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placename:- Martindale Common
parish Martindale parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
common; forest
coordinates:- NY4216
10Km square:- NY41

1Km square NY4216

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 12 12)

OS County Series (Wmd 13 9)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Martindale Common
locality
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 34:-
... The forest lands are held on the common forest tenure; the tenants having what grass they can take with the sythe. They likewise covenant not to drive the lord's deer out of it at any time of the year: In Summer, however, the deer seldom come there, they being mostly red deer, which always frequent the tops of the mountains in that season. Whenever the lord goes to hunt the stag, the Bailiff summons all the tenants, before sun-set the preceding night, to attend their strones or stations: these stations are at two places, viz. Bampskin [Rampskin] and Bannerdale, where the deer chiefly lye, and where the tenants stand with their dogs to prevent the deer from escaping into the mountains. This service, which they are to render once a year, is called a Boon Day, and for this every tenant has his dinner and a quart of ale: it is also a custom here, that the person who first seizes the hunted deer shall have his head for his trouble. It is remarkable that the first buck taken here was seized by a woman: she, for the sake of his head, laid hold upon him as he stood at bay upon a dunghill, threw him down, and getting upon his neck, held him fast. The late Mr Hassel frequently called upon the tenants for this service, and held upon these occasions a brilliant company of both sexes: his hunting was not, however, very successful; for I was told by one of the tenants, who had frequently attended his stand, that he never saw a stag either taken by the hounds, or by them driven to Ulswater, as one of our authors in a most pompous manner informs us. I have myself seen deer take the water; but they were, I think, always either such as had been wounded by shot, and afterwards pursued by the Bailiff's hounds, or such as had strayed from Barton or Patterdale, and had lain among the farmer's corn. A red deer swims the quickest and strongest of any animal except a swine: one of the latter I once pursued upon this Lake in a boat, which run remarkably quickly with oars; notwithstanding, the animal was only ten weeks
Page 35:-
old, and had swam two miles before I set forward. Such was its swiftness and perseverance, that, had it not been partly through compassion to the owner, and partly through fear of the ridicule of the spectators, I had certainly given up the chace.
...
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
MARTINDALE FOREST
image Ws02NY41, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02NY41, button to large image

placename:- Martindale Forest
county:- Westmorland

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY41NE, button to large image
MARTINDALE FOREST
area

placename:- Martindale Forest
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY31, button to large image
Martendale Forest
trees or bushes

placename:- Martendale Forest
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746 -- presumably relevant

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP3P3, button   goto source.
Page 1021:-
...
... there are divers Forests in the Barony of Westmoreland, as ... Martindale-Forest, which extends almost the whole Length of Ulleswater; ...

placename:- Martindale Forest
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYK, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYK, button to large image
Markendale For
Tree symbols.

placename:- Markendale Forrest
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY41, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10NY41, button to large image
Martendale Forrest
Trees.

placename:- Martendale Forrest
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

hearsay A herd of 2 or 300 red deer is based here. Their summer grazing is in Yewgrove Gill, The Nab. Other times they spread out as far as Longsleddale, Kentmere, Shap, as well as the surrounding fells.

button   Bannerdale, Martindale
button   Beda Fell, Martindale
button   Beda Head, Martindale
button   Black Crag, Martindale
button   Bungalow, Martindale
button   Fusedale, Martindale
button   Gowk Hill, Martindale
button   Henhow, Martindale
button   Nab, Martindale
button   Ramps Gill, Martindale
button   Red Crag, Martindale
button   Thrang Crag, Martindale
button   Thrangcrag, Martindale

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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