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placename:- Caldew, River
parish Dalston parish, once in Cumberland
parish St Cuthbert Without parish, once in Cumberland
parish Sebergham parish, once in Cumberland
parish Mungrisdale parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
river
coordinates:- NY3851
coordinates:- NY3642
coordinates:- NY3332
10Km square:- NY35
10Km square:- NY34
10Km square:- NY33

1Km square NY3851

1Km square NY3642

1Km square NY3332

photograph

Caldew, River -- Dalston and St Cuthbert Without etc -- Cumbria / -- 3.8.2011
photograph

Caldew, River -- Dalston and St Cuthbert Without etc -- Cumbria / -- At Millhouse Bridge, Castle Sowerby. -- NY36173766 (at) -- 3.8.2007

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY35, button to large image
R. Caldew
wiggly line, river
thumbnail GAR2NY34, button to large image
R. Caldew
thumbnail GAR2NY33, button to large image
Caldew R.

placename:- Caldew, River
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY33, button to large image
Caldew R.

placename:- Caldew River
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 95:-
... At Bowscale, in the gorge of another opening, the road crosses the Caldew, where it issues out from its birth-place in the wild and solitary regions of Skiddaw Forest, solitary in all but its abundance of grouse, ...

placename:- Caldew
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P040, button   goto source.
Page 40:-
... the Caldew, from the east side of Skiddaw.
...
image OT01P149, button   goto source.
Page 149:-
That rock of granite which seems best entitled to the distinction of primitive, may be seen denudated in the bed of the river Caldew, near the north-east side of Skiddaw; and in a branch of the river Greta, between Skiddaw and Saddleback, about 1400 feet above the level of the sea. This granite is of a grey kind, composed of quartz, white felspar, and black mica. It is traversed in various directions by veins of quartz; in some of which, molybdena, apatite, tungsten, wolfram, and other minerals have been found.
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Cmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA14, button to large image
tapering wiggly line; river
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY34, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY34, button to large image
Caldew R.

placename:- Caldew River

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Cd, button to large image
Caldew R.
tapering wiggly line; river

placename:- Caldew River
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Lk, button to large image
R. Caldew / Caldew R.
tapering wiggly line; river

placename:- Caldew, River
other name:- Caldew River
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
thumbnail C38319, button to large image
page 319-320
Cross the Caldew River ...
thumbnail C38557, button to large image
page 557-558
Cross the Caldew River

placename:- Caldew, River
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 174:-
...
... Congavata signifies in British the valley on the Gavata, now contracted into Caude. But the

placename:- Caude, River
other name:- Gavata
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02NY33, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02NY33, button to large image

placename:- Caldew River
river
county:- Cumberland

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY35, button to large image
double line with stream lines, into the Eden
thumbnail BO18NY23, button to large image
Caude R.
wiggly line

placename:- Caude River
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Smith 1751

Map of the Black Lead Mines in Cumberland, and area, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, by George Smith, published in the Gentleman's Magazine, 1751.
thumbnail GM13b, button to large image
Head of Cauda
tapering wiggly line; river

placename:- Cauda
date:- 1751
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP4P192, button   goto source.
...
The Eden now drawing near the AEstuary receives two little Rivers almost at the same Place, viz. the Peterell and the Caude, which coming from the S. keep all along at almost equal Distance, ...

placename:- Caude, River
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD10, button to large image
Caude R
tapering wiggly line

placename:- Caude River
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

descriptive text:- Defoe 1724-26

Travel book, Tour through England and Wales, by Daniel Defoe, published in parts, London, 1724-26.
... Carlisle is strong by situation, being almost surrounded with rivers. ... on the south the Cande, or Canda, or Calda, ...

placename:- Cande, River
placename:- Canda, River
placename:- Calda, River
date:- 1724=1726
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Stukeley 1723

Map of roman roads through Britain, scale about 55 miles to 1 inch, derived from the Antonine Itineraries, plotted by William Stukeley, 1723, published London, 1724.
thumbnail Stu1Cm, button to large image
date:- 1723
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Morden 1695 (EW)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MRD3Cm, button   goto source.
thumbnail MRD3Cm, button to large image
tapering wiggly line
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY35, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY35, button to large image
image MD12NY23, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY23, button to large image
Cauda River
Running into the Eden.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Seller 1694 (Cmd)

Map, Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, by John Seller, 1694; editions to 1787.
thumbnail SEL9, button to large image
tapering wiggly line; river
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1694
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Sanson 1679

Map, Ancien Royaume de Northumberland aujourdhuy Provinces de Nort, ie the Ancient Kingdom of Northumberland or the Northern Provinces, scale about miles to 1 inch, by Nicholas Sanson, Paris, France, 1679.
thumbnail SAN2Cm, button to large image
tapering wiggly line; river
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1679
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 86)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG86m065, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG86m065, button to large image
In mile 69, Cumberland.
River on the left (west) of Carlisle.
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 96)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG96Bm35, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG96Bm35, button to large image
In mile 38, Cumberland.
River crossed by the road, no bridge drawn, tributary to the River Eden.
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 38)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG38m297, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG38m297, button to large image
In mile 301, Cumberland.
River drawn on the left (west) of the town.
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY45, button to large image
thumbnail JAN3NY34, button to large image
thumbnail JAN3NY33, button to large image
thumbnail JAN3NY23, button to large image
Canda fl.
Double wiggly line, tapering to single.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Jenner 1643

Table of distances and map, Cumberland, now Cumbria, scale about 21 miles to 1 inch, by Thomas Jenner, London, 1643.
thumbnail JEN4Sq, button to large image
wiggly line
date:- 1643
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

table of distances:- Simons 1635 -- probably relevant

Table of distances and map of Westmorland, engraved by Jacob van Langeren, published by Mathew Simons, London, 1635-36.
thumbnail SIM4, button to large image
on thumbnail map
date:- 1635
period:- 17th century, early; 1630s

poem:- Drayton 1612/1622 text

Poem, Polyolbion, by Michael Drayton, published 1612, part 2 with Cumbria published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
page 167:-

placename:- Cauda
date:- 1612; 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s; 1620s

old map:- Drayton 1612/1622

In the wrong place.
Map, Cumberlande and Westmorlande, by Michael Drayton in part 2 of Polyolbion, probably engraved by William Hole; published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
thumbnail DRY509, button to large image
Canda fl
River, naiad? pouring out water.

placename:- Canda Flu.
date:- 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1620s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cum/EW) -- probably relevant

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SPD6Cm, button to large image
tapering wiggly line
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11NY35, button to large image
double line, runs into the Eden
thumbnail SP11NY23, button to large image
Cauda flud
wiggly line

placename:- Cauda flud
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

source:- Keer 1605

Map, Westmorlandia et Comberlandia, ie Westmorland and Cumberland now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605; published about 1605 to 1676.
thumbnail KER8, button to large image
double wiggly line, tapering to single; river
county:- Cumberland

source:- Lloyd 1573 -- probably relevant

Map, Angliae Regni, Kingdom of England, with Wales, scale about 24 miles to 1 inch, authored by Humphrey Lloyd, Denbigh, Clwyd, drawn and engraved by Abraham Ortelius, Netherlands, 1573.
thumbnail Lld1Cm, button to large image
date:- 1573
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Gough 1350s-60s

Reproduction of the Gough Map of Great Britain, reduced size, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1875; and a full size line reproduction, with added transcriptions of placenames, 1935.
fl caldew
Tributary to the Eden.
thumbnail Ggh1Cm, button to large image
thumbnail Ggh2Cm, button to large image

placename:- Caldew
river

old map:- Gents Mag (1747 map)

The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1914.
thumbnail GM14b, button to large image
Head of Cauda R / Cauda R.
tapering wiggly line

placename:- Cauda River
date:- 1747
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

source:- Gents Mag (1747)

The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1914.
Page 523:-
Under mount Skiddow is the head of the river Cauda; it issues thro' a narrow trough, and takes its winding course with great rapidity to Mosedale, where it turns northward for Carlisle. Near two miles above that village (Mosedale) it receives a small rivulet from Bouscale-tarn, ...

placename:- Cauda River
date:- 1747
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY35, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY35, button to large image
image Sax9NY23, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY23, button to large image
Cauda flu:

placename:- Cauda Flu.
county:- Cumberlandia
river
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Ptolemy 1540 -- perhaps relevant

Map, Anglia II Nova Tabula, New Map of England, data in the Geographia by Claudius Ptolemy, engraved by Sebastian Munster, Basle, Switzerland, 1540.
thumbnail PTY4Cm, button to large image
tapering wiggly double line; river
date:- 1540
period:- 16th century, early; 1540s

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP3, button to large image
Caldew R.
tapering wiggly line; river, ward boundary

placename:- Caldew River
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old print:- Thurnam 1835

Set of prints, lithographs, with descriptive text, Carlisle in the Olden Time, drawings by M E Nutter et al, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Ackermann and Co and others, London, 1835.
thumbnail THM102, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Carlisle from Primrose Bank, Cumberland, drawn by M E Nutter, lithographed by P Gauci, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Ackermann and Co, by Hodgson, Boys, and Graves, and by Charles Tilt, London, 1835.
Printed by Graf and Soret.
Included in Carlisle in the Olden Time.
printed at bottom:-
Drawn by M. E. Nutter from the original sketch. / P. Gauci lith. / CARLISLE FROM PRIMROSE BANK. / UPWARDS OF ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO. / Carlisle, Published by Charles Thurnam. / London. Ackermann & Co. - Hodgson, Boys, and Graves & Charles Tilt. / Printed by Graf & Soret.
date:- 1835
period:- 19th century, early

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Caldew, River -- Dalston and St Cuthbert Without etc -- Cumbria / -- Looking down at the top of the headwater valley, towards Mosedale. -- 15.8.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Caldew, River -- Dalston and St Cuthbert Without etc -- Cumbria / -- At Millhouse Bridge, Castle Sowerby. -- NY36173766 (at) -- 3.8.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Caldew, River -- Dalston and St Cuthbert Without etc -- Cumbria / -- At Millhouse Bridge, Castle Sowerby. -- NY36173766 (at) -- 3.8.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Caldew, River -- Dalston and St Cuthbert Without etc -- Cumbria / -- At Bell Bridge, Sebergham. -- NY36604299 (at) -- 30.10.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Caldew, River -- Dalston and St Cuthbert Without etc -- Cumbria / -- NY303003 (about) -- 8.8.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Caldew, River -- Dalston and St Cuthbert Without etc -- Cumbria / -- NY310310 (about) -- 8.8.2011

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Caldew, River -- Dalston and St Cuthbert Without etc -- Cumbria / -- At Rose Bridge. -- 9.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Caldew, River -- Dalston and St Cuthbert Without etc -- Cumbria / -- At Rose Bridge. -- 9.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Caldew, River -- Dalston and St Cuthbert Without etc -- Cumbria / -- At Rose Bridge. -- 9.3.2007

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Caldew, River -- Dalston and St Cuthbert Without etc -- Cumbria / -- From Carrock Fell -- 20.7.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Caldew, River -- Dalston and St Cuthbert Without etc -- Cumbria / -- Down stream from Haltcliff Bridge. -- NY36773642 (at) -- 9.3.2006
tiny photograph, 
button to large Caldew, River -- Dalston and St Cuthbert Without etc -- Cumbria / -- NY369491 (at) -- 5.5.2006

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Caldew, River -- Dalston and St Cuthbert Without etc -- Cumbria / -- At Dalston Bridge -- 11.3.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Caldew, River -- Dalston and St Cuthbert Without etc -- Cumbria / -- At Dalston Bridge -- 11.3.2011

button   Bell Bridge, Sebergham
button   Caldew Bridge, Carlisle
button   Caldew railway bridge, Cummersdale
button   Cummersdale Mills, Cummersdale
button   Dalston Bridge, Dalston
button   dam, Mungrisdale
button   ford, Mungrisdale
button   gate, Mungrisdale
button   geology, Mungrisdale
button   Hawksdale Bridge, Hawksdale
button   Hesket Bridge, Hesket Newmarket
button   Low Mill Bridge, Mungrisdale
button   Millhouse Bridge, Castle Sowerby
button   Mosedale Bridge, Mosedale
button   Mosedale New Bridge, Mosedale
button   railway bridge, Carlisle
button   Rose Bridge, Dalston

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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