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placename:- Rydal
parish Lakes parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
building/s
coordinates:- NY364062
10Km square:- NY30

1Km square NY3606

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 26 2)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Rydal
building/s
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL158, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Rydal, Westmorland, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
On page 228 of Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at bottom:-
Rydal.

placename:- Rydal
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0864, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, Rydal, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0666, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Rydal, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
stamped on reverse:-
HERBERT BELL / Photographer / AMBLESIDE
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0665, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, trees and snow, near Fox Ghyll, Rydal, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0278, button to large image
Photograph, b/w, Rydal from Brow Head, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s?
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY30, button to large image
Rydal
cross, a church

placename:- Rydal
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 40:-
...
... The houses at Rydal are prettily covered with ivy and other creepers, and the old-fashioned picturesque chimneys are retained. ...
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY30, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY30, button to large image

placename:- Rydal

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Wd, button to large image
Rydal
blocks, italic lowercase text, village, hamlet, locality

placename:- Rydal
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
thumbnail C38317, button to large image
page 317-318
Rydal

placename:- Rydal
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 125:-
...
Rydale is a small scattered village; the hall, with the manor, belongs to Sir Michael le Fleming, Baronet, member of parliament for the county of Westmorland. ...
...
Rydale is in the parish of Grassmere, which takes in half the town of Ambleside; ...
...
Page 126:-
... It is a manor within the barony of Kendale, but not held under it, and was granted by Margaret de Brus (or Bruce) to Roger de Lancaster, a natural son of William de Lancaster, Baron of Kendale. This Margaret de Brus was grand-daughter to the said William, and I have seen a copy of the original grant: I shall not, however, insert it, as it contains, like many others, not much more than the boundary marks.
Rydale came into the family of the Flemings by the marriage of Sir Thomas le Fleming of Coniston in 1420, with Isabel, second daughter of Sir John de Lancaster of Howgill-Castle in this county. Mr Burn has employed 23 folio pages in tracing this family, most of which he copied from the manuscripts of a Sir Daniel Fleming of Rydale, Dr Fleming, bishop of Carlisle, and several others of the Flemings of Rydale.
The first, says he, "was Michael le Fleming, commonly called also Flandrensis. He came with William the Conqueror, and had lands given him by William de Meschiens," and adds, "that he was of a great family, and of especial favour; for when Stephen of Boulogne, (afterwards King of England,) built Furness Abbey, he granted all the lands in Furness thereto, except those of Michael Fleming; and that Pope Eugenius confirmed the same grant with the same exception."
Of this family there have been several public and valuable characters, who have married into some of the first families in the kingdom; as the Nevil, Brandon Duke of Suffolk, &c. others forfeited their estates, as most of the northern Barons did at one time or other. I shall here transcribe an indenture made between Ralph Lord Greystoke and John Fleming, Esq; of Rydale-Hall: I cannot, however, find any tradition of the particular occasion upon which it was made: It runs as follows:
   THIS indenture, made the 9th day of December in the 7th year of the reign of King Edward the IV. betwixt Rauf Lord Greystoke and Wemm on the ton party, and John Fleming Esquire the todir party, wittness, that the said John is reteined and behest with the said Lord for terme of his life, as well in were as in peace, against all manner of men, except his legeance. The John taking yearly of the said Lord four pounds of lawfull money of England; and in the time of were, such wages as the king giffs to such men of such degree, and he go with the said lord. And the said John to take his said fee be the hands of the receiver of Greystoke, that is, or shall be, that is to say at Whitsuntide and Martynmas. And if the said John go with the said Lord over the sea, or into Scotland, and then it happen the said John Fleming, or any of his servants, to take any prisoners, that then the said Lord to have the third and the third of thirds. And if it happen that the said Lord send for the said John, to come to him and to ryde with him to London, or for any other matter, that then the said Lord to pay for his costs, and to give him bouche court for him and his feliship. In witness hereof, ayther party to the partyes of these indentures enterchangably hath set to their seales, wretyn the day and yere aforesaid.
By the above the reader will form some idea of border or knight-service, and that the Knights and Esquires held their estates of the Barons by that service, and were under the necessity of keeping in pay a certain number of men, ready at all times for war. The wages of Knights and Esquires were not generally paid in money as appears from the above, but in certain portions of land: Coin they had little,

placename:- Rydale
person:- : Fleming Family
person:- : Fleming, Michael le, Sir
person:- : Fleming, Thomas le, Sir
person:- : Brus, Margaret de
person:- : Lancaster, Roger de
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Ambleside to Keswick)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
thumbnail CL9NY30T, button to large image
RYDALE

placename:- Rydale
area
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY30NE, button to large image
Rydal
blocks, labelled in upright lowercase text; settlement; town?

placename:- Rydal
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18SD29, button to large image
Rydal
blocks, on road

placename:- Rydal
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYF, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYF, button to large image
Ridale
Circle.

placename:- Ridale
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 260)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
thumbnail B260m10, button to large image
At mile 14-15.

placename:- Ridal
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY30, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10NY30, button to large image
Ridale
Circle, building and tower.

placename:- Ridale
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 96)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG96m010, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG96m010, button to large image
In mile 14, Westmerland.
Ridale
houses each side of the road.

placename:- Ridale
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

hearth tax returns:- Hearth Tax 1675

Records, hearth tax survey returns, Westmorland, 1674/75.
Rydall
in
Loughrigge and Rydall

placename:- Rydall
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

hearth tax returns:- Hearth Tax 1675

Records, hearth tax survey returns, Westmorland, 1674/75.
Loughrigge and Rydall

placename:- Loughrigge and Rydall
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

hearth tax returns:- Hearth Tax 1670

in Westmerland / The hundred of Kendall Barrony
Records, hearth tax returns, exchequer duplicates, Westmorland, 1670.
Rydall & Loughrigg

placename:- Rydall and Loughrigg
date:- 1670
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old itinerary:- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, British High Roads, published in four parts by Tinsley Brothers, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
thumbnail TLY188, button to large image
Itinerary, route 7, London to Whitehaven via the Lake Districts, including from Settle, Lancashire; through Kirkby Lonsdale, Kendal, Ambleside, Westmorland; then Keswick, Cockermouth to Whitehaven, Cumberland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.

placename:- Rydal
date:- 1877
period:- 19th century, late

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP4, button to large image
Rydal
circle; village or hamlet

placename:- Rydal
locality:- Kendal Ward
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Wmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA18, button to large image
Rydal
circle, italic lowercase text; settlement

placename:- Rydal
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD12, button to large image
Ridale
circle, italic lowercase text; village, hamlet or locality

placename:- Ridale
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

descriptive text:- Farington 1789 (plate 20)

20 engravings, Views of the Lakes in Cumberland and Westmorland, drawn by Joseph Farington, published by William Byrne, London, 1789.
thumbnail BMZ06, button to large image
Print, engraving, The Bridge and part of the Village of Rydal, Lakes, Cumbria, painted by Joseph Farington, engraved by W Byrne and J Landseer, published by W Byrne, 69 Titchfield Street, London, 1785.
Pelter Bridge over the River Rothay, Heron Pike in the background.
Plate 20 from Views of the Lakes, &c, in Cumberland and Westmorland, published 1789; with descriptive text:-
VIEW near the VILLAGE of RYDAL.
THE Scene here represented includes Part of the Neighbourhood of Ambleside, which may contribute to justify the Description we gave of its Environs. Were a person at Leisure to attend to the various picturesque Situations he would meet with, he would allow the Subjects we have selected are not single instances, but are to be considered only as Specimens of the Style of the Country. The Bridge, which is thrown over the River Rothay, is happily situated in this View; and, with the Group of little Cottages near it, forms a beautiful Contrast to Rydal-fell, which rising in Alpine Grandeur, overshadows the Vale.
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late

old print:- Sylvan 1847

thumbnail SYL114, button to large image
Print, engraving, Entrance to Rydal, Westmorland, published by John Johnstone, Paternoster Row, London, et al, 1847.
On p.50 of Sylvan's Pictorial Guide to the English Lakes.
printed at bottom:-
ENTRANCE TO RYDAL.

placename:- Rydal
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Cooke c1827

Guide book, The Tourist's and Traveller's Companion to the Lakes, by Charles Cooke, published by Sherwood, Jones and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1827?
thumbnail COK7E2, button to large image
Print, engraving, Rydal, Westmorland, engraved by J and H S Storer, published by Sherwood, Jones and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1827?
Part of the frontispiece to The Tourist's and Traveller's Companion to the Lakes, by Charles Cooke.
printed at bottom left, centre:-
J. & H. S. Storer sculpt. / Rydal.

placename:- Rydal
date:- 1827
period:- 19th century, early

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Rydal -- Lakes -- Cumbria / -- Jospeh Farington's view near Rydal. -- 17.2.2007

hearsay In the Act against vermin, 1566, Parliament decided that each parish should be responsible for exterminating the fox. The bounty on a fox's head was one shilling; Sir Daniel Fleming, Rydal, would only pay sixpence in the 17th century.

hearsay

button   Black Crag, Rydal
button   boat house, Rydal
button   boundary stone, Grasmere
button   bridge, Rydal
button   bridge, Rydal (2)
button   bridge, Rydal (3)
button   bridge, Rydal (4)
button   Buckstones Jump, Rydal
button   Church Cottage, Rydal
button   corpse road, Ambleside to Grasmere
button   Cote How, Rydal
button   Dalehead Close, Rydal
button   Dora's Field, Rydal
button   drain, Rydal
button   footbridge, Rydal
button   Fox Ghyll, Rydal
button   Fox How Farm, Rydal
button   Fox How, Rydal
button   Foxghyll, Rydal
button   Glen Rothay Hotel, Rydal
button   Glen Rothay Lodge, Rydal
button   Grotto, Rydal
button   Hall Bank, Rydal
button   Hart Crag, Rydal
button   Hart Head, Rydal
button   High Fall, Rydal
button   icehouse, Rydal Hall
button   Loughrigg Cottage, Rydal
button   Loughrigg Holme, Rydal
button   Low Fall, Rydal
button   Manor Cottage, Rydal
button   milestone, Rydal (2)
button   milestone, Rydal (3)
button   Mount, Rydal
button   Nab Cottage, Lakes
button   NY30: earthquake 19110516 0850
button   NY30: earthquake 19991104 0107
button   Pelter Bridge, Rydal
button   post box, Rydal
button   quarry, Rydal
button   Rydal Bridge, Rydal
button   Rydal Cottages, Rydal
button   Rydal Hall Chestnut, Rydal
button   Rydal Hall, Rydal
button   Rydal Lodge, Rydal
button   Rydal Mount, Rydal
button   Rydal Old Hall, Rydal
button   Rydal Park, Rydal
button   Rydal Pass, Rydal
button   Scandale Bridge, Rydal
button   sheepfold, Rydal
button   sheepfold, Rydal (2)
button   sheepfold, Rydal (3)
button   St Mary, Rydal
button   stepping stones, Rydal
button   stone wall, Rydal
button   stone wall, Rydal (2)
button   stone wall, Rydal (3)
button   summer house, Rydal
button   sundial, Rydal
button   Thrang Crag, Rydal
button   Undermount, Rydal
button   well, Rydal

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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