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placename:- Lyulph's Tower
locality:- Gowbarrow Park
parish Matterdale parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
tower; folly; shooting box
coordinates:- NY40412020
10Km square:- NY42

1Km square NY4020

photograph

Lyulph's Tower -- Gowbarrow Park -- Matterdale -- Cumbria / -- 5.12.2005

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 65 16)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Lyulph's Tower
building/s
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

source:- Philip/Wilson 1890s

thumbnail PHW1E033, button to large image
LYULPH'S TOWER.
date:- 1895
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old print:- Bemrose 1881

thumbnail BEM124, button to large image
Print, uncoloured, Lyulph's Tower, Matterdale, Cumberland, published by Bemrose and Sons, 23 Old Bailey, London and Derby, by A B Moss, Carlisle, Cumberland, and by T Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, about 1881.
On p.84 of a Handy Guide to the English Lakes and Shap Spa.
printed at bottom:-
LYULPH'S TOWER

placename:- Lyulph's Tower
date:- 1881
period:- 19th century, late

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 38:-
... At the first bend [ini Ullswater], the boat draws to shore, below Lyulph's Tower, an ivy-covered little castle, built for a shooting-box by the late Duke of Norfolk; but it stands on the site of a real old tower, named, it is said, after the Ulf, or L'Ulf, the first Baron of Greystoke, who gave its name to the lake. Some, however, insist that the real name is Wolf's Tower. ...

other name:- Ulf's Tower
other name:- Wolf's Tower
person:- : Norfolk, Duke of
person:- : Ulf; Greystoke, Baron
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY32, button to large image
Lyulphs Tr.
block, building

placename:- Lyulphs Tower
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
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Lyulph's Tower

placename:- Lyulph's Tower
county:- Westmoreland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 146:-
into the grounds of Gowbarrow Hall; and then the Park, in which is situated Lyulph's Tower, a rude hunting-seat of Henry Howard, Esq., that exhibits one of the finest views on the lake. ...

placename:- Lyulph's Tower
person:- : Howard, Henry
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P009, button   goto source.
Page 9:-
... Lyulph's Tower is a hunting box, built by the late Duke of Norfolk, in his deer park;
person:- : Norfolk, Duke of
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY42, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY42, button to large image

placename:- Lyulphs Tower

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 27:-
...
We now proceed higher up the lake, till we are near Lyulph's Tower; a very handsome edifice, built by the Earl of Surrey, as a retreat from the noise and bustle of state, to the enjoyments of rural ease and peace. It received its name from a tradition, that Liolf, Lyulph, or Ligwulf, the first owner of this Lake, had a tower here, and gave his name to the Lake. But this is denied by some, ...
But to return to the story of Lyulph. I find one of that name mentioned by Speed, Guthrie, and some other old historians: He is said, at the time of the Norman Conquest, to have retreated hither, that he might enjoy more liberty than he could do in the more southern counties. He lived here some time in great retirement, till at length, in 1080, he went upon a visit to Walcher Bishop of Durham. Being a young man, of exemplary sense and prudence, he was much caressed by the Bishop, and thus raised the envy and jealousy of Gilbert, one of the Bishop's chaplains and kinsmen. Gilbert, fearing that Lyuph might supplant him in the Bishop's favour, murdered him, and found means to make his escape: but no sooner was the death of Lyulph known, than the remembrance of his amiable conduct raised such indignation in the minds of the people, that the Bishop grew very apprehensive of the consequences, and loudly disclaimed all knowledge of the affair. This, however, availed little: the minds of the people were filled with such a detestation of all that were any way concerned in the death of their beloved lord, that, contrary to the customs of even those barbarous times, they entered the church, whither the Bishop had fled for sanctuary, and killed him at the very altar.
From Lyulph's Tower are several fine prospects; ...

placename:- Lyulph's Tower
person:- : Surrey, Earl of
person:- : Lyulph; Liolf; Ligwulf
person:- : Walcher, Bishop; Durham, Bishop of
person:- clergyman : Gilbert
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Ullswater)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
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Liulph's Tower

placename:- Liulph's Tower
house
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Ull)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
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Lyulph's Tower / the Author's 2d. Station
The building is drawn by three sides of an octagon shape.

placename:- Lyulph's Tower
house
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Ull)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
thumbnail CT05Vgn2, button to large image
Lyulph's Tower, the Duke of Norfolk's.

placename:- Lyulph's Tower
house
person:- : Norfolk, Duke of
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

old print:- Sylvan 1847

thumbnail SYL162, button to large image
Print, engraving, Lyulph's Tower, Matterdale, Cumberland, published by John Johnstone, Paternoster Row, London, et al, 1847.
On p.234 of Sylvan's Pictorial Guide to the English Lakes.
printed at bottom:-
LYULPH'S TOWER.

placename:- Lyulph's Tower
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
LYULPH'S TOWER / / A592 / MATTERDALE / EDEN / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 74551 / NY4041220196
courtesy of English Heritage
House. c1795. For Duke of Norfolk. Stone rubble with some ashlar dressings and some roughcast. 3 ranges in half-hexagon plan, with range to rear of central range, octagonal angle towers. Central range of 2 storeys and 4 bays. 1st floor sill band and high, coped parapet. Ground floor has round-headed windows to central bays, with paired sashes with glazing bars and intersecting glazing bars above; outer bays have 2-light single-chamfered-mullioned windows. 1st floor has 2 round-headed windows under relieving arch to central bays, paired sashes as below; outer bays have small-paned cross-casements, that to 4th bay a later replacement. 3-stage towers are part roughcast and have string courses and embattled parapets, round-headed window to ground and 1st floors of each tower, that to ground floor of tower to right retains sash, other casements; small sash to 2nd floor of tower to left, that to right has round-headed casement. Range to left of 3 bays; embattled parapet and strings. Part roughcast. Round-headed windows with casements to 1st floor; tower to left has small casement in blocked round-headed window to ground floor and round-headed 1st floor window; all casements. Round-headed entrance in skew arch has blocked fanlight and studded door. Range to right has roughcast addition to 1st bay and roughcast tower; embattled parapet and strings. 2nd and 3rd bays and ground floor of tower to left have round-headed windows, paired sashes with single glazing bars and horns; intersecting tracery above. 1st bay has extension, canted back on ground floor level. Round-headed entrance; intersecting glazing bars to fanlight, sashes, single glazing bars over; embattled parapet. Small-paned cross-casement to tower 1st floor. rear has slate-hung lean-to outshuts flanking 5-bay range with hipped roof, triple sashes to ground floor, paired sashes to 1st floor, one single light, entrance to each end; several stacks. Outshut to right has return with round-headed windows, that to ground floor blocked, that to 1st floor with paired sashes, glazing bars, intersecting bars. Interiors are plain, one tower room has flag floor and fireplace with architrave, frieze and cornice. Other rooms have plain panelling. An early example of the Romantic Gothick castellated style; referred to by Wordsworth, Southey and Scott.

placename:- Lyulph's Tower
district:- Eden
listed building
coordinates:- NY40412019
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

hearsay Built by Charles Howard, Earl of Surrey, later Duke of Norfolk, as a shooting box, 1780. Stands on the site of a medieval tower, of L'Ulf of Greystoke, 1st Baron Ullswater.

button   station, Lyulph's Tower

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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