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placename:- Furness Abbey
parish Barrow-in-Furness borough, once in Lancashire
county:- Cumbria
abbey; religious house
coordinates:- SD218717
10Km square:- SD27

1Km square SD2171

photograph

Furness Abbey -- Barrow-in-Furness -- Cumbria / -- 10.7.2006
photograph

Furness Abbey -- Barrow-in-Furness -- Cumbria / -- 10.7.2006

old map:- OS County Series (Lan 21 4)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Furness Abbey
other name:- St Mary's Abbey
religious house
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

text:- Mason 1907 (edn 1930)

Page 31:-
...
Just beyond the din and bustle of Barrow, in a narrow, fertile vale, are the grand and peaceful ruins of Furness Abbey; the roof is gone, but there are still walls and windows and glorious arches, lofty and wide, to fill the beholder with awe.
date:- 1907
period:- 1900s

old print:- Heaton Cooper 1905 (edn 1908)

thumbnail HC0102, button to large image
Print, colour halftone, Furness Abbey in the Vale of Nightshade, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, from a watercolour painting by Alfred Heaton Cooper, published by Adam and Charles Black, London, 2nd edn 1908.
Opposite p.4 of The English Lakes, painted by Alfred Heaton Cooper, described by William T Palmer.
printed at tissue opposite the print:-
FURNESS ABBEY IN THE VALE OF NIGHTSHADE

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1905
period:- 1900s

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL131, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
On page 149 of Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at bottom:-
Furness Abbey.

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL186, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
On page 322 of Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at lower right:-
AG
printed at bottom:-
Furness Abbey.

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

old print:- Bemrose 1881

thumbnail BEM102, button to large image
Print, uncoloured, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, published by Bemrose and Sons, 23 Old Bailey, London and Derby, by A B Moss, Carlisle, Cumberland, and by T Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, about 1881.
On p.5 of a Handy Guide to the English Lakes and Shap Spa.
printed at bottom:-
FURNESS ABBEY.

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1881
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0861, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
stamped at reverse:-
HERBERT BELL / Photographer / AMBLESIDE
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0859, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0857, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0558, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, Furness Abbey, west tower, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1872.
ms on reverse:-
... July 1872 ...
date:- 1872
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0557, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Furness Abbey, west tower, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
stamped on reverse:-
HERBERT BELL / Photographer / AMBLESIDE
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0556, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Furness Abbey, the sedilia, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower right:-
H. Bell
stamped on reverse:-
HERBERT BELL / Photographer / AMBLESIDE
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0553, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Furness Abbey, west door, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
stamped on reverse:-
HERBERT BELL / Photographer / AMBLESIDE
internegative at lower right:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0548, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Furness Abbey, cloisters, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0543, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Furness Abbey, door to chapter house, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0555, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower right:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0554, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, Furness Abbey, refectory, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0551, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, Furness Abbey, guest chapel, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower right:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0550, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
stamped on reverse:-
HERBERT BELL / Photographer / AMBLESIDE
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0549, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1872.
ms on reverse:-
... July 1872 ...
date:- 1872
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0547, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Furness Abbey, arch of choir, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
stamped on reverse:-
HERBERT BELL / Photographer / AMBLESIDE
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0546, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0545, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Furness Abbey, entrance to chapter house, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
stamped on reverse:-
HERBERT BELL / Photographer / AMBLESIDE
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0544, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Furness Abbey, chapter house, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
stamped on reverse:-
HERBERT BELL / Photographer / AMBLESIDE
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0542, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Furness Abbey from the west, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
stamped on reverse:-
HERBERT BELL / Photographer / AMBLESIDE
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0541, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Furness Abbey from the north, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0540, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, Furness Abbey from the north, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0536, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Furness Abbey from the nave, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
stamped at reverse:-
HERBERT BELL / Photographer / AMBLESIDE
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0374, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, the sedilia at Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Herbert Bell, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s?
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 24:-
...
The Abbey was founded in A.D. 1127. Its domains extended over the whole promontory in which it lies, and to the north, as far as the Shire Stones on Wrynose. They occupied the space between Windermere on the east and the Duddon on the west. The Abbot was a sort of king; and his abbey was enriched, not only by King Stephen, but by the gifts of neighbouring proprietors, who were glad to avail themselves, not only of its religious privileges, but of its military powers for the defence of their estates against border foes, and the outlaws of the mountains,- the descendants of the conquered Saxons, who inherited their fathers' vengeance. The Abbey was first peopled from Normandy,- a sufficient number of Benedictine monks coming over from the monastery of Savigny to establish this house in honour of St. Marye of Furnesse. In a few years their profession changed: they followed St. Bernard, and wore the white cassock, caul and scapulary, instead of the dress of the grey monks. It is strange now to see the railway traversing those woods where these grey-robed foreigners used to pass hither and thither, on their holy errands to the depressed and angry native Saxons dwelling round about. The situation of the Abbey, as is usual with religious houses, is fine. It stands in the depth of a glen, with a stream
Page 25:-
flowing by, - the sides of the glen being clothed with wood. A beacon once belonged to it; a watch tower on an eminence accessible from the abbey, whose signal-fire was visible all over Low Furness, when assistance was required, or foes were expected. The building is of the pale red stone of the district. It must formerly have almost filled the glen: and the ruins give an impression, to this day, of the establishment having been worthy of the zeal of its founder, King Stephen, and the extent of its endowments, which were princely. The boundary-wall of the precincts inclosed a space of sixty-five acres, over which are scattered remains that have, within our own time, been interpreted to be those of the mill, the granary, the fish-ponds, the ovens and kilns, and other offices. As for the architecture, the heavy shaft is found alternating with the clustered pillar, and the round Norman with the pointed Gothic arch. The masonry is so good that the remains are, even now, firm and massive; and the winding staircases within the walls are still in good condition in many places. The nobleness of the edifice consisted in its extent and proportions; for the stone would not bear the execution of any very elaborate ornament. The crowned heads of Stephen and his Queen Maude are seen outside the window of the Abbey, and are among the most interesting of the remains. It is all triste and silent now. The chapter-house, where so many grave councils were held, is open to the babbling winds. Where the abbot and his train swept past in religious procession, over inscribed pavements, echoing to the tread, the stranger now wades among tall ferns
Page 26:-
and knotted grasses, stumbling over stones fallen from the place of honour. No swelling anthems are heard there now, or penitential psalms; but only the voice of birds, winds, and waters. But this blank is what the stranger comes for. Knowing what a territory the Abbots of Furness ruled over, like a kingdom, it is well to come hither to look how it is with that old palace and mitre, and to take one more warning of how Time shatters thrones, and dominations and powers, and causes the glories of the world to pass away.
The stranger will be among the ruins late, by moon or by star light; and again in the morning, before the dew is off, and when the hidden violet perfumes the area where the censer once was swung, and where the pillars cast long shadows on the sward. But he must not linger; for he has a good circuit to make before night.
person:- : Stephen
person:- : Maud, Queen
person:- : Benedictine Order
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2SD27, button to large image
FURNESS ABBEY
block, building

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02SD27, button to large image
Furness Abbey

placename:- Furness Abbey
county:- Lancashire
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
... Even the religious enthusiasm of monachism scarcely advanced within the shadow of the mountains, much less penetrated into their secluded dales. Furness, Calder, St. Bees, and Holme Cultram abbeys, are all in the open country. For a long period, indeed, the population must either have been extremely small, or their religious interests neglect-
Page xi:-
[neglect]ed; perhaps both might be the case. ...
Page 6:-
[Dalton] ... flourishing, from its neighbourhood to the rich and mitred Abbey of Saint Mary. ... Dalton would, however, attract but few visitors, were it not from the same cause that formerly gave it opulence. The ruins of the once magnificent abbey still draw the pilgrim of taste - the lover of contemplation - and the artist is search of broken pillars and ivied walls.
FURNESS ABBEY
Was first planted at Tulket, in Amouridness, in the year 1124; three years after which, on the 1st of July, 1127, it was translated and founded by Stephen, Earl of Bologne and Morton, (afterwards king of England,) in the vale of Beckansgill, or the Glen of Deadly Night shade. He brought monks from Savigny in Normandy, endowing them with the lordship of Furness and other extensive privileges. They, however, having fallen from their first estate of Benedictine simplicity and purity of manners, submitted after some hesitation to a reform in their discipline, and by taking the rules of St. Bernard became Cistercians, the rules of which order they observed until the general dissolution. It then shared the fate of its compeers, when its revenues were valued at
Page 7:-
£905 16s. according to Dugdale, or £966 7s. according to Speed.
Its ruins consist of the conventual church, the chapter-house, and school-house, which occupy a space of about sixty-five acres, secluded in a deep glen, which nevertheless opens out below into an expanse of fertile meadows, irrigated by a murmuring brook, and screened by a forests of stately timber. The style of its architecture is a mixture of Norman and early English. The nave is supported by fine massy clustered piers, from which spring circular arches of massy deep mouldings. The transept is distinguished by long elegant lancets, and the chancel has been a specimen of more decorated workmanship, having four beautiful sedilia on its southern side. The tower, low and square, has been supported by four magnificent arches, of which only one remains entire; they appear to have rested upon finely clustered piers. The chapter-house, a noble room of sixty feet by forty-five, had a vaulted roof formed of twelve ribbed arches, springing from six pillars in two rows, fourteen feet distant from each other. The roof has now fallen in.
The inside length of the church, from east to west, is two hundred and seventy-five feet; the length of the transept, from north to south, is one hundred and thirty feet; the width of the nave is sixty-five feet; whilst that of the choir is only twenty-eight feet.
The finest view of these interesting ruins is from
Page 8:-
the hill opposite to the east window, through which are seen, in lengthened perspective closed by woods, the choir and nave.
Page 157:-
...
[footnote 1] We gladly refer the lake tourist and lover of antiquity to a newly-published work, entitled 'Furness and Furness Abbey.' The mass of information here contained, its pictorial and other embellishments, and the superior excellence of its typography, deserve for it an extensive circulation, and reflect the utmost credit on its publisher, Mr. D. ATKINSON, of Ulverston.
person:- : Stephen
person:- : Cistercian Order
person:- publisher : Atkinson, D
event:- : Dissolution, The
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P083, button   goto source.
Page 83:-
Furness Abbey is situated in a narrow dell, in a fertile district of Lancashire, called Low Furness. It was founded in 1127, by Stephen, afterwards king of England, and involved in the general wreck of religious houses in 1537.
image OT01P084, button   goto source.
Page 84:-
The monks were of the Cistercian order, from Normandy. The church has been upwards of 300 feet in length, and 38 in breadth; the length of the transept near 140 feet; the height of the side walls about 54 feet; and with various apartments and offices, the ruins extend from north to south 500 feet; besides the Abbot's quarters, which stood at a distance, on the site now occupied by the Manor House. The central tower is levelled with the side walls, and only one of its stupendous arches left standing; yet enough remains to shew the style of architecture, and to give some idea of its former magnificence. A few years ago, the proprietor, Lord G. Cavendish, caused the rubbish to be cleared away; by which many pieces of sculpture were brought to light that had lain buried for centuries.
...
image OT01P096, button   goto source.
Page 96:-
... Ulverston is upon the slaty rock, Dalton upon mountain limestone, and the valley in which Furness Abbey is placed is flanked by red sandstone, from which the Abbey has been built. ..
person:- : Cavendish, Lord
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old print:- Fielding and Walton 1821 (plate 4)

Set of prints, Picturesque Tour of the English Lakes, illustrated with hand coloured aquatints by Theodore Henry Fielding and John Walton, published by R Ackermann, 101 Strand, London, 1821.
thumbnail FW0104, button to large image
Print, coloured aquatint, North West View of Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, drawn by T H A Fielding, published by R Ackermann, 101 Strand, London, 1821.
Tipped in opposite p.11 in A Picturesque Tour of the English Lakes.

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1821
period:- 19th century, early

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02SD27, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02SD27, button to large image

placename:- Furness Abbey

descriptive text:- Baker 1802

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
pp.25-26:-
... the beautiful remains of Furnass abbey, ...

placename:- Furnass Abbey
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 132:-
...
On the point itself nothing is to be seen but the walls of Fornesse abbey, built A.D. 1127, by Stephen earl of Boulogne, afterwards king of England, in a place formerly called Bekensgill, or rather transferred from Tulket in Andernesse. Out of the monks of this abbey, and from no other (as they themselves have said) the bishops of the isle of Man, which lies overagainst it, used to be chosen by antient custom: it being as it were the mother of many monasteries in Man and Ireland.

placename:- Fornesse Abbey
person:- : Stephen; Boulogne, Earl of
person:- : Cistercian Order
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 142:-
...
"Furnis abbay up in the mountains," was begun at Tulket in Amounderness 1124, for the monks of Savigni in France, and three years after removed to this valley, then called Bekangesgill or the vale of Nightshade. It was of the Cistercian order, endowed with above £.800. per ann.
Some ruins and part of the fosse which surrounded the monastery are still to be seen at Tulket. The remains at Furness breathe that plain simplicity of the Cistercian abbies; the chapter-house was the only piece of elegant Gothic about it, and its roof has lately fallen in. Part of the painted glass from the east window representing the crucifixion, &c. is preserved at Winder mere church in Bowness c. Westmorland. The church (except the north side of the nave), the chapter-house, refectory, &c. remain only unroofed.

other name:- Furnis Abbay
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old print:- Gilpin 1786 (3rd edn 1808)

Guide book, Observations, Relative Chiefly to Picturesque Beauty, Made in the Year 1772, on Several Parts of England, Particularly the Mountains, and Lakes of Cumberland Westmoreland, by Rev William Gilpin, 1772-74; published 1786-1808.
thumbnail GLP310, button to large image
Print, aquatint, Furness Abbey school, by William Gilpin, 1772-74, published by T Cadell and W Davies, Strand, London, 1808.
Vol.1 opposite p.165 in Observations on Several Parts of England, Particularly the Mountains and Lakes of Cumberland Westmoreland, Relative Chiefly to Picturesque Beauty, 3rd edn 1808.
The list of plates has:-
This is a view of that part of Furness-abbey, which is called the school; and which is one of the most beautiful fragments of that elegant ruin.

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1772
period:- 18th century, late

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02SD17, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02SD17, button to large image
Funess Abbey

placename:- Funess Abbey
county:- Lancashire

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
Proceed by Dalton to the magnificent ruins of Furness-Abbey, and there
   'See the wild waste of all devouring-years, / How Rome her own sad sepulchre appears, / With nodding arches, broken temples spread, / The very tombs now vanish like the dead.'
This Abbey was founded by Stephen, Earl of Mortaign and Boulogne, afterwards King
image WS21P038, button   goto source.
Page 38:-
of England. A.D. 1127, and was endowed with the lordship of Furness, and many royal privileges. It was peopled from the monastery of Savigny in Normandy, and dedicated to St. Mary. In ancient writings it is styled St. Marye's of Furness. The monks were of the order of Savigny, and their dress was grey cloth; but on receiving St. Bernard's form, they changed from grey to white, and became Cistercians; and such they remained till the dissolution of the monasteries.
The situation of this abbey, so favourable to a contemplative life, justifies the choice of the first settlers. Such a sequestered site, in the bottom of a deep dell, through which a hasty brook rolls its murmuring stream, and along which the roaring west wind would often blow, joined with the deep-toned matin song, must have been very favourable to the solemn melancholy of a monastic life.
To prevent surprise, and call in assistance, a beacon was placed on the crown of an eminence that rises immediately from the Abbey, and is seen all over Low-Furness. The door leading to the beacon is still remaining in the inclosure-wall, on the eastern side. The magnitude of the Abbey may be known from the dimensions of the ruins; and enough is standing to show the style of the architec-
image WS21P039, button   goto source.
Page 39:-
[architec]ture. The round and pointed arches occur in the doors and windows. The fine clustered Gothic, and the heavy plain Saxon pillars stand contrasted. The walls show excellent masonry, are in many places counter-arched, and the ruins discover a strong cement. The east window has been noble; and some of the painted glass that once adorned it, is preserved in a window in Windermere church. On the outside of the window, under an arched festoon, is the head of the founder, and opposite to it that of Maud his queen, both crowned and well executed. In the south wall, and east end of the church, are four seats adorned with Gothic ornaments. In these the officiating priest, with his attendants, sat at intervals during the solemn service of high mass. In the middle space, where the first barons of Kendal are interred, lies a procumbent figure of a man in armour, cross-legged. The chapter-house has been a noble room of sixty feet by forty-five. The vaulted roof, formed of twelve ribbed arches, was supported by six pillars on two rows, at thirteen feet distance from each other. Now supposing each of the pillars to be two feet in diameter, the room would be divided into three alleys, or passages, each thirteen feet wide. On entrance, the middle one only could be seen, lighted by a pair of tall pointed windows at the upper end of the room;
image WS21P040, button   goto source.
Page 40:-
the company in the side passage would be concealed by the pillars, and the vaulted roof, that groined from those pillars, would have a truly Gothic disproportionate appearance of sixty feet by thirteen. The two side alleys were lighted, each by a pair of similar lights, besides another pair at the upper end, at present entire, and which illustrate what is here said. Thus, whilst the upper end of the room had a profusion of light, the lower end would be in the shade. The noble roof of this singular edifice did but lately fall in, and the entrance or porch is still standing, a fine circular arch, beautified with a deep cornice, and a portico on each side. The only entire roof now remaining, is of a building without the inclosure-wall. It was the school-house of the abbot's tenants, and is a single ribbed arch that groins from the wall.
There is a general disproportion remarkable in Gothic churches, which must have originated in some effect intended by all the architects; perhaps to strike the mind with reverential awe, at the sight of magnificence arising from the vastness of two dimensions, and a third seemingly disregarded; or, perhaps such a determinate height and length was found more favourable than any other to the church song, by giving a deeper swell to
image WS21P041, button   goto source.
Page 41:-
the choir of chaunting monks. A remarkable deformity in this edifice, and for which there is no apparent reason or necessity, is, that the north door, which is the principal entrance, is on one side of the window above it. The tower has been supported by four magnificent arches, of which only one remains entire. They rested upon four tall pillars, whereof three are finely clustered, but the fourth is of a plain unmeaning construction.

other name:- St Mary's of Furness
person:- : Stephen; Mortaign, Earl of
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Gough 1350s-60s

Reproduction of the Gough Map of Great Britain, reduced size, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1875; and a full size line reproduction, with added transcriptions of placenames, 1935.
thumbnail Ggh1Cm, button to large image
thumbnail Ggh2Cm, button to large image

placename:- Fournes
county:- Lancashire

old drawing:-
thumbnail PR1029, button to large image
Drawing, Guests' Chapel, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by William James Blacklock, 1850s.
Detailed study of Furness Abbey on buff coloured paper.
signed at bottom right:-
W J Blacklock
inscribed at reverse:-
Guests Chapel Furness Abbey W.J. Blacklock Cumwhitton

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1850=1858
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Sylvan 1847

Sylvan 1847

thumbnail SYL134, button to large image
Print, engraving, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, published by John Johnstone, Paternoster Row, London, et al, 1847.
On p.126 of Sylvan's Pictorial Guide to the English Lakes.
printed at bottom right, centre:-
[ ] Sc / FURNESS ABBEY.
thumbnail SYL135, button to large image
Print, engraving, Furness Chapel, at Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, published by John Johnstone, Paternoster Row, London, et al, 1847.
On p.128 of Sylvan's Pictorial Guide to the English Lakes.
printed at bottom:-
FURNESS CHAPEL.

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early

incumbents:-
Avranches, Ewan de 1124=1138 (?)
Sourdeval, Eudo de
Lancaster, Michael de
York, Peter de 1147=1150 (?)
Bayeux, Richard de 1150 (about)
Cantsfield, John de 1152 (about)
Millom, Walter de 1175 (about)
Pennington, Jocelin de
Bardoule, Conan de
Black, Willilam
Bristaldon, Gerald
Dalton, Michael de 1194=1198 (?)
St Quentin, Richard de
Fleetham , Ralph de 1205=1211 (?)
Newby, John de
Ulverston, Stephen de
Meaux, Stephen de 1211=1219 (?)
Gerard 1219=1225 (?)
Denton, Robert de 1225=1235 (?)
Acclom, Lawrence de
Middleton, William de 1256=1267 (?)
le Brun, Hugh 1267=1282 (?)
Cockerham, William de 1289=1294 (?)
Skyllar, Hugh 1297=1303 (?)
Cockerham, John de 1303=1347 (?)
Walton, Alexander de 1347=1367
Cocken, John de 1367
Bolton, John de 1389=1404 (?)
Dalton, William de 1407=1417 (?)
Robert 1418 (?)
Woodward, Thomas (?) & Woodward, William (?)
Turner, John 1443=1460 (?)
Stirzacre, Laurence de 1461=1491 (?)
Chamber, Thomas 1491=1497
Bank, Alexander 1497=1514
Dalton, John 1514=1516 (?)
Bank, Alexander (again) 1516=1531 (?)
Pele, Roger 1531=1537

map:- see:- : 1954: Monastic Britain: Ordnance Survey

canons regular
person:- : Augustinian Order

old print:- Pearson 1900s

Guide book, Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
thumbnail PS1E20, button to large image
Print, halftone photograph, Furness Abbey, Entrance to the Chapter House, Lancashire, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
On p.42 of Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts.
printed at bottom:-
FURNESS ABBEY; ENTRANCE TO THE CHAPTER HOUSE. (p.44).

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1900=1909
period:- 1900s

old print:- Pearson 1900s

Guide book, Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
thumbnail PS1E19, button to large image
Print, halftone photograph, Furness Abbey, Sedilia in the Chancel, Lancashire, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
On p.42 of Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts.
printed at bottom:-
FURNESS ABBEY; SEDILIA IN THE CHANCEL. (p.43).

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1900=1909
period:- 1900s

source:- Philip/Wilson 1890s

thumbnail PHW1E008, button to large image
FURNESS ABBEY.
date:- 1895
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

guide book:- Barber 1873

Barber 1873

Barber 1873

Guide book, The Tourist's Picturesque Guide to Furness Abbey, the Vicinity, and Lakes Coniston and Windermere, by Henry Barber, published by The Graphotyping Co, 7 Garrick Street and Simpkin, Marshall and Co, Stationers' Hall Court, London, and by J Atkinson, King Street, Ulverston, Cumberland, 5th edn about 1873.
thumbnail BB1E10, button to large image
EAST WINDOW, FURNESS ABBEY
Guide book, The Tourist's Picturesque Guide to Furness Abbey, the Vicinity, and Lakes Coniston and Windermere, by Henry Barber, published by The Graphotyping Co, 7 Garrick Street and Simpkin, Marshall and Co, Stationers' Hall Court, London, and by J Atkinson, King Street, Ulverston, Cumberland, 5th edn about 1873.
thumbnail BB1E11, button to large image
CHAPTER HOUSE, FURNESS ABBEY
Guide book, The Tourist's Picturesque Guide to Furness Abbey, the Vicinity, and Lakes Coniston and Windermere, by Henry Barber, published by The Graphotyping Co, 7 Garrick Street and Simpkin, Marshall and Co, Stationers' Hall Court, London, and by J Atkinson, King Street, Ulverston, Cumberland, 5th edn about 1873.
thumbnail BB1E12, button to large image
FURNESS ABBEY, FROM CLOISTER COURT
date:- 1873
period:- 19th century, late; 1870s

old print:- Waugh 1860

Waugh 1860

Guide book, Over Sands to the Lakes, by Edwin Waugh, published by Alexander Ireland and Co, 22 Market Street, Manchester, 1860.
thumbnail WU0112, button to large image
Print, engraving, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, drawn by T H Wilson, published by Alexander Ireland and Co, 22 Market Street, Manchester, 1860.
On p.39 of Over Sands to the Lakes, by Edwin Waugh.
printed at bottom left, centre:-
T. H. WILSON DEL. / FURNESS ABBEY.
Guide book, Over Sands to the Lakes, by Edwin Waugh, published by Alexander Ireland and Co, 22 Market Street, Manchester, 1860.
thumbnail WU0113, button to large image
Print, engraving, Chapter House, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, drawn by T H Wilson, published by Alexander Ireland and Co, 22 Market Street, Manchester, 1860.
On p.40 of Over Sands to the Lakes, by Edwin Waugh.
printed at bottom left:-
THW
printed at bottom right, centre:-
F. Wil[liAN] S[c] / CHAPTER HOUSE, FURNESS ABBEY.

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1860
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Linton 1852

Guide book, A Handbook of the Whitehaven and Furness Railway, guide to the Lake District etc, by John Linton, published by Whittaker and Co, London, etc, 1852.
thumbnail LN1E12, button to large image
Print, engraving, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Cumberland, drawn by R Shepherd, engraved by W H Lizars, Edinburgh, published by Whittaker and Co, London, and by R Gibson and Son and by Callander and Dixon, Whitehaven, Cumberland, 1852.
Tipped in opposite p.117 of A Handbook of the Whitehaven and Furness Railway, by John Linton.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
R. Shepherd delt. / W. H. Lizars sc. / FURNESS ABBEY

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1852
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Jopling 1843

Book, Sketch of Furness and Cartmel, by Charles M Jopling, published by Whittaker and Co, Ave Maria Lane, London and by Stephen Soulby, Ulverston, Cumberland, 1843.
thumbnail JP1E21, button to large image
Print, Furness Abbey restored, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Charles M Jopling, published by Whittaker and Co, Ave Maria Lane, London and by Stephen Soulby, Ulverston, Cumberland, 1843.
On p.144 of a Sketch of Furness and Cartmel, by Charles M Jopling.

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1843
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Jopling 1843

Book, Sketch of Furness and Cartmel, by Charles M Jopling, published by Whittaker and Co, Ave Maria Lane, London and by Stephen Soulby, Ulverston, Cumberland, 1843.
thumbnail JP1E20, button to large image
Print, guest's chapel at Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Charles M Jopling, published by Whittaker and Co, Ave Maria Lane, London and by Stephen Soulby, Ulverston, Cumberland, 1843.
Tipped in opposite p.132 of a Sketch of Furness and Cartmel, by Charles M Jopling.

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1843
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Jopling 1843

Book, Sketch of Furness and Cartmel, by Charles M Jopling, published by Whittaker and Co, Ave Maria Lane, London and by Stephen Soulby, Ulverston, Cumberland, 1843.
thumbnail JP1E19, button to large image
Print, chapter house at Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Charles M Jopling, published by Whittaker and Co, Ave Maria Lane, London and by Stephen Soulby, Ulverston, Cumberland, 1843.
On p.128 of a Sketch of Furness and Cartmel, by Charles M Jopling.
date:- 1843
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Jopling 1843

Book, Sketch of Furness and Cartmel, by Charles M Jopling, published by Whittaker and Co, Ave Maria Lane, London and by Stephen Soulby, Ulverston, Cumberland, 1843.
thumbnail JP1E18, button to large image
Print, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Charles M Jopling, published by Whittaker and Co, Ave Maria Lane, London and by Stephen Soulby, Ulverston, Cumberland, 1843.
On p.114 of a Sketch of Furness and Cartmel, by Charles M Jopling.
date:- 1843
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Jopling 1843

Book, Sketch of Furness and Cartmel, by Charles M Jopling, published by Whittaker and Co, Ave Maria Lane, London and by Stephen Soulby, Ulverston, Cumberland, 1843.
thumbnail JP1E15, button to large image
Print, site plan, Ground Plan of Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Charles M Jopling, published by Whittaker and Co, Ave Maria Lane, London and by Stephen Soulby, Ulverston, Cumberland, 1843.
On p.110 of a Sketch of Furness and Cartmel, by Charles M Jopling; with a key to the plan on pp.111-112.
thumbnail JP1E16, button to large image
thumbnail JP1E17, button to large image

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1843
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Jopling 1843

Book, Sketch of Furness and Cartmel, by Charles M Jopling, published by Whittaker and Co, Ave Maria Lane, London and by Stephen Soulby, Ulverston, Cumberland, 1843.
thumbnail JP1E01, button to large image
Print, engraving, North East View of Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by Charles M Jopling, published by Whittaker and Co, Ave Maria Lane, London and by Stephen Soulby, Ulverston, Cumberland, 1843.
Frontispiece to a Sketch of Furness and Cartmel, by Charles M Jopling.
printed at bottom:-
NORTH EAST VIEW OF FURNESS ABBEY

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1843
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Green 1819

Guide book, 2 volumes, The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green, Ambleside, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1819 and 1820.
thumbnail GN0101, button to large image
Print, soft ground etching, School House at Furness Abbey, Lancashire, by William Green, 1820, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1820.
Tipped in opposite vol.1 p.39 of The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green.
printed at bottom right, centre:-
Vol.I, page 39, line 20. / SCHOOL HOUSE at FURNESS ABBEY. / Published at Ambleside by Wm. Green [1820]

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Gibson 1851

Jackson 1745 (LakesSrc)
thumbnail GB05E3, button to large image
Print, engraving, Furness Abbey, Lancashire, published by J Jackson, Market Place, Ulverston, Lancashire, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1851.
On p.83 of a Hand Book to The Lakes, by James Gibson.
printed at bottom:-
Furness Abbey

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1851
period:- 19th century, late

old plan:- Gibson 1851

Jackson 1745 (LakesSrc)
thumbnail GB05E4, button to large image
Plan, engraving, Ground Plan of Furness Abbey, Lancashire, published by J Jackson, Market Place, Ulverston, Lancashire, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1851.
Letter labels are explained in the text of the guide book.
On p.86 of a Hand Book to The Lakes, by James Gibson.
printed at top:-
GROUND PLAN OF FURNESS ABBEY.

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1851
period:- 19th century, late

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
FURNESS ABBEY, INCLUDING ALL MEDIEVAL REMAINS IN CARE OF ENGLISH HERITAGE / / ABBEY APPROACH / BARROW IN FURNESS / BARROW IN FURNESS / CUMBRIA / I / 388372 / SD2183471793
FURNESS ABBEY INCLUDING MEDIEVAL REMAINS IN CARE OF DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND ABBEY WALL / / ABBEY APPROACH / BARROW IN FURNESS / BARROW IN FURNESS / CUMBRIA / I / 388375 / SD2189271705
courtesy of English Heritage
Remains of Cistercian abbey. 1127-c1500. Red sandstone. Extensive remains of St Mary's Church, chapter house, infirmary and domestic buildings all now in the care of English Heritage and described at length elsewhere. Scheduled Ancient Monument. (Barnes F: Barrow and District: Barrow in Furness: 1968-: 24-53; Dickinson J C: Furness Abbey: London: 1987-; Leach A: Furness Abbey: A History and Illustrated Guide: Ulverston: 1988-; Buildings of England: Pevsner N: North Lancashire: London: 1969-: 123-127).
courtesy of English Heritage
Precinct wall to Furness Abbey (qv). Medieval. Red sandstone rubble. Approx 2m in height where complete; built-up triangular copings to some parts. 2 main sections of the wall exist. South-west section adjoins West Lodge to Abbey House, Abbey Road (qv) and runs to the remains of West Gate, Manor Road (qv); the wall then crests the hill to south of Amphitheatre Field and ends on the side of the valley to Mill Beck; the total length of this section being just under 1000m. North-east section commences on opposite side of the valley to Mill Beck and runs north-west to skirt the rear of South Lodge, Abbotswood, Manor Road (qv), this section ends in woodland to the north-west; total length approx 500m. Scheduled Ancient Monument.

placename:- Furness Abbey
district:- Barrow in Furness
listed building
coordinates:- SD21837179
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
FURNESS ABBEY, FORMER CUSTODIAN'S COTTAGE / / ABBEY APPROACH / BARROW IN FURNESS / BARROW IN FURNESS / CUMBRIA / II / 388376 / SD2195871652
courtesy of English Heritage
Dwelling, the remnant of a larger, earlier building. Roof timbers dendrochronologically dated to late C15; exterior fabric extensively remodelled late C19. Coursed sandstone rubble, some massive, with C19 dressings. Westmoreland slate roof with single inserted ridge stack. 2-bay plan with C19 end wall entry and substantially raised ground floor level. North elevation a broad gable with central doorway beneath shallow lintel. Flanking the doorway are C19 chamfered mullioned windows, of 3 lights to the left, 2 lights to the right. 2-light window above door. Side walls with blocked mullioned windows at floor level, and small blocked lancets to wall centres at eaves level. West side with two C19 openings, south gable with 2 lean-to extensions.
INTERIOR mainly remodelled in C19, arches to blocked window reveals in side walls are visible. Roof truss of heavy scantling against north gable with cambered collar and tie beam, apparently smoke-blackened as are the timbers of a central open truss, the principal rafters of which are carried on the ends of an interrupted tie beam with corbel supports below. Double trenched purlins, ridge purlin replaced. The building was formerly thought to have been a water-powered mill; its significance lies in its roof carpentry which may be some of the earliest surviving roof timbering of the Abbey site.
district:- Barrow in Furness
listed building
coordinates:- SD21957165
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
CAPELLA EXTRA PORTAS WITH ATTACHED WALLS / / ABBEY APPROACH / BARROW IN FURNESS / BARROW IN FURNESS / CUMBRIA / I / 388373 / SD2179471982
district:- Barrow in Furness
listed building
coordinates:- SD21797198
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
GATEWAY ADJOINING CAPELLA EXTRA / / ABBEY APPROACH / BARROW IN FURNESS / BARROW IN FURNESS / CUMBRIA / I / 388374 / SD2178271993
district:- Barrow in Furness
listed building -- gateway
coordinates:- SD21787199
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
WEST GATE TO FURNESS ABBEY, REMAINS OF / / MANOR ROAD / BARROW IN FURNESS / BARROW IN FURNESS / CUMBRIA / I / 388498 / SD2165571609
courtesy of English Heritage
Remains of gatehouse. C14. Red ashlar sandstone. Only side walls exist rising to fragmentary 1st-floor structure. Some arch springers survive as do openings on the 1st floor. Adjoined by substantial sections of the Abbey Wall (qv). Part of Scheduled Ancient Monument. (Dickinson J C: Furness Abbey: London: 1987-: 11).
district:- Barrow in Furness
listed building
coordinates:- SD21657160
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

old print:- Garnett 1850s-60s F

Set of prints, engravings, Views of the English Lakes or Views in the English Lake District, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s?
thumbnail GAR702, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Furness Abbey, South East, Lancashire, drawn and engraved by William Banks and Son, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s?
Included in Views of the English Lakes.
printed at bottom:-
Drawn & Engd. by W. Banks & Son, Edinr. / FURNESS ABBEY - SOUTH EAST.
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Fielding 1822 (plate 25)

Set of prints, aquatints, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire Illustrated, drawn by Theodore Henry Adolphus Fielding, published by Thomas McLean, 10 Frith Street, Soho Square, London, 1822.
thumbnail PR0125, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Part of Furness Abbey, Lancashire, by Theodore H A Fielding, published by Thomas McLean, 26 Haymarket, London, et al, 1822.
Plate 25 in the set of prints, Cumberland, Westmoreland, and Lancashire Illustrated.
date:- 1822
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Housman 1800

Guide book, Descriptive Tour, and Guide to the Lakes, Caves, Mountains ..., by John Housman, published by F Jollie, Carlisle, Cumberland and C Law, Ave Maria Lane, London, 1800; published 1800-21.
thumbnail PR0286, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, North View of Furness Abbey, Lancashire, drawn by IW, engraved by R Scott, published by C Law, Ave Maria Lane, London, 1800.
Frontispiece from A Descriptive Tour, and Guide to the Lakes, Caves and Mountains ... by John Housman.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
I.W. delint. / R. Scott sculpt. / North View of Furness Abbey

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1800
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Atkinson 1847 (5th edn 1850)

Guide book, Handbook to the English Lakes, published by Thomas Atkinson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1847; published 1847-53.
thumbnail AK2E07, button to large image
Print, woodcut engraving, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, by T W Holme, published by Thomas Atkinson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1850.
On p.27 of a Handbook to the English Lakes, 5th edn.
printed at bottom:-
Furness Abbey.

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1850
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- West 1774 (2nd edn 1805)

West 1774 (2nd edn 1805)

Book, The Antiquities of Furness, by Thomas West, printed for the author by T Spilsbury, London, 1774; published 1774-1805?
thumbnail WS2701, button to large image
Print, uncoloured mezzotint, North East View of the Ruins of Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, drawn by William Close, published 1805.
Tipped in opposite p.69 in The Antiquities of Furness, by Thomas West, 2nd edn edited by William Close.
printed at bottom left, centre:-
Drawn by W. Close. Heu! Lapidum veneranda strues! / North East View of the Ruins of Furness Abbey.
Book, The Antiquities of Furness, by Thomas West, printed for the author by T Spilsbury, London, 1774; published 1774-1805?
thumbnail WS2702, button to large image
Plan, uncoloured engraving, The Ground Plan of the Abbey of St Mary in Furness, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, scale about 1 to 1500, drawn by William Close, engraved by R Hixon, 355 Strand, London, published 1805.
Tipped in opposite p.74 in The Antiquities of Furness, by Thomas West, 2nd edn edited by William Close.
printed at upper centre:-
The Ground Plan of the Abbey of St. Mary in / Furness
printed at bottom left, right:-
Drawn by W. Close. / R. Hixon sc. 355, Strand.
printed at with scale line:-
Scale of 300 Feet.

placename:- Furness Abbey
other name:- Abbey of St Mary
date:- 1805
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Hudson 1842 (4th edn 1853)

Guide book, Complete Guide to the Lakes, edited and published by John Hudson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1842..
thumbnail HUD1E2, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Ground Plan of Furness Abbey, published by John Hudson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1853.
On p.9 of A Complete Guide to the Lakes, edited John Hudson.

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1853
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0608, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, drawn by W H J Bool, pubished 1920s-30s?
printed at bottom:-
Furness Abbey.

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1920=1939
period:- 1920s

old print:-
thumbnail PR0057, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Chapter House, Furness Abbey, Lancashire, drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by R Sands, published by Fisher, Son and Co, London, 1845.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Drawn by T. Allom. / Engraved by R. Sands. / CHAPTER-HOUSE, FURNESS ABBEY. / FISHER, SON & CO. LONDON, 1845.

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1832=1835
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0279, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Furness Abbey, Lancashire, published early 19th century?
printed at bottom:-
FURNESS ABBEY LANCASHIRE

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1800=1839
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0280, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Furness Abbey, Lancashire, drawn by D Cox, engraved by W Henshall, published about 1840s?
printed at bottom:-
FURNESS ABBEY. / LANCASHIRE / from an Original Drawing by D. Cox / Engraved by W. Henshall.

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1840=1849
period:- 19th century, early

old map:- Black 1841 map (edn about 1860)

Map, A The Lake District of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and separate detail maps of various lakes, issued in Black's Picturesque Guide to the English Lake District, by Adam and Charles Black, North Bridge, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, 1841-88.
thumbnail BC22Vgn1, button to large image

placename:- Furness Abbey
date:- 1860
period:- 19th century, late; 1860s

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Furness Abbey -- Barrow-in-Furness -- Cumbria / -- 10.7.2006
tiny photograph, 
button to large Furness Abbey -- Barrow-in-Furness -- Cumbria / -- 10.7.2006
tiny photograph, 
button to large Furness Abbey -- Barrow-in-Furness -- Cumbria / -- Effigy of a knight. -- 16.8.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Furness Abbey -- Barrow-in-Furness -- Cumbria / -- Effigy of a knight. -- 16.8.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Furness Abbey -- Barrow-in-Furness -- Cumbria / -- Nine mens morris game, on a stone used as a lintel -- 16.8.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Furness Abbey -- Barrow-in-Furness -- Cumbria / -- 16.8.2008

hearsay
Like all other places of a similar character, Furness Abbey has been tenanted, by the superstitious fears of the people, with marvellous apparitions of monks, white ladies, &c. The latter, previous to the excavations being made, were said to haunt the belfry stair-case, and to blow out the candles which the adventurous pryer carried into its mysterious darkness. Unearthly sounds are also said to have been heard. ...
Jopling 1843

notes abbey gatehouses
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; plans

button   hospital, Furness Abbey

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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