford about 1300.. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- ... castle chapel on the first floor. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- Seats in the castle chapel. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- Roman tombstone used as a roof stone; in memory of Tittus M... age 32, erected by his brother. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- 18.7.2010 -- Stonework; door and arrow slit, third floor of keep.
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- 18.7.2010 -- Stonework; simple door and window.
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- 'THIS [BROUGHAM CAS]TLE WAS REPAIRED / BY THE LADIE ANNE CLIFFORD COUNTESSE / DOWAGER OF PEMBROOKE, DORSETT AND MON / TGOMERY; BARONESSE CLIFFORD WESTMERLAND / AND VESEIE, LADIE OF THE HONOUR OF / SKIPTON IN CRAVEN AND HIGH SHERIFFESSE / BY INHERITANCE, OF THE COUNTIE OF / WESTMERLAND, IN THE YEARES 1651 / AND 1652 AFTER IT HAD LAYEN [RUINOUS] / EVER SINCE ABOUT AUGUST 1617 [WHEN] / KING JAMES LAY IN IT FOR A [TIME IN] / HIS JOURNIE OUT OF SKOTLAND / TOWARDS LONDON UNT[IL T]HI[S TIME.] / ISA CHAP 58 [VERSE 12] / GODS NAME [BE ]PR[AISED]' -- 2.8.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- All is ruin ... -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- 2.8.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- 23.12.2005

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- Private chapel, on the extended part of the keep. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- Corbels under the chapel in the keep. -- 2.8.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- 2.8.2008 -- The oratory, private chapel, on the upper floor of the keep, added by Robert Clifford about 1300.
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- Private oratory, vaulting. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- Private oratory, vaulting. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Castle -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- Private oratory, vaulting. -- 18.7.2010

references Robertson, Dawn & Koronka, Peter: 1992: Secrets and Legends of Old Westmorland: Pagan Press (Kirkby Stephen, Cumbria) & Cumbria CC (library service)
Curwen, John F: 1913: Castles and Fortified Towers of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire North of the Sands: Wilson, Titus (Kendal, Westmorland)

notes 12th century castle
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; plan and illustration

button   roman fort, Brougham

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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