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placename:- Hayes Castle
parish Lowca parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
castle
coordinates:- NY00112258
10Km square:- NY02

1Km square NY0022

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 61 7)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
Hayes Castle (Remains of) / Moat (Remains of)

placename:- Hayes Castle
castle
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 170:-
...
... Hay Castle, respectable for its antiquity, which the people told me once belonged to the noble families of Moresby and Distinton.

placename:- Hay Castle
person:- : Moresby Family
person:- : Distinton Family
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 181:-
...
Hayes castle is the capital messuage belonging to Distington manor. It belonged to the Moresbys, and is now the property of Mr. Hartley, merchant in Whitehaven.

placename:- Hayes Castle
person:- : Moresby Family
person:- : Hartley, Mr
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 105:-
...
I do not find any ancient authors mention a castle here [Castlerigg], Speed, who speaks of twenty-five in Cumberland, hath found out every one I ever heard or knew of, except Kirkoswald; how that has escaped him I cannot tell. I shall here put down their names, and, as well as I can, their most ancient owners, and supposed founders.
...
Page 106:-
...
20. HAY CASTLE, - Some say, stood upon the rock in Borrowdale called Castle, behind Grainge, built by the Romans, (as named before,) others say (as Speed) a place near Whitehaven, which I cannot find.
...

placename:- Hay Castle
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NX92, button to large image
Hay Castle
circle and flag

placename:- Hay Castle
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd) -- perhaps relevant

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY02, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY02, button to large image
Haye Cast
Circle, building with two towers, sharing a symbol with Distington.

placename:- Haye Castle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11NY02, button to large image
Hay Cast
circle, building, tower

placename:- Hay Castle
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

text:- Jackson 1990

Jackson, M J

other name:- Aykerist Castle
other name:- Aykhurst Castle
other name:- Dykhurst Castle
other name:- Hay Castle

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
HAYES CASTLE / / HAYES CASTLE ROAD / DISTINGTON / COPELAND / CUMBRIA / II / 76118 / NY0013122558
courtesy of English Heritage
Castle. Present name probably a corruption of Aykhurst for which a licence to crenellate was issued in 1322 to Robert de Leyburn; probably established before this date. Originally consisted of tower house on motte with curtain wall and moat, now ruinous. Moat survives on north and west sides, but only north wall of square-plan tower house remains on motte. Sandstone block facings with rubble core; c4 ft thick and c20 ft high. Other stones re-used in surrounding buildings. Scheduled Ancient Monument.

placename:- Hayes Castle
parish Distington parish, once in Cumberland
district:- Copeland
listed building
coordinates:- NY00132255
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

notes 14th century tower, etc
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; illustration

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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