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placename:- Penrith to Carlisle
other name:- Carlisle to Penrith
other name:- A6
parish Penrith town, once in Cumberland
parish Hesket parish, once in Cumberland
parish Lazonby parish, once in Cumberland
parish St Cuthbert Without parish, once in Cumberland
parish Carlisle city, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
route; road
10Km square:- NY53
10Km square:- NY43
10Km square:- NY44
10Km square:- NY45
road code:- Pnrt=Crls
suffix:- PtoC

old map:- Burrow 1920s

Road strip maps with parts in Westmorland, Cumberland etc, now Cumbria, irregular scale about 1.5 miles to 1 inch, by E J Burrow and Co, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, 1920s.
thumbnail EJB3PtoC, button to large image
date:- 1920=1929
period:- 1920s

source:- Burrow 1920s

Road strip maps with parts in Westmorland, Cumberland etc, now Cumbria, irregular scale about 1.5 miles to 1 inch, by E J Burrow and Co, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, 1920s.
... A good road leads from Penrith to Carlisle, descending by way of Plumpton Head and High Hesketh into the valley of the Eden. ...

date:- 1920=1929
period:- 1920s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY45, button to large image
double line, bold light, major road
thumbnail GAR2NY44, button to large image
thumbnail GAR2NY43, button to large image
thumbnail GAR2NY53, button to large image
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY43, button to large image
thumbnail FD02NY44, button to large image
P to C 18 Ms.
thumbnail FD02NY45, button to large image
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 174:-
...
XVIII. PENRITH TO CARLISLE.- 18 M.
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Baker 1802

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
Page 27:-
The road from Penrith to Carlisle continues for some way on the breast of the hill I just noticed [Beacon Hill]. The river Petterill also bends its course near it, and from hence is a pleasant prospect over the open lands that are contiguous; where countless slips of gaily coloured tillage extend in various directions like the expanded folds of a fan, unto its termination amidst thick woodlands and enclosed pasturage.
After a few miles travel, these highlands cease to prevail, and a wide champaign country opens in great breadth towards the north, in the centre of which the antient city of Carlisle seems lifting its sacred gothic grandeur to the distant view of the traveller. ...
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Cd, button to large image
double line, feathered edges; post road?
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Wd, button to large image
from Carlisle - the Grt. North Road
double line, light dark solid; road
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
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page 267-268
LONDON, through Manchester and Carlisle, to Port Patrick
part of
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page 271-272
[PORT PATRICK to Northampton.]
in the reverse route
thumbnail C38283, button to large image
page 283-284
LONDON to Glasgow
part of
thumbnail C38285, button to large image
page 285-286
GLASGOW to G.P.O. London.
part of reverse route
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page 319-320
Beyond Penrith, on r. a T.R. to Carlisle.
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road map:- Cary 1790 (Cmd/edn 1789)

Map, Westmoreland, now Cumbria, scale about 11.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Cary, 181 Strand, London, 1790; published 1790-1828.
thumbnail CY47, button to large image
double line, with road distances from Penrith
date:- 1790
period:- 18th century, late; 1790s

road map:- Cary 1790 (Wmd/edn 1792)

Map, Westmoreland, now Cumbria, scale about 11.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Cary, 181 Strand, London, 1790; published 1790-1828.
thumbnail CY16, button to large image
from Carlisle / the Grt. North Road
double line
date:- 1790
period:- 18th century, late; 1790s

old map:- Kitchin 1767 (plate 40)

Road book with strip road map maps, Kitchin's Post Chaise Companion, by Thomas Kitchin, published by Robert Sayer, 53 Fleet Street, John Bowles, Cornhill, and Carington Bowles, St Paul's Church Yard, London, 1767.
thumbnail K040PtoC, button to large image
date:- 1767
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY45, button to large image
double line, solid
thumbnail BO18NY44, button to large image
Penrith to Carlile 18 4
double line, dotted, road distance
thumbnail BO18NY43, button to large image
double line, dotted
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYL, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYL, button to large image
The Military Way to Carlisle
Double line.

placename:- Military Way, The
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 94)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
thumbnail B094PtoC, button to large image
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

descriptive text:- Fiennes 1698

Travel book, manuscript record of Journeys through England including parts of the Lake District, by Celia Fiennes, 1698.
The wayes from thence [penrith, OR Long Meg] to Carlisle over much heath where they have many stone quarrys and cut much peate and turff, which is their chief fuel; its reckon'd but 16 mile from Peroth to Carlisle but they are pretty long, besides my going out of the way above 3 or 4 mile, which made it 20; they were very long and I was a great while rideing it; you pass by the little hutts and hovels the poor live in like barnes some have them daub'd with mud-wall others drye walls.
date:- 1698
period:- 17th century, late
period:- 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY45, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY45, button to large image
image MD12NY44, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY44, button to large image
image MD12NY54, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY54, button to large image
image MD12NY53, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY53, button to large image
Single line.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd) -- presumably relevant

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY53, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10NY53, button to large image
The millitary way from Carlile
Double line.

other name:- Millitary Way
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 86)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG86m065, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG86m065, button to large image
In mile 68, Cumberland.
Turning left:-
The Road to Penrith Lancaster & LONDON
(See plate 38.)
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG38PtoC, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG38PtoC, button to large image
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, early; 1670s

old map:- Gough 1350s-60s

Route from Shap through Greystok to Karlil.
Reproduction of the Gough Map of Great Britain, reduced size, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1875; and a full size line reproduction, with added transcriptions of placenames, 1935.
thumbnail Ggh1Cm, button to large image
thumbnail Ggh2Cm, button to large image
county:- Cumberland

old itinerary:- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, British High Roads, published in four parts by Tinsley Brothers, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
thumbnail TLY138, button to large image
Itinerary, route 3, London to Edinburgh and Glasgow via Boroughbridge and Carlisle, including from Bowes, Durham; through Brough, Appleby, Westmorland; then Penrith, Carlisle, Longtown, Cumberland; and into Scotland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
pp.36-49 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes; pp.37-39.
printed at p.36:-
... / ROUTE III. - LONDON to EDINBURGH and GLASGOW via / BOROUGHBRIDGE and CARLISLE (See Maps 31 to 42.) / Boroughbridge 206 (as per Route I.), Leeming 221 1/2, Catterick 228, Greta Bridge 242 1/2, Bowes 248 1/2, Brough 261 1/2, Appleby 269 3/4, / Penrith 283 1/2, Carlisle 301 1/2, Longtown 310 1/4, Langholm 321 3/4, / Hawick 349 1/2, Selkirk 356, Middleton 379 1/2, Edinburgh 392 1/2. / ...
thumbnail TLY139, button to large image
date:- 1877
period:- 19th century, late

old strip map (pp.35-36):- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, British High Roads, published in four parts by Tinsley Brothers, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
thumbnail TLY1M2, button to large image
Strip map, road map, part of London to Edinburgh via Boroughbridge and Carlisle, including from Appleby, Westmorland through Penrith to Carlisle, Cumberland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
Map pp.35-36 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes.
printed at top:-
BRITISH HIGH ROADS. / 35 LONDON TO EDINBURGH, VIA BOROUGHBRIDGE & CARLISLE. 36
date:- 1877
period:- 19th century, late

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP3, button to large image
double line; road
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Cmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA14, button to large image
double line, solid; main road; Penrith, Upper Hesket, Low Heskett, Wragmire House, Carleton, Haraby, Carlisle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD10, button to large image
double line

county:- Cumberland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

places
mapping:- Penrith
Plumpton, Hesket
High Hesket, Hesket
Carleton, St Cuthbert Without
Carlisle

route segments
mapping:- Lncs=Crls:m282Lncs=Crls:m287Lncs=Crls:m292Lncs=Crls:m297

milestones
mapping:- milestone, Penrith (5)
milestone, Penrith (2)
milestone, Penrith (3)
milestone, Penrith
milestone, Hesket (6)
milestone, Hesket (5)
milestone, Hesket (4)
milestone, Lazonby
milestone, High Hesket
-- on the old road through the villagemilestone, Hesket (3)
milestone, Hesket (2)
milestone, Hesket
milestone, St Cuthbert Without (2)
milestone, St Cuthbert Without
milestone, Carlisle

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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