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placename:- Patterdale to Penrith
other name:- Penrith to Patterdale
other name:- A592
parish Patterdale parish, once in Westmorland
parish Matterdale parish, once in Cumberland
parish Dacre parish, once in Cumberland
parish Barton parish, once in Westmorland
parish Sockbridge and Tirril parish, once in Westmorland
parish Yanwath and Eamont Bridge parish, once in Westmorland
parish Penrith town, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
road; route
10Km square:- NY31
10Km square:- NY42
10Km square:- NY52
road code:- Pttr=Pnrt

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0772, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, on the road at Stybarrow Crag by Ullswater, Patterdale, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0718, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, Stybarrow Crag, Patterdale, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY31, button to large image
thumbnail FD02NY42, button to large image
county:- Westmoreland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P009, button   goto source.
Page 9:-
The only carriage road lies on the north-west side of the water [Ullswater], sometimes on a level with its surface and commanding an unobstructed view; at other times deeply shaded in ancient woods, permitting only occasional glimpses of the lake; ...
...
image OT01P112, button   goto source.
Page 112:-
Ullswater may be visited from Penrith, going either by Eamont Bridge and Tirrel, or by Dalemain, to the Inn at Pooley Bridge; with carriages the former road is generally preferred.
... the carriage may be driven along the side of the lake, by Watermillock, and through Gowbarrow Parks, by Lyulph's Tower to the inn at Patterdale, 15 miles.
image OT01P136, button   goto source.
Page 136:-
KESWICK TO ULLSWATER.
image OT01P137, button   goto source.
Page 137:-
... after entering Gowbarrow Park, the prospect of Ullswater is presented in one of its richest points of view. Airey Force and Lyulph's Tower lie a little to the left, and it is then five miles of delightful road to the inn at Patterdale. Some who travel in carriages, go from Keswick to Pooley Bridge, and thence to Penrith or Ambleside; but the want of post-horses at Pooley Bridge is sometimes felt as an inconvenience.
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 22:-
...
WE will next proceed towards Ulswater, being the first Lake on the Cumberland side of Emont, distant from Penrith 5 1-half miles. The road is extremely pleasant, winding along the banks of the Emont, through a pleasing scene of culture, and exhibiting at almost every step a new and striking landscape. A little beyond the second mile-post there is, on the left-hand of the road, an ancient cairn, said to have been raised over a Roman General who was interred here, ...
...
Page 39:-
...
It makes an agreeable variety to return to Penrith down the Westmorland side of the river, and more so, as the distance is nearly equal. One small inconvenience there is indeed, I mean the number of cross roads; but by the help of my plan, No.3 there is no danger of losing the road. ...
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Ullswater)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
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thumbnail CL4NY42L, button to large image
thumbnail CL4NY42F, button to large image
thumbnail CL4NY42A, button to large image
thumbnail CL4NY32V, button to large image
thumbnail CL4NY31Z, button to large image
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Road to Penrith
road
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Gilpin 1786

Gilpin 1786

Guide book, Observations, Relative Chiefly to Picturesque Beauty, Made in the Year 1772, on Several Parts of England, Particularly the Mountains, and Lakes of Cumberland Westmoreland, by Rev William Gilpin, 1772-74; published 1786-1808.
vol.2 p.56
...
Having spent some time in examining this very inchanting scene, we skirted the lake towards Patterdale, on a tolerable road, which runs from one end of it to the other: on the south it is continued to Ambleside; on the north to Penrith. I call it a tolerable road; but I mean only for horses. It has not the
vol.2 p.57
quartering and commodious width of a carriage road.
As we left Gobray-park, we took our rout along the margin of the first of those woody promontories on the right. We were carried by the side of the lake, through close lanes, and thick groves: yet not so thick, but that we had every where, through the openings of the trees, and windings of the road, views in front, and on the right, into woody recesses; some of which were very pleasing: and on the left, the lake, and all it's distant furniture, broke frequently upon us.
...
Guide book, Observations, Relative Chiefly to Picturesque Beauty, Made in the Year 1772, on Several Parts of England, Particularly the Mountains, and Lakes of Cumberland Westmoreland, by Rev William Gilpin, 1772-74; published 1786-1808.
vol.2 p.83
...
I cannot leave the scenes of Ulleswater, without taking notice of an uncommon fish, which frequents it's waters; and which is equally the object of the naturalist, and of the epicure. It is of the trout-species; beatifully clad in scales of silver; firm, and finely
date:- 1786
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Ull)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
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Road from Penrith to Ambleside, 24 Miles viz. the lower end of the Lake is 5 Miles from Penrith in the N.E. & the upper end 11 Miles from Ambleside which bears South from it.
thumbnail CT5NY42K, button to large image
thumbnail CT5NY42F, button to large image
thumbnail CT5NY42A, button to large image
road
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P162, button   goto source.
Page 162:-
The higher end of the lake [Ullswater] is fourteen miles from Penrith, and ten from Ambleside, of good turnpike road, save only at Styboar-crag, where it is cut into the rock that awfully overhangs it, and is too narrow.
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY31NE, button to large image
thumbnail J5NY42SW, button to large image
F. A. to P. 23'4
'From Ambleside to Penrith 23 miles 4 furlongs'
thumbnail J5NY42SE, button to large image
thumbnail J5NY42NE, button to large image
thumbnail J5NY52NW, button to large image
double line; road; main road, with mile numbers
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYL, button   goto source.
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Double line.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY41, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10NY41, button to large image
Double line.
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old print:- Gilpin 1786 (?edn)

Guide book, Observations, Relative Chiefly to Picturesque Beauty, Made in the Year 1772, on Several Parts of England, Particularly the Mountains, and Lakes of Cumberland Westmoreland, by Rev William Gilpin, 1772-74; published 1786-1808.
thumbnail PR0457, button to large image
Print, oval sepia tinted aquatint, Ulleswater or Ullswater, Westmorland and Cumberland, by William Gilpin, 1772-74, published by T Cadell and W Davies, Strand, London, 1786.
Included in vol.2 opposite p.53 in Observations, Relative Chiefly to Picturesque Beauty, made in the year 1772.
The list of plates in the preface of the book has:-
XVIII. This print illustrates that kind of scenery, which is presented by Ulleswater. It is, by no means, a portrait: but it gives some idea of the view towards Patterdale, in which the rocky promontory on the left, and the two woody promontories on the right, are conspicuous features. Page 55.
The text pp.54-57 has:-
...
Having spent some time in examining this very inchanting scene, we skirted the lake towards Patterdale, on a tolerable road, which runs from one end of it to the other: on the south it is continued to Ambleside; on the north to Penrith. I call it a tolerable road; but I mean only for horses. It has not the quartering an commodious width of a carriage road.
As we left Gobray-park, we took our rout along the margin of the first of those woody promontories on the right. We were carried by the side of the lake, through close lanes, and thick groves: yet not so thick, but that we had every where, through the openings of the trees, and windings of the road, views in front, and on the right, into woody recesses; some of which were very pleasing: and on the left, the lake, and all it's distant furniture, broke frequently upon us. ...
date:- 1772=1774
period:- 18th century, late

old road map:- Rumney 1899

Guide book, The Cyclist's Guide to the English Lake District, by A W Rumney, published by George Philip and Son, 32 Fleet Street, London, and Liverpool, 1899.
thumbnail RUM116, button to large image
Road map, strip map, gradient diagram, and itinerary for Route XIII, The Ullswater Round from Keswick, Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, by A W Rumney, published by George Philip and Son, 32 Fleet Street, London, and Liverpool, 1899.
On p.48 of the Cyclist's Guide to the English Lake District, by A W Rumney.
printed at top:-
Route XIII.
date:- 1899
period:- 19th century, late

places
mapping:- Patterdale
Pooley Bridge, Barton
Dalemain, Dacre
Penrith

places
mapping:- -- junction -- NY399209 -- NY3920
Patterdale
Pooley Bridge, Barton
Tirril, Sockbridge and Tirril
Eamont Bridge bridge, Yanwath etc
Penrith

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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