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placename:- Longtown
parish Arthuret parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
building/s -- selected place
coordinates:- NY37936868
10Km square:- NY36
place code:- Lngt

1Km square NY3768

photograph

Longtown -- Arthuret -- Cumbria / -- 15.9.2006
photograph

Longtown -- Arthuret -- Cumbria / -- Date stone:- -- 'I. U. O. MECHANICS' HALL 1851.' -- 15.9.2006

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 10 3)

OS County Series (Cmd 10 2)

OS County Series (Cmd 10 6)

OS County Series (Cmd 10 7)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Longtown
building/s
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY36, button to large image
Longtown

placename:- Longtown
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old map:- Cobbett 1832

Maps, Westmoreland and Cumberland, by William Cobbett, 11 Bolt Court, Fleet street, London, 1832.
thumbnail COB5, button to large image
Longtown
dot and circle; town

placename:- Longtown
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1832
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Cd, button to large image
Longtown / 308
blocks, upright lowercase text; town, distance from London

placename:- Longtown
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
thumbnail C38267, button to large image
page 267-268
Longtown - Graham's Arms
market town
thumbnail C38269, button to large image
page 269-270
INNS. ... Longtown, Graham's Arms. ...
thumbnail C38283, button to large image
page 283-284
Longtown - Graham's Arms
post office
thumbnail C38285, button to large image
page 285-286
INNS. Longtown, Graham's Arms. ...
thumbnail C38337, button to large image
page 337-338
To Longtown, p.283
market town, post office

placename:- Longtown
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY47, button to large image
Longtown / Mar. Th.
blocks, on road, town, market

placename:- Longtown
market town
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Bickham 1753-54 (Cmd)

Maps, A Map of Westmorland, 1753, and A Map of Cumberland, 1754, by George Bickham, published 1750s-96.
thumbnail JL05, button to large image
Long Town
view (sort of)

placename:- Long Town
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1753=1754
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP4P187, button   goto source.
Longtown, near where the Eske and Kirksop Rivers meet: It is a small Town, the Market of which is kept on Thursdays; and it is 234 Miles computed, and 315 measured from London.

placename:- Logtown
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Morden 1695 (EW)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MRD3Cm, button   goto source.
thumbnail MRD3Cm, button to large image
Longtown
circle; village or town

placename:- Longtown
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY47, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY47, button to large image
Long Town
Circle, building and tower.

placename:- Long Town
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old strip map (pp.37-38):- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, British High Roads, published in four parts by Tinsley Brothers, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
thumbnail TLY1M3, button to large image
Strip map, road map, part of London to Edinburgh via Boroughbridge and Carlisle, including from before Longtown, Cumberland; and into Scotland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
Map pp.37-38 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes.
printed at top:-
BRITISH HIGH ROADS. / 37 LONDON TO EDINBURGH, VIA BOROUGHBRIDGE & CARLISLE. 38

placename:- Longtown
date:- 1877
period:- 19th century, late

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
thumbnail JS5097, button to large image
Itinerary, Route 43 in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Doncaster to Glasgow, through Alston, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.93-97 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.93:-
ROUTE 43. / DONCASTER via Boroughbridge (43 1/2), Scotch Corner (72 1/2), Barnard Castle (85 1/2), Middleton-in-Teesdale (96 1/2), Alston (118 1/2), Longtown (148 1/2), Gretna (155 1/4), to GLASGOW (240 1/2).

placename:- Longtown
date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
thumbnail JS5098, button to large image
Itinerary, Route 43 reverse in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Glasgow to Doncaster, through Alston, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.98-106 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.98:-
ROUTE 43. Reverse. / GLASGOW via Gretna (85 1/4), Longtown (92), Alston (122), Middleton-in-Teesdale (144), Barnard Castle (155), Scotch Corner (168), Boroughbridge (197) to DONCASTER 240 1/2).
thumbnail JS5099, button to large image

placename:- Longtown
date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP3, button to large image
Longtown
circle; village or hamlet

placename:- Longtown
locality:- Eskdale Ward
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Cmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA14, button to large image
Longtown / 319
circle, upright lowercase text; town; distance from London

placename:- Longtown
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD10, button to large image
Long Town
circle, tower/s, upright lowercase text; town

placename:- Long Town
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

market notes:- see:- Palmer's Index No.93:: Public Record Office

see:- Owen: 1792: New Book of Fairs

see:- : 1889: Market Rights and Tolls: HM Government

see:- Bowen, Emanuel & Kitchin, Thomas: 1760: New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland

Thursday market to be held at the manor, perhaps, granted by Edward I to Joan widow of John Wak and her son John, 16 February 1307; listed in the Calendar of Charter Rolls.
Letter patent for a market at Arcwret, 35 Ed 1, 1306-07, in Palmer's Index No.93 at the Public Record Office.
Market day Thursday given on Bowen and Kitchin's map, 1760.
Market listed by Owen, 1792.
Market listed by HM Government, 1888.

other name:- Arcwret
market town
person:- : Edward I
person:- : Wak, Joan
person:- : Wak, John
date:- 1307; 1792; 1888; 1760

old map:- Burghley 1590 (facsimile)

courtesy of the National Library of Scotland
thumbnail M048NY46, button to large image
Longtowne
circle, tower

placename:- Longtowne

descriptive text:- Gents Mag (1746)

The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1914.
On Thursday [7.11.1745] the eastermost column [of rebels] had gained Stangarth side on the English border, and we suspected their intention was to penetrate thro' the wastes of Beu-castle for Brampton, ... but that night we learn'd that they had turn'd to the right for Longtown, which gave us hopes that they would continue their march for Row-cliff and pass the river Eden there, ...
date:- 1745
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

notes site of tower or early stone house
Perhaps misinterpreting a map symbol for the town?
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6

button   Arran House, Longtown
button   auction room, Longtown
button   bridge, Longtown
button   Bush Hotel, Longtown
button   chapel, Longtown
button   drain, Longtown
button   engine shed, Longtown
button   Globe Tavern, Longtown
button   Graham Arms, Longtown
button   house, Longtown
button   Longtown Bridge, Longtown
button   Longtown Community Hall, Longtown
button   Longtown Fire Station, Longtown
button   Longtown Fold, Longtown
button   Longtown Junction, Kirkandrews
button   Longtown Police Station, Longtown
button   Longtown Post Office, Longtown
button   Longtown Primary School, Longtown
button   Longtown Station, Kirkandrews
button   Longtown: bank
button   Longtown: Famers Mart
button   Longtown: Graham Street
button   Longtown: Graham's
button   Longtown: Jefferson's
button   Longtown: Murrays the Printers
button   milestone, Arthuret (3)
button   milestone, Arthuret (6)
button   pillbox, Longtown
button   pinfold, Longtown
button   placename sign, Longtown
button   St Andrew's Church, Longtown
button   toll gate, Longtown
button   Townend, Longtown

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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