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place:- roman fort, Stone Carr
locality:- Stone Carr
parish Hutton parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
roman fort; earthwork
coordinates:- NY41962832
10Km square:- NY42

1Km square NY4128

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 57 12)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
Stone Carr / CAMP

placename:- Stone Carr
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 50:-
...
... a fort upon this common, near the end of Whitbarrow Fields. It is called by Horsley Redstone Camp, and by Cambden Stone-Carron, which I think is the original name; for the ground from the school-house to this camp is called at this day Stone-Carr. I cannot, however, find in the Notitia such a name as either, or any certain or satisfactory account of it. But be this as it will, certainly there has been an encampment of the Romans at this place, for the military road leads exactly to and from it: within these two years also, several bones, urns, stone-coffins, &c. have been found here by people digging for stones. Some of these I am in possession of, but were generally broke, so that it was impossible to make them out. One I saw which had T.S. and I think there had been other letters.

placename:- Stone Carron
other name:- Redstone Camp
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
Roman Camp
image Ws02NY32, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02NY32, button to large image
roman fort
county:- Cumberland

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P146, button   goto source.
Page 146:-
... Also, on the banks of the Petteral, a few roods from the south corner of the station, a curious altar was lately found. It was three feet four inches in height, and near sixteen inches square. It had been thrown down from the upper ground, and the corners broken off in the fall. The front had been filled with an inscription; the letters short and square, but not one word remains legible. On the right hand side is the patera, with a handle, and underneath the secespita. On the opposite side is the ampula, and from its lip a serpent or viper descends in waves. The back part is rude, as if intended to stand against a wall. The emblems are in excellent preservation [1].
[1] This curious altar, after being some time in the possession of the late Dr. James, of Arthuret, was removed into the valuable collection of antiquities at Netherby.
image WS21P147, button   goto source.
Page 147:-
The castrum is 168 paces from south to north, by 110 within the foss; which was also surrounded with a stone-wall. The stones have been removed to the fence-wall on the road side, and being in Plumpton, is called Plumpton-wall.
The station is a vast heap of ruins, of stone building. The walls are of great thickness, and cemented. The town has surrounded the station, except on the side of the Petteral. But whether the station took its name from the river, as being upon its banks, and was called the Petriana, or whether the station gave name to the river (which is perhaps the least probable) let him who can determine.
The station is twelve miles and three quarters from Carlisle; five and a quarter from Penrith; about seven from Brougham-castle; and about eighteen from Keswick, ...
person:- : James, Dr
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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