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placename:- Gowbarrow Park
parish Matterdale parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
park
coordinates:- NY408212
10Km square:- NY42

1Km square NY4021

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 65 12)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Gowbarrow Park
locality
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Plate, opposite p.104:-
thumbnail MNU115, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains seen on the Keswick Road approaching Ullswater, drawn by L Aspland, engraved by W Banks, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855.
MOUNTAINS SEEN ON THE KESWICK ROAD APPROACHING ULLSWATER.
L Aspland Delt. / W Banks Sc Edinr.
The view is captioned, numbers referring to mountains in the image:-
1 Place Fell, 2 Birk Fell, 3 Red Screes, 4 Scandale Head, 5 Dove Crag (Hartsop), 6 Birks, 7 Rydal Head, 8 St. Sundays Crag, 9, Fairfield, 10 Glenridding Dod, 11 Dolly Waggon Pike, 12 Bleaberry Fell, 13 Striding Edge, 14 Herring Pike, 15 Gowbarrow Park.
person:- artist : Aspland, T L
person:- engraver : Banks, W
person:- publisher : Garnett, John
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 38:-
... The park which surrounds it [Lyulph's Tower], and stretches down to the lake, is studded with ancient trees; and the sides of its watercourses, and the depths of its ravines, are luxuriantly wooded. Vast hills, with climbing tracks, rise behind, on which the herds of deer are occasionally seen, like brown shadows from the clouds. They are safe there from being startled (as they are in the glades of the park) by strangers who come to find out Ara Force ...
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY42, button to large image
Gowbarrow Park
area

placename:- Gowbarrow Park
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
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Gowbarrow Park
Park; also building, labelled separately.

placename:- Gowbarrow Park
county:- Westmoreland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 146:-
into the grounds of Gowbarrow Hall; and then the Park, in which is situated Lyulph's Tower, a rude hunting-seat of Henry Howard, Esq., that exhibits one of the finest views on the lake. The lover of nature may linger here for hours. A powerful brook dashes through rocks hung with a happy mixture of natural wood, beds of luxuriant fern, aged hawthorns, hollies, and honeysuckles; while fallow deer are seen glancing and bounding through the thickets and over the lawns. ...

placename:- Gowbarrow Park
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Otley 1823 (8th edn 1849)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
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Engraving, outline view of mountains, Ullswater from Pooley Bridge, drawn by T Binns, engraved by O Jewitt, opposite p.12 of A Descriptive Guide of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, 8th edition, 1849.

placename:- Gowbarrow
date:- 1849
period:- 19th century, early; 1840s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY32, button   goto source.
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placename:- Gowbarrow Parks

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Cd, button to large image
Gowbarrow Park
outline of fence palings; park AND building

placename:- Gowbarrow Park
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 29:-
...
Before we leave Gowbarrow Park, (for the bounds of which see the Plan,) it may not be amiss to mention some particulars of its history. This Park was one of the forests proclaimed by William Rufus, and is now the property of the Right Honourable Charles Howard, Earl of Surrey, of whose illustrious family and titles I shall inform my readers more at large hereafter.
The lower part of Gowbarrow was formerly meer'd out of the tenants of the manor of Water-Millock, who were to have as much of the produce as they could take with scythe, together with hay bounds, fern bounds, green hue, &c. These they lost in a law-suit with the lord, into which they were inadvertently drawn; for the whole of the tenants of the barony of Graystock quarrelling with their lord about some of their privileges, instituted a joint suit against him: in this complaint, it was set forth, that they had all enjoyed these privileges time out of mind, (which in fact none but the tenants of Water-Millock ever possessed.) The Attorney having made the complaint general, the whole were nonsuited, and in consequence thereof the tenants of Water-Millock lost their undoubted rights.
Another custom, (likewise lost,) was, that the Bailiff should keep dogs for the hunting and destroying of foxes and other vermin which infest this neighbourhood, and for which he received 40 quarts of tolerable, (though not the best) oats, from every tenement, under the title of Forester's Corn. At last the Bailiff refused to keep the dogs, and the tenants upon this refused to pay the corn: in consequence of these disputes the agent for the lord came in person and demanded it, when some of the tenants instantly paid it; but others, alleging that the corn was merely an hire paid to the Bailiff for destroying noxious vermin, positively refused, and during their lives paid none: Their heirs, however, either in order to renew their leases upon easier terms, or by some other persuasions, consented to pay it, (one single tenement excepted,) and the lord now receives it.
We may naturally suppose, that in consequence of no dogs being kept, the vermin would multiply very fast: this they did to that degree, that one man, out of thirty-two lambs lost fourteen, and many others suffered proportional losses. Upon these repeated damages, the inhabitants called a vestry meeting, that they might consult for immediate remedying this evil. Some were of opinion, that an action should be brought against the lord to compel him to keep the hounds, as he received the corn paid for that purpose: but the more general opinion was, that since damages were every night done, and immediate relief must be had, it was better to hire men to destroy the vermin, than risque the precarious issue of a tedious and expensive suit at law. They thereupon raised a sum by way of cess for that purpose, and appointed the following rewards, (which are still paid) for the destruction of these noxious animals.

placename:- Gowbarrow Park
person:- : William Rufus
person:- : Howard, Charles; Surrey, Earl of
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Ullswater)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
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GOWBARROW PARKS / THE PROPERTY of CHARLES EARL OF SURREY
thumbnail CL4NY42A, button to large image

placename:- Gowbarrow Parks
park
person:- : Surrey, Earl of
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02NY32, button   goto source.
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image Ws02NY42, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02NY42, button to large image

placename:- Gowbarrow Park
park
county:- Cumberland

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Ull)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
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GOWBARROW PARKS the DUKE of NORFOLK's E. of Surrey, Hereditary Earl-Marshall, Premier D. &c. &c. &c.
thumbnail CT5NY32V, button to large image
thumbnail CT5NY31Z, button to large image
The park is drawn in outline.
park
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P155, button   goto source.
Page 155:-
... Gowbarrow-park opens with a grand amphitheatre of shining rock, the floor of which is spread with soft green pasture, once shaded with ancient oaks, to which many decayed roots bear witness, Scattered thorns, trees, and bushes vary the ground, which is pastured with flocks, herds of cattle, and fallow deer. ...
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY31, button to large image
Goubarrow
outline of fence palings, trees

placename:- Goubarrow
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY42, button   goto source.
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Ring of fence palings, trees.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY42, button   goto source.
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Gowburrow park
Ring of fence palings, trees, stream, road and circle for a place.

placename:- Gowburrow Park
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
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Ring of fence palings with trees.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11NY42, button to large image
ring of fence palings, trees
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY42, button   goto source.
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Fence palings, trees, by Ullswater.
county:- Cumberlandia
park
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Cmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA14, button to large image
Gowbarrow Pk.
outline of fence palings; park

placename:- Gowbarrow Park
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old print:- Robertson 1911

Wordsworthshire, by Eric Robertson, Windermere, Westmorland, illustrated by Arthur Tucker, published by Chatto and Windus, London, 1911.
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Print, lithograph? Gowbarrow, Ullswater, from a watercolour by Arthur Tucker, published by Chatto and Windus, London, 1911.
Tipped in opposite p.269 of Wordsworthshire by Eric Robertson.
printed at bottom:-
GOWBARROW, ULLSWATER / (Beginning of daffodil-time)
signed at painting lower left:-
Arthur Tucker

placename:- Gowbarrow
date:- 1911
period:- 1910s

old print:- Black 1856 (23rd edn 1900)

Guide book, Black's Guide to the English Lakes, published by Adam and Charles Black, North Bridge, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, or Soho Square, London, 1856 to 1900s onwards.
thumbnail BC08E2, button to large image
Print, lithograph, Outline Views, Ullswater - Mountains as seen a little on the Matterdale Road near Lyulph's Tower on Ullswater, and Mountains as seen at the Slate Quarry at Blowick on Ullswater, by J Flintoft, Keswick, Cumberland, engraved by R Mason, Edinburgh, Lothian, about 1900.
... 12 Gowbarrow Park ...

placename:- Gowbarrow Park
date:- 1900
period:- 1900s

old print:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
thumbnail PR0420, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, outline view, Mountains seen on the Keswick Road approaching Ullswater, drawn by L Aspland, engraved by W Banks, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855.
Used opposite p.104 in A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau.
The view is captioned, numbers referring to mountains in the image - 1 Place Fell, 2 Birk Fell, 3 Red Screes, 4 Scandale Head, 5 Dove Crag (Hartsop), 6 Birks, 7 Rydal Head, 8 St. Sundays Crag, 9, Fairfield, 10 Glenridding Dod, 11 Dolly Waggon Pike, 12 Bleaberry Fell, 13 Striding Edge, 14 Herring Pike, 15 Gowbarrow Park.
printed at top:-
MOUNTAINS SEEN ON THE KESWICK ROAD APPROACHING ULLSWATER.
printed at bottom left, right:-
L Aspland Delt. / W Banks Sc Edinr. / ...

placename:- Gowbarrow Park
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
thumbnail MNU115, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains seen on the Keswick Road approaching Ullswater, drawn by L Aspland, engraved by W Banks, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855.
Opposite p.104 in A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau.
The view is captioned, numbers refering to mountains in the image - 1 Place Fell, 2 Birk Fell, 3 Red Screes, 4 Scandale Head, 5 Dove Crag (Hartsop), 6 Birks, 7 Rydal Head, 8 St. Sundays Crag, 9, Fairfield, 10 Glenridding Dod, 11 Dolly Waggon Pike, 12 Bleaberry Fell, 13 Striding Edge, 14 Herring Pike, 15 Gowbarrow Park.
printed at top:-
MOUNTAINS SEEN ON THE KESWICK ROAD APPROACHING ULLSWATER.
printed at bottom left, right:-
L Aspland Delt. / W Banks Sc Edinr.

placename:- Gowbarrow Park
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late

old painting:-
thumbnail PR0919, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, Ullswater from Gowbarrow Park, Cumberland and Westmorland, attributed to Samuel Bough, 1840s.
Lofty autumnal trees to right of composition overlook Ullswater and distant fells.
date:- 1840
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Tattersall 1836

Guide book, The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
thumbnail TAT141, button to large image
Print, engraving, Second Reach, Ullswater, from Place Fell, Westmorland, drawn by George Tattersall, engraved by W F Topham, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
The print is captioned with mountain names and acts as an outline view.
Tipped in opposite p.117 of The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall.
printed at bottom:-
SECOND REACH, ULLSWATER; from PLACE FELL. / [London Pubd. ...]
printed at bottom left to right:-
Fairfield. / Stybarrow. / Helvellyn. / Glencoin. / Gowbarrow Parks.

placename:- Gowbarrow Parks
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early

outline view:- Red Guide 1892

Guide book, Guide to the English Lakes, published by Ward, Lock, Bowden, and Co, Warwick House, Salisbury Square, London etc, 1892.
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Print, engraving, pair of outline views, Mountains as seen from the Matterdale Road in Gowbarrow Park, and Mountains as seen from Milking Hill, between the Inn and Blowick, in Patterdale, published by Ward, Lock and Co, Warwick House, Salisbury Square, London, etc, 1892.
1 Swarth Fell 2 Hallen Fell (below) 3 Winter Crag Martindale 4 Place Fell / Birk Fell (below) 5 Red Screes / Deepdale Park (below) / Bleas (still lower) 6 Scandale Head 7 Dove Crag in Hartsop 8 Birks / Hall Bank (below) 9 Rydal Head 10 St. Sunday's Crag 11 Fairfield 12 Glenridding Dod 13 Dolly Waggon Pike 14 Bleaberry Fell 15 Striding Edge 16 Herring Pike
On p.190 in the Red Guide guide book, Guide to the English Lakes.
date:- 1892
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old print:-
thumbnail PR0371, button to large image
Print, hand coloured engraving, Lower Reach, Ullswater from Pooley Bridge, Westmorland and Cumberland, published by Sherwood and Co, London, 1836?
Objects in the view are identified by a caption at the bottom - Swarth Fell, Martindale, High Street, Hallen Fell, Kirkstone, Place Fell, Fairfield, Gowbarrow Parks, Dumallet.
printed at bottom:-
LOWER REACH, ULLSWATER. / from Pooley Bridge. / Pubd. April 15th 1836 by Sherwood & Co London.

placename:- Gowbarrow Parks
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0439, button to large image
Print, aquatint, Ullswater and Gowbray Park, Cumberland, drawn by Becker, published by R Cruttwell, Bath, Somerset, 1802.
A companion print has the publisher as Crutterell.
printed at bottom left, centre:-
Becker del. / Ullswater and Gowbray Park. / Pub. Jan. 1 1802, by R. Cruttwell, Bath.

placename:- Gowbray Park
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Black 1841 (3rd edn 1846)

Guide book, Black's Picturesque Guide to the English Lakes, published by Adam and Charles Blck, North Bridge, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, 1841 to 1888.
thumbnail BC02E9, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains as seen a little on the Matterdale Road near Lyulph's Tower on Ulleswater, and Mountains as seen at the Slate Quarry at Blowick on Ulleswater, by J Flintoft, Keswick, Cumberland, engraved by R Mason, Edinburgh, Lothian, about 1846.
... 12 Gowbarrow Park ...

placename:- Gowbarrow Park
date:- 1844
period:- 19th century, early

hearsay It is here that William Wordsworth wrote the Host of Golden Daffodils, 1802.

button   Aira Bridge, Matterdale
button   Aira Force, Matterdale
button   Bernard Pike, Matterdale
button   bridge, Matterdale
button   Collier Hagg, Matterdale
button   Costclay memorial, Mungrisdale
button   Dobbin Wood, Matterdale
button   Gowbarrow Fell, Matterdale
button   Gowbarrow Hall, Matterdale
button   Gowbarrow Lodge, Matterdale
button   Green Hill, Matterdale
button   Hagg Wood, Matterdale
button   High Force, Matterdale
button   Hind Crag, Matterdale
button   Lyulph's Tower, Matterdale
button   shooting box, Matterdale
button   station, Park Brow
button   stone wall, Matterdale

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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