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placename:- Kendal
other name:- Auld Grey Town, The ?
parish Kendal parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
building/s -- market town; selected place; twinned town
coordinates:- SD514926
10Km square:- SD59
coordinates:- 2d 44.8m W, 54d 19.5m N
place code:- Kndl

1Km square SD5192

photograph

Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- Highgate, town hall, etc, from south. -- 14.8.2005
photograph

Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- Civic flowers, coat of arms. -- 3.7.2011

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 38 4)

OS County Series (Wmd 38 8)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Kendal
building/s
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old map (vignette):- Burrow 1920s

Road strip maps with parts in Westmorland, Cumberland etc, now Cumbria, irregular scale about 1.5 miles to 1 inch, by E J Burrow and Co, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, 1920s.
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... The gateway to the Lake District from the south is Kendal, marked as we approach it by the ruins of Kendal Castle crowning a hill to the right. Kendal is an interesting old town with memories of Border warfare. Of its ancient houses the most curious is one in Wildman Street called the 'Castle Dairy.' This is typical of what most houses in Kendal were formerly like - built with an eye on the need for defence. Its walls are of great thickness and the house is provided with hiding places. The church is notable chiefly for its monuments, including one to a seventeenth-century vicar with a quaint rhyming inscription.
date:- 1920=1929
period:- 1920s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
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KENDAL
blocks, settlement, on a minimal street plan

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
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KENDAL

placename:- Kendal
county:- Westmoreland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
...
THE order in which the Lakes should be visited, if seen in any prescribed order at all, can be pointed out much more easily than satisfactorily. Lancaster and Kendal in the south, Carlisle and Penrith in the north, formerly offered the readiest facilities of access to this Northern Elysium; but since the improvement of steam navigation, Whitehaven and other ports have become equally suitable as starting places. One advantage, however, remains in favour of the old routes, that the direct lines are better, especially for carriages, although to the pedestrian this will not be a matter of any great importance.
Page 19:-
...
KENDAL,
The largest town in Westmorland, seated on the west side of the river Kent, beneath a lofty scar, opposite to the ruins of the ancient castle. It is intersected by four principal streets, one of which runs north and south, forming a busy thoroughfare of one mile in length, and leading to the Lakes. The houses are built of limestone, capable of receiving a high polish, and covered with slate. The town, although very ancient, has now a modern appearance, nearly all the old houses having been
Page 20:-
rebuilt, and many new streets erected during late years. The whiteness of the houses is greatly enlivened by the number of poplars which grow about them, the long range of hanging gardens on the west, and the sloping meads and plantations on the east, where the Kent washes the skirts of the town, and is crossed by three good bridges. The completion of the canal to Lancaster, in 1819, gave a powerful impulse to the building spirit of the inhabitants, ...
...
Page 21:-
...
Kendal was governed by a corporation formerly
Page 22:-
consisting of a mayor, recorder, alderman, and capital burgesses. By the recent Municipal act, it is divided into three wards, under the superintendence of a mayor, six aldermen, and eighteen councilmen. By the Reform bill, the town returns one member to Parliament. It was formerly noted for coarse woollen goods, called Kendal cottons, but goods of finer description are now more commonly manufactured. The river Kent affords plenty of water for its numerous mills and dye-houses. There are also very extensive marble works. As the country people for many miles around attend the markets and fairs, the town thus combines the character of a manufacturing place, with that of the centre of a rich agricultural district.
Kendal can also boast of being furnished with schools and charitable institutions, as numerously and liberally endowed as any town of equal population. Indeed, in this respect, the county of Westmorland exceeds all others, owing chiefly to the number of clever and eminent men who have distinguished themselves, and have sought to return back to their native county some portion of those benefits which they themselves derived from it.
The road leaves Kendal by a steep ascent, having the workhouse and prison on either hand. The views northward, in
Page 153:-
...
KENDAL is a flourishing town, being the largest in Westmorland, and is placed in a very agreeable valley, enlivened by the meanderings of the Kent. A full description of it will be found at page 19.

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old map:- Cobbett 1832

Maps, Westmoreland and Cumberland, by William Cobbett, 11 Bolt Court, Fleet street, London, 1832.
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Kendal
dot and circle; town

placename:- Kendal
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1832
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
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Page 98:-
KENDAL
Is a clean and well built town, of considerable trade, and a population of 11,301 inhabitants. It is situate at the junction of the Carlisle road by Penrith, with the Whitehaven road by Ambleside, Keswick, and Cockermouth. It is famous for the manufacture of various kinds of woollen goods and fancy waistcoats. Here is a manufactory of ivory combs; and a marble manufactory, where several varieties of the limestone of the country are worked and polished. The King's Arms and Commercial are the principal Inns.
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Page 170:-
The mean annual quantity of rain at Keswick is about 68 inches; at Kendal 60 inches; at Manchester 35 inches; at London 20 inches.
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Perrot 1823

Map, Cumberland, Westmoreland, scale about 38 miles to 1 inch, by Aristide Michel Perrot, engraved by Migneret, 1823, published by Etienne Ledoux, 9 Rue Guenegaud, Paris, France, 1824; published 1824-48.
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Kendal
circle; town

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Wmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
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KENDAL / 262
circle, block caps; county town; distance from London

placename:- Kendal
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02SD59, button   goto source.
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KENDAL

placename:- Kendal

descriptive text:- Wallis 1810

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 19 miles to 1 inch, by James Wallis, 77 Berwick Street, Soho, London, 1810; published 1810-36.
PRINCIPAL INNS, RECOMMENDED TO TRAVELLERS AND FAMILIES.
Kendal: Crown, King's Arms, White Hart, besides several others, where travellers will be well accommodated, at low charges.
...
PRINCIPAL FAIRS.
Kendal: April 27, horned cattle, sheep, and pedlary; Nov. 8, horned cattle, horses, and sheep.

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1810
period:- 19th century, early; 1810s

descriptive text:- Baker 1802

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
pp.25-26:-
...
At the approach to Kendal, where I made my sketch for the plan of that town - It deceitfully appears to be situated in a secure valley, contiguous to which, on a hill to the right, are the ruins of the castle. Another similar eminence, ornamented with an obelisk, is called Castlebow Hill. From either of these may be obtained the most complete view of the adjacent river Kent, and surrounding country, and as many deep valleys are comprehended in this prospect, the apparent situation of the town, by a comparison with them, rises to a greater eminence. It is very ancient, and still retains several British and Roman remains. Here were early planted some of our most productive manufactories, particularly those of woollen cloths, cottons, and stockings, which have since branched so widely and profitably to other pasrt of the kingdom. Queen Elizabeth erected the town into a corporation; and Charles the First confirmed and enlarged the charter. It hath a mayor, 12 aldermen, and 20 capital burgesses. It is recorded by a Latin inscription on the wall of the vestry in the church at Penrith, that 2500 people died here in 1598, of the plague. The market, inns, and principal shops of trade are on the highest ground, near half a mile from the entrance of the town; from thence to the north is another street of nearly the same length; another leads by similar distance to cross the river Kent on the eastward, and by means of this latter the post road is continued to Shap.

placename:- Kendal
person:- : Elizabeth I
person:- : Charles I
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Baker 1802

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
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Kendal

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
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Kendall / 257
blocks, upright lowercase text; town, distance from London

placename:- Kendall
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
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Kendal
blocks, upright lowercase text; town

placename:- Kendal
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
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page 267-268
Kendal - King's Arms / At Kendal, on r. T.Rs. to Sedbergh, Kirkby Stephen, and Appleby; on l. to Milthorpe, Ulverston, Winander Mere, and Ambleside.
market town, post office
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page 269-270
INNS. ... Kendal, Crown, King's Arms. ...
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page 315-316
Kendal
market town, post town
INNS. Kendal, Crown, King's Arms, W. Hart.
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page 315-316
To Kendal, p.268
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page 317-318
To Kendal, p.268
market town, post office
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page 319-320
To Kendal, p.268
market town, post office
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page 333-334
Kendal
market town, post office
INNS. ... Kendal, Crown, King's Arms, W. Hart.
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page 653-654
INNS, Kendal, Crown, King's Arms. ...

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 150:-
... All these bodies of water [lakes] abound with divers species of fish, as trout, eels, bass, perch, tench, roach, pike, char and divers others. The south coast is pretty well furnished with sea-fish, of which upwards of thirty different sorts have been brought to Kendal market, till by the improvement of the town and port of Lancaster the market for fish is considerably drawn that way.
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 151:-
...
"In Westmorland is but one good market town called Kendale, otherwise, as I wene, Kirkby Kendale. It hath the name of the river called Kent, unde & Kendale, sed emporium laneis pannis celeberrimum. In the town is but one church: the circuit of the parish by the country adjacent hath many chapels and divers in the town itself. ..."
Kendal is a large town situated in a beautiful valley prettily cultivated and watered by the river Kent. The principal street is above a mile long, rising north and south; the houses old and irregular, mostly of stone plaistered, yet the whole has an appearance of neatness and industry: the number of inhabitants
Page 152:-
about 7,000, chiefly engaged in manufacturing of linseys, worsted stockings woven and knit, and a coarse woollen cloth called cottons, sent to Glasgow and thence to Virginia for the use of the negroes. These manufactures employ great quantities of wool from Durham and Scotland. As early as Richard II. and Henry IV. we find special laws enacted on purpose for the regulating of Kendale-clothes. Kendal has a large weekly market. Elizabeth a. r. 18 erected it into a corporation by the name of aldermen and burgesses. Charles I. incorporated it with a mayor, 12 aldermen, and 20 burgesses. This charter was surrendered to Charles II. who regranted it with a few alterations. ... The parish comprehends 24 townships or constablewicks, and was antiently larger. ... A chapel of ease was erected 1754, by the legacy of the most benevolent Dr. Stratford, commissary of the archdeaconry of Richmond, with the residue of whose property 58 small livings were augmented in this and adjoining counties, and other charities performed. ...
Charles Stuart 3d son of James duke of York after king James II. was created duke of Kendal 1664. Prince George of Denmark was created duke of Cumberland and earl of Kendal; and Melusina Erengart Schulenburg, who had before been created duchess of Munster in Ireland, was further honoured with the title of duchess of Kendal, countess of Glassenbury, and countess of Faversham.
Kendal gave birth to Dr. Barnaby Potter bishop of Chester, Dr. Christopher Potter, provost of Queen's college, Oxford, and Dr. Thomas Shaw the traveller and principal of Edmund hall.

placename:- Kendale
other name:- Kirby Kendale
person:- : Richard II
person:- : Henry IV
person:- : Elizabeth I
person:- : Charles I
person:- : Charles II
person:- : Kendal, Duke of; Stuart, Charles
person:- : Kendal, Earl of; Cumberland, Duke of
person:- : Kendal, Duchess of; Schulenburg, Melusina Erengart
person:- : Potter, Barnaby, Dr; Chester, Bishop of
person:- : Shaw, Thomas, Dr
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 147:-
...
... on whose [River Can] western banks is the populous town of Candale or Kirkeby Candale, q.d. the church in the valley on the Can, with two long streets intersecting each other, and eminent for its woollen manufacture, and the industry of its inhabitants, who carry on a great trade in woollen cloth all over England, and esteem it their highest honour that they have had barons and earls of their own. The first of these are descended from Ivo Taleboys, of whose posterity William by leave of Henry II. styled himself William of Lancaster, whose niece and heiress married Gilbert Fitz Roger Fitz Reinfrid, by whose daughters on the death of his son William, the estate passed to Peter Brus second lord of Skelton of that Christian name, and William Lindesay, from whom Ingelram lord of Coucy in France derived his descent by the mother's side as we find in the history of Forness abbey. By a daughter of this Peter Brus, sister and heir of Peter Brus the 3d, this barony came to the Rosses of Werke, and from them this honour devolved by inheritance on the Parrs, whose castle overagainst the town is now decaying with age. I find three earls, John duke of Bedford, so created by his brother king Henry V. John duke of Somerset and John de Foix of the illustrious family of Foix in France, whom Henry VI. advanced to this dignity for his faithful services in the French wars; whence it probably comes that some of this family of Foix in France are still called Candale. I know no other claim that Kendal has to antiquity. I once, indeed, imagined that it was the Roman station CONCANGIOS, but time has better informed me. ...

placename:- Candale
other name:- Kirkeby Candale
other name:- Concangios
person:- : Taleboys, Ivo
person:- : Taleboys, William; Lancaster, William of
person:- : Kendal, Earl of; Bedford, Duke of
person:- : Kendal, Earl of; Somerset, Duke of
person:- : Kendal, Earl of; Foix, John de
person:- : Fitz Reinfrid, Gilbert Fitz Roger
person:- : Brus, Peter
person:- : Brus Family
person:- : Ross Family
person:- : Parr Family
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
KENDAL
As well as buildings there is a castle to the east.
image Ws02SD59, button   goto source.
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placename:- Kendal
building/s; town
county:- Westmorland

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
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Page 177:-
KENDAL. [1]
The approach to it from the north is pleasant. A noble river, the Kent, is discovered flowing briskly through fertile fields, and visiting the town in its whole length. It is crossed by a handsome bridge, where three great roads coincide, from Sedbergh, Kirkby-Stephen, and Penrith. The main street leading from the bridge slopes upwards to the centre of the town, and contracts itself into an inconvenient passage, [2] where it joins another principal street, which falls with a gentle declivity both ways, and is a mile in length, and of spacious breadth. Was an area for a market-place opened at the incidence of these two streets, it would be a noble improvement. The entrance from the south is by another bridge, which makes a short awkward turn into the suburbs, but after that, the street opens well, and the town has a chearful appearance. The principal inns are genteel, commodious, and plentifully served.
Here is a workhouse for the poor, which for neatness and oeconomy exceeds most of the kind in the kingdom.
[1] Concangium, Not. Imp.
[2] This passage is now widened; and a new street has been opened from near the centre of the town, to the river side, which has much improved the road through it for carriages.
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Page 178:-
The objects most worthy of notice here are the manufactories. The chief of these are of Kendal cottons (a coarse woollen cloth) of linseys, toilonets, kerseymeres, callicoes, and of knit worsted stockings. Also a considerable tannery is carried on in this town. The less (sic) manufactures are, of fish hooks, of waste silk (which is received from London, and after scouring, combing, and spinning, is returned) of ivory combs, and of wool cards, in which branch considerable improvements have been made by the curious machines invented here for that purpose. There are other articles of industry well worth seeing; as the mills for scouring, fulling, and frizing cloth, for cutting and rasping dying wood, &c. But what is most to the credit of this place, is, that notwithstanding many inconveniences, which this town has laboured under, the manufactures have all along continued to flourish, and have of late years been greatly increased by the spirit and industry of the inhabitants. These manufactures are particularly noticed so early as the reign of King Richard II, and Henry IV. when special laws were enacted for the better regulation of Kendal-cloths, &c.
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Page 179:-
When William the Conqueror gave the barony of Kendal to Ivo de Taillebois, the inhabitants of the town were villain-tenants of the baronial lord; but one of his successors emancipated them, and confirmed their burgages to them, by charter. Queen Elizabeth, in the 18th year of her reign, erected it into a corporation, by the name of aldermen and burgesses; and afterwards King Charles I. incorporated it with a mayor, 12 aldermen, and 20 capital burgesses.
Mr. Gray's description of this town is injurious to it; but his account of the church and castle is worth transcribing. 'Near the end of the town, stands a handsome house of Colonel Wilson's, and adjoining it, the
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Page 180:-
church, a very large Gothic fabric, with a square tower; it has no particular ornaments, but double aisles, and at the east four chapels, or choirs.' Mr. Gray's account then proceeds to the inside of the church, ...
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Page 182:-
...
The castle he describes thus:- 'The remains of the castle are seated on a fine hill, on the side of the river opposite to the town; ...'
...
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Page 190:-
A TABLE OF THE Height of Mountains and Lakes SEEN IN THIS TOUR, ... TAKEN FROM THE LEVEL OF THE SEA. ... by Mr. John Dalton.
Town of Kendal ... 46 [yards]
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Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769
Page 212:-
...
I now reached Ambleside, ... meaning to lie there; but on looking into the best bed-chamber, ... grew delicate, gave up Windermere in despair, and resolved I would go on to Kendal directly, fourteen miles further ...
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Page 213:-
...
... the dusk of the evening coming on, I entered Kendal almost in the dark, and could distinguish only a shadow of the castle on a hill, and tenter grounds spread far and wide round the town, which I mistook for houses. My inn promised sadly, having two wooden galleries, like Scotland, in front of it: it was indeed an ill-contrived house, but kept by civil, sensible people; so I stayed two nights with them, and fared and slept very comfortably.
Oct. 9. The air mild as summer, all corn off the ground, and the sky-larks singing aloud ... I went up the castle-hill: the town chiefly consists of three nearly parallel streets, almost a mile long; except these, all the other houses seem as if they had been dancing a country dance, and were out: there they stand back to back, corner to corner, some up-hill, some down, without intent or meaning. Along by their side runs a fine brisk stream, over which there are three stone bridges: the buildings (a few comfortable houses excepted) are mean, of stone, and covered with a
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Page 214:-
bad rough-cast [1]. Near the end of the town stands a handsome house of Colonel Wilson's, and adjoining to it the church, a very large gothic fabric, with a square tower, ... ... The remains of the castle are seated on a fine hill on the side of the river opposite the town; almost the whole inclosure of the walls remain, with four towers, two square and two round, but their upper parts
[1] [The accounts of things given by hasty travellers, are generally inaccurate and often injudicious. As to the principal streets in Kendal, they are neither three in number, nor nearly parallel. They are but two. One about a mile in length, and another about half a mile. These streets contain indeed not many elegant houses; they are however on the whole as open and well-built as in most other towns. As to the bad rough-cast our author speaks of, judges of rough-cast have always supposed this country no way deficient in the materials, or in the manner of laying it on.]
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Page 215:-
or embattlements are demolished; ... There is a good view of the town and river, with a fertile open valley, though which it winds.
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Tour to the Caves in the West Riding of Yorkshire, late 18th century
Page 244:-
...
... Many of the smaller farmers, betwixt Kirkby-Lonsdale and Kendal, earn their bread with carrying coals, during most part of the year, from the pits at Ingleton, Black-Burton, or properly Burton-in-Lonsdale, to Kendal and the neighbouring places ...

other name:- Concangium
Altitude 138 feet
person:- : Richard II
person:- : Henry IV
person:- : Elizabeth I
person:- : Charles I
date:- 1760=1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
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KENDAL
blocks on a street plan, labelled in block caps; settlement, market town?; street plan with many buildings

placename:- Kendal
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
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KENDAL
blocks on a street plan, church, lareg houses, castle, mills, bridges, etc (the source map has a town plan of Kendal)

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
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Kendal Mar. Sat.
blocks, on road, street plan, town, market, small plain cross for a charity school?

placename:- Kendal
market town
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

descriptive text:- Bickham 1753-54

Maps, A Map of Westmorland, 1753, and A Map of Cumberland, 1754, by George Bickham, published 1750s-96.
Kendal is large and populous, and has twelve Chappels of Ease to its single Church. Here are seven incorporated Companies, and a noble Free School. A little Fray happen'd here last Year between ye Rebels, in their advance Southward, and some of the Inhabitants.
date:- 1753
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s
event:- rebellion : 1745 rebellion

old map:- Bickham 1753-54 (Wmd)

Maps, A Map of Westmorland, 1753, and A Map of Cumberland, 1754, by George Bickham, published 1750s-96.
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Kendall
view (sort of)

placename:- Kendall
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1753=1754
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
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Kendall
Building; labelled as a town.

placename:- Kendall
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
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Page 1023:-
...
Kendal, called also Kirkby Candale, i.e. a Church in the Valley upon the River Can, over which it has two Bridges of Stone, and one of Wood, and a Harbour for Boats. Dr. Gale thinks it to be the Brovonaca of Antoninus, and allows that it was the Station of the Romans, called Concangi; but both these Points are disputed. 'Tis much superior to Appleby in Trade, Buildings, and the Number and Wealth of the Inhabitants, and is indeed the largest Town in the County. It has two good Streets, which cross each other, and is inriched by the Industry of the Townsmen, and the Woollen Manufacture, with which they have drove a Trade throughout England ever since the Reign of Edward III. As early as Richard II. and Henry IV. special Laws were enacted on purpose for regulating Kendal Cloths. Queen Elizabeth erected it into a Corporation by the Name of Aldermen and Burgesses; and King James I. incorporated it with a Mayor, Recorder, Town-Clerk, twelve Aldermen, twenty four Burgesses, and two Attorneys, of whom the Mayor, Recorder, and two Senior Aldermen, are always Justices of the Peace. It is of Note also for the Manufacture of Cottons, Druggets, Serges, Hats, Worsted, and Yarn Stockings, &c. Its Markets are on Saturday, and the Monday before Lady day, and its Fairs are on [Trinity]
image SMP3P6, button   goto source.
Page 1024:-
Trinity Monday, April 25, October 28, and between them a great Beast-market every Fortnight.
There are seven trading Companies belonging to the Town, viz. Mercers, Sheermen, Cordwainers, Tanners, Glovers, Taylors, and Pewterers, who have each their Hall. The Church here is beautiful, and very large, and yet has twelve Chapels of Ease belonging to it. 'Tis supported by five Rows of handsome Pillars. Near the Church is Free-School well endowed, with Exhibitions for such Scholars as are sent hence to Queen's-College, Oxford. There's a Charity-School here for sixteen Boys and ten Girls, all cloathed and taught. At a little Distance from the wooden Bridge are the Ruins of a Castle, in which Catherine Parr, the sixth Wife of Henry VIII. was born.
This Place has had the great honour of giving Title of Baron, Earl and Duke, particularly that of Earl to Prince George of Denmark; and last of all, that of Dutchess to the late Melusina Schulenberg, who had before been created Dutchess of Munster in Ireland.

placename:- Kendal
other name:- Kirkby Candale
other name:- Brovonaca
other name:- Concangi
person:- : Edward III
person:- : Richard II
person:- : Henry IV
person:- : Elizabeth
person:- : James I
person:- trade company : Mercers Company
person:- trade company : Sheermen Company
person:- trade company : Cordwainers Company
person:- trade company : Tanners Company
person:- trade company : Glovers Company
person:- trade company : Taylors Company
person:- trade company : Pewterers Company
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
Kirby in Kendale is the largest Town in the County, Market Saturday, Fairs Monday before Lady-day, and Trinity Monday.
...
... The S. part of the County [Westmorland] is divided into 2 by the Can or Ken, which gives name to Kendale ...

placename:- Kirby in Kendale
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD12, button to large image
Kendall / 203 m
circle, tower/s, upright lowercase text; town, distance from London

placename:- Kendall
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

descriptive text:- Bowen 1720 (plate 93)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
thumbnail B093m252, button to large image
Kendal at 257 So called from its scituation on Kan or Kant Flu. Is a large Town, well built & populous, driving a Considerable Trade in the Woollen Manufacture. It had formerly a strong Castle, the Walls of which are partly yet standing, & has now a large Church & about 12 Chappels of ease. It was made a Corporation by Q. Eliz. 18[ ]. Regni & afterwards by K. James 1st. [22] Regni, consisting of a Mayor, 12 Ald~, 12 Com~on Councilmen, a Recorder, &c. Here is a good Freeschool well endowed with Exhibitions to Queens Coll. Oxon. Mt. Sat. Fairs Au. 25th. & Oct. 28. & between the said Fairs a great Mt. for Cattle once a Fortnight.

placename:- Kendal
person:- : Elizabeth I
person:- : James I
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 260)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
thumbnail B260m25, button to large image
An alternative engraving of the descriptive text appears on this plate.

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

descriptive text:- Fiennes 1698

Travel book, manuscript record of Journeys through England including parts of the Lake District, by Celia Fiennes, 1698.
Kendall is a town built all of stone, one very broad streete in which is the market Crosse; its a goode tradeing town mostly famed for the cottons; Kendall Cotton is used for blanckets and the Scotts use them for their plodds and there is much made here and also linsiwoolseys and a great deale of leather tann'd here and all sorts of commodityes twice a week is the market furnished with all sorts of things.
The River Can which gives name to the town is pretty large but full of rocks and stones that makes shelves and falls in the water, ... there are great falls of water partly naturall and added to by putting more stones in manner of wyers at which they catch salmon ... the roareing of the water at these places sometymes does foretell wet weather, they do observe when the water roares most in the fall on the northside it will be faire, if on the southside of the town it will be wet; some of them are falls as high as a house ... there are 3 or 4 good houses in the town, the rest are like good traders houses very neate and tight, the streets are all pitch'd which is extreame easy to be repair'd for the whole country is like one entire rock or pitching almost all the roads.
At the Kings Arms one Mrs. Rowlandson she does pott up the charr fish the best of any in the country, I was curious to have some and so bespoke some of her [potted char], ... abundance of horses I see all about Kendall streetes with their burdens.
This Kendall is the biggest town and much in the heart of Westmoreland but Appleby 10 mile off is the shire town where the session and assizes are held ...

placename:- Kendall
person:- : Rowlandson, Mrs
date:- 1698
period:- 17th century, late
period:- 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (EW)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MRD3Cm, button   goto source.
thumbnail MRD3Cm, button to large image
Kendal
circle, tower; town, perhaps county town

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10SD59, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10SD59, button to large image
Kendall
Circle, buildings, towers.

placename:- Kendall
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Seller 1694 (Wmd)

Map, Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, by John Seller, 1694; editions to 1787.
thumbnail SEL7, button to large image
Kendall
circle, upright lowercase text; town

placename:- Kendall
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1694
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Sanson 1679

Map, Ancien Royaume de Northumberland aujourdhuy Provinces de Nort, ie the Ancient Kingdom of Northumberland or the Northern Provinces, scale about miles to 1 inch, by Nicholas Sanson, Paris, France, 1679.
thumbnail SAN2Cm, button to large image
KENDALL
circle, buildings and towers; town

placename:- Kendall
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1679
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 96)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG96m000, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG96m000, button to large image
In mile 0, Westmoreland.
Kendal
town plan, castle, river; Ogilby's route leaves at the end of Stricklandgate.

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 38)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG38m252, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG38m252, button to large image
In mile 256, Westmoreland.
KENDAL
town plan; Ogilby's route apparently goes round, not through the town, and keeps east of the river.

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

hearth tax returns:- Hearth Tax 1675

Records, hearth tax survey returns, Westmorland, 1674/75.
Kendal parish

placename:- Kendal parish
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

hearth tax returns:- Hearth Tax 1675

various parts
Records, hearth tax survey returns, Westmorland, 1674/75.
Nethergraveship

placename:- Nethergraveship
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3SD49, button to large image
Kendall
Buildings and towers, suggestion of a wall, notice ?fence palings; upright lowercase text; market town.

placename:- Kendall
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Jenner 1643

Table of distances and map, Westmerland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, by Thomas Jenner, London, 1643.
thumbnail JEN3Sq, button to large image
Kendal
dot, double circle, buildings, red tint

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1643
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

source:- Brathwaite 1638

Poem, Drunken Barnaby's Four Journey to the North of England, by Richard Brathwaite, 1638, published 1716-62.
Page 29:-
...
Thence to Kirkland, thence to Kendall,
I did that which Men call Spend-all:
Page 31:-
Night and Day with Sociates many,
I drank Ale both thick and clammy.
'Shroud thy Head, Boy, stretch thy Hand too
'Hand has done what Head can't stand to.'
...
Page 107:-
...
Thence to Kendall, pure her State is,
Prudent too her Magistrate is;
In whose Charter to them granted,
Nothing but a Mayor wanted:
Here it likes me to be dwelling,
Bousing, loving; Stories telling.
...
Page 129:-
...
Now to Kendall for Cloth-making,
Sight, site, Alderman awaking;
Beauteous Damsels, modest Mothers,
And her four and twenty Brothers;
Ever in her Honour spreading,
Where I had my Native Breeding.
[footnote] A Town so highly renown'd for her commodius Cloathing, and industrious Trading, as her Name is become famus in that kind. Camb. in Brit.
Page 131:-
Where I'll tell you (while none mind us)
We throw th' House quite out at Windows;
Nought makes them or me ought sorry,
They dance lively with John Dory:
Holy Brethren with their Poet
Sing, nor care they much who know it.

placename:- Kendall
date:- 1638
period:- 17th century, early; 1630s

table of distances:- Simons 1635

Table of distances and map of Westmorland, engraved by Jacob van Langeren, published by Mathew Simons, London, 1635-36.
thumbnail SIM3, button to large image
K on thumbnail map
date:- 1635
period:- 17th century, early; 1630s

table of distances:- Simons 1635

Table of distances and map of Westmorland, engraved by Jacob van Langeren, published by Mathew Simons, London, 1635-36.
thumbnail SIM522, button to large image
Kendale Westm. N
and tabulated distances

placename:- Kendale
date:- 1635
period:- 17th century, early; 1630s

poem:- Drayton 1612/1622 text

Poem, Polyolbion, by Michael Drayton, published 1612, part 2 with Cumbria published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
page 161:-

placename:- Kendale
date:- 1612; 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s; 1620s

old map:- Drayton 1612/1622

Map, Cumberlande and Westmorlande, by Michael Drayton in part 2 of Polyolbion, probably engraved by William Hole; published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
thumbnail DRY523, button to large image
Kendall
Lady with 'town' hedaress.

placename:- Kendall
date:- 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1620s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cum/EW)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SPD6Cm, button to large image
Kendal
dot, circle, and tower

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Wmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP14Mk, button to large image
KENDALE

placename:- Kendale
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Wmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP14SD59, button to large image
Kendall
circle, buildings and towers

placename:- Kendall
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

source:- Keer 1605

Map, Westmorlandia et Comberlandia, ie Westmorland and Cumberland now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605; published about 1605 to 1676.
thumbnail KER8, button to large image
Kendall
dot, two circle, tower, tinted red; town

placename:- Kendall
county:- Westmorland

descriptive text:- Keer 1605 (edn 1620)

Map, Westmorlandia et Comberlandia, ie Westmorland and Cumberland now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605; published about 1605 to 1676.
second page
... the principall profit that the people of this Province [Westmorland] raise unto themselves, is by cloathing.
(7) The chiefest place of which is Kandale or Kendale, called also Kirkeby Kendale, standing on the banke of the River Can. This Towne is of great trade and resort, and for the diligent and industrious practice of making cloath so excels the rest, that in regard thereof it carrieth a supereminent name above them, and hath great vent & traffique for her wollen cloaths through all the parts of England. It challengeth not much glorie for Antiquitie; onely this is accounteth a great credit, that it hath dignified three Earles with the title thereof, as John Duke of Bedford, whom Henry the Fist (sic) (being his brother) advanced to that honour, John, Duke of Sommerset, and John de Foix, whom King Henry the sixt preferred to that dignitie for his honourable and trusty services done in the French warres. It is a place of very civill and orderly government, the which is mannaged by an Alderman, chosen every year out of his twelve Brethren, who are all distinguished and notified from the rest by wearing of purple garments. The Alderman and his Senior Brother are alwayes Justices of Peace and Quorum. There are in it a Towne-Clerke, a Recorder, two Sergeants at Mace, and two Chamberlaines. By Mathematicall observation the site of this Towne is in the degree of Longitude 17.30 scruples, from the first West point, and the Pole elevated in Latitude to the degree 55. and 15 minutes

placename:- Kandale
other name:- Kendale
other name:- Kirkeby Kendale
person:- : Kendal, Earl of; Bedford, John Duke of
person:- : Kendal, Earl of; Somerset, John Duke of
person:- : Kendal, Earl of; Foix, John de
person:- : Henry VI
person:- local authority : Kendal Corporation
date:- 1620
period:- 17th century, early; 1620s

source:- Lloyd 1573

Map, Angliae Regni, Kingdom of England, with Wales, scale about 24 miles to 1 inch, authored by Humphrey Lloyd, Denbigh, Clwyd, drawn and engraved by Abraham Ortelius, Netherlands, 1573.
thumbnail Lld1Cm, button to large image
Kirckbye

placename:- Kirckbye
date:- 1573
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

descriptive text:- Myddylton 1544

Book, Cronycle of Yeres, including an early table of highways, published by Wyllyam Myddylton, at the sign of the George, Fleet Street, London, 1544.
And also the wayes leadynge to the / most notable places: and the dy- / staunce betwyxte the / same / Anno. 1544
Here foloweth the waye fro~ Coker / mouth to lancastre, and so to London. / From Cokermouth to Kyswike. vi myle. / from Kyswike to Grosener. viii. myle. / from Grosener to Kendale. xiiii. myle. / from Kendale to Burton. vii. myle. / from Burton to Lancastre. viii. myle. / ...

placename:- Kendale
date:- 1544
period:- 16th century, early; 1540s

old map:- Gough 1350s-60s

Reproduction of the Gough Map of Great Britain, reduced size, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1875; and a full size line reproduction, with added transcriptions of placenames, 1935.
thumbnail Ggh1Cm, button to large image
thumbnail Ggh2Cm, button to large image

placename:- Kirkebie Kendale
county:- Cumbria

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9SD49, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9SD49, button to large image
Buildings and towers, symbol for a town.
KENDAL

placename:- Kendal
county:- Westmorelandia
town
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old itinerary:- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, British High Roads, published in four parts by Tinsley Brothers, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
thumbnail TLY185, button to large image
Itinerary, route 7, London to Whitehaven via the Lake Districts, including from Settle, Lancashire; through Kirkby Lonsdale, Kendal, Ambleside, Westmorland; then Keswick, Cockermouth to Whitehaven, Cumberland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
pp.71-91 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes; pp.84-91.
printed at p.71:-
... / ROUTE VII. - LONDON to WHTEHAVEN via THE LAKE / DISTRICTS. (See Maps 65 to 80.) / Hitchin (as per Route I.) 34, Shefford 41, Bedford 50, Higham-Ferrers, / 64 3/4, Kettering 74 1/2, Rockingham 83 1/4, Uppingham 88 3/4, Oakham, / 94 3/4, Melton Mowbray 104 3/4, Nottingham 123 1/4, Rotherham 159 1/4, / Barnsley 171 3/4, Huddersfield 188 3/4, Halifax 196 3/4, Keighley 2083/4, / Skipton 218 3/4, Settle 234 3/4, Kirkby Lonsdale 252 1/2, Kendal 264 1/2, / Ambleside 278 1/2, Keswick 293 1/2, Cockermouth 305 1/2, Whitehaven / 319 1/2. / ...

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1877
period:- 19th century, late

old strip map (pp.77-78):- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, British High Roads, published in four parts by Tinsley Brothers, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
thumbnail TLY1M4, button to large image
Strip map, road map, part of London to Whitehaven, including from before Kirkby Lonsdale through Kendal, Windermere to beyond Ambleside, Westmorland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
Map pp.77-78 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes.
printed at top:-
BRITISH HIGH ROADS / 77 LONDON TO WHITEHAVEN. 78

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1877
period:- 19th century, late

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
thumbnail JS5002, button to large image
Itinerary, Route 37 in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Preston to Glasgow, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.1-10 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.1:-
ROUTE 37. / PRESTON via Lancaster (21 1/2), Kendal (42 1/2), Shap (58 1/2), Penrith (69), Carlisle (87), Lockerbie (111 1/2), Beattock (125 3/4), Abington (144 1/2), Hamilton (170 1/2) to GLASGOW (182). / (The Land's End to John o' Groats Route.)

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
thumbnail JS5018, button to large image
Itinerary, Route 37 reverse in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Glasgow to Preston, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.11-21 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.11:-
ROUTE 37. Reverse / GLASGOW via Hamilton (11 1/2), Abington (37 1/2), Beattock (56 1/4), Lockerbie (70 1/2), Carlisle (95), Penrith (113), Shap (123 1/2), Kendal (139 1/2), Lancaster (160 1/2) to PRESTON (182).

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
thumbnail JS5057, button to large image
Itinerary, Route 39 reverse in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Glasgow to Doncaster, through Skipton, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.57-65 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.57:-
ROUTE 39. Reverse. / GLASGOW via Carlisle (95), Kendal (139 1/2), Kirkby Lonsdale (151 1/2), Ingleton (157 1/4), Hellifield (175), Skipton (184 1/2), Ilkley (193 1/2), Otley (199 1/2), Junction with North Road (214 1/2) to DONCASTER (244 1/34).

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
thumbnail JS5085, button to large image
Itinerary, Route 42 in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Kendal to Carlisle, through The Lakes, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.85-88 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.85:-
ROUTE 42. / KENDAL via the Lakes, Windermere (8 1/4), Grasmere (17), Dunmail Raise (20 1/4), Thirlmere, Keswick (30), Bothel (42 3/4), to CARLISLE (61 1/4).

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

source:- Ogilby 1699 (edn 1712)

image OGY7p072, button   goto source.
page 72
Distances from London
... and to Kendal at 256'1 extending 1M. on the Road.
Kendal, a fair, large T. pleasantly seated on Can or Kent flv. is of no great Antiquity, but noted for its Manufactures of Cotton, Druggets, Hats, Stockings, &c. It has a large Ch. with 12 Chaps. of Ease, and on the E. of the Riv. formerly stood a Castle, of which the ruinous Walls now only remain: 'Tis govern'd by a Mayor, 12 Mayor-Peers or Aldermen, 12 Common-Council-Men, a Recorder, &c. Near the Ch. is a Free-School well-endowed, with Exhibitions to Queen's-College in Oxford: Here, is kept a great Mt. on Saturd. with 2 Fairs, viz. on April 25. Octob. 28. and between those Terms, a great Beast-Mt. every Fortnight.

placename:- Kendal
person:- local authority
date:- 1699
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1699 map (edn 1712)

Kendal
image OGY7Cm, button   goto source.
thumbnail OGY7Cm, button to large image

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1712
period:- 18th century, early; 1710s

old map:- Millward and Dickinson 1737

Kendal / 256
miles fom London
thumbnail MWD1Cm, button to large image

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1737
period:- 18th century, early; 1730s

source:- Ogilby 1699 (edn 1712)

image OGY7p072, button   goto source.
page 72
Distances from London
... and to Kendal at 256'1 extending 1M. on the Road.
Kendal, a fair, large T. pleasantly seated on Can or Kent flv. is of no great Antiquity, but noted for its Manufactures of Cotton, Druggets, Hats, Stockings, &c. It has a large Ch. with 12 Chaps. of Ease, and on the E. of the Riv. formerly stood a Castle, of which the ruinous Walls now only remain: 'Tis govern'd by a Mayor, 12 Mayor-Peers or Aldermen, 12 Common-Council-Men, a Recorder, &c. Near the Ch. is a Free-School well-endowed, with Exhibitions to Queen's-College in Oxford: Here, is kept a great Mt. on Saturd. with 2 Fairs, viz. on April 25. Octob. 28. and between those Terms, a great Beast-Mt. every Fortnight.

placename:- Kendal
person:- local authority
date:- 1699
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1699 map (edn 1712)

Kendal
image OGY7Cm, button   goto source.
thumbnail OGY7Cm, button to large image

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1712
period:- 18th century, early; 1710s

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP4, button to large image
Kirkby Kendal
circle with two side bars; town

placename:- Kirkby Kendal
locality:- Kendal Ward
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

records:- Ferguson, Richard S (ed): 1892: Booke of Recorde of Kirkbie Kendall: Wilson, Titus (Kendal, Westmorland)

The boundaries of Kendal
BE IT REMEMBERED that the boundaries precincts and territories belonging to the borough and corporation of Kirkby Kendal were ridden the twenty second day of March 1714 by the Mayor Aldermen and Burgesses and several hundreds of the persons both freemen and others from the Moot hall in Kirkby Kendall aforesaid into Blindbeck Bridge and from thence up Blindbeck Row to a place called Gilling-greave and so from thence to James Garnett Yeat which leads on to the common to a place called Crow Well, fom thence to Sheppard Yeat and so by Megg Sharpe to a place called the Lodge House, from thence to Helsfell Wall and so to Samson Grave and so along by the wall to Kettlewell and so in at Blaikbanck and through the Spout Closes to the Horse Spout and from thence on south side of Horse Spout Sike to Aykeregge End and thence over the ford at the Parrock (now belonging to William Grueby) into Mintsfeete and from thence by the riverside to Mintsbridge and so into the Longlands and by the riverside to Laverick Bridge, from thence to Ellinholme and so to Fallbecke Foot and from thence up to Fallbeck Yeat and so to the Crooked Crag or Bealdmire Brow, from thence to Gouke Park and so down the Hayfell to the Standing Stone and from thence down the Hayfell on the east side of the banck to the Hay Close and thence down the Lane by Oxenholme to Nattland Milne Beck and so into the Pott Close and from thence into the Great Gallowbarrow and so throughout the Lane into Little Gallowbarrow and so by the riverside to Nether Bridge and up the river on the north side of the bridge to the foot of Blindbeck and so up Blindbeck Water race to Blindbeck Bridge (the place where the boundaries begin) and so up to the Market Cross in Kendal aforesaid ...

placename:- Kirkby Kendal
site name:- Blindbeck Bridge
site name:- Blindbeck Row
site name:- Gillinggreave
site name:- James Garnett Yeat
site name:- Crow Well
site name:- Sheppard Yeat
site name:- Lodge House
site name:- Helsfell Wall
site name:- Samson Grave
site name:- Kettlewell
site name:- Blaikbanck
site name:- Spout Closes
site name:- Horse Spout
site name:- Horse Spout Sike
site name:- Aykeregge End
site name:- Parrock, the
site name:- Mintsfeete
site name:- Mintsbridge
site name:- Longlands
site name:- Laverick Bridge
site name:- Ellinholme
site name:- Fallbecke Foot
site name:- Fallbeck Yeat
site name:- Crooked Crag
site name:- Bealdmire Brow
site name:- Gouke Park
site name:- Standing Stone
site name:- Hayfell
site name:- Hay Close
site name:- Oxenholme
site name:- Nattland Milne Beck
site name:- Pott Close
site name:- Great Gallowbarrow
site name:- Lane, the
site name:- Little Gallowbarrow
site name:- Nether Bridge
site name:- Blindbeck Water
site name:- Blindbeck
site name:- Market Cross
date:- 1714
period:- 18th century, early; 1710s

old map:- Unknown 1600s

The map is probably a reproduction, possibly a fake.
Reproduction map, uncoloured lithograph, Plan of Kirkby Kendall ie Kendal, Westmorland, scale about 10 inches to 1 mile, perhaps from a coloured original of the late 17th century; perhaps a fake.
thumbnail UN11, button to large image
Kirkby Kendall

placename:- Kirkby Kendall
date:- 1600=1699
period:- 17th century, early; 17th century, late

market notes:- see:- Palmer's Index No.93:: Public Record Office

see:- Owen: 1792: New Book of Fairs

see:- : 1889: Market Rights and Tolls: HM Government

see:- Bowen, Emanuel & Kitchin, Thomas: 1760: New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland

Saturday market granted by Richard I, 1189; Britnell and Hatcher 1996.
Saturday market to be held at the manor, granted by Edward II to Marmaduke de Tweng and William de Ros, 28 August 1309; listed in the Calendar of Charter Rolls.
Letters patent for a market at Kirkeby in Kendale or Kirkby in Kendal, 7 Ed 3, 1333-34, and 52 Hen 3, 1267-68, in Palmer's Index No.93 at the Public Record Office.
Market day Saturday given on Bowen and Kitchin's map, 1760.
Market listed by Owen, 1792.
Market listed by HM Government, 1888.

other name:- Kirkeby in Kendale
other name:- Kirkby in Kendal
market town
person:- : Richard I
person:- : Edward II
person:- : Edward III
person:- : Tweng, Marmaduke de
person:- : Ros, William de
date:- 1189; 1268; 1309; 1334; 1792; 1888; 1760

old print:- Pearson 1900s

Guide book, Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
thumbnail PS1E23, button to large image
Print, halftone photograph, A Side Street in Kendal, Westmorland, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
On p.51 of Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts.
printed at bottom:-
A SIDE STREET IN KENDAL. (p.52).

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1900=1909
period:- 1900s

old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.1 no.22)

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail PR0008, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Kendal, from the Castle, Westmorland, drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by W le Petit, published by Fisher, Son and Co, London, 1832-35.
vol.1 pl.22 in the set of prints, Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
T. Allom. / W. Le Petit. / KENDAL, FROM THE CASTLE. / FISHER, SON & CO. LONDON, 1832.

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1832=1835
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail R264, button to large image
date:- 1834
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail R2E41, button to large image
date:- 1830
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Sylvan 1847

thumbnail SYL104, button to large image
Print, engraving, Kendal, Westmorland, published by John Johnstone, Paternoster Row, London, et al, 1847.
On p.18 of Sylvan's Pictorial Guide to the English Lakes.

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0740, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, charter seal, Kendal, of Charles I, published by Hudson and Nicholson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1832.
On p.147 of The Annals of Kendal by Cornelius Nicholson.
person:- : Charles I
date:- 1832
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0739, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, corporation seal, Kendal, published by Hudson and Nicholson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1832.
On p.144 of The Annals of Kendal by Cornelius Nicholson.
date:- 1832
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Sayer 1847

Book, Sayer's History of Westmorland, published by W Sayer, Kendal, Westmorland, and Partridge and Oakey, 34 Paternoster Row, London, 1847.
thumbnail SY01E1, button to large image
Frontispiece to vol.1 of Sayer's History of Westmorland, drawn by Thomas Gilks.
KENDAL, FROM GILLING GROVE.

placename:- Kendal
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early; 1840s

photographs
A miscellany of stoneware jars used by Kendal tradesmen:-
courtesy of the antique shop in Sedbergh.
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- '[E] GRAVES / CHEMIST / KENDAL' -- 13.8.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- 'IRVINE / CHEMIST / KENDAL' -- 13.8.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- 'WHITWELL MARK & CO LTD / KENDAL' -- 13.8.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- 'S LONGMIRE / DUNN HORSE HOTEL / KENDAL' -- 13.8.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- 'G FARRER HIGG / CHEMIST / KENDAL' -- 13.8.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- 'THOMSONS / BARROW, / ULVERSTON & KENDAL / & LANCASTER.' -- 13.8.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- 'M BURTON / CHEMIST / KENDAL' -- 13.8.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- 'J J BANKS & SON / Wine & Spirit Merchants / KENDAL' -- 13.8.2009

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- Fruit and veg market in Finkle Street. -- 16.8.2006
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- Wednesday market in Market place. -- 16.8.2006
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- Coat of arms on building north corner of Market Place and Stricklandgate. -- 16.8.2006
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- Coat of arms on building. -- SD51459312 (at) -- 24.7.2008

hearsay Kendal Parish Records include records of payments of a bounty on polecats in the 18th century; 51 in 1702, 173 in 1794, and similar numbers in the years between. The polecat was known as the foul mart.

hearsay Archers from Kendal, Kendal Bowmen, did well at the Battle of Flodden, 1513. Their uniform was green, Kendal Green, and buff, with arrow buttons.

hearsay Kendal Green was cloth dyed yellow using dyer's greenweed, Genista tinctoria, the dyed again probably with woad, Isatis tinctoria, or, later, indigo.
Henry IV part 1, Falstaff:-
... three misbegotten rogues in Kendal green ...

hearsay It is said that Kendal Mint Cake was invented by accident; Joseph Wiper made a mistake boiling sugar in his sweet shop, 1868. Some was taken to Antarctica by Sir Ernest Shackleton. In 1953, Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing on Everest:-
... sat on the snow and looked at the country far below us ... we nibbled Kendal Mint Cake ...

hearsay In Stricklandgate there is a black boar shop sign, at Black Hall, formerly a brush works. The sign is a fake, the original is in the Museum of Lakeland Life.

map 'Organ factory' labelled at SD51799228.
'The Calling Stone' labelled at SD51489263 outside the town hall.

fiction Called Whinborough in
Ward, Humphrey, Mrs: 1888: Robert Elsmere

button   Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal
button   Allhallows, Kendal
button   Anchorite Well, Kendal
button   Anchorite's House, Kendal
button   Ann's Place, Kendal
button   Battery Well, Kendal
button   Beast Bank Post Office, Kendal
button   bell house, Kendal
button   Black Hall, Kendal
button   Blind Beck Bridge, Kendal
button   Blind Beck (3)
button   Bowling Fell, Kendal
button   Bowling Green Tavern, Kendal
button   bowling green, Kendal
button   bowling green, Kendal (2)
button   Bridge Hotel, Kendal
button   Burneside Chapelry
button   Canal Head, Kendal
button   Canal Iron Works, Kendal
button   canal milestone, Kendal 1
button   Castle Dairy, Kendal
button   Castle Green, Kendal
button   Castle Hill, Kendal
button   Castle Howe, Kendal
button   Castle Inn, Kendal
button   Castle Meadows, Kendal
button   Castle Mills, Kendal
button   Castlegreen Farm, Kendal
button   Change Bridge, Lancaster Canal
button   Cock Beck
button   Collin Field, Kendal
button   Commercial, Kendal
button   Common Garden, Kendal
button   Common Garden, Kendal (2)
button   Cross Bank, Kendal
button   Crossbank, Kendal
button   Crown, Kendal
button   Dillicar Township
button   Docker Township
button   Dockray Footbridge, Kendal
button   Dockray Hall Mill, Kendal
button   Dockray Hall, Kendal
button   Dr Manning's Yard, Kendal
button   drain, Kendal
button   drinking fountain, Kendal (2)
button   drinking fountain, Kendal (3)
button   Duke of Cumberland, Kendal
button   Dun Horse, Kendal
button   Far Cross Bank, Kendal
button   Fawcett Forest Township
button   fingerpost, Kendal
button   flood notice, Kendal
button   Fowl Ing, Kendal
button   Gas House Bridge, Lancaster Canal
button   George and Dragon, Kendal
button   Gilling Grove Foundry, Kendal
button   Gilling Grove, Kendal
button   Globe Inn, Kendal
button   Goose Holme, Kendal
button   Gooseholme Bridge, Kendal
button   Grayrigg Township
button   Hallgarth, Kendal
button   Hay and Hutton-i'-th'-Hay Township
button   Helsington Chapelry
button   High School House, Kendal
button   High Tenter Fell, Kendal
button   Highgate Hotel, Kendal
button   Holy Trinity, Kendal
button   Hugill Township
button   hydrant plate, Kendal
button   hydrant plate, Kendal (2)
button   hydrant plate, Kendal (3)
button   hydrant plate, Kendal (4)
button   hydrant plate, Kendal (5)
button   hydrant plate, Kendal (6)
button   inn, Kendal
button   Iron Bridge, Kendal
button   Jenning's Yard Bridge, Kendal
button   Kendal Auction Mart, Kendal
button   Kendal Bowman, Kendal
button   Kendal Castle Bridge, Lancaster Canal
button   Kendal Castle, Kendal
button   Kendal Fell Quarry, Kendal
button   Kendal Fire Station, Kendal
button   Kendal goods branch, Kendal
button   Kendal Green, Kendal
button   Kendal Library, Kendal
button   Kendal Museum, Kendal
button   Kendal Parish Hall, Kendal
button   Kendal Police Station, Kendal
button   Kendal Station, Kendal
button   Kendal: A F Kelly
button   Kendal: Able Memorials
button   Kendal: Allhallows Lane
button   Kendal: Appleby Road
button   Kendal: Atkinson, Thomas
button   Kendal: Beast Banks
button   Kendal: Bliss
button   Kendal: Bowling Fell
button   Kendal: Branthwaite Brow
button   Kendal: Breaks garage
button   Kendal: Brigsteer Road
button   Kendal: Brucie's
button   Kendal: Burneside Road
button   Kendal: Burton Road
button   Kendal: Cannon's Coalyard
button   Kendal: Captain French Lane
button   Kendal: Carlsons
button   Kendal: Castle Street
button   Kendal: Chapel Lane
button   Kendal: Chapel Lane (2)
button   Kendal: Collin Croft
button   Kendal: Collinfield Lane
button   Kendal: Crock Lane
button   Kendal: Dobson's
button   Kendal: Doctors Gate
button   Kendal: Entry Lane
button   Kendal: Finkle Street
button   Kendal: Fish Market
button   Kendal: Gawith, Hoggarth and Co
button   Kendal: Gillinggate
button   Kendal: Greenside
button   Kendal: Halls Pet Store
button   Kendal: Henry Robert's
button   Kendal: Highgate
button   Kendal: Highgate, 41
button   Kendal: Highgate, 148
button   Kendal: Indigo
button   Kendal: Kendal Fisheries
button   Kendal: Kendal Goldsmiths
button   Kendal: Kent Street
button   Kendal: Kirkland
button   Kendal: Kirkland, 34
button   Kendal: Longpool
button   Kendal: Lound Road
button   Kendal: Low Fellside
button   Kendal: Lowther Street
button   Kendal: Lowther Street, 15 to 17
button   Kendal: Lowther Street, 19
button   Kendal: Market Place
button   Kendal: Martindale
button   Kendal: Mercers Lane
button   Kendal: Miller Close
button   Kendal: Milnthorpe Road
button   Kendal: Natland Road
button   Kendal: New Shambles
button   Kendal: Old Shambles
button   Kendal: Oxenholme Road
button   Kendal: Parkin and Jackson
button   Kendal: Peppercorn Lane
button   Kendal: Quiggin's
button   Kendal: Romney's
button   Kendal: Sedbergh Road
button   Kendal: Sepulchre Lane
button   Kendal: Shap Road
button   Kendal: Stramongate
button   Kendal: Stricklandgate
button   Kendal: Syke
button   Kendal: Tailor's Workshop
button   Kendal: Thorny Hills
button   Kendal: Thorny Hills, 3
button   Kendal: Thorny Hills, 4
button   Kendal: Thorny Hills, 5
button   Kendal: Thorny Hills, 6
button   Kendal: Thorny Hills, 7
button   Kendal: Thorny Hills, 8
button   Kendal: Thorny Hills, 9
button   Kendal: Thorny Hills, 10 and 11
button   Kendal: Titus Wilson
button   Kendal: Todds the Saddlers
button   Kendal: Underbarrow Road
button   Kendal: Watson and Woollard
button   Kendal: Webster's Marble Works
button   Kendal: Wildman Street
button   Kendal: Wilson's
button   Kendal: Windermere Road
button   Kendal: Wiper's
button   Kendal: Woodbridge and Mounsey
button   Kentmere Chapelry
button   Kentrigg, Kendal
button   Kings Arms, Kendal
button   Kirkbarrow, Kendal
button   Kirkby-in-Kendal Township
button   Kirkland Hall, Kendal
button   Kirkland Township
button   Kirkland, Kendal
button   Lambrigg Township
button   Lane House, Kendal
button   Leaden Hall, Kendal
button   Long Sleddale Township
button   Lound Foundry, Kendal
button   Lound Wharf, Lancaster Canal
button   Low Fellside, Kendal
button   Low Mills, Kendal
button   Low Sparrowmire Farm, Kendal
button   Low Tenter Fell, Kendal
button   market cross, Kendal
button   Market Hall, Kendal
button   Market House, Kendal
button   Masons Arms, Kendal
button   meeting house, Crook
button   meeting house, Gillingate
button   meeting house, Grayrigg
button   meeting house, Kendal
button   meeting house, Mislet
button   meeting house, Preston Patrick
button   memorial, Kendal
button   Middle Sparrowmire, Kendal
button   Miles Thompson, Kendal
button   milestone, Kendal
button   milestone, Kendal (2)
button   milestone, Kendal (3)
button   milestone, Kendal (4)
button   milestone, Kendal (5)
button   milestone, Kendal (6)
button   milestone, Kendal (7)
button   Miller Bridge, Kendal
button   Mint Bridge, Kendal
button   Mintsfeet, Kendal
button   Monument Place, Kendal
button   Mount Pleasant, Kendal
button   Mount Pleasant, Kendal (2)
button   mountain rescue, Kendal
button   Murley Moss, Kendal
button   Museum of Lakeland Life, Kendal
button   Natland Beck Mill, Natland
button   Natland Chapelry
button   Nether Bridge Turn Pike, Kendal
button   Nether Bridge, Kendal
button   Nether Hall, Kendal
button   Nether Staveley Township
button   Nethergraveship Township
button   New Biggin, Kendal
button   New Hutton Chapelry
button   New Hutton Township
button   New Inn, Kendal
button   Oddfellows Arms, Kendal
button   Old Brewery, Kendal
button   Old Hutton Chapelry
button   Old Post Office, Kendal
button   Olde Fleece Inn, Kendal
button   Over Staveley Township
button   Park House, Kendal
button   Patton Township
button   pinfold, Kendal
button   post box, Kendal
button   post box, Kendal (2)
button   Prince of Wales Feathers, Kendal
button   quaker burial ground, Kendal
button   railings, Kendal
button   railway bridge, Kendal
button   railway bridge, Kendal (2)
button   railway bridge, Kendal (4)
button   Riflemans Arms, Kendal
button   ring of bells, Kendal
button   Ring o' Bells, Kendal
button   road, Kendal to Cockermouth
button   road, Kendal to Kirkby Stephen
button   road, Kendal to Ulverston
button   Romney House, Kendal
button   Sandes Hospital, Kendal
button   Sawyers Arms, Kendal
button   Scalthwaiterigg Township
button   school, Kendal
button   school, Kendal (2)
button   school, Kendal (3)
button   school, Kendal (4)
button   Selside Chapelry
button   Shakespeare Theatre, Kendal
button   Shakespeare's Oak, Kendal
button   Skelsmergh Township
button   St George, Kendal
button   St George's School, Kendal
button   St Thomas, Kendal
button   St Thomas's Sunday School, Kendal
button   Stainbank Green, Kendal
button   Staveley Chapelry
button   stop cock, Kendal
button   Stramongate Bridge, Kendal
button   Strickland Ketel Township
button   Strickland Roger Township
button   Stricklandgate Methodist Church, Kendal
button   summer house, Kendal (1)
button   summer house, Kendal (2)
button   summer house, Kendal (3)
button   summer house, Kendal (4)
button   summer house, Kendal (5)
button   summer house, Kendal (6)
button   summer house, Kendal (7)
button   summer house, Kendal (8)
button   summer house, Kendal (9)
button   summer house, Kendal (10)
button   summer house, Kendal (11)
button   summer house, Kendal (12)
button   summer house, Kendal (13)
button   summer house, Kendal (14)
button   sundial, Kendal
button   tenter ground, Kendal
button   toll gate, Kendal
button   Town Hall, Kendal
button   trig point, SD5151492939
button   Underbarrow Chapelry
button   Vicarage, Kendal
button   Victoria Bridge, Kendal
button   Victoria Tavern, Kendal
button   Watchfield, Kendal
button   Wattsfield, Kendal
button   weir, Kendal
button   Wheatsheaf, Kendal
button   Whinfell Township
button   White Hart, Kendal
button   Whitwell and Selside Township
button   Winster Chapelry
button   workhouse, Kendal
button   Working Mens Institute, Kendal
button   Zion United Reform Church, Kendal

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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