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placename:- Kirkstone to Patterdale
other name:- Patterdale to Kirkstone
other name:- A592
parish Lakes parish, once in Westmorland
parish Patterdale parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
road; route
10Km square:- NY40
10Km square:- NY41
10Km square:- NY31
road code:- KrPs=Pttr

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0625, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Kirkstone Pass, Patterdale, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
stamped on reverse:-
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0236, button to large image
Photograph, crashed car, Kirkstone Pass, Patterdale, by Herbert Bell, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1900s?
date:- 1900=1909
period:- 1900s
event:- accident; car crash

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 36:-
... There is something wilder to come, however,- the noted Kirkstone Pass,- the great pass of the district. The descent begins about a quarter of a mile beyond the house. Down
Page 37:-
plunges the road, with rock and torrent on either hand, and the bold sweeps of Coldfield and Scandale Screes shutting in the pass; and the little lake of Brothers' Water lying below, afar off among the green levels; and, closing in the whole in front, the mass of Place Fell,- the other side of which goes sheer down into Ullswater. The stranger must not omit to observe near the head of the pass, the fallen rock, ridged like a roof, whose form (like that of a miniature church) has given its name to its precincts. All the way as he descends to Brothers' Water, the openings on the Scandale side (the left) charm his eye,- with their fissures, precipices, green slopes and levels, and knolls in the midst, crowned with firs. He passes through Hartsop, and then winds on, for three or four miles, among the rich levels of Patterdale, which is guarded by mountains jutting forwards, like promontories. ...
Page 41 (going back up):-
... at the top of the pass, (which he has walked up, in mercy to his horses) ...
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY30, button to large image
thumbnail FD02NY31, button to large image
A to P 25 Ms.
Distance from Ambleside to Penrith.
county:- Westmoreland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P106, button   goto source.
Page 106:-
This is a very steep carriage road, rising 1300 feet above Ambleside, and falling 900 feet on the other side. This hill has taken its name of Kirkstone from a detached mass of rock, standing at a
image OT01P107, button   goto source.
Page 107:-
little distance from the road, and bearing some resemblance to the form of a house. The road passes the small lake of Brothers' Water, and from thence leads through a narrow but pleasant valley to the inn at Patterdale. ...
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 153:-
... Having reached the top of Kirkstone, we again enter Patterdale; here is a curious view (of the bird's-eye kind,) down a Glen or Gulph of great depth, eight or nine miles. The road is down this Glen, very pleasant and good, between amazing high mountains, which strike the traveller with more awe than any he will as yet have seen; their sides are more perpendicular and rugged than any other I have seen of equal height, and under them we are obliged to travel, as both sides are alike. Here are rock upon rock, precipice above precipice, some fixed, others like to tumble down on each side of you; there is no where more than the breadth of the road between them, sometimes not so much, as it now and then takes the side of the mountains, accompanied by a rivulet which runs rapidly down its uneven bed, foaming and bounding from place to place ...
Page 154:-
The road from hence to Ulswater is pleasant and easy, through level meadows, adjoining to hanging woods and lofty mountains, down which are many tumbling waters; the winds drive the sound sometimes full upon the ear, at other times it is scarcely heard, unless re-echoed from the other side of you: you see one part of the mountain in a dark shade, another in the brightest colour the sun's oblique beams can give, and where snowy flocks in full view spot the verdure like pictures upon a wall. We now arrive at Ulswater, from whence we proceed to Penrith, through the tracts we amply described before.
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Ullswater)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
thumbnail CL4NY31Y, button to large image
to Ambleside
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Ull)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
thumbnail CT5NY31Y, button to large image
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P162, button   goto source.
Page 162:-
Above Goldrill-bridge, the vale [Ullswater] bocomes (sic) narrow and poor, the mountains steep, naked, and rocky. Much blue slate, of an excellent kind, is excavated out of their bowels. The ascent from the lake to the top of Kirkston is easy, and there are many water-falls from the mountains on both sides. ...
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY41NW, button to large image
thumbnail J5NY41SW, button to large image
thumbnail J5NY40NW, button to large image
double line; road, with mile numbers
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY31, button to large image
double line, solid and dotted
thumbnail BO18NY30, button to large image
double line, dotted
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYF, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYF, button to large image
Double line.
image SMP2NYK, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYK, button to large image
Double line.
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY41, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10NY41, button to large image
Double line.
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old print:- Bogg 1898

Book, Lakeland and Ribblesdale, OR A Thousand Miles of Wandering along the Roman Wall, the Old Border Region, Lakeland, and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg, publishd by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
thumbnail BGG132, button to large image
Print, engraving, A Mountain Road, Kirkstone, Patterdale, Westmorland, by Gilbert Foster, published by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
Included on p.126 of Lakeland and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg.
period:- 19th century, late

mapping:- Kirkstone Pass, Patterdale

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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