button to main menu   Old Cumbria Gazetteer
placename:- Pennines, The
other name:- Alps Penina
county:- Cumbria
hill
10Km square:- NY55
10Km square:- NY65
10Km square:- NY64
10Km square:- NY74
10Km square:- NY63
10Km square:- NY73
10Km square:- NY72
10Km square:- NY71
10Km square:- NY81
10Km square:- NY80
10Km square:- SD79
10Km square:- SD68
10Km square:- SD78
from Derbyshire to the Cheviots, Scotland.

text:- Mason 1907 (edn 1930)

Page 25:-
... [Eden Valley and Kent Valley] ... The rest of the county is entirely filled with the Fells, or with the bleak Moors on the east, the continuation of the Pennine Chain.
Cross Fell, 2900 feet, the highest point in the range, is in Cumberland. ...
date:- 1907
period:- 1900s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Perhaps representing the near part of the Pennines.
Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY65, button to large image
hill hachuring, range of hills
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P163, button   goto source.
Page 163:-
... To the eastward, the plain of the Eden is bounded by a long range of mountains, called by some the British Apennines, or the Backbone of England. ...

other name:- British Apennines
other name:- Backbone of England
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

descriptive text:- Defoe 1724-26

Travel book, Tour through England and Wales, by Daniel Defoe, published in parts, London, 1724-26.
... the English Appenine, as Mr. Cambden calls them, that is, the mountains of Yorkshire North Riding, lie like a wall of brass on the other; an in deed, in one sense, they are a wall of brass; for it is the opinion of the most skilful and knowing people in the country, that those mountains are full of inexhaustible mines of copper, and so rich, as not only to be called brass, copper being convertible into brass, but also have a quantity of gold in them also: It is true, they do at this time work at some copper mines here, but they find the oar lies so deep, and is so hard to come at, that they do not seem to go cheerfully on.
date:- 1724=1726
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

poem:- Drayton 1612/1622 text

Poem, Polyolbion, by Michael Drayton, published 1612, part 2 with Cumbria published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
page 165:-

placename:- English Alpes
date:- 1612; 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s; 1620s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11NY74, button to large image
hillocks
thumbnail SP11NY73, button to large image
hillocks; Westmorland
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Wmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP14NY73, button to large image
hillocks
thumbnail SP14NY72, button to large image
hillocks
thumbnail SP14NY81, button to large image
hillocks
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Ptolemy 1540

Map, Anglia II Nova Tabula, New Map of England, data in the Geographia by Claudius Ptolemy, engraved by Sebastian Munster, Basle, Switzerland, 1540.
thumbnail PTY4Cm, button to large image
hillocks; mountains
date:- 1540
period:- 16th century, early; 1540s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD10, button to large image
range of hillocks

county:- Cumberland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD12, button to large image
range of hillocks

county:- Westmorland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

hearsay A Professor of English in Copenhagen, Netherlands, 1747, claimed he had found a 14th century chronicle describing Britain in roman times; this proved to be a fraud. One of the details in this chronicle was that the 'Alps Penina' divided the country in two. Although a forgery the name was used by two geologists in the 1820s who anglicized the name as the 'Pennines', and the name stuck.


Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

button to lakes menu  Lakes Guides menu.