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placename:- Rough Hill
parish Bampton parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
coordinates:- NY498192
10Km square:- NY41

1Km square NY4919

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY51NW, button to large image
circle, labelled in italic lowercase text; settlement, farm, house, or hamlet?

placename:- Ruffhill
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

hearth tax returns:- Hearth Tax 1675 -- probably relevant

Records, hearth tax survey returns, Westmorland, 1674/75.
Noble rough rigge

placename:- Noble rough rigge
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

placename:- Whaley 2006

Dictionary of Lake District Place-Names, by Diana Whaley, published by the English Place-Name Society, Nottigham, 2006.
'The rough hollow'
rūh Old English : the adjective describes rugged hill features, especially crags or lower-lying sites that are 'rough' in other senses, perhaps uneven or overgrown. The earliest recorded of about twelve occurrences are ROUGH HILL and ROUGHOLME, both in 13th century documents (though Rougholme may alternatively contain ON rugr 'rye'), One or both of the places named RUTHWAITE may also be a 'rough clearing'.
hol(h) Old English : (a) the element can be a noun going back to Old Norse hol or Old English hol or holh 'hole, hollow', often referring to a rounded depression or small valley (e.g. FROST HOLE, HOLE HOUSE). The noun form hollow is from holwe, dative singular of Old English holh and only occurs in the plural, in three instances of (HIGH) HOLLOWS. (b) the related adjective goes back to Old Norse holr or Old English hol 'hollowed out' (e.g. HOLE GILL). The adjective form hollow which arose in Middle English also occurs in five names. The element (or group of elements) appears in over a dozen names, and is occasionally reduced to -le as in BROCKLE as opposed to BROCK HOLE (Old English brocc-hol 'badger sett'), or confused with hall (e.g. BAWD HALL), hill (e.g. ROUGH HILL), or how(e) (HOWBURN).
later replaced by
hill Modern English : Although the standard English 'hill' word (from Old English hyll), and extremely common on English-language place-names of all periods (Gelling 1984, 169-71), this is only about half as common in the Lakeland names as the originally Scandinavian fell. there are some 80 occurrences (sometimes as the first element, e.g. HILL TOP), mainly around the fringes of the high fells. Many names in hill appear first on the 19th century Ordnance Survey maps, but where the name is shared by a settlement it may appear in the 16th century, e.g. HILL, HIGH HILL. Qualifying first elements are normally quite transparent, e.g. GREEN HILL, SAND HILL, WATCH HILL.
courtesy of Diana Whaley and the English Place-Name Society

other name:- Rukhole -- 1285=1290
other name:- Rughole -- 1316 (about)
other name:- Rowgholl -- 1462
other name:- Roughill -- 1658

button   school, Rough Hill

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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