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place:- Alauna
place:- Concangium
locality:- Watercrook
parish Natland parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
roman fort
coordinates:- SD514907
10Km square:- SD59

1Km square SD5190

photograph

roman fort, Watercrook -- Watercrook -- Natland -- Cumbria / -- Roman altar found at Watercrook.
photograph

roman fort, Watercrook -- Watercrook -- Natland -- Cumbria / -- What the visitor sees on the ground. -- 12.9.2005

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 38 12)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
CONCANGIUM

placename:- Concangium
antiquity
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 152:-
...
CONCANGIOS is to be placed in Natland chapelry, below Kendal, at Watercrook, so called from a remarkable bend in the river; on the east side of which is a square fort, whose ramparts are very discernible, though the ditch has been levelled. It has been a large station, six chains from north to south and eight from east to west, and contains near five acres, the angles rounded. Urns have been found in a bank laid open by the river, also coins and seals, a lamp, and the inscription below: also an hypocaust, miscalled by Mr. Machel an oven.
The town seems to have stood between the fort and river, where they still plough up foundations of freestone and cement. Two or three tumuli are near the station, and the round artificial mount called Castle hill, on the west of Kendal is in sight. Dr. Gale has no ground for placing Brovonacae here because one copy of the Itinerary spells it Broconaco. Here was a numerus vigilum in the Notitia.
In Mr. Guy's yard Dr. Stukeley saw a large altar with festoons and grapes on three sides, and the top of an altar in the stable: at the end of the house a headless statue, on whose head was formerly a crown, now lost; a portable altar seven inches and an half high, defaced by being used as a whetstone; a Faustina large brass, an intaglio of Mercury in a gold ring, another triple headed, and a third. He was told of a large brass urn found with bones in it. Mr. Horsley has engraved a stone vase, most probably a font (No XI.) The latter antiquary gives this inscription built up in the end of a barn here:
which he thus reads,
Mr. Ward reads the end of the 1st and beginning of the 2d line, Bassus praefectus equitum designatus; and the last word in l.3 heredes. Perhaps the last line expressed the fine. Gale read it Sergio Basso decurioni legionis -- & privatus libertu & herm - miles emeritus &c si quis sepulcro, and in the last line only two or three strokes as for the sum.
Before the entrance of the fort is a tumulus:

placename:- Concangios
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Stukeley 1723

Plotted at Alauna, ie Watercrook.
Map of roman roads through Britain, scale about 55 miles to 1 inch, derived from the Antonine Itineraries, plotted by William Stukeley, 1723, published London, 1724.
thumbnail Stu1Cm, button to large image
Alona / Orton

placename:- Orton
other name:- Alona
date:- 1723
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

text:- Rivet and Smith 1979

Probably the roman fort at Watercrook, Westmorland, on the River Kent.

placename:- Alauna
other name:- Alone
other name:- Alione
locality:- Watercrook
county:- Cumbria
roman fort
coordinates:- SD5190

old map:- Horsley 1732

NB: Horsley's ideas are not all accepted today.
Map, Britannia Antiqua, by Johanne Horsley, 1732. (nb this is tentative data)
thumbnail HOR1Cm, button to large image
Concangium / Kendalwater Crook

placename:- Concangium
other name:- Kendalwater Crook
date:- 1732
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old print:-
thumbnail PR0730, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, roman inscription on a monument, published by Hudson and Nicholson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1832.
On p.8 of The Annals of Kendal by Cornelius Nicholson.
Cornelius Nicholson gives a reading:-
'Publius. Aelius. Publii filius Sergia Bassus quaestor designatus legionis vicessimae Valentis victricis vixit annos ... et Publius Rivatus liberti et Hero ... miles legionis sextae victricis faciendum curarunt Siquis in hoc sepulcrum alium mortuum intulerit inferet fisco. dominorum nostrorum ...'
date:- 1832
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0731, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, roman altar, published by Hudson and Nicholson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1832.
On p.9 of The Annals of Kendal by Cornelius Nicholson.
date:- 1832
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0732, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, roman statue, perhaps Silenus or Bacchus, published by Hudson and Nicholson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1832.
On p.10 of The Annals of Kendal by Cornelius Nicholson.
person:- : Silenus
person:- : Bacchus
date:- 1832
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0733, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, roman urn, published by Hudson and Nicholson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1832.
On p.12 of The Annals of Kendal by Cornelius Nicholson.
date:- 1832
period:- 19th century, early

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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