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placename:- Brougham Hall
locality:- Brougham
parish Brougham parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
building/s
coordinates:- NY52822839
10Km square:- NY52

1Km square NY5228

photograph

Brougham Hall -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- 23.12.2005
photograph

Brougham Hall -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- 23.12.2005

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 171:-
...
Brougham Hall, the seat of Lord Brougham, is within a mile and a-half of Penrith. ...
person:- : Brougham Family
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY52, button to large image
Brougham Hall
block, building

placename:- Brougham Hall
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 133:-
...
... on a finely-wooded eminence, on which it is perched like a nest, is Brougham Hall, the seat of Lord Brougham and Vaux. It is a lofty and aged pile, having a long front to the west, with an embattled parapet, and a terrace extending north and south: the windows of the Hall are filled with stained glass. The shrubberies and pleasure-grounds are extensive, and laid out with taste. ...

placename:- Brougham Hall
person:- : Brougham and Vaux, Lord
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY52, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY52, button to large image

placename:- Brougham Hall

descriptive text:- Baker 1802 -- probably relevant

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
thumbnail Bk03Vg06, button to large image
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
thumbnail C38273, button to large image
page 273-274
On the r. of Lowther Bridge is Brougham Hall, H. Brougham, Esq.
thumbnail C38289, button to large image
page 289-290
On the r. of Lowther Bridge is Brougham Hall, H Brougham, Esq.
list of seats

placename:- Brougham Hall
person:- : Brougham, H
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 6:-
...
The next remarkable place upon the road is Brougham-Hall, called till lately the Birds Nest, the seat of Henry Brougham, Esquire. Dr Burn calls this estate a Manor, but very erroneously: it lyes within the manor of Oglebirds, and is held of the Earl of Thanet as part of the forest of Whinfield. This was not well ascertained till after the division of the Common in 1775, when the Commissioners were directed to set out such a proportion of ground as they thought proper to H.Brougham, Esq; for his signory of Brougham Hall. Mr Brougham made no claim, knowing he had no manor, and the Commissioners, upon enquiry, found that the manor belonged to the Earl of Thanet, and that the tenants were all freeholders: Mr Brougham therefore took his share among the other tenants, without ever attempting to establish any claim as lord.
...
The family of the Broughams is said to have originally come from Burd-Oswald in Gillyland, but have been settled here a long time: their mansion is pleasantly situated, and commands a good prospect: the gardens, though small, are neatly laid out; but since the death of the late possessor, have been out of repair, the present owner, H. Brougham Esq; residing chiefly at Edinburgh.
...

placename:- Brougham Hall
other name:- Birds Nest, The
person:- : Brougham, Henry
person:- : Brougham Family
person:- : Thanet, Earl of
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old print:- Clarke 1787

Bearing from line Penrith Beacon to Helvellyn on topograph = -60 degrees;
bearing calculated from grid references = -61 degrees.
Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
thumbnail CL18, button to large image
Bird Nest
house

placename:- Bird Nest
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P171, button   goto source.
Page 171:-
... Near Eamont bridge ... near the middle [of Mayburgh] stands a red stone, upwards of three yards high. The entrance is on the eastern side, and opens to a sweet view of Brougham-house, to which the rude pillar when whitened (and of this Mr. Brougham is very careful) is a fine obelisk.
image WS21P200, button   goto source.
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769
Page 200:-
... Passed ... Mr. Brougham's large new house;. crossed the Eden and the Eamont ... [to] Penrith ...

placename:- Brougham House
person:- : Brougham, Mr
date:- 1769; 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY52NW, button to large image
Brougham Hall / Brougham Esq;
house and avenue of trees

placename:- Brougham Hall
county:- Westmorland
person:- : Brougham, Mr
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
RUINS OF BROUGHAM HALL / / / BROUGHAM / EDEN / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 74206 / NY5279828378
courtesy of English Heritage
Curtain walls, gateways and associated buildings with integral stables and domestic ranges. Partly late C15 or early C16 with C17 additions; unifying early C19 alterations and additions by L.N. Cottingham for Lord Brougham, partly demolished 1934. Walls of mixed sandstone rubble with C19 battlemented parapets, without roofs. U-shaped wall, part of which was totally demolished (but being rebuilt in 1986 in similar materials) with a left inner C19 gateway, near which is an external C17 gateway and central early C19 2-storey, square gate tower. Inside the wall beside the C17 gateway is a guardhouse under parapet walk. Between the gateways is a 2-storey, 3-bay late C15 or early C16 range. Beyond the gate tower are the ruins of C19 stables and domestic ranges. Right higher part of wall has C19 mullioned and cross-mullioned windows on 3 levels, which lit the domestic ranges. Gate tower has double studded panelled doors in pointed archway; angled turrets with chamfered loops. Battlemented parapet with central machicolation. Left part of the wall is lower and appears to be of 4 different builds. C17 gateway has C17 studded panelled doors in a round chamfered arch under a machicolated parapet. This doorway originally had an inner lock dated and inscribed AP 1680 (Anne Pembroke), but now missing. Further inner gateway has round arch. C15 range has Tudor-arched doorways and 2-light stone-mullioned windows. Guardhouse has similar doorway and barred window; the interior is vaulted and has a fireplace in angle. Vaulted archway behind C17 gateway. Rear of gate tower has large vaulted through archway under replica C12 window. Stables are almost completely in ruins; the domestic range beyond has segmental-arched openings with 2-light windows above. Cellars beneath domestic range. Correspondence concerning the work done by Cottingham between 1829-1840 are in University College Library, Cambridge. In 1986 walls are being repaired and roofs being added to some buildings, other parts being excavated, for eventual use as a craft centre. Left late C19 red sandstone garden wall is not of interest.
district:- Eden
listed building
coordinates:- NY52792837
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
RUINS OF BROUGHAM HALL / / / BROUGHAM / EDEN / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 74207 / NY5279428350
courtesy of English Heritage
Ruins of hall, billiard room, coach archway and cellars beneath. Early C19, incorporating part of the earlier hall, by L.N. Cottingham for Lord Brougham; partly demolished in 1934. Mixed sandstone rubble walls with ashlar dressings, without roofs. U-shaped buildings on 3 sides of courtyard. Of the hall range little remains except the cellars and a few courses of stonework, originally covered by demolition rubble but now (1986) being cleared and excavated for public exhibition. Parts of the stonework show where canted bay windows were and a small medieval rectangular tower or turret. Left right-angled range ending in billiard room of which most of the ground floor remains, with tracery windows in pointed arches. Right right-angled coach-archway range has rib-vaulted pointed through archway, otherwise almost completely demolished. Was referred to as the "Windsor of the North" after the additions for Lord Brougham, the Victorian Lord Chancellor. Correspondence concerning the rebuilding by Cottingham is in University College Library, Cambridge. For details of the present (1986) restoration scheme see, Cumberland & Westmorland Herald, 1 March 1986. Graded for group value with Curtain Wall, etc., forming part of Brougham Hall.
district:- Eden
listed building
coordinates:- NY52792835
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.1 no.9)

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail PR0394, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Brougham Hall, Westmorland, drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by W Taylor, published by Fisher, Son and Co, London, 1832-35.
vol.1 pl.9 in the set of prints, Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
T. Allom. / W. Taylor. / BROUGHAM HALL, WESTMORLAND. / THE SEAT OF THE RT. HONBLE. HENRY BROUGHAM, BARON BROUGHAM & VAUX, LORD HIGH CHANCELLOR OF GREAT BRITAIN.

placename:- Brougham Hall
person:- : Brougham, Henry; Brougham and Vaux, Baron
date:- 1832=1835
period:- 19th century, early

old drawing:-
thumbnail PR1324, button to large image
Drawing, Brougham Hall, by Frederick William Fairholt, 1870s-90s.
Courtyard at Brougham Hall, lightly sketched.
inscribed at bottom right:-
Brougham Hall

placename:- Brougham Hall
date:- 1870=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1213, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, Brougham Hall, Brougham, Westmorland, by William Henry Nutter, 1830s.
Summertime; view of the courtyard of a castle the right wing of which is partially overgrown. The building incorporates both square and round towers and is partially crenellated. In the centre a couple walk with their dog. To right, two gardeners work on the lawn, a pail and a wheelbarrow standing nearby.
signed & inscribed at bottom left:-
W.H. Nutter delt.
date:- 1830=1839
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0240, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Brougham Hall, Westmorland, published 1838.
printed at bottom:-
Brougham Hall, Westmoreland,- Lord Brougham.

placename:- Brougham Hall
date:- 1838
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0241, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Brougham Hall, Westmorland, published id 19th century?
printed at bottom:-
BROUGHAM HALL. / WESTMORELAND. / 1 Mile from Penrith. The Seat of Lord Brougham & Vaux.

placename:- Brougham Hall
date:- 1830=1869
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0242, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Brougham Hall, Westmorland, engraved? by J G Martini, published Germany, 1847.
printed at bottom:-
Gest v. I. G. Martini 1847 / BROUGHAM HALL, WESTMORELAND. / (England) / Aus d. Kunstanst. d. Bibl.. Inst. in Hildbh. / Eigenthum d. Verleger.

placename:- Brougham Hall
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early

old map:- Moule 1836

Maps, Westmoreland and Cumberland, by Thomas Moule, published by George Vertue, Ivy Lane, Paternoster Row, London, 1836.
thumbnail Mls5Vgn2, button to large image
BROUGHAM HALL
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Hall -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- 23.12.2005
tiny photograph, 
button to large Brougham Hall -- Brougham -- Brougham -- Cumbria / -- Door knocker, like the more famous sanctuary knocker at Durham Cathedral. 12th century design. -- 23.12.2005

notes 13th to 16th century hall
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; plan and illustrations

button   sundial, Brougham Hall

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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