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placename:- Aballava
site name:- Hadrian's Wall
locality:- Burgh by Sands
parish Burgh by Sands parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
roman fort
coordinates:- NY327591
10Km square:- NY35

1Km square NY3259

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 15 12)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
CABROSENTUM (Site of)
at Burgh Head

placename:- Cabrosentum
antiquity
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 228, quoting Mr Horsley:-
...
"The name of BRUGH leads one to think of a station there. And when I was upon the spot I saw and heard such evidences as leave no room for doubt. The station has been a little to the east of the church, near what they called the old castle, where there are the manifest remains of its ramparts. On the west side these remains are most distinct, being about six chains in length. And Severus's wall seems to have formed the north rampart of the station. I was assured by the person to whom the field belonged, that stones were often plowed up in it, and lime with the stones. Urns have also frequently been found here. I saw, besides an imperfect inscription, two Roman altars lying a door in the town, but neither sculptures nor inscriptions are now visible upon them. I saw also a large stone coffin standing in the church yard, which has been dug up hereabouts not long ago. If, besides all this, we consider the distance from the last station at Stanwicks, I think it can admit of no doubt but there must have been a station here, though most of its ramparts are now leveled, the field having been in tillage many years. I shall only farther add, that it was very proper to have a station at each end of the marsh, which, if the water flowed as high as some believe, would at that time make a kind of bay; and then the station here, and the next at Drumbrugh castle, would be the more necessary."

placename:- Brugh
person:- archaeologist : Horsley, John
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 187:-
...
Burgh on Sands is supposed by Horsley to be Axelodunum. The station has been a little east of the church near what is called the Old Castle, where are manifest remains of its west rampart, six chains long, and Severus' wall seems to have formed the northernmost. Stones with lime are frequently plowed up there, and urns. ...

placename:- Axelodunum
person:- archaeologist : Horsley, John
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

text:- Rivet and Smith 1979

The roman fort at Burgh by Sands, Cumberland.

placename:- Aballava
other name:- Avalana
other name:- Aballaba
parish Burgh by Sands parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
roman fort
coordinates:- NY3259

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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