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placename:- Carlisle
other name:- Luguvalium
other name:- Carel
parish Carlisle city, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
building/s -- market town; selected place; twinned town
coordinates:- NY403558
10Km square:- NY45
place code:- Crls

1Km square NY4055

photograph

Carlisle -- Carlisle -- Cumbria / -- Market Place. -- 19.4.2006

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 23 3)

OS County Series (Cmd 23 4)

OS County Series (Cmd 23 7)

OS County Series (Cmd 23 8)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
building/s
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 23 7)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Luguvallium
antiquity
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

source:- Burrow 1920s

Road strip maps with parts in Westmorland, Cumberland etc, now Cumbria, irregular scale about 1.5 miles to 1 inch, by E J Burrow and Co, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, 1920s.
Carlisle, like Lancaster, has that stern, cold look that belongs to northern towns built to resist weather and hard knocks. But that is now only a superficial impression and beneath one finds in Carlisle a great wealth of historical and artistic interest. ...

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1920=1929
period:- 1920s

old map (vignette):- Burrow 1920s

Road strip maps with parts in Westmorland, Cumberland etc, now Cumbria, irregular scale about 1.5 miles to 1 inch, by E J Burrow and Co, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, 1920s.
thumbnail EJB3Vg59, button to large image
date:- 1920=1929
period:- 1920s

old map:- Nurse 1918

Map, The Diocese of Carlisle, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire North of the Sands, now Cumbria, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Rev Euston J Nurse, published by Charles Thurnam and Sons, 11 English Street, Carlisle, Cumberland, 1918 and 2nd edn 1939.
thumbnail NUR1ins2, button to large image
site name:- Diocese of Carlisle
date:- 1939
period:- 1930s

text:- Mason 1907 (edn 1930)

Page 25:-
...
The Eden ... winds round the old castle of "merrie Carlisle" - "merrie" in the days of border warfare, and now a busy town with glass, cotton, and iron works. It has a very large railway station, for the lines of four important companies meet here.

other name:- Merrie Carlisle
date:- 1907
period:- 1900s

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL169, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, The Castle and Eden Bridge, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
On page 262 of Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at bottom:-
The Castle and Eden Bridge, Carlisle.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
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CARLISLE
blocks, minimal street plan, city

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY35, button to large image
CARLISLE

placename:- Carlisle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
...
THE order in which the Lakes should be visited, if seen in any prescribed order at all, can be pointed out much more easily than satisfactorily. Lancaster and Kendal in the south, Carlisle and Penrith in the north, formerly offered the readiest facilities of access to this Northern Elysium; but since the improvement of steam navigation, Whitehaven and other ports have become equally suitable as starting places. One advantage, however, remains in favour of the old routes, that the direct lines are better, especially for carriages, although to the pedestrian this will not be a matter of any great importance.
Page 100:-
... Hence [Dalston Hall] the city of Carlisle is in sight the whole way, till you enter it by the suburbs of Shaddongate.
CARLISLE.
The limits of this work will not allow of a large and minute description, but only of such particulars as shall appear to be most interesting to the lake tourist.
The city has lost many objects of antiquity, and wears as neat, clean, and stately an aspect, as any within the Borders. It stands on a gentle eminence in the midst of an extensive plain, watered by the Petteril and Caldew, which here unite with the Eden, and from their banks as foregrounds join in pleasing combinations with the distant city. Approach it as you may, it is seen to great advantage. From the south, after passing through the suburbs of Botchergate, adorned with the new edifice of Christ Church, the entrance is between the Court-houses, impressing the stranger with the not im-
Page 101:-
[im]probable idea that he is entering through the bastions of a fortified city. The entrance from the west is graced by Trinity Church of Gothic architecture, while admiration is excited by the Infirmary, a noble Doric building, and in front frown the ramparts and massy keep of the Castle. The road from Glasgow approaches the city from Stanwix Bank, where the east or Newcastle road joining it, they pass into the town over the substantial bridge crossing the Eden. From the Newcastle road is presented the most picturesque view: the meadows and woods of Rickerby, the bridges, and over them the castle and cathedral, are the most striking objects.
The city is well supplied with public walks lying around in various directions: these the tourist should by all means perambulate, particularly those on the northern banks of the river, along which passed the Roman Wall. From Etterby Scar, lying on this side of the river, a mile down the stream, is perhaps the most extensive and lovely. On the brink of the precipice the stranger takes his stand. At his feet roll the rapid waters of the Eden, which he sees forming a large semicircular sweep. Full in front over a beautiful level tract of meadow, intersected by the Caldew and partially divided by hedge-rows, lies the city, the long high roof and square tower of the cathedral crowning its highest ground. The castle, with its towers, and walls, and buttresses, occupies the whole centre. On the right are the suburbs of Caldewgate, the church, the canal basin,
Page 102:-
and shipping, with the Infirmary: and over all, far away, are seen the range of mountains, amongst which we have been so long roaming, Helvellyn just discernible, Blencathra peeping over the Stack between Carrick Fell and High Pike, beyond which towers the noble Skiddaw. On the left again of the cathedral, lies the densest part of the city, in whose serrated ridge may be distinguished Saint Cuthbert's Church, and the Town Hall, the round towers of the Court Houses, and the slender spire of Christ Church, in Botchergate. Over the lengthened bridge is a tract of rich land, sprinkled with farm-steads and seats; and beyond the woods of Corby, the eastern fells terminating in the distant but aspiring Crossfell. Nearer at hand, the high banks are enlivened with the ancient village of Stanwix and the hamlet of Etterby. By moving into the field behind, and looking in the contrary direction, the panorama is completed, from Criffel rising in azure over the long silvery tide of the Solway, which is visible, Burnswark, and the distant range of Scotch mountains, to the crags, bounding the wastes of Gilsland and Bewcastle.
The Castle is at the north-west corner of the city, on a bold eminence overlooking the river Eden. ...
Page 103:-
... There is something very interesting in its appearance, and it is chiefly valuable as a massy feature, giving character to the distant appearance of the city.
The Cathedral is a noble building, deprived, indeed, of the greatest part of its nave. ...
Page 105:-
... The north side of the Cathedral forms a fine street-scene, with row of trees around its church-yard wall, which has lately been rebuilt and surmounted by cast-iron rails, the very elegant design for which was handsomely furnished by R. W. Billings, Esq.
The Church of St. Cuthbert is a plain modern building. Trinity Church, in Caldewgate, and Christ Church, are new, having been lately built by the aid of subscriptions from the inhabitants and from the Church Building Commissioners. The former is of the Tudor, the latter of early English architecture, and both have spires, rising from square towers, though in a different manner.
At the head of Castle-street, near the Market-
Page 106:-
[Market-]place stands that excellently-conducted inn and posting-house, the Crown and Mitre Hotel and Coffee House, better known by its latter name. Opposite the Bush Inn, which is also well-known on the road as a superior posting-house and hotel, stands the News-room and Library, built by private subscription, from the designs of Mr. Rickman, who was also architect for the churches. The County Gaol and Court-houses were designed by Smirke. One of the circular towers forms the Nisi Prius Court; the other, connected with the prison, the Crown Court. The prison is on the radiated plan, the governor's house being in the centre, and communicating by means of galleries with the different wards. The Infirmary, near the canal, will repay the walk, besides the fresh views of the town gained in this direction. It is built on a very convenient plan, and has a centre portico of four large Doric pillars, supporting a pediment. The merits of its situation have been a subject of much dispute; but what is still worse, owing to litigation between the contractor and the building committee, although finished in 1832, it was not opened for the reception of patients until nine years thereafter.
The city of Carlisle has a police establishment, is lighted with gas, and is under the municipal control of a corporation, composed of mayor, aldermen, and common councilmen. It returns two members to Parliament, and is now the nomination place for the eastern division of the county.
It is a place of great manufacturing bustle,
Page 107:-
chiefly in cotton, hats, and whips. The cotton trade gives employment to numbers of persons engaged in spinning and hand-loom weaving. The markets are well supplied with almost every thing that can gratify the palate of the gourmand, and rates so low as to render it, in these respects, a very desirable place of residence for persons of limited fortune, but accustomed to luxurious indulgences. The Grammar School, founded by Bishop Smith, affords an opportunity of obtaining an economical English and classical education. With regard to institutions for promoting the education of the poor, supplying their necessities, whether in food, or medicine, or medical attendance, the Infirmary, the Dispensary, and House of Recovery, the National School, the Lancastrian School, and others, fully attest that Carlisle is no whit behind the most favoured towns. It is also an excellent place whence conveyance may be obtained to all parts of the kingdom; mails daily leave the city for Portpatrick and Belfast, Glasgow, Edinburgh, and London by way of Leeds and Manchester; besides several other stage-coaches. The Newcastle and Carlisle Railway offers opportunities four times a-day of travelling between those places; and from the canal basin, a swift fly-boat conveys passengers to Bowness on the Solway, whence they can be comfortably and safely conveyed to Liverpool either by the Royal Victoria or Newcastle steam-packets, in a single tide.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old map:- Bell 1833

Maps, Westmoreland, scale about 5.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, by James Bell? engraved by R Scott, published by Archibald Fullarton and Co, Glasgow, Strathclyde, about 1833-34; published 1833-46.
thumbnail BEL3Vgn2, button to large image
date:- 1833
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old map:- Cobbett 1832

Maps, Westmoreland and Cumberland, by William Cobbett, 11 Bolt Court, Fleet street, London, 1832.
thumbnail COB5, button to large image
Carlisle
double circle; city

placename:- Carlisle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1832
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P078, button   goto source.
Page 78:-
STATION II.- SKIDDAW.
Latitude 54° 39′ 12″ N. Longitude 3° 8′ 9″ W. Height 3022 feet.
...
image OT01P163, button   goto source.
Page 163:-
... From Maryport towards Carlisle, and thence to Penrith, is a large tract of red sandstone of unknown depth. ...
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Perrot 1823

Map, Cumberland, Westmoreland, scale about 38 miles to 1 inch, by Aristide Michel Perrot, engraved by Migneret, 1823, published by Etienne Ledoux, 9 Rue Guenegaud, Paris, France, 1824; published 1824-48.
thumbnail PER2, button to large image
Carlisle
circle; town

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Cmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA14, button to large image
CARLISLE / 301
circle, upright lowercase text; town; county town; two stars for MPs; distance from London

placename:- Carlisle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Baker 1802

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
thumbnail Bk03Vg01, button to large image
Carlisle / 304

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

descriptive text:- Baker 1802

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
Page 27:-
[approaching from Penrith] ... a wide champaign country opens in great breadth towards the north, in the centre of which the antient city of Carlisle seems lifting its sacred gothic grandeur to the distant view of the traveller. Few places are more commonly noticed in the history of our country than this city, first as a place of celebrity among the Britons, then amongst the Romans, who had a considerable fort here. The famous Picts Wall also crossed the kingdom by this place. It was destroyed by the Romans, but rebuilt by Egfrid, King of Northumberland. It hath been the residence of many feudal princes, and some kings of England and Scotland have alternately possessed themselves thereof. Here Edward King of England held his Parliament, and here David King of Scotland died. It was taken by the rebels in the year [1]745, but retaken by the Duke of Cumberland six weeks after, when one Coppock, whom the pretended had made bishop, was hung on the walls. Some say the first see was established by the Northumbrians, and others by Henry the 1st. The cathedral is a stately structure, ... The walls of the town are of prodigious thickness, and about a mile in circumference. It hath three entrances by gates, strongly fortified; that to the west is called the English gate, one to the south is called the Irish gate, and another nortward is called the Scotch gate. It hath large markets, copiously supplied with provisions, many wealthy inhabitants, large inns, some manfactories in cotton, and numbers of reputable traders.
The sketch of the place from the engraved plan was taken on a green bank, which riseth towards the north, upon a level with the scite of the adjacent town. The several rivers Eden, Candy, and Pentorel, join their liquid embraces in the intervening leaves. The castle from hence on one side, looks like a complete fortress; on another, comely bridges are seen that cross the above rivers, whilst the numerous buildings of the town, its watch towers and walls unite in the view, and form, collectively, materials sufficiently interesting for the largest landscape that ever appeared on canvas; ...
person:- : Cumberland, Duke of
person:- : Egfrid, King of Northumbria
person:- : David, King of Scots
person:- : Edward I
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Cd, button to large image
CARLISLE / 299
blocks, upright block caps; city and two stars, distance from London

placename:- Carlisle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
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CARLISLE
blocks, upright block caps; city

placename:- Carlisle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
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page 267-268
CARLISLE - Cross / At Carlisle, on l. a T.R. to Cockermouth.
city, market town, post office
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page 269-270
INNS. ... Carlisle, Bush, Coffee House. ...
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page 283-284
CARLISLE / At Carlisle, on l. a T.R. to Cockermouth.
city, market town, post office
thumbnail C38285, button to large image
page 285-286
INNS. ... Carlisle, Bush, Coffee House. ...
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page 321-322
To CARLISLE, p.268
city, market town, post office
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page 555-556
INNS. Carlisle, Blue Bell, Bush, Coffee House. ...
thrice
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page 557-558
INNS. Carlisle, Blue Bell, Bush, Coffee House. ...
twice
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page 699-700
CARLISLE
city, post office
INNS. ... Carlisle, Blue Bell, Bush, Coffee House.
again:-
CARLISLE, as p.699
post office

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 193:-
...
"The City of Cairluell is in compass scant a mile, and is walled with a right fair strong wall ex lapide quadrato subrufo. In the wall be three gates Bocher or S. Calden or W. and Richard or N. ... The Irishmen call Bale a town, and so peradventure did the old Scots. Thus might be said that Lugubalia soundeth Luel's town. ... In digging to make new buildings in the town often times hath bene and now a late found divers foundations of the old city, as pavements of streets, old arches of doors, coyne, stones squarid, painted pots, money hid in pots so old and muldid that when it was strongly touched it went almost to moulder. The whole site of the town is sore changed, for whereas the streets were the great edifices now be vacant and garden plotts. The cite standeth in the forest of Ynglewood. ... In the fields about Cairluel in plowing hath been found divers Cornelines and other stones, well entailed for seals, and in other places of Cumberland hath been found brickes containing the prints of antique works."
CARLISLE is very pleasantly situated; the walls in bad repair, and the walks on them ill kept. ... The city has three gates, the French, English, and Scotch; the principal street very spacious has a guard house built by Cromwell. ...
Page 194:-
...
The first half of Caerleol signifying a city, the other may have some resemblance to Luguvallium, softened into Luol, Leol, and then into Leel, mistaken for the French termination L'isle. Dr. Gale derives it from Lle an army, and Gual the wall, as Lugdunum from Llu and dun a hill, ... The Saxon Chronicle says that Rufus, after placing a garrison here, returned into the south, and sent hither [myccle maenige Eyrhrcen folces mid thisane & othre thaerto thunigene that land sent many men and their women and to thane - Anglo Saxon livestock there to settle and till the land?], which bishop Gibson in his edition of the Chonicle, had translated a great multitude of English, but in his Camden proposes reading [Lyrhrcen - Anglo Saxon], q.d. Husbandmen, as better agreeing with the tillage there mentioned, and all the records ascribe the first improvement of the country to this colony.
The first inscription given here by Mr. Camden is now built up in the back wall of the house at Drawdikes, and was originally brought from Stanwicks. Horsley's copy is most correct, and reads in the 3d line Augustiani a name frequent in Gruter, and in the 5th Aelia Ammilla Lusima. It appears to be of the lower empire, though k for l is common on inscriptions older than any in Britain. The armed horseman is not now on the stone. The other fine and beautiful inscription is in the garden at Naworth.
The copper crescent P.XI. fig.3, 4. was found 1728 in digging a cellar over against the Bush inn in this city, and communicated to Mr. Horsley by Mr. Richard Goodman of that place, who supposed it an ornament or symbol of Isis or a fibula. Mr. Gale explained it to be a part of horse trappings hung at the horse's breast by the ring, and a pendant fixed to it from the hole in the shank.
Andrew de Harcla created earl of Carlisle 15 Edward II. being intoxicated with his sudden elevation, and, out of pique to the Spensers, caballing with the Scots, was executed next year. The title was revived 1362 in the person of Charles great grandson of lord William Howard 3d son of Thomas duke of Norfolk, who by marriage with the heiress of Dacre became possessed of Naworth castle. He died 1686, and was buried at Graystock. He was succeeded by his son Edward, buried at Wickham; he 1692 by his son Charles; he 1738 by his son Henry, and he by his only son Frederick 5th and present earl. The two last earls are buried at Castle Howard in Yorkshire, where Charles the 3d built a noble house and mausoleum, of which see before, p.84.
Carlisle was burned by the Scots in the reign of Henry III. and twice by accident in that of Edward I. A parliament met here 31 Edward I. and what great things they did in opposing the papal extortions, furthering the expedition against Scotland, concluding the marriage of prince Edward with a daughter of France, and other public transactions, our historians abundantly inform us. Edward I. continued here from January to June, when he set out on his expedition against Scotland, and died at Burgh on Sands. Robert Bruce burned this city 9 Edward II. and its earl Andrew de Harcla joining with Bruce was arrested in the castle, and hanged here. It was miserably harrassed in the civil wars between the houses of York and Lancaster, and in vain beseiged by the insurgents under Aske in the reign of Henry VIII. That king is said to have built the citadel, which was repaired by Elizabeth. In 1597 here died of the plague 1196 persons. The city was surrendered to Lesley and the parliament forces after a severe seige, during which 3s. pieces were coined out of the plate of the inhabitants. In 1745 its weak garrison and defenceless state occasioned it to be surrendered to the rebels, by whom it was soon after given up. Great and ample privileges have been granted to this city by our several princes. It is now governed by a mayor, eleven aldermen, two bailiffs, two coroners, 24 common-council, and a recorder. It sends two members to parliament, and the assizes for the county are held here by statute 14 Henry VI. The see was founded by Henry I. a.r. 23. as the priory by him soon after his accession. Philip and Mary granted to the bishop the advowson and collation of all the four prebends. ...
...

placename:- Carlisle
other name:- Cairluell
other name:- Lugubalia
other name:- Caerleol
other name:- Luguvallium
person:- : William Rufus
person:- : Gale, Dr
person:- archaeologist : Horsley, John
person:- : Goodman, Richard
person:- : Harcla, Andrew de
person:- : Carlisle, Earl of
person:- : Spenser Family
person:- : Howard Family
person:- : Edward I
person:- : Bruce, Robert the
person:- : Henry VIII
person:- : Elizabeth
person:- : Lesley, Colonel
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 174:-
...
Between the confluence of these rivers in the best and by far the most pleaseant spot, stands the very antient city of Carlisle, defended on the north by the Eden, on the east by the Peterill, on the west by the Caude, and besides all these natural fortifications with strong stone walls, a castle, and a citadel, as it is called. It is of a somewhat oblong form running from west to east. On the west is the castle of considerable extent, which, by his arms, appears to have been repaired by Richard III. Almost in the centre of the city rises the cathedral church, whose upper part is of modern erection in a handsome style; but the lower part much older. On the east the citadel built and fortified by king Henry VIII. serves for a defence. The Romans and Britans called this place LUGU-VALLUM and LUGU-BALLIUM, or LUGU-BALLUM, the Saxons, according to Bede Luell. Ptolomy, as some think LEUCOPIBIA, Nennius Caer Lualid, the silly prophecies of the Britons Duball's City, we Carlisle, and modern Latin writers Carleolum. For our historians all agree that Luguballia and Carleolum were the same. In tracing its etymology, what infinite pains have been taken by our countryman Leland, who at last was forced to believe that the Eden was called Lug, and that Ballum comes from vallis, thus making Lugu-vallum, the valley on the Lug. If I may be allowed to offer a conjecture, I should suppose Vallum, and Vallia derived from the well known Roman military Vallum, which runs be- (sic) the city, it being called by Antoninus LUGU-VALLUM AD VALLUM. This Picts wall afterwards erected on the Vallum of Severus is still visible at Stanwicks, a little village, a little beyond the river Eden, over which is now a wooden bridge, and crosses the river overagainst the castle, where in the bed of the river are still remians of it, huge stones. Pomponius Mela tells us, that Lugus or Lucus signified a tower among the antient Celts, who spoke the same language with the Britans. What Antoninus calls LUGU AUGUSTI he names TURRIS AUGUSTI, so that Lugu-vallum is and signifies the tower or fort on the wall. If the French had derived from this source Lugdunum quasi the tower on the hill, and Lucotecia (for so the antients called what we call Lutetia) quasi fair tower, as the words mean in British, they would have perhaps formed a better etymology than that which derives the latter from Lutum (clay), the former from Lugdus, a fabulous king. That this was a place of consequence under the Romans ap-
Page 175:-
[ap]pears plainly from the various evidences of antiquity frequently dug up, and its great renown at that time. Even after the ravages of the Picts and Scots it preserved some of its antient splendour and was accounted a city. For A.D. 619 Egfrid king of Northumberland, gave it to S. Cuthbert in the following words: "I have given also the city called Luguballia with 15 miles around it." At which time it was also walled in. "The townspeople," says Bede, "brought Cuthbert to see the walls of the city, and a fountain in it built in an extraordinary manner by the Romans." That saint, according to the register of Durham, "settled there a congregation of nuns, and appointed an abbess, and founded schools there." It was afterwards greatly ruined by the Danes, and lay buried in its ashes near 200 years, till it began to recover itself under the favour of king William Rufus, who erected new buildings in it, built the castle, and settled a colony first of Flemings (whom he afterwards prudently removed into Wales) and then of the Southern English. "Then," as Malmesbury writes, "was discovered a Roman Salon or Triclinium of stone, arched over, unhurt by time or fire, having in front this inscription: MARII VICTORIAE." Some have supposed this Marius to be Arviragus the Britan: others contend for his being that Marius who was elected emperor in opposition to Gallienus, and is reported by historians to have been so strong, that instead of veins in his fingers he had sinews. I am told, however, that some copies instead of MARII VICTORIAE have MARTI VICTORI, which perhaps may be more approved by other critics and come nearer the truth. Luguballia being now grown populous, had, as we learn from our writers, its own earl or more properly lord, Radulphus Meschines or de Micenis, from whom descended the earls of Chester, and being at the same time advanced by Henry I. to an episcopal see had for its first bishop Athulpus. This the monks of Durham say was prejudicial to their church. "When Ranulphus, say they, bishop of Durham, was banished, and the church had no defender, certain bishops united Carleil and Tividale to their dioceses." How the Scots made themselves masters of this city in the reign of Stephen, and Henry II. recovered it, how Henry III. committed the castle of Carlisle, and the earldom to Robert de Vipont, how A.D. 1292, it was destroyed by fire, together with the cathedral and suburbs, how Robert Brus of Scotland A.D. 1315, beseiged it in vain, and many other particulars are related at large in our histories. It may not, however, be amiss to add two inscriptions which I saw here; the first in the house of Thomas Aglionby near the citadel, but of the more barbarous age:
Near which is also the figure of a horseman in armour with a spear. The other in a larger and fairer character is in the garden of Thomas Middleton:
which I read Legio Sexta, Victrix, Pia, Felix. The rest I leave to others to explain.
The only earl of Carlisle was Andrew de Harcla, whom king Edward II. to borrow the words of the original record, "for his good and faithful service against Thomas earl of Lancaster and his adherents in subduing the king's enemies and subjects, and bringing them prisonors to the king, invested with the rank and title of earl of Carlisle by girding on his sword." He afterwards traiterously and basely broke his engagements to his country and sovereign, and, being taken, suffered the ignominy due to his treason, "being degraded by having his spurs chopt off with a hatchet, his belt ungirt, his boots and gloves pulled off, and being then drawn, hanged, beheaded and quartered."
I shall now take my leave of Luguballia (which stands in 20° 31′ of longitude and 54° 55′ north latitude), with these lines of J. Johnston in praise of it.

placename:- Carlisle
other name:- Luguvallum
other name:- Luguballium
other name:- Luguballum
other name:- Luell
other name:- Leucopibia
other name:- Caer Lualid
other name:- Duball's City
other name:- Carleolum
person:- : Egfrid, King of Northumberland
person:- : St Cuthbert
person:- : Bede
person:- : Nennius
person:- : Danes
person:- : Malmesbury, William of
person:- : Meschines, Radulphus
person:- : Henry I
person:- : Athulpus, Bishop
person:- : Stephen
person:- : Henry II
person:- : Henry III
person:- : Vipont, Robert de
person:- : Bruce, Robert
person:- : Aglionby, Thomas
person:- : Carlisle, Earl of; Harcla, Andrew de
person:- : Edward II
person:- : Johnston, J
person:- : Romans
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 109:-
In the long ballad about Adam Bell, Clym of the Clough and Wyllyam of Cloudesle, Wyllyam is captured in Carleyl:-
The ballad is very long

placename:- Carleyl
person:- outlaw : Bell, Adam
person:- outlaw : Clym of the Clough
person:- outlaw : Cloudesle, Wyllyam of
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old print:- Clarke 1787

Bearing from line Penrith Beacon to Helvellyn on topograph = 82 degrees;
bearing calculated from grid references = 106 degrees.
Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
thumbnail CL18, button to large image
Carlisle

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY35, button to large image
CARLILE Ma. Sat.
blocks, city, market, town wall and bastions, street map, two crosses potent for charity schools, no symbol for post stage?

placename:- Carlile
market town
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Mackenzie 1760s

thumbnail MCK5P1, button to large image
CARLISLE

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Bickham 1753-54 (Cmd)

Maps, A Map of Westmorland, 1753, and A Map of Cumberland, 1754, by George Bickham, published 1750s-96.
thumbnail JL05, button to large image
Carlisle
view (sort of)

placename:- Carlisle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1753=1754
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP4P176, button   goto source.
Carlisle, the British Chronicle tells us, was first built by a petty King of this County, named Luel, or Lugubal, long before the Romans invaded Britain, and upon that Account had the name of Caer-luel, or Lugubal. In the Time of the Emperor Claudius, when the Roman Legions had extended their Conquest thus far Northward, they altered the Name but very little, calling it Luguballum, or Lugubalia, and fixed their Head Quarters here; whence it is that so many Roman Monuments have been, and still are discover'd in this Neighbourhood, ... This City of Carlisle is 235 Miles computed from London, and 302 measured.
Upon the Departure of the Romans, this City was ruined by the Caledonians, i.e. Scots and Picts, and other barbarous Nations, who spoiling and ravaging it, it lay buried it in its Ruins 'till about the Year of Christ 680, when Egfrid rebuilt it, and encompass'd it with a Stone
image SMP4P177, button   goto source.
Wall, repair'd the Church, and annexed a College of Canons, or Prebends, to it.
But in the 8th and 9th Centuries, the whole County was again ruined by the repeated Incursions of the Danes and Norwegians, this City being laid quite desolate, and all the Citizens barbarously destroy'd, some few Ecclesiasticks and chief Inhabitants excepted, and in this miserable State it continu'd 200 Years, 'till the Time of the Norman Conquests, which better'd not its Condition, for William, the Conqueror, took no farther Notice of it, than by Writ to subject it, and the rest of the County, to the See of Durham: but William Rufus, his Son, returning Home from the Scotch Wars, after he had settled a Peace with that Nation, made a Visit to Carlisle, and being pleas'd with the Situation, he repair'd it, both as to the Fortifications and Houses, and placed here a Colony first of Flemings, and afterwards of English Husbandmen from the more Southern Provinces, for the Improvement of the Lands, which had then lain so long uncultivated.
Carlisle being thus in some Measure restor'd, King Henry I. considering how good a Barrier it might be made against the Scots, caused it to be well fortify'd, plac'd a Garrison in it, dignify'd it with an Episcopal See, and bestow'd upon it many other Privileges and Emoluments, which might make it strong and populous, which his Successors, even down so low as Queen Elizabeth, very much augmented. It was indeed often besieg'd by the Scots, and twice taken, viz. in King Stephen's and King John's Reigns; but was recover'd gain by their successors King Henry II. and III. and tho' it was burnt by Misfortune in the reign of Richard II. and near 1500 Houses destroy'd, with the Cathedral and Suburbs, yet by the Munificence of the succeeding Kings, it was again restor'd, and much improved in Strength and Beauty.
It is, at present, a wealthy and populous Place, the Houses are well built, the City walled in, having three Gates, viz. the Caldo, or Irish Gate, on the S. the Bother, or English Gate, on the W. and the Richard, or Scotch Gate, towards the N. It trades chiefly in Fustian, has a considerable Market on Saturdays, and three Fairs
image SMP4P178, button   goto source.
annually, viz. on the Wednesday before Easter, on the first Wednesday in June, and on the 15th of August. It is govern'd by a Mayor, &c. The Assizes and Sessions, for the most Part, are held in this City
King Edward I. held a Parliament here in the 35th Year of his Reign; and King Henry II. committed the Custody of the City to the Citizens, and granted them the said City, and the Mills thereunto belonging, and the Royalty of Eden Water, in Fee Farm at 80 l. per Annum, with Liberty of the Waste, and to be free from Toll, &c. This City had also Charters granted them by several succeeding Kings, as King Edward III. Richard II. his Grandson, Henry IV. and Henry VI. by some of which, the Citizens are freed from the Fee-Farm Rent payable to the Crown, and enjoy the Fishery in the River Eden, with large Common of Pasture, Right of Fairs and Markets, and many other Immunities which are vested in the Corporation, (in whom also is the Manor) consisting of a Mayor, 12 Aldermen, two Sheriffs, or Bailiffs, 24 Capital Citizens, or Common-Council Men, and a Recorder.
The Representatives in Parliament are chosen by the Freemen of this City, who are commonly reckon'd to be 500; tho' by giving honorary Freedoms, the Number is much increas'd. The Revenues of the City amount to 4 or 500 l. per Annum, and the Number of the Inhabitants taking in those of the Suburbs (tho' the Houses there are but few) is upwards of 2000.
image SMP4P179, button   goto source.
... Materials [were, by the Rebels in the Civil War having demolished churches,] made Use of for the Building of Guard-Houses at every Gate, erecting Batteries in the Castle, and setting themselves up private Dwellings in the Town; tho' it has been observ'd their Posterity never enjoy'd them.
This City has given Title to many noble Persons, and, if we may believe some Historians, to some of the Royal Family.
Ranulph de Meschines, known in our Histories best by the Title of the Earl of Chester, was made Earl of Cumberland, and because he had the Government of that County, and resided chiefly in this City, he was sometime stiled Earl of Carlisle. He began to build this City in 1072. David, the Son of Malcolm III. King of Scotland, made his eldest Son
Henry, Earl of Huntingdon and Carlisle. King Henry II. regaining Cumberland from the Scots, left it to his Successors, of whom his Grandson made
William de Vipont, Lord of Carlisle; after whom we read of none 'till
Andrew de Harcla, near 100 Years after, was by Edward II. created Earl of Carlisle; but he was beheaded, and many Years after
John Plantagenet, third Son of Henry VI. afterwards Duke of Bedford, and regent of France, is said to have borne the Title of Earl of Carlisle, as also
Richard the 4th Son of Richard, Duke of York, and Brother to King Edward IV. had the same Title among other Honours. After these, of whom there is no Certainty as to this Title, it lay dormant for several Reigns, 'till it was revived by King James I. who created
James Hay, Viscount Doncaster, Earl of Carlisle, January 20, 1622, in Consideration of his eminent Services in several Embassies to France and Germany: He dying in 1636, was succeeded by his only Son
James Hay, next Earl of Carlisle; but he died without Issue; whereupon King Charles II. in 1661, created
image SMP4P180, button   goto source.
Charles Howard, Son and Heir of Sir William Howard, a younger Branch of the Duke of Norfolk's Family, Earl of Carlisle, in which Family it still remains, in his Great Grandson, the present
Henry Howard, Earl of Carlisle; who marry'd a Daughter of the Earl of Sunderland, and Sister to his Grace the Duke of Marlborough.

placename:- Carlisle
other name:- Caer Luel
other name:- Caer Lugubal
other name:- Luguballum
other name:- Lugubalia
person:- : Luel; Lugubal
person:- : Claudius
person:- : Egfrid, King of Northumbria
person:- : Scots
person:- : Picts
person:- : Danes; Vikings
person:- : Norwegians; Vikings
person:- : Henry I
person:- : Henry II
person:- : Henry III
person:- : Richard II
person:- : Elizabeth I
person:- : Stephen
person:- : John
person:- : Meschines, Ranulph de
person:- : Vipont, William de
person:- : Harcla, Andrew de
person:- : Plantagenet, John
person:- : Hay, James
person:- : Howard, Charles
person:- : Howard, Henry
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s
event:- war : Civil War

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
Carlisle is a City & Bishoprick, sends 2 Members [to Parliament], Market Saturday, Fairs August 15. Wednesday before Easter, and 1st. Wednesday in June.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD10, button to large image
CARLISLE / 235 m
circle and several towers; town; two stars, distance from London

placename:- Carlisle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

descriptive text:- Defoe 1724-26

Travel book, Tour through England and Wales, by Daniel Defoe, published in parts, London, 1724-26.
... we came to Carlisle, a small, but well fortified city, the frontier place and key of England on the west sea, as Berwick upon Tweed is on the east; and in both which there have, for many years, I might say ages, been strong garrisons kept to check the invading Scots;
...
But I return to Carlisle: The city is strong, but small, the buildings old, but the streets fair; the great church is a venerable old pile, it seems to have been built twice, or, as it were, rebuilt, the upper part being much more modern than the lower.
King Henry VIII fortify'd the city against the Scots, and built an additional castle to it on the east side, which Mr. Cambden, though I think not justly, calls a cittadel; there is indeed another castle on the west, part of the town rounds the sea, as the wall rounds the whole, is very firm and strong. But Carlisle is strong by situation, being almost surrounded with rivers. On the east it has the River Potterell, on the north Eden, and on the south the Cande, or Canda, or Calda, which all fall into the arms of the sea, which they call the Solway, or Solway Firth.
...
There is not a great deal of trade here either by sea or land, it being a meer frontier.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1724=1726
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Stukeley 1723

Map of roman roads through Britain, scale about 55 miles to 1 inch, derived from the Antonine Itineraries, plotted by William Stukeley, 1723, published London, 1724.
thumbnail Stu1Cm, button to large image
Lugubalum / Carlile

placename:- Carlile
other name:- Lugubalum
date:- 1723
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

descriptive text:- Bowen 1720 (plate 161)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
thumbnail B161Arm2, button to large image
Ye Arms of CARLISLE
CARLISLE - is a City of great Antiquity: said to have been built by [Luel] or Lugubal, a petty king of ye County, long before ye coming of ye Romans: Upon their recess out of this Isle, it was ruined by ye incursions of ye Caledonians or Picts, and other Barbarous Northern Nations; Afterwds. about ye Year 680 it was rebuilt & Walled round with Stone, by Edgfrid K. of Northumberland. Again in ye Yeares 700 & 800 it was sacked & layed in Ashes by ye Danes & Norwegians, & remained in a desolate condition till ye time of Willm. Rufus who haveing made a Peace with ye Scots, visited Carlisle, & considering how good a Barrier it might be against that People, in case of a new eruption, ordered ye Walls & Castle to be repaired. K. Henry 1st. repaired & much augmented its Fortifications. The Castle is at this Day a well Fortifyed building, as is the Cittadel, which rec~ed considerabel additions in its Strength, from K. Henry 8th. The Cathedral (tho it suffered considerably in ye great Rebellion) Still remains a very Magnificent Structure, & there are besides 2 good Parish Churches. The Corporation is very Ancient, by Charter from K: Edwd. 3d. 26o. Rni., Rich. 2d. 5o. & 14o. Rni. Hen. 4th. 12o. Rni., & Hen. 6th. 13o. Rni. &c. & consists of a Mayor, chosen Yearly out of 12 Aldermen, a Recorder, Chamberlain, 2 Sheriffs, chosen Yearly out of 24 Capital Citizens or Comon Council men, a Sword & Mace bearer &c. It trades chiefly in Fustian. Markets, Wednesday & Saturday. Fairs, August 15th., & September 8th.
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 94)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
thumbnail B094m297, button to large image
Drawn with town walls, castle and cathedral, entering by English Gate. Eden Flu. and Stanwick Chapel

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 261)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
thumbnail B261m35, button to large image
The road shown entering Carlisle by Irish Gate; English Gate to right
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 161)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
thumbnail B161m00, button to large image
CARLISLE
Showing a street plan, and town walls and gates.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 232)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
thumbnail B232m65, button to large image
CARLISLE / Bother Street / English Gate
Street plan, town walls and gates, etc; mile 69 1/2.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

descriptive text:- Fiennes 1698

Travel book, manuscript record of Journeys through England including parts of the Lake District, by Celia Fiennes, 1698.
Carlisle stands in view at least 4 mile distant; the town is walled in and all built of stone, the Cathedrall stands high and very eminent to be seen above the town; you enter over the bridge and double gates which are iron-grates and lined with a case of doores of thick timber; there are 3 gates to the town one called the English gate at which I entred, the other the Irish which leads on to White haven and Cokermouth, the other the Scottish gate through which I went into Scotland; the walls of the town and battlements and towers are in very good repaire and looks well; the Cathedrall all built of stone which looked stately but nothing Curious; there was some few houses as the Deans and Treasurer and some of the Doctors houses walled in with little gardens their fronts looked gracefully, else I saw no house except the present Majors [mayor's] house of brick and stone, and one house which was the Chancellors built of stone very lofty 5 good sarshe windows in the front, and this within a stone wall'd garden well kept and iron gates to discover it to view with stone pillars; the streetes are very broad and handsome well pitch'd.
I walked round the walls and saw the river, which twists and turns it self round the grounds, called the Emount which at 3 or 4 miles off is flow'd by the sea; the other river is the Essex which is very broad and ebbs and flows about a mile or two off; there remaines only some of the walls and ruines of the Castle which does shew it to have been a very strong town formerly; the walls are of a prodigious thickness and vast great stones, its moated round and with draw bridges; there is a large Market place with a good Cross and Hall and is well supply'd as I am inform'd with provision at easye rates, but my Landlady notwithstanding ran me up the largest reckoning for allmost nothing; it was the dearest lodging I met with and she pretended she could get me nothing else, so for 2 joynts of mutton and a pinte of wine and bread and beer I had a 12 shilling reckoning; but since, I find tho' I was in the biggest house in town I was in the worst accomodation, and so found it, and a young giddy Landlady that could only dress fine and entertain the soldiers.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1698
period:- 17th century, late
period:- 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (EW)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MRD3Cm, button   goto source.
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Carlile
circle, ?buildings and tower; county town

placename:- Carlile
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY45, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY45, button to large image
CARLISLE
Circle, buildings and towers, with a town wall.

placename:- Carlisle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Seller 1694 (Cmd)

Map, Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, by John Seller, 1694; editions to 1787.
thumbnail SEL9, button to large image
Carlisle
circle, upright lowercase text; town, large

placename:- Carlisle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1694
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Sanson 1679

Map, Ancien Royaume de Northumberland aujourdhuy Provinces de Nort, ie the Ancient Kingdom of Northumberland or the Northern Provinces, scale about miles to 1 inch, by Nicholas Sanson, Paris, France, 1679.
thumbnail SAN2Cm, button to large image
CARLILE
circle, buildings and towers, italic block caps; city

placename:- Carlile
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1679
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 62)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG62m000, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG62m000, button to large image
In mile 0, Cumberland.
CARLISLE
town plan with town walls, bastions, and town gates.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 86)

Ogilby 1675 (plate 86)

Probably the route through Talkin, and site of the present Middle Gelt Bridge.
Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG86m065, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG86m065, button to large image
In mile 69, Cumberland.
CARLISLE
town plan, town wall with bastions and town gates, castle, perhaps the cathedral, and suburbs; the orientation of the town plan roughly has north west at the top, which does not agree with the compass rose on the strip map.
Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG86m055, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG86m055, button to large image
In mile 59, Cumberland.
Turning left:-
to Carlisle ye worst way

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 96)

The more northerly turning should be labelled for Carlisle.
Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG96m035, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG96m035, button to large image
In mile 35, Cumberland.
Turning right:-
to Carlisle
In mile 39, Cumberland.
CARLISLE
town plan, town walls with bastions and town gates, rivers on two sides, suburbs.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 38)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG38m297, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG38m297, button to large image
In mile 301, Cumberland.
CARLISLE
town plan, town wall with bastions and town gates, castle, and cathedral.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jenner 1643

Table of distances and map, Cumberland, now Cumbria, scale about 21 miles to 1 inch, by Thomas Jenner, London, 1643.
thumbnail JEN4Sq, button to large image
Carlile
dot, double circle, buildings, red tint

placename:- Carlile
date:- 1643
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

table of distances:- Simons 1635

Table of distances and map of Westmorland, engraved by Jacob van Langeren, published by Mathew Simons, London, 1635-36.
thumbnail SIM4, button to large image
C on thumbnail map
date:- 1635
period:- 17th century, early; 1630s

poem:- Drayton 1612/1622 text

Poem, Polyolbion, by Michael Drayton, published 1612, part 2 with Cumbria published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
page 167:-

placename:- Carlill
date:- 1612; 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s; 1620s

old map:- Drayton 1612/1622

Map, Cumberlande and Westmorlande, by Michael Drayton in part 2 of Polyolbion, probably engraved by William Hole; published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
thumbnail DRY504, button to large image
CARLELL
Lady with 'town' headress.

placename:- Carlell
date:- 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1620s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cum/EW)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SPD6Cm, button to large image
Carlisle
dor, circle, building, tower?

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11Mk, button to large image
CARLILE

placename:- Carlile
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11NY35, button to large image
CARLILE
circle, buildings, towers

placename:- Carlile
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

source:- Keer 1605

Map, Westmorlandia et Comberlandia, ie Westmorland and Cumberland now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605; published about 1605 to 1676.
thumbnail KER8, button to large image
Carleslo
dot, two circle, tower, tinted red; town

placename:- Carleslo
county:- Cumberland

descriptive text:- Keer 1605 (edn 1620)

Map, Westmorlandia et Comberlandia, ie Westmorland and Cumberland now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605; published about 1605 to 1676.
third page:-
(7) The chiefest Citie in this Shire is Carlile, pleasantly seated betwixt the Rivers Eden, Petterell, and Caud, by the Romans called Luguvallum; by Beda, Luell; by Ptolemy, Leucopibia; by Ninius, Caerlualid; and by us Carlile. This Citie flourishing under the Romans, at their departure, by the furious outrages of the Scots and Picts was dejected, yet in the dayes of Egfrid King of Northumberland was walled about: but againe defaced by the over-running Danes, lay buried in her owne ashes the space of two hundred yeares; upon whose ruines at length Rufus set his compassionate eye, and built there the Castle, planting a Colony of Flemings to secure the Coasts from the Scots, but upon better advisement removed them into Wales. After him, Henry his brother and successor ordained this Citie for an Episcopall See: whose site is placed at the degree of Longitude from the first West part 17. and 2 scruples, and the Pole thence elevated from the degree of Latitude 55. and 56. scruples.

placename:- Carlile
other name:- Luguvallum
other name:- Luell
other name:- Leucopibia
other name:- Caerlualid
person:- : Egfrid, King of Northumberland
person:- : William Rufus
date:- 1620
period:- 17th century, early; 1620s

source:- Lloyd 1573

Map, Angliae Regni, Kingdom of England, with Wales, scale about 24 miles to 1 inch, authored by Humphrey Lloyd, Denbigh, Clwyd, drawn and engraved by Abraham Ortelius, Netherlands, 1573.
thumbnail Lld1Cm, button to large image
Caerlyle

placename:- Caerlyle
date:- 1573
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Gough 1350s-60s

Reproduction of the Gough Map of Great Britain, reduced size, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1875; and a full size line reproduction, with added transcriptions of placenames, 1935.
thumbnail Ggh1Cm, button to large image
thumbnail Ggh2Cm, button to large image

placename:- Karlil
county:- Cumberland

descriptive text:- Froissart 1325-1400

Froissart, John, Sir
... Northumberland, ... through which there runneth a river full of flint and great stones, called the Water of Tyne. And on this river standeth the town and castle of Carlisle, the which sometime was king Arthur's, and held his court there oftentimes. Also on that river is assised the town of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, in the which town was the marshall of England with a great company of men of arms, to keep the country against the Scots: and at Carlisle was the lord Hereford and the lord Mowbray, who were governours there, to defend the Scots the passage; for the Scots could not enter into England, but they must pass this said river in one place or other. The Englishmen could hear no tidings of the Scots till they were come to the entry of the said country. The Scots were passed this river so privily, that they of Carlisle nor yet of Newcastle knew nothing thereof, for between the said towns it was twenty-four English mile [leagues in the original].
... but so all that night they [The English] were fain to fast, nor their horses had nothing but leaves of trees and herbs: they cut down boughs of trees with their swords to tie withal their horses and to make themselves lodges. And about noon some poor folks of the country were found, and they said how they were as then fourteen mile from Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and eleven mile from Carlisle, and that there was no town nearer to them wherein they might find anything to do them ease withal. ...
SUMMARY.- The Scots determined to invade England. An English squire, sent to find out their intent, was discovered and captured. The main army of the Scots went towards Carlisle, while the earl Douglas with a smaller body entered Northumberland.
after the Battle of Otterburn, won by the Scots:-
... When tidings came to the other company of the Scots that were beside Carlisle, how their company had distressed the Englishmen beside Otterburn, they were greatly rejoiced, and displeased in their minds that they had not been there. Then they determined to dislodge and to draw into their own countries, seeing their other company were withdrawn. ...
person:- : Arthur
date:- 1325=1400
period:- 14th century

old map:- Paris 1240s

4 maps of Great Britain designed by Matthew Paris, 1240s.

placename:- Karleolum
placename:- Carleolum
placename:- Karleol
date:- 1240=1249
period:- 13th century

descriptive text:- Monmouth c1136

Extracts of Cumbrian interest from the History of the Kings of Britain by Geoffrey of Monmouth, about 1136; translated by Lewis Thorpe, published by Penguin Books, London, 1966.
Courtesy of Penguin Books
Leil, the son of Greenshield, a great lover of peace and justice, succeeded him. Leil took advantage of the prosperity of his reign to build a town in the northern part of Britain which he called Kaerleil after himself.

placename:- Kaerleil
person:- : Leil
date:- 960BC=931BC
period:- 10th century BC

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY45, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY45, button to large image
Buildings and towers, symbol for a town.
CARLISLE

placename:- Carlisle
county:- Cumberlandia
town
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old itinerary:- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, British High Roads, published in four parts by Tinsley Brothers, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
thumbnail TLY138, button to large image
Itinerary, route 3, London to Edinburgh and Glasgow via Boroughbridge and Carlisle, including from Bowes, Durham; through Brough, Appleby, Westmorland; then Penrith, Carlisle, Longtown, Cumberland; and into Scotland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
pp.36-49 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes; pp.37-39.
printed at p.36:-
... / ROUTE III. - LONDON to EDINBURGH and GLASGOW via / BOROUGHBRIDGE and CARLISLE (See Maps 31 to 42.) / Boroughbridge 206 (as per Route I.), Leeming 221 1/2, Catterick 228, Greta Bridge 242 1/2, Bowes 248 1/2, Brough 261 1/2, Appleby 269 3/4, / Penrith 283 1/2, Carlisle 301 1/2, Longtown 310 1/4, Langholm 321 3/4, / Hawick 349 1/2, Selkirk 356, Middleton 379 1/2, Edinburgh 392 1/2. / ...
thumbnail TLY139, button to large image

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1877
period:- 19th century, late

old strip map (pp.35-36):- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, British High Roads, published in four parts by Tinsley Brothers, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
thumbnail TLY1M2, button to large image
Strip map, road map, part of London to Edinburgh via Boroughbridge and Carlisle, including from Appleby, Westmorland through Penrith to Carlisle, Cumberland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
Map pp.35-36 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes.
printed at top:-
BRITISH HIGH ROADS. / 35 LONDON TO EDINBURGH, VIA BOROUGHBRIDGE & CARLISLE. 36

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1877
period:- 19th century, late

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
thumbnail JS5004, button to large image
Itinerary, Route 37 in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Preston to Glasgow, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.1-10 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.1:-
ROUTE 37. / PRESTON via Lancaster (21 1/2), Kendal (42 1/2), Shap (58 1/2), Penrith (69), Carlisle (87), Lockerbie (111 1/2), Beattock (125 3/4), Abington (144 1/2), Hamilton (170 1/2) to GLASGOW (182). / (The Land's End to John o' Groats Route.)
thumbnail JS5005, button to large image

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
thumbnail JS5015, button to large image
Itinerary, Route 37 reverse in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Glasgow to Preston, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.11-21 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.11:-
ROUTE 37. Reverse / GLASGOW via Hamilton (11 1/2), Abington (37 1/2), Beattock (56 1/4), Lockerbie (70 1/2), Carlisle (95), Penrith (113), Shap (123 1/2), Kendal (139 1/2), Lancaster (160 1/2) to PRESTON (182).
thumbnail JS5016, button to large image

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
thumbnail JS5022, button to large image
Itinerary, Route 37a in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Penrith to Carlisle alternative route, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.22-23 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.22:-
ROUTE 37A. / PENRITH to CARLISLE. / An Alternative Route by By-roads.
thumbnail JS5023, button to large image

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
thumbnail JS5024, button to large image
Itinerary, Route 37a reverse in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Penrith to Carlisle alternative route, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
p.24 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.24:-
ROUTE 37A. Reverse / CARLISLE to PENRITH (by By-road).

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
thumbnail JS5088, button to large image
Itinerary, Route 42 in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Kendal to Carlisle, through The Lakes, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.85-88 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.85:-
ROUTE 42. / KENDAL via the Lakes, Windermere (8 1/4), Grasmere (17), Dunmail Raise (20 1/4), Thirlmere, Keswick (30), Bothel (42 3/4), to CARLISLE (61 1/4).

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
thumbnail JS5089, button to large image
Itinerary, Route 42 reverse in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Carlisle to Kendal, through The Lakes, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.89-92 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.89:-
ROUTE 42. Reverse. / CARLISLE through the Lakes via Bothel (18 1/2), Keswick (31 1/4), Thirlmere, Dunmail Raise (41), Grasmere (44 1/4), Windermere (53) to KENDAL (61 1/4).
date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

source:- Ogilby 1699 (edn 1712)

image OGY7p072, button   goto source.
page 72
Distances from London
LONDON to CARLILE in Cumberland. PART II.
   Commencing at Garstang in Lancashire, and Extending to CARLISLE.
   Containing 78 Miles 3 Furlongs.
...
At 298'3 appears Carlton-V. of 3F. and at 299'6 Boteherby vulgo Burraby of 2F. at the End of which crossing Petterel flv. at 300'7 at the English-gate enter the City of CARLILE.
A place of great Antiquity, Eminent under the Romans, and call'd in the Itinerary Tables Luguvallum; interperted the Tower by the Vallum, i.e. the Picts Wall; near which it stands; whence contractedly Caer-luel and Carleil or Carlile: 'Twas encompass'd with a Wall, about A.C.680 by Egfred K. of the Northumbers, and Fortify'd with a Castle by K. W. Rufus: Made an Episc. See by Hen. I Anno 1133. and dignify'd with the Title of an Earldom, belonging to the Noble Family of the Howards. 'Tis seated on the S. of Eden flv. and between the Petterel and the Caud on the E. and W. and lies Triangular, the Castle standing in the N.W. corner, the Cathedral is a fine Structure, and the Houses well-built: 'Tis govern'd by a Mayor, 12 Alderm. 2 Bailiffs, &c. sends Burgesses to Parl; Trades chiefly in Fustians, and keeps a considerable Mt. on Saturdays having 3 Gates, viz. the Caldo or Irish-Gate, Bother or English-Gate, and Rickard or Scotch-Gate.

placename:- Carlile
other name:- Luguvallum
other name:- Caer Luel
other name:- Carleil
person:- local authority
date:- 1699
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1699 map (edn 1712)

Carlisle
image OGY7Cm, button   goto source.
thumbnail OGY7Cm, button to large image

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1712
period:- 18th century, early; 1710s

old map:- Millward and Dickinson 1737

CARLISLE / 301
miles from London
thumbnail MWD1Cm, button to large image

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1737
period:- 18th century, early; 1730s

source:- Ogilby 1699 (edn 1712)

image OGY7p072, button   goto source.
page 72
Distances from London
LONDON to CARLILE in Cumberland. PART II.
   Commencing at Garstang in Lancashire, and Extending to CARLISLE.
   Containing 78 Miles 3 Furlongs.
...
At 298'3 appears Carlton-V. of 3F. and at 299'6 Boteherby vulgo Burraby of 2F. at the End of which crossing Petterel flv. at 300'7 at the English-gate enter the City of CARLILE.
A place of great Antiquity, Eminent under the Romans, and call'd in the Itinerary Tables Luguvallum; interperted the Tower by the Vallum, i.e. the Picts Wall; near which it stands; whence contractedly Caer-luel and Carleil or Carlile: 'Twas encompass'd with a Wall, about A.C.680 by Egfred K. of the Northumbers, and Fortify'd with a Castle by K. W. Rufus: Made an Episc. See by Hen. I Anno 1133. and dignify'd with the Title of an Earldom, belonging to the Noble Family of the Howards. 'Tis seated on the S. of Eden flv. and between the Petterel and the Caud on the E. and W. and lies Triangular, the Castle standing in the N.W. corner, the Cathedral is a fine Structure, and the Houses well-built: 'Tis govern'd by a Mayor, 12 Alderm. 2 Bailiffs, &c. sends Burgesses to Parl; Trades chiefly in Fustians, and keeps a considerable Mt. on Saturdays having 3 Gates, viz. the Caldo or Irish-Gate, Bother or English-Gate, and Rickard or Scotch-Gate.

placename:- Carlile
other name:- Luguvallum
other name:- Caer Luel
other name:- Carleil
person:- local authority
date:- 1699
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1699 map (edn 1712)

Carlisle
image OGY7Cm, button   goto source.
thumbnail OGY7Cm, button to large image

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1712
period:- 18th century, early; 1710s

old map:- Ptolemy 1540

Map, Anglia II Nova Tabula, New Map of England, data in the Geographia by Claudius Ptolemy, engraved by Sebastian Munster, Basle, Switzerland, 1540.
thumbnail PTY4Cm, button to large image
Karlil
circle, buildings, towers; town

placename:- Karlil
date:- 1540
period:- 16th century, early; 1540s

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP3, button to large image
CARLISLE
blocks, and two spots for MPs; city

placename:- Carlisle
locality:- Cumberland Ward
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Dawson 1830s

Maps, two, hand coloured lithograph, Carlisle, scales about 1 inch to 1 mile and 3 inches to 1 mile, by Captain Robert K Dawson, 1830s?
thumbnail DAW5P1, button to large image

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1832
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

text:- Rivet and Smith 1979

The roman town of Carlisle; the capital of the Carvetii.

placename:- Luguvalium
other name:- Luguvallo
other name:- Lagubaluium
roman town
person:- : Carvetii

old map:- Greenwood 1824 (Cmd)

Map of the County of Westmorland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by C and J Greenwood, published by George Pringle jnr, 70 Queen Street, Cheapside, London, 1824.
thumbnail GW12Vgn1, button to large image
VIEW OF CARLISLE

placename:- Lancaster
date:- 1824
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old print:-
thumbnail PR1304, button to large image
Print, lithograph, Carlisle from near Cummersdale, Cumberland, by Matthew Ellis Nutter, engraved by George Barnard, 1820s
Printed by C Hallmandel.
In the foreground a shepherd sits with his flock, a basket and stick lying on the ground beside him. River Eden flows from right of composition towards the distant city of Carlisle which lies beyond.
inscribed at bottom left on print:-
On Stone by GEO. BARNARD from a Drawing after Nature by M NUTTER
printed at bottom centre:-
CARLISLE. from near CUMMERSDALE
inscribed at bottom right on print:-
Printed by C. Hallmandel

placename:- Carlisle
person:- shepherd
date:- 1820=1829
period:- 19th century, early

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1314, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, Carlisle from Etterby Scaur, One Hundred Years Ago, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Matthew Ellis Nutter, 1835.
The walled city of Carlisle viewed from an elevated perspective with the River Eden flowing horizontally across composition. Eden Bridge stands to left of composition; cattle are gathered on the meadows to either side of the river and a lone fisherman stands at the water's edge in centre foreground. Distant hills rise beyond the city.
dated at reverse:-
1835
inscribed at reverse:-
Carlisle from Stanwix - as it was nearly one hundred years ago

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1735
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR1320, button to large image
Print, South West Prospect of the City of Carlisle, Cumberland, drawn and engraved by Samuel and Nathaniel Buck, 1745, reprinted and published by Hudson Scott, Carlisle, 1834.
Panoramic view of Carlisle and its environs. Groups of figures are gathered in the foreground. In the middle distance the River Eden flows horizontally across composition. Beyond it lies the walled city. Distant hills rise beyond.
printed at top of paper:-
SOUTH WEST PROSPECT OF THE CITY OF CARLISLE
printed at bottom of paper:-
Walled City 1745 Reprinted from the original plate by Hudson Scott Carlisle August 1834 and sold by Hodgson, Boys and Graves and Ackerman Co London. Saml and Nathl Buck del et sculp publish'd according to act of Parliamt April 15th 1745 Garden Court No 1 Middle Temple London

placename:- City of Carlisle
date:- 1745
period:- 18th century, early

old drawing:-
thumbnail PR1340, button to large image
Drawing, Carlisle from the North East, Cumberland, by Thomas Bushby, 1917.
In the centre foreground cattle stand in the shallow waters of the River Eden which is spanned by Eden Bridge to far right of composition. Beyond lies a panoramic view of Carlisle partially obscured by trees with the spire of St Mary's church to far left beside the cathedral and the castle in centre of composition.
dated at bottom left:-
July 2nd 1917
signed & dated at bottom right:-
Thos. Bushby. 1917
date:- 1917
period:- 1910s

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1370, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, North East View of the City of Carlisle, Cumberland, 1778-99.
Panoramic view of the city of Carlisle seen from a slightly elevated perspective across the River Eden from Rickerby Park. In the foreground, a group of men are chopping wood; to the right a man leads his horse and cart along the Newcastle Road. On the far right of the composition stands Stanwix Bank. A mounted horse and carriage can be seen crossing the second bridge across the river Eden. On the far bank a man is fishing in the river. The second tributary of the River Eden is shown slightly silted up beneath the first bridge across the river Eden. The panoramic view of the city shows the citadel, gaol, St Cuthbert's Church, Cathedral, Castle and Walls with distant hills rising beyond.
date:- 1778=1799
period:- 18th century, late

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1231, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, Distant View of the City from the Northwest, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Robert Carlyle snr, 1791.
Frontispiece to watercolour album The Antiquities of the City of Carlisle. The page includes text the oval watercolour of Carlisle from the north west, taken from Etterby Scaur looking south east framed by trees. The foreground includes two men and a group of sheep in farmland. In the middle distance from left to right Carlisle Cathedral, Castle and battlements and Priestbeck Bridge. The Pennines can be seen in the distance.
inscribed at front:-
THE Antiquities OF THE City of Carlisle CONTAINING: VIEWS of the CITY_ CASTLE_ CATHEDRAL_CITADEL_GATES_WALLS_&c.with PLANS. DRAWN ON THE SPOT BY ROBERT CARLILE. The first Copy. MDCCXCI.
inscribed at below oval watercolour:-
Distant View of the City from the Northwest
person:- shepherd
date:- 1791
period:- 18th century, late

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1281, button to large image
Painting, oil painting, Carlisle from Stanwix, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Frederick Felix Ferdinand Raffael Fielding, 1811.
Panoramic view of Carlisle from an elevated perspective with the city lying on the far side of the River Eden, its stone bridge to right of composition.
signed at bottom centre:-
Fred. F. Fielding
date:- 1811
period:- 19th century, early

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1282, button to large image
Painting, oil painting, Carlisle in 1811, Cumberland, by Frederick Felix Ferdinand Raffael Fielding, 1811.
View of Carlisle from Stanwix with Eden bridge in centre midground, a stagecoach crossing it. The court houses stand to left, the cathedral in centre and the castle to right of composition. Sunset approaches.
date:- 1811
period:- 19th century, early

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1290, button to large image
Painting, oil painting, Carlisle from Stanwix, Cumberland, by Matthias Read, about 1720.
View of Carlisle from Stanwix; the foreground road winds down to the River Eden in the midground, cattle grazing on the meadow beside it. A poorly clad couple stand conversing to right of foreground whilst a horseman accompanied by a man on foot head towards the city; he turns in his saddle as his greyhound bounds in the opposite direction. The composition is framed to left by slender trees and to right by two grassy slopes and a small hill top church.
This painting originally hung in the Grapes Inn, Carlisle.
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1292, button to large image
Painting, oil painting, Richard Ferguson FSA, Chancellor of Carlisle, Cumberland, by George Harcourt Sephton, 1896.
Three quarter length portrait of Ferguson in late middle age, bearded, seated in an upholstered chair. He holds a gold watch chain in his right hand, his left arm resting on the arm of the chair.
signed & dated at bottom right:-
G.H. SEPHTON APRIL 1896
person:- : Ferguson, Richard
date:- 1896
period:- 19th century, late

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1303, button to large image
Painting, oil painting, Carlisle from the North East, Cumberland, 1780s-90s?
Panoramic view of Carlisle from across the River Eden with Eden Bridge and Carlisle Castle to right of composition. The cathedral rises above the city in centre of composition. Beyond lie hills with low lying cloud above them in a blue sky. In the foreground an angler stands on the riverbank and small groups of figures saunter along the pathway beside it. The composition is painted within an oval trompe l'oeuil frame against a buff background.
Perhaps by James Lowes who was one of the illustrators of Hutchinson's History of Cumberland.
date:-
period:- 18th century, late

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1118, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, Last Load, Harvest near Carlisle, Cumberland, by Thomas Bushby, 1899.
Sunset scene; at the centre of a wide flat field two men load sheaves of corn onto a cart; a girl wearing a pinafore and holding a toy wheelbarrow stands watching them. Distant view of Carlisle beyond.
signed & dated at bottom left:-
Thos. Bushby. 1899
inscribed at bottom centre:-
Near Carlisle
date:- 1899
period:- 19th century, late

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1166, button to large image
Painting, oil painting, Landscape with Carlisle in the Distance, by Samuel Bough, 1878.
Autumn; distant view of Carlisle from an elevated perspective on a track crossing a wild hill top with a small farmhouse standing to right and a more substantial house to left, below the brow of the hill. Leaden sky.
Samuel Bough's last work
annotated at reverse:-
This I Declare to be my husband the late Sam Bough RSA Last Work. Isabella Bough. I certify this as correct. C H Thatcher FRCSE July 18th 1893
date:- 1878
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR1200, button to large image
Print, coloured, Robert Anderson, The Cumberland Bard, by Joseph W Simpson, about 1925.
Half length depiction of Anderson in middle age, standing hand on hip, facing right. Behind him stretch Carlisle's streets.
signed at bottom right on print:-
Simpson
person:- poet : Anderson, Robert
date:- 1820=1829
period:- 1920s

old print:-
thumbnail PR1201, button to large image
Print, coloured, Charles Dickens at Carlisle, Cumberland, by Joseph W Simpson, 1920.
Half length depiction of Dickens in middle age, facing left. In the background stands The Fratry, Carlisle.
signed at bottom right on print:-
Simpson
person:- author : Dickens, Charles
date:- 1850=1859
period:- 1920s

old print:-
thumbnail PR1208, button to large image
Print, coloured, Bonnie Prince Charlie in Carlisle, Cumberland, by Joseph W Simpson, 1920s.
Bonnie Prince Charlie stands in foreground, half length, facing the viewer; he wears tartan plaid, kilt and bonnet. A group of his followers stand to left of composition, in front of guildhall. Groups of townsfolk are gathered to right.
signed at bottom right on print:-
Simpson
person:- : Charlie, Bonnie Prince
date:- 1745
period:- 1920s

old drawing:-
thumbnail PR1219, button to large image
Drawing, Carlisle Cathedral from below West Walls, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Matthew Ellis Nutter, 1835?
Summertime; detailed sketch of Carlisle from the north west beside foreground river looking towards the cathedral which rises above the city at centre of composition. The buildings to right of composition are partially obscured by trees standing in midground.
date:- 1835
period:- 19th century, early

old drawing:-
thumbnail PR1001, button to large image
Drawing, Carlisle from Denton Holme, Cumberland, by John Wilson Carmichael, 1835.
Summertime; distant view of Carlisle seen from a hill top upon which four figures are seated to left of foreground. Distant hills rise beyond.
inscribed & initialled & dated at bottom left:-
Carlisle from Denton Holme
at :-

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1835
period:- 19th century, early

old drawing:-
thumbnail PR1003, button to large image
Drawing, Carlisle from the East of the River Petril, Cumberland, by John Wilson Carmichael, 1835.
Summertime; distant view of Carlisle seen from an elevated perspective.
Carmichael executed 22 pencil drawings of the construction of the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway at the suggestion of the Rail Company.
inscribed & initialled & dated at bottom left:-
Carlisle from the East of the River Petril

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1835
period:- 19th century, early

old drawing:-
thumbnail PR1017, button to large image
Drawing, Carlisle From Stanwix Bar, Cumberland, by John Wilson Carmichael, 1838.
Distant view of Carlisle from the sloping meadow leading down to the banks of the River Eden. to right of composition stands Eden Bridge. In the foreground two men converse, one of them seated on a cart loaded with logs to which four horses are harnessed.
inscribed & signed & dated at bottom left:-
Carlisle from Stanwix bar J W Carmichael Apr 16 1838

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1838
period:- 19th century, early

old drawing:-
thumbnail PR1018, button to large image
Drawing, Carlisle from near the Dalston Road, Cumberland, by John Wilson Carmichael, 1837.
Panoramic view of Carlisle; a large mill with smoking chimney stands to left of composition; to right lies a railway embankment. In middle distance, to left, stand two figures.
inscribed & dated at bottom left:-
Carlisle from near the Dalston Road 1837

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1837
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR1072, button to large image
Print, Carlisle, Cumberland, by W Turner, 1797.
In a scrapbook album.
date:- 1797
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR1107, button to large image
Print, South West Prospect of the City of Carlisle in 1739, Carlisle, Cumberland, drawn and engraved by Samuel and Nathaniel Buck, 1739, edition about 1834.
Panoramic view of Carlisle and its environs. Groups of figures are gathered in the foreground. In the middle distance the River Eden flows horizontally across composition. Beyond it lies the walled city. Distant hills rise beyond.
printed at top of paper:-
SOUTH WEST PROSPECT OF THE CITY OF CARLISLE in 1739

placename:- City of Carlisle
date:- 1739
period:- 18th century, early

old drawing:-
thumbnail PR0796, button to large image
Drawing, Panoramic View of Carlisle from the North East, Cumberland, by Robert Carlyle snr, 24 September 1805.
Panoramic view of the city of Carlisle seen from the meadows beside the River Eden which is spanned by two bridges. The cathedral rises above the rooftops of the city in the centre of composition, with Carlisle castle standing to the right. Distant hills rise beyond the city.
inscribed at reverse:-
by R Carlyle Sept 24 1805
date:- 24.9.1805
period:- 19th century, early

old painting:-
thumbnail PR0869, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, The Corporation Muniment Chest, Carlisle, Cumberland, by William Henry Nutter, 1864.
A wooden chest cross banded in iron and with five padlocks and a lock stands on the floor of a ?municipal interior. On top of it lie a flag, a sceptre and a ceremonial dagger.
signed & dated at bottom left:-
W H Nutter 1864
person:- : Corporation of Carlisle
date:-
period:- 19th century, late

old painting:-
thumbnail PR0906, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, North East View of the City of Carlisle, Cumberland, by Robert Carlyle snr, 1791.
Summertime; panoramic view of the city of Carlisle seen from an elevated perspective across the River Eden; to left of composition, in the foreground, a family stands looking across the river. At the water's edge a mounted horseman pauses beside three cattle standing on the riverbank. Eden Bridge lies to right of composition and distant hills rise beyond.
One of a set of 11 original drawings for proposed aquatints The Antiquities of the City of Carlisle, 1791
inscribed at bottom left:-
Drawn by Rob't Carlyle
inscribed at bottom centre:-
NORTH EAST VIEW of the CITY of CARLISLE.

placename:- City of Carlisle
date:- 1791
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0963, button to large image
Print, South West Prospect of the City of Carlisle, drawn and engraved by Samuel and Nathaniel Buck, 1745, reprinted by Hudson Scott and Sons, Carlisle, Cumberland, 1834.
Panoramic view of Carlisle and its environs. Groups of figures are gathered in the foreground. In the middle distance the River Eden flows horizontally across composition. Beyond it lies the walled city. Distant hills rise beyond.
printed at top of paper:-
SOUTH WEST PROSPECT OF THE CITY OF CARLISLE
printed at bottom of paper:-
Walled City 1745 Reprinted from the original plate by Hudson Scott Carlisle August 1834 and sold by Hodgson, Boys and Graves and Ackerman Co London. Saml and Nathl Buck del et sculp publish'd according to act of Parliamt April 15th 1745 Garden Court No 1 Middle Temple London

placename:- City of Carlisle
date:- 1745
period:- 19th century, early

old painting:-
thumbnail PR0984, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, Distant View of the Walled City of Carlisle from the North East, Cumberland, by Samuel Bough, 1868.
Autumnal landscape; a distant view of Carlisle seen from the clearing on a wooded hill top, framed to right by tall trees and to left with the raised branch of a felled tree lying amidst bracken. Woodland fills the intervening landscape. Distant hills rise beyond the city.
signed & dated at bottom centre:-
Sam Bough 1868
date:- 1868
period:- 19th century, late

old painting:-
thumbnail PR0995, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, Carlisle from Weaver's Bank, Cumberland, by Thomas Bushby, 1895.
Late autumn; to the right of foreground stands a tree, a few brown leaves still clinging to its branches. Sheep are grazing on a patch of grass beyond which stand rows of terraced houses, smoke issuing from their chimneys. The cathedral rises above them in the distance.
signed & dated at bottom right:-
Thos. Bushby 1895
date:- 1895
period:- 19th century, late

market notes:- see:- Owen: 1792: New Book of Fairs

see:- : 1889: Market Rights and Tolls: HM Government

see:- Bowen, Emanuel & Kitchin, Thomas: 1760: New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland

Customary market recorded in 1292 when it was taken by Henry II.
Wednesday and Saturday markets granted by Edward III to the citizens, 7 February 1352; listed in the Calendar of Patent Rolls.
Market day Saturday given on Bowen and Kitchin's map, 1760.
Market listed by Owen, 1792.
Market listed by HM Government, 1888.
market town
person:- : Henry II
person:- : Edward III
date:- 1292; 1352; 1792; 1888; 1760

old map:- Burghley 1590 (facsimile)

courtesy of the National Library of Scotland
thumbnail M048NY35, button to large image
Carlisle
circle, buildings or walls, two towers

placename:- Carlisle

source:- Dickens 1857

Page 6:-
...
Carlisle! Idle and Goodchild had got to Carlisle. It looked congenially and delightfully idle. Something in the way of public amusement had happened last month, and something else was going to happen before Christmas; and, in the meantime there was a lecture on India for those who liked it - which Idle and Goodchild did not. Likewise, by those who
Page 7:-
liked them, there were impressions to be bought of all the vapid prints, going and gone, and of nearly all the vapid books. For those who wanted to put anything in missionary boxes, here were the boxes. For those who wanted the Reverend Mr. Podgers (artist's proofs, thirty shillings), here was Mr. Podgers to any amount. Not less gracious and abundant, Mr. Codgers of the vineyard, but opposed to Mr. Podgers, brotherly tooth and nail. Here, were guide-books to the neighbouring antiquities, and eke the Lake country, in several dry and husky sorts; here, many physically and morally impossible heads of both sexes, for young ladies to copy, in the exercise of the art of drawing; here, further, a large impression of Mr. SPURGEON, solid as to the flesh, not to say even something gross. The working young men of Carlisle were drawn up, with their hands in their pockets, across the pavements, four and six abreast, and appeared (much to the satisfaction of Mr. Idle) to have nothing else to do. The working and growing young women of Carlisle, from the age of twelve upwards, promenaded the streets in the cool of the evening, and rallied the said young men. Sometimes the young men rallied the young women, as in the case of a group gathered round an accordion-player, from among whom a young man advanced behind a young woman for whom he appeared to have a tenderness, and hinted to her that he was there and playful, by giving her (he wore clogs) a kick.
On market morning, Carlisle woke up amazingly, and became (to the two Idle Apprentices) disagreeably and reproachfully busy. There were its cattle market, its sheep market, and its pig market down by the river with raw-boned and shock-headed Rob Roys hiding their Lowland dresses beneath heavy plaids, prowling in and out among the animals, and flavouring the air with fumes of whiskey. There was its corn market down the main street, with hum of chaffering over open sacks. There was its general market in the street too, with heather brooms on which the purple flower still flourished, and heather baskets primitive and fresh to behold. With woman trying on clogs and caps at open stalls, and "Bible stalls" adjoining. With "Doctor Mantle's Dispensary for the cure of all Human Maladies and no charge for advice," and with Dr. Mantle's "Laboratory of Medical, Chemical, and Botanical Science" - both healing institutions
Page 8:-
established on one pair of trestles, one board, and one sun-blind. With the renowned phrenologist from London, begging to be favoured (at sixpence each) with the company of clients of both sexes, to whom, on examination of their heads, he would make revelations "enabling him or her to know themselves." Through all these bargains and blessings, the recruiting-serjeant watchfully elbowed his way, a thread of War in the peaceful skein. Likewise on the walls were printed hints that the Oxford Blues might not be indisposed to hear of a few fine active young men; and that whereas the standard of that distinguished corps is full six feet, "growing lads of five feet eleven" need not absolutely despair of being accepted.

date:- 1857
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Horsley 1732

NB: Horsley's ideas are not all accepted today.
Map, Britannia Antiqua, by Johanne Horsley, 1732. (nb this is tentative data)
thumbnail HOR1Cm, button to large image
Luguvallium / Carlisle

placename:- Luguvallium
other name:- Carlisle
date:- 1732
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

photocopy Whitehead 1882:-
vol.6 p.434

imaget1006434.jpg
vol.6 p.435

imaget1006435.jpg
Whitehead, H: 1882: Church Bells in the Deanery of Brampton: TransCWAAS: vol.6: pp.417-443

photocopy Secular Bells of Carlisle:-
vol.7 p.237

imaget1007237.jpg
vol.7 p.238

imaget1007238.jpg
vol.7 p.239

imaget1007239.jpg
vol.7 p.240

imaget1007240.jpg
vol.7 p.241

imaget1007241.jpg
vol.7 p.242

imaget1007242.jpg
vol.7 p.243

imaget1007243.jpg
vol.7 p.244

imaget1007244.jpg
Ferguson, R S & Nanson, W: 1883: Secular Bells of Carlisle: TransCWAAS: vol.7: pp.237-244

old print:-
thumbnail PR0153, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Carlisle, from the North, Cumberland, drawn by W Westall, engraved by E Francis, about 1830s?
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Drawn by W. Westall, A.R.A. / Engraved by _ Francis. / CARLISLE, / FROM THE NORTH.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1830=1839
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0191, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, City of Carlisle, Cumberland, published by J and J Cundee, Ivy Lane, Paternoster Row, London, 1819.
Included in vol.2 of The New British Traveller, or Modern Panorama of England and Wales, by James Dugdale.
printed at bottom:-
CITY OF CARLISLE. / CUMBERLAND. / Drawn & Engraved for DUGDALES ENGLAND & WALES Delineated.

placename:- City of Carlisle
date:- 1819
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0243, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Carlisle, Cumberland, engraved by Owen, published at the Albion Press, London, 1818.
Eden Bridge with the town in the background.
printed at bottom:-
CARLISLE, CUMBERLAND.
printed at lower on page:-
[ ]Albion Press, London, 1818. / Owen sculpt.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1818
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0244, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Carlisle, Cumberland, published late 19th century?
printed at bottom:-
CARLISLE.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1880=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0245, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Carlisle, Cumberland, published late 19th century?
printed at bottom:-
380.- Carlisle

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1880=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0246, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, View of the City of Carlisle, Cumberland, published late 19th century?
printed at bottom:-
2255.- View of the City of Carlisle

placename:- City of Carlisle
date:- 1880=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0248, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Carlisle, Cumberland, drawn by Robert Carlile, engraved and published by J Walker, 16 Rosomans Street, London, 1797.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Engraved by J. Walker from an Original Drawing by Mr. Robt. Carlile. / Published Octr. 2d. 1797, by J. Walker, No.16 Rosomans Street, London. / CARLISLE.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1797
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0251, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Market Place and Old Town Hall, Carlisle, Cumberland, published 1900s?
On p.256 of Our Own Country.
printed at bottom:-
MARKET PLACE AND OLD TOWN HALL, CARLISLE.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1900=1909
period:- 1900s

old print:-
thumbnail PR0254, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Carlisle from Rickerby Park, Carlisle, Cumberland, published 1900s?
On p.261 of Our Own Country.
printed at lower right:-
HAR[ ]WOR[ ]
printed at bottom:-
CARLISLE, FROM RICKERBY PARK.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1900=1909
period:- 1900s

old map:-
thumbnail PR0257, button to large image
Map, uncoloured engraving, street map, Map of Carlisle, Cumberland, scale about 2 inches to 1 mile, published 1900s?
On p.268 of Our Own Country. An inset map shows Carlisle in the surrounding country.
printed at bottom:-
MAP OF CARLISLE.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1900=1909
period:- 1900s

old print:-
thumbnail PR0309, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Carlisle, Cumberland, published by the Illustrated London News, 12 August 1882.
Illustrations of place visited by the Royal Archaeological Institute.
date:- 1882
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0310, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, English Street, Carlisle, Cumberland, published by the Illustrated London News, 12 August 1882.
Illustrations of place visited by the Royal Archaeological Institute.
date:- 1882
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0359, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Meeting of the Royal Agricultural Society of England, at Carlisle, published by the Illustrated London News, 11 August 1855.
Page 181; illustrating a report of the meeting.
printed at bottom:-
MEETING OF THE ROYAL AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY OF ENGLAND, AT CARLISLE - GENERAL VIEW.

placename:- Carlisle
person:- society : Royal Agricultural Society of England
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0385, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Prospect of the City of Carlisle, Cumberland, published late 18th century.
Included in The Modern Universal British Traveller. The city has town walls and gates.
printed at top:-
Engraved for The Modern Universal British Traveller
printed at bottom:-
Prospect of the CITY of CARLISLE, in Cumberland.

placename:- City of Carlisle
date:- 1780=1799
period:- 18th century, late

old print:- Harwood 1842

Set of prints, uncoloured engravings bound in a booklet, Harwood's Views of the Lakes, drawn by John and Frederick Harwood, 26 Fenchurch Street, London, about 1842.
thumbnail HRW220, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Carlisle, Cumberland, engraved and published by John and Frederick Harwood, 26 Fenchurch Street, London, about 1842.
printed at bottom left, centre:-
London, J. Harwood, 26, Fenchurch Street. / Carlisle.
date:- 1842
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Cooke 1803-10

Guide books, Topographical and Statistical Description of the County of Westmoreland, and Topographical and Statistical Description of the County of Cumberland, and Excursions to the Lakes of Cumberland, published by George Alexander Cooke, 17 Paternoster Row, London, 1803-10.
thumbnail CK10E1, button to large image
Print, engraving, Carisle, published by Sherwood, Jones and Co, Paternoster Row, London, 2nd edn 1803-10.
Frontispiece to a Topographical and Statistical Description of the County of Cumberland, and Excursions to the Lakes of Cumberland, by George Alexander Cooke.
printed at bottom:-
Carlisle.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1802=1810
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Green 1819

Guide book, 2 volumes, The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green, Ambleside, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1819 and 1820.
thumbnail GN0132, button to large image
Print, soft ground etching, Carlisle from the River Caldew, Cumberland, by William Green, 1820, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1820.
Tipped in opposite vol.2 p.398 of The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green.
printed at bottom right, centre:-
Vol.2, page 398, line 16. / CARLISLE from the RIVER CALDEW. / Published at Ambleside, by Wm. Green, 1820.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0569, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Royal Agricultural Society at Carlisle, show ground, published in the Illustrated London News, 10 July 1880.,
The showground is set up with tents like a roman fort.
printed at bottom:-
THE ROYAL AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY AT CARLISLE: VIEW OF THE SHOW-YARD. ...
person:- society : Royal Agricultural Society
date:- 1880
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Thurnam 1835

Set of prints, lithographs, with descriptive text, Carlisle in the Olden Time, drawings by M E Nutter et al, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Ackermann and Co and others, London, 1835.
thumbnail THM101, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, The Market Cross, and Old Guard House, Carlisle, Cumberland, drawn by M E Nutter, lithographed by A Picken, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Ackermann and Co, by Hodgson, Boys, and Graves, and by Charles Tilt, London, 1835.
Included in Carlisle in the Olden Time.
printed at lower left, right, centre:-
Drawn in Zinc by A. Picken. / Printed from Zinc by Day & Haghe, London / The Market Cross, and Old Guard House.
date:- 1835
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Thurnam 1835

Set of prints, lithographs, with descriptive text, Carlisle in the Olden Time, drawings by M E Nutter et al, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Ackermann and Co and others, London, 1835.
thumbnail THM102, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Carlisle from Primrose Bank, Cumberland, drawn by M E Nutter, lithographed by P Gauci, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Ackermann and Co, by Hodgson, Boys, and Graves, and by Charles Tilt, London, 1835.
Printed by Graf and Soret.
Included in Carlisle in the Olden Time.
printed at bottom:-
Drawn by M. E. Nutter from the original sketch. / P. Gauci lith. / CARLISLE FROM PRIMROSE BANK. / UPWARDS OF ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO. / Carlisle, Published by Charles Thurnam. / London. Ackermann & Co. - Hodgson, Boys, and Graves & Charles Tilt. / Printed by Graf & Soret.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1835
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Thurnam 1835

Set of prints, lithographs, with descriptive text, Carlisle in the Olden Time, drawings by M E Nutter et al, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Ackermann and Co and others, London, 1835.
thumbnail THM103, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Carlisle from near Stanwix Bank, Cumberland, drawn by M E Nutter, lithographed by Giles, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Ackermann and Co, by Hodgson, Boys, and Graves, and by Charles Tilt, London, 1835.
Printed by Graf and Soret.
Included in Carlisle in the Olden Time.
printed at bottom:-
Drawn by M. E. Nutter from the original sketch. / Giles lithog. / CARLISLE FROM NEAR STANWIX BANK. / UPWARDS OF ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO. / Carlisle, Published by Charles Thurnam. / London. Ackermann & Co. - Hodgson, Boys, and Graves & Charles Tilt. / Printed by Graf & Soret.

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1835
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0590, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, View of the City of Carlisle, Cumberland, published in the Penny Magazine, by Charles Knight, 22 Ludgate Street and 13 Pall Mall East, London, 3 August 1833.
printed at bottom:-
(View of the City of Carlisle.) / ...

placename:- Carlisle
date:- 1833
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0543, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Two Imperfect Roman Altars, discovered in 1755 near Carlisle, Cumberland, late 18th century?
Fig.1 has inscription:-
O M / [ ]O SAL [ ] SIP [ ] / EUER[ ] MAURANI
Fig.2. has:-
[ ]IP AE[L ] / [ E]PTIMIAIUS / RUSTICUS PREE / MATERNOS ET BRA / DUA COS
printed at top:-
Two imperfect ROMAN ALTARS, discoverd in 1755, near CARLISLE.
period:- 18th century, late

button   Abbey Court, Carlisle
button   Abbey Gate, Carlisle
button   Arkle House, Carlisle
button   Belah, Carlisle
button   Belle Vue, Carlisle
button   Bishop's Tower, Carlisle
button   Black Swan, Carlisle
button   Blue Bell Inn, Carlisle
button   Boardroom, Carlisle
button   Bochard Gate, Carlisle
button   Botcherby, Carlisle
button   Botchergate, Carlisle
button   boundary stone, Carlisle/St Cuthbert Without
button   Bridgewater Road Bridge, Carlisle
button   bus stance, Carlisle
button   Bush Inn, Carlisle
button   Caldcoats Bridge, Carlisle
button   Caldew Bridge, Carlisle
button   Caldewgate, Carlisle
button   Caledonian Mill, Carlisle
button   Caledonian, Carlisle
button   canal basin, Carlisle
button   Canal Junction N, Carlisle
button   Canal Junction S, Carlisle
button   Canal Station, Carlisle
button   Carlisle Academy of Fine Art, Carlisle
button   Carlisle Castle, Carlisle
button   Carlisle Cathedral Treasury, Carlisle
button   Carlisle Cathedral, Carlisle
button   Carlisle Citadel Station, Carlisle
button   Carlisle Cricket Club, Carlisle
button   Carlisle Fire Station, Carlisle
button   Carlisle Gaol, Carlisle
button   Carlisle Gas Works, Carlisle
button   Carlisle Infirmary, Carlisle
button   Carlisle Library, Carlisle
button   Carlisle Police Divisional HQ, Carlisle
button   Carlisle Police Station, Carlisle
button   Carlisle: 1745 Rebellion
button   Carlisle: Abbey Street
button   Carlisle: Abbey Street, 1 and 3
button   Carlisle: Abbey Street, 16
button   Carlisle: Abbey Street, 17 and 19
button   Carlisle: Abbey Street, 18 to 22
button   Carlisle: Abbey Street, 24
button   Carlisle: Abbey Street, 26
button   Carlisle: Abbey Street, 28 and 30
button   Carlisle: Abbey Street, 32
button   Carlisle: Abbey Street, 34
button   Carlisle: Abbey Street, 36 and 38
button   Carlisle: Abbey Street, 48
button   Carlisle: Abbey, The, 2
button   Carlisle: Abbey, The, 3 and 6
button   Carlisle: Abbey, The, 4
button   Carlisle: Abbey, The, house
button   Carlisle: Alfred Street North, 1 to 5
button   Carlisle: Alfred Street, 4
button   Carlisle: Bank Street
button   Carlisle: Bank Street, 7 to 45
button   Carlisle: Bank Street, 28 to 32
button   Carlisle: Barclays Bank
button   Carlisle: Blackfriars Street
button   Carlisle: Botchergate
button   Carlisle: Brucciani
button   Carlisle: Carlisle Glass
button   Carlisle: Carlyles Lane
button   Carlisle: Castle Street
button   Carlisle: Castle Street, 1
button   Carlisle: Castle Street, 3
button   Carlisle: Castle Street, 6 to 10
button   Carlisle: Castle Street, 13 and 15
button   Carlisle: Castle Street, 14 and 16
button   Carlisle: Castle Street, 17
button   Carlisle: Castle Street, 19
button   Carlisle: Castle Street, 21
button   Carlisle: Castle Street, 26 to 30
button   Carlisle: Chiswick Street
button   Carlisle: Chiswick Street, 14 and 16
button   Carlisle: Chiswick Street, 18 and 20
button   Carlisle: Chiswick Street, 22
button   Carlisle: Chiswick Street, 24 and 26
button   Carlisle: Chiswick Street, 31 and 33
button   Carlisle: Chiswick Street, 35 to 47
button   Carlisle: Chiswick Street, 49 and 51
button   Carlisle: Clydesdale Bank
button   Carlisle: Crescent
button   Carlisle: Devonshire Street
button   Carlisle: Devonshire Street, 2 and 4
button   Carlisle: Devonshire Street, 7 to 19
button   Carlisle: Devonshire Street, 12 to 16
button   Carlisle: Earl Street, 1
button   Carlisle: Earl Street, 3 to 7
button   Carlisle: Earl Street, 9
button   Carlisle: Earl Street, 11
button   Carlisle: Earl Street, 13
button   Carlisle: English Street
button   Carlisle: English Street, 11
button   Carlisle: English Street, 13 and 15
button   Carlisle: English Street, 21 to 25
button   Carlisle: Fisher Street
button   Carlisle: Fisher Street, 15
button   Carlisle: Fisher Street, 29
button   Carlisle: Fisher Street, 31 to 37
button   Carlisle: Green Market
button   Carlisle: Greenmarket, 2
button   Carlisle: Greenmarket, 3 and 4
button   Carlisle: Hartington Place
button   Carlisle: Hartington Place, 2 and 4
button   Carlisle: Hartington Place, 3 to 7
button   Carlisle: Hartington Place, 22 and 24
button   Carlisle: Howard Place, 1
button   Carlisle: Howard Place, 2 and 4
button   Carlisle: HSBC Bank
button   Carlisle: Lindisfarne Street
button   Carlisle: Little and Ballantyne
button   Carlisle: Lonsdale Street, 33 to 39
button   Carlisle: Lowther Street, 4 to 6
button   Carlisle: Lowther Street, 10 to 14
button   Carlisle: Lowther Street, 15 and 17
button   Carlisle: Lowther Street, 22
button   Carlisle: Lowther Street, 24 and 26
button   Carlisle: Lowther Street, 30 to 40
button   Carlisle: Lowther Street, 37 and 39
button   Carlisle: Market Place
button   Carlisle: Midland Bank
button   Carlisle: Pack Horse Lane
button   Carlisle: Paternoster Row
button   Carlisle: Paternoster Row, 3
button   Carlisle: Paternoster Row, 4 and 5
button   Carlisle: Paternoster Row, 6
button   Carlisle: Paternoster Row, 7
button   Carlisle: Portland Square, 6 and 7
button   Carlisle: Portland Square, 8 and 9
button   Carlisle: Portland Square, 11 to 14
button   Carlisle: Portland Square, 15
button   Carlisle: Portland Square, 16 to 19
button   Carlisle: Portland Square, 20
button   Carlisle: Portland Square, 21 and 22
button   Carlisle: Portland Square, 23
button   Carlisle: Portland Square, 27
button   Carlisle: Portland Square, 28
button   Carlisle: Scotch Street
button   Carlisle: Shaddongate
button   Carlisle: Spencer Street
button   Carlisle: Spencer Street, 2 and 4
button   Carlisle: Spencer Street, 35 to 49
button   Carlisle: St Cuthbert's Lane
button   Carlisle: St Nicholas Street
button   Carlisle: St Nicholas Street, 38
button   Carlisle: Tait Street
button   Carlisle: Tait Street, 25 to 29
button   Carlisle: Tait Street, 32 to 36
button   Carlisle: Trustee Savings Bank
button   Carlisle: Twigg Shoe Services
button   Carlisle: Victoria Place, 1
button   Carlisle: Warwick Road
button   Carlisle: Warwick Road, 61
button   Carlisle: Warwick Road, 63 to 69
button   Carlisle: Warwick Road, 71
button   Carlisle: Warwick Road, 73
button   Carlisle: Warwick Road, 75 to 81
button   Carlisle: Warwick Road, 85 to 93
button   Carlisle: Warwick Road, 95 and 97
button   Carlisle: Warwick Road, 99 to 103
button   Carlisle: Warwick Road, 105 and 107
button   Carlisle: Warwick Road, 109
button   Carlisle: Warwick Road, 111
button   Carlisle: Warwick Road, 113 and 115
button   Carlisle: Warwick Road, 117 to 121
button   Carlisle: West Walls
button   Carlisle: West Walls, 10 to 22
button   Carlisle: Woodrouffe Terrace
button   Carlyles Lane, Carlisle
button   Cavendish House, Carlisle
button   Central Plaza Hotel, Carlisle
button   chapel, Carlisle
button   Chatsworth House, Carlisle
button   Christ Church National School, Carlisle
button   Christ Church School, Carlisle
button   Christchurch, Carlisle
button   Citadel, Carlisle
button   City General Hospital, Carlisle
button   City Walls, Carlisle
button   clay pipe works, Carlisle
button   cock pit, Carlisle
button   Coffee House, Carlisle
button   Coledale Hall, Carlisle
button   Collier's Tower, Carlisle
button   County Bar, Carlisle
button   County Hotel, Carlisle
button   Cranemakers, Carlisle
button   Creighton Monument, Carlisle
button   Crescent Inn, Carlisle
button   Crown and Mitre Hotel, Carlisle
button   Cumberland Inn, Carlisle
button   Cumbrian Hotel, Carlisle
button   Currock, Carlisle
button   Deanery of Carlisle, Carlisle
button   Denton Holme, Carlisle
button   Denton Works, Carlisle
button   Devonshire Chambers, Carlisle
button   drain, Carlisle
button   drinking fountain, Carlisle
button   drinking fountain, Carlisle (2)
button   Durranhill House, Carlisle
button   Eaglesfield House, Carlisle
button   Eden Bridge, Carlisle
button   Edentown, Carlisle
button   engine shed, Carlisle
button   engine shed, Carlisle (2)
button   engine shed, Carlisle (3)
button   engine shed, Carlisle (4)
button   engine shed, Carlisle (5)
button   engine shed, Carlisle (6)
button   engine shed, Carlisle (7)
button   engine shed, Carlisle (8)
button   engine shed, Carlisle (9)
button   engine shed, Carlisle (10)
button   engine shed, Carlisle (11)
button   engine shed, Carlisle (12)
button   engine shed, Carlisle (13)
button   engine shed, Carlisle (14)
button   engine shed, Carlisle (15)
button   engine shed, Carlisle (16)
button   engine shed, Carlisle (17)
button   English Gate, Carlisle
button   Etterby, Carlisle
button   Fawcett School, Carlisle
button   Fratry, Carlisle
button   friary, Carlisle
button   friary, Carlisle (2)
button   Glover's Row, Carlisle
button   Golden Fleece, Carlisle
button   Golden Lion, Carlisle
button   Grapes Hotel, Carlisle
button   Guildhall, Carlisle
button   Harraby Cutting, Carlisle
button   Harraby Hill Workhouse, Carlisle
button   Harraby, Carlisle
button   Harrington, Carlisle
button   Herbert Atkinson House, Carlisle
button   High Brewery, Carlisle
button   Highmore House, Carlisle
button   Holy Trinity ecc.parish
button   Holy Trinity, Carlisle
button   hospital, Carlisle
button   hospital, Carlisle (2)
button   hospital, Carlisle (3)
button   house, Carlisle
button   Howard Arms, Carlisle
button   hydrant plate, Carlisle (2)
button   hydrant plate, Carlisle (3)
button   hydrant plate, Carlisle (4)
button   hydrant plate, Carlisle (5)
button   hydrant plate, Carlisle (6)
button   Irish Gate, Carlisle
button   iter 5, Cumbria
button   Joiner's Arms, Carlisle
button   Kings Head, Carlisle
button   King's Meadow, Carlisle
button   Knowefield, Carlisle
button   Larch House, Carlisle
button   Liberal Club, Carlisle
button   LNWR Goods Depot, Carlisle
button   LNWR Locomotive Works, Carlisle
button   London and Glasgow Railway
button   London Road East Junction, Carlisle
button   London Road Goods Depot, Carlisle
button   London Road Terminus, Carlisle
button   London Road West Junction, Carlisle
button   Long Island Works, Carlisle
button   Longsowerby, Carlisle
button   Lonsdale Cinema, Carlisle
button   Lord Street Reading Room, Carlisle
button   Low Durranhill, Carlisle
button   MandC and LandC Junction, Carlisle
button   market cross, Carlisle
button   Market Hall, Carlisle
button   Maryport and Carlisle Goods Depot, Carlisle
button   Meadow Brewery, Carlisle
button   meeting house, Carlisle
button   meeting house, Moorhouse
button   meeting house, Scotby
button   meeting house, Sikeside
button   meeting house, Thornyland
button   Memorial Bridge, Carlisle
button   milestone, Carlisle (2)
button   Morton, Carlisle
button   Museum of Football, Carlisle
button   Museum of the Border Regiment, Carlisle
button   New Brewery, Carlisle
button   Newton, Carlisle
button   Newtown, Carlisle
button   Old Brewery, Carlisle
button   Old Foundry, Carlisle
button   Old St Nicholas, Carlisle
button   Pedestrian Arms, Carlisle
button   Petteril Bridge Junction, Carlisle
button   pillbox, Carlisle
button   police station, Carlisle
button   Port Carlisle Branch Junction, Carlisle
button   Port Carlisle Junction, Carlisle
button   post box, Carlisle (2)
button   post box, Carlisle (3)
button   post box, Carlisle (6)
button   post office, Carlisle
button   Priestbeck Bridge, Carlisle
button   Prior's Tower, Carlisle
button   Raffles, Carlisle
button   Ragged and Industrial Schools, Carlisle
button   railway bridge, Carlisle
button   Richmond Memorial Hall, Carlisle
button   Rickergate, Carlisle
button   Rickman's Reading Rooms, Carlisle
button   ring of bells, Carlisle
button   ring of bells, Carlisle (2)
button   ring of bells, Harraby
button   road, Carlisle to Allonby
button   road, Carlisle to Berwick
button   road, Carlisle to Edinburgh
button   road, Carlisle to Glasgow
button   road, Carlisle to Silloth
button   road, Egremont to Carlisle
button   road, Keswick to Carlisle
button   road, Lancaster to Carlisle
button   road, Tynemouth to Carlisle
button   roman road 7e, Cumbria
button   Royal Hotel, Carlisle
button   Sands, Carlisle
button   school, Carlisle
button   Scottish Gate, Carlisle
button   Shaddon Mill, Carlisle
button   Shaddon Works School, Carlisle
button   South End Co-op Junction, Carlisle
button   Sportsman, Carlisle
button   Springold Tower, Carlisle
button   St Aidan, Carlisle
button   St Alban, Carlisle
button   St Barnabas, Carlisle
button   St Cuthbert, Carlisle
button   St Cuthbert's ecc.parish
button   St James, Carlisle
button   St James's ecc.parish
button   St John, Carlisle
button   St John's ecc.parish
button   St Mary, Carlisle
button   St Mary's ecc.parish
button   St Nicholas Bridges, Carlisle
button   St Nicholas Hospital, Carlisle
button   St Nicholas Works, Carlisle
button   St Nicholas, Carlisle
button   St Patrick's School, Carlisle
button   St Paul, Carlisle
button   St Paul's ecc.parish
button   St Stephen, Carlisle
button   St Stephen's ecc.parish
button   Stanwix Bank, Carlisle
button   Stanwix, Carlisle
button   Steel Monument, Carlisle
button   stocks, Carlisle
button   Stone of Cursing, Carlisle
button   street pillar, Carlisle
button   sundial, Carlisle
button   Suttle House, Carlisle
button   Tile Tower, Carlisle
button   Towards the Sea, Carlisle
button   Town Hall, Carlisle
button   trig point, NY3865856669
button   trig point, NY3946255644
button   trig point, NY3974456211
button   trig point, NY3975256216
button   trig point, NY3989055953
button   trig point, NY3989455960
button   trig point, NY4013955294
button   trig point, NY4114054739
button   trig point, NY4132056363
button   trig point, NY4153854574
button   trig point, NY4181853944
button   Trinity School, Carlisle
button   Tullie House, Carlisle
button   Upperby Junction West, Carlisle
button   war memorial, Carlisle (2)
button   West Walls Brewery, Carlisle
button   White Hart Hotel, Carlisle
button   Willow Holme, Carlisle

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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