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placename:- Lancaster to Carlisle
other name:- Carlisle to Lancaster
locality:- Lancaster
county:- Lancashire
route
locality:- Carlisle
parish Carlisle city, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
route
road code:- Lncs=Crls

old map:- Kitchin 1767 (plate 40)

Road book with strip road map maps, Kitchin's Post Chaise Companion, by Thomas Kitchin, published by Robert Sayer, 53 Fleet Street, John Bowles, Cornhill, and Carington Bowles, St Paul's Church Yard, London, 1767.
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date:- 1767
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

descriptive text:- Bowen 1720 (plate 90)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
Plate 90, which has the county map of Staffordshire, has the title cartouche for:-
THE ROAD FROM LONDON TO CARLISLE IN CUMBERLAND Com~encing at Darlaston-Bridge in the HOLY-HEAD ROAD see Page 55
and a table of distances, computed and measured miles in miles'furlongs from London, which includes:-
Lancaster 187 / 232'7
Boulton 190 / 237
Burton 195 / 244'4
Kendal 203 / 256'5
Thrumby 216 / 275'5
Penrith 221 / 282'5
Hesket 228 / 292
CARLISLE 235 / 301'2

placename:- road, London to Carlisle
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 94)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
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The Road from London to Carlisle - from just north of Kendal, to Carlisle, Cumberland. Places labelled are:-
... / 260 / Belome Hill / 262, Skelsmore Fell on right / ... / 263, Banesdale Horse / ... 265 / Horse House / a Bridge / ... / 270 / Stone heap on right / 271 / Green holm on left / 272 / Shap / 273 ... 275 / Thrumby / 276 ... 279 / 280, Clifton Chap on left / 281 / over Lowther Flu. / Broom Castle on right / Emon Br over Eden Flu / enter Cumberland / 282 / Penrith note the two vertical ?stones drawn by the church / 283 ... 287 Lasenby and [Saufell] / 288, Englewood Forrest on both sides, 292 / Hesket / 293 / Wa[r] Hesket / 294 ... 298 / Carlton / 299 / Burraby / 300 / CARLISLE, with town walls, castle and cathedral, entering by English Gate. Eden Flu. and Stanwick Chapel
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

descriptive text:- Bowen 1720 (plate 93)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
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The Road from London to Carlisle - from Garstang, Lancashire to past Kendal, Westmorland. Places labelled are:-
... 243 / enter Westmorland / 244 / Burton / 245 / 246 / Holmes Park on east / Holme off to west / 247 / Holton Cragg / Farleton Knot / 248 ... 249 / Preston Chap. / Pesa Bridge / ... 251 / Sallatbrow / 252 / Grove Chap. on right / 253, Sedgwick / 254, Natland / 255 ... 256 / Nether Bridge, Kent Flu., the Castle, Kendal, Dockrey Hall / 257 ...
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Morden 1695 (EW)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MRD3Cm, button   goto source.
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double line; road
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 38)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG38, button   goto source.
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The continuation of the Road from LONDON to CARLISLE com~ Cumbr.
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

strip map:- Geographia 1925

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Route 244. - CARLISLE TO PENRITH AND LANCASTER.
date:- 1925
period:- 1920s

gradiant diagram:- Pratt 1905 (edn 1915)

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LIVERPOOL to CARLISLE
date:- 1915
period:- 1910s

old strip map (pl.37):- Senex 1719 (plate 37/Roads)

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Strip map, road map, part of The Road from London to Carlisle in Cumberland, with the itinerary for the route from Darlaston Bridge to Carlisle, by John Senex, The Globe, Salisbury Court, Fleet Street, London, 1719.
Plate 37, numbered 39, in An Actual Survey of all the Principal Roads of England and Wales.
printed at title cartouche, upper centre:-
The ROAD from LONDON to CARLISLE in / CUMBERLAND / Commencing at Darlaston Bridg in the Holy-head Road / ... / Lancaster 233 / Boulton 237 / Burton 244 1/2 / Kendal 256 1/2 / Thrumby 275 3/4 / Penrith 282 1/2 / Hesket 292 / CARLISLE 301 1/4
printed at bottom right:-
39

placename:- London to Carlisle
date:-
period:- 18th century, early

old strip map (pl.38):- Senex 1719 (plate 38/Roads)

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Strip map, road map, part of The Road from London to Carlisle in Cumberland, including from Lancaster, Lancashire; through Burton, Kendal, Shap, Westmorland; then Penrith to Carlisle, Cumberland, by John Senex, The Globe, Salisbury Court, Fleet Street, London, 1719.
Plate 38 in An Actual Survey of all the Principal Roads of England and Wales.
printed at bottom right:-
38
date:-
period:- 18th century, early

old strip map (pl.38):- Jeffery 1775 (pl.38/Roads)

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Strip map, road map, part of From London to Carlisle, with the itinerary of the whole route, by Thomas Jefferys, published by R Sayer and J Bennett, 53 Fleet Street, London, 1775.
Plate 38 in Jefferys's Itinerary or Travellers Companion.
printed at plain cartouche, upper centre:-
From LONDON to CARLISLE, / commencing at Darlaston Bridge, see plate 23. / Darlaston Br. 141 / Newcastle 149 / Brewerston 163 / Grulam 172 / Warrington 182 / Wigan 195 / Preston 212 / Garstang 223 / Lancaster 233 / Burton 245 / Kendal 257 / Shap 273 / Penrith 283 / Hesketh 292 / Carlisle 301
printed at top:-
38 / Publish'd as the Acts directs by R. Sayer & I. Bennett 16 Janry. 1775. / 38

placename:- Lancaster to Carlisle
date:- 1775
period:- 18th century, late

old strip map (pl.39):- Jeffery 1775 (pl.39/Roads)

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Strip map, road map, part of From London to Carlisle, from Garstang through Lancaster, Lancashire; then Burton-in-Kendal, Kendal, Shap, Westmorland; Penrith to Carlisle; and an itinerary from Lancaster to Whitehaven, by Thomas Jefferys, published by R Sayer and J Bennett, 53 Fleet Street, London, 1775.
Plate 39 in Jefferys's Itinerary or Travellers Companion.
printed at top left and right:-
39 / 39
printed at bottom right of centre:-
Publish'd as the Acts directs by R. Sayer & I. Bennett 16 Janry. 1775.

placename:- Lancaster to Carlisle
date:- 1775
period:- 18th century, late

old strip map:- Smith 1826 (Roads/Cum)

Road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, Cumberland, etc, scales roughly 8 miles to 1 inch, by Charles Smith and Son, 172 Strand, London, engraved by Gardner, published 1826.
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Strip map, pp.76-78, including To Manchester continued to Lancaster, Kendal and Penrith, published by Charles Smith and Son, 172 Strand, London, 1st edn 1826.
from Lancaster, Lancashire; through Burton-in-Kendal, Kendal, Shap, Westmorland; to Penrith, Cumberland; and other routes.
Included in Smith's Pocket New Companion to the Roads of England and Wales.
printed at p.74:-
TO MANCHESTER / continued to Lancaster / Kendal and Penrith
date:- 1826
period:- 19th century, early

old strip map:- Smith 1826 (Roads/Cum)

Road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, Cumberland, etc, scales roughly 8 miles to 1 inch, by Charles Smith and Son, 172 Strand, London, engraved by Gardner, published 1826.
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Strip map, pp.100-102, including To Edinburgh by Carlisle and Longtown, published by Charles Smith and Son, 172 Strand, London, 1st edn 1826.
From Rey Cross; through Brough and Appleby, Westmorland; then Penrith, Carlisle, Longtown, Cumberland; into Scotland; and other routes.
Included in Smith's Pocket New Companion to the Roads of England and Wales.
printed at p.90:-
TO EDINBURGH / by Carlisle and / LONGTOWN
date:- 1826
period:- 19th century, early

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
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Itinerary, Route 37 in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Preston to Glasgow, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.1-10 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.1:-
ROUTE 37. / PRESTON via Lancaster (21 1/2), Kendal (42 1/2), Shap (58 1/2), Penrith (69), Carlisle (87), Lockerbie (111 1/2), Beattock (125 3/4), Abington (144 1/2), Hamilton (170 1/2) to GLASGOW (182). / (The Land's End to John o' Groats Route.)
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date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
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Itinerary, Route 37 reverse in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Glasgow to Preston, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.11-21 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.11:-
ROUTE 37. Reverse / GLASGOW via Hamilton (11 1/2), Abington (37 1/2), Beattock (56 1/4), Lockerbie (70 1/2), Carlisle (95), Penrith (113), Shap (123 1/2), Kendal (139 1/2), Lancaster (160 1/2) to PRESTON (182).
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date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Route through Calthwaite
Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
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Itinerary, Route 37a in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Penrith to Carlisle alternative route, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.22-23 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.22:-
ROUTE 37A. / PENRITH to CARLISLE. / An Alternative Route by By-roads.
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date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Route through Calthwaite
Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
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Itinerary, Route 37a reverse in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Penrith to Carlisle alternative route, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
p.24 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.24:-
ROUTE 37A. Reverse / CARLISLE to PENRITH (by By-road).
date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old map:- Millward and Dickinson 1737

Road to Carlisle
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placename:- Road to Carlisle
date:- 1737
period:- 18th century, early; 1730s

source:- Ogilby 1699 (edn 1712)

image OGY7p072, button   goto source.
page 72
Distances from London
LONDON to CARLILE in Cumberland. PART II.
   Commencing at Garstang in Lancashire, and Extending to CARLISLE.
   Containing 78 Miles 3 Furlongs.
   In which the following Turnings are to be avoided.
At 233'4 a little beyond Lancaster, the Left. 267'2 the Right to Applebey. 274'0 the Right to Strickland. 283'6 the Right to Salkeld, and 4 F. farther, the Right to Moss. 298'6 the Left at the End of Carlton.
... ent'ring Lancaster at 231'4 on the S-side of Lunu flv. a Place of good Antiquity, suppos'd to be the Longovicunt in the Notitia's, containing several handsom Streets, with a large Ch. which together with the Castle, where are kept the general Assizes and County-Gaol, stand on the N.W. of the T. 'Tis a Corp. govern'd by a Mayor, 2 Bayliffs, 6 Mayor-Peers or Brethren, 24 Burgesses, &c. Statutes-Merchants are here acknowledged, and Parl-Men elected; This T. has a great Mt. on Saturd. for Corn, Cattel, Fish, (especially Salmon) and other Provisions; and has given Title of Earl and Duke to several Princes of the Royal Blood for some Centuries of Years.
Thence pass the River over a Fair Stone-Br. at 235'7 to Slyne-V. and 7F. farther, to Burton of near 3F. a good Thorough-fare. At 239'3 come to Cranford-V. Whence over Dare-Br. and by Lighton-Hall on the Right, at 243'5 enter Westmoreland, and 6F. beyond Burton of 2F. on the South of Farleton-Knot; an indifferent Thorough-fare with a Market on Tuesdays.
This is reckon'd the Mid-way between Lancaster and Kendal, the rest very Mountainous. Then passing between Holm-Ch. and P. and 1M. beyond Farendon, upon Holton-Crag about 2F. to the Right; a direct R. crossing 2 or 3 Brooks leads over Sallat-Brow and by Grove-Chappel on the Right, at 263M. to Sidwich alias Sigiswick-V. At 244 M. com to Norcliff-V. of 2F. and to Kendal at 256'1 extending 1M. on the Road.
Kendal, a fair, large T. pleasantly seated on Can or Kent flv. is of no great Antiquity, but noted for its Manufactures of Cotton, Druggets, Hats, Stockings, &c. It has a large Ch. with 12 Chaps. of Ease, and on the E. of the Riv. formerly stood a Castle, of which the ruinous Walls now only remain: 'Tis govern'd by a Mayor, 12 Mayor-Peers or Aldermen, 12 Common-Council-Men, a Recorder, &c. Near the Ch. is a Free-School well-endowed, with Exhibitions to Queen's-College in Oxford: Here, is kept a great Mt. on Saturd. with 2 Fairs, viz. on April 25. Octob. 28. and between those Terms, a great Beast-Mt. every Fortnight.
Repassing the Riv. hence to Penrith a very Mountainous R. leads over Betome-Hill a Skirt of Skeesmore-Fell, Benesdale-Horse, and several other nameless Eminen[ces], with much open way. Then by the Horse-House on the Left, at 265'2 and some
Stone-
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page 73
Stone-heaps on the Right, at 270'3, come at 272'1 to Shop-V. most on the Right-hand whence open way again at 275'4 to Thurnby alias Thurmby, a Thorough-fare of 3F.
Hence more open way be Clifton-Chap. on the Left, extends at 281'1 at Lowder flv. Whence leaving Brougham vulgo Broom Castle on the Right, at 281'5 over Emon-Br. cross Eden flv. to Cumberland, and 5F. farther, to Penrith vulgo Perith of 6F. signifying in British the Red-head, a large and well built T. esteem'd the 2d. of the County, with a fair Church, and in the Church-Yard an old Pyramidal Monument: It has a good Mt. for Corn, &c. on Tuesdays, and a greater for Cattel, every Tuesday fortnight, from Whitsunday to Agust 1st.
Hence an indifferent level Road generally open to Carlile; first part passing over a Place call'd 13 Towns-Rents, and at 187M. Salkelds vulgo Saucold-yate V. on the Left, Salkelds it self lying about 1M. on the Right upon Eden flv. and noted for a great Monument of Victory erected near it, consisting of 77 huge Stones, each one about 10 Foot high, and one 15, call'd by the vulgar Long Meg and her Daughters. Whence a straight way thro' Englewood-Forest part of Hesket-V. and 1M. farther, War-Heskes-V. leaving Kirk-Oswald, a late Mt. T. about 1M. on the Right, but on the farther side the River.
At 298'3 appears Carlton-V. of 3F. and at 299'6 Boteherby vulgo Burraby of 2F. at the End of which crossing Petterel flv. at 300'7 at the English-gate enter the City of CARLILE.
A place of great Antiquity, Eminent under the Romans, and call'd in the Itinerary Tables Luguvallum; interperted the Tower by the Vallum, i.e. the Picts Wall; near which it stands; whence contractedly Caer-luel and Carleil or Carlile: 'Twas encompass'd with a Wall, about A.C.680 by Egfred K. of the Northumbers, and Fortify'd with a Castle by K. W. Rufus: Made an Episc. See by Hen. I Anno 1133. and dignify'd with the Title of an Earldom, belonging to the Noble Family of the Howards. 'Tis seated on the S. of Eden flv. and between the Petterel and the Caud on the E. and W. and lies Triangular, the Castle standing in the N.W. corner, the Cathedral is a fine Structure, and the Houses well-built: 'Tis govern'd by a Mayor, 12 Alderm. 2 Bailiffs, &c. sends Burgesses to Parl; Trades chiefly in Fustians, and keeps a considerable Mt. on Saturdays having 3 Gates, viz. the Caldo or Irish-Gate, Bother or English-Gate, and Rickard or Scotch-Gate.
   Backward Turnings to be avoided.
I. 10F. short of Saucold-yate, the Right to Hutton-Hall. II. In Saucold-yate, the Right to Huton-Hall. III. 10F. beyond Saucold-yate, the Right to Hutton-Hall. IV. 2F. beyond Penrith, the Left to Appleby. V. A little beyond Shop, the Left to Appleby. VI. In Kendal, the forward way on the Right. VII. At the entring Sidwick, the Right acute. VIII. Opposite to Holmes-P. the Right to Holme. IX. 6F. short of Care-Br. the Right to Walton. ...
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pages 208 and 209
The Road from LONDON to CARLISLE in Cumberland. (p.70.)
date:- 1699
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1699 map (edn 1712)

London and Carlisle Road
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placename:- London and Carlisle Road
date:- 1712
period:- 18th century, early; 1710s

route parts
mapping:- road, Lancaster to Kendal
road, Kendal to Shap
road, Shap to Penrith
road, Penrith to Carlisle

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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