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placename:- Scottish Gate
other name:- Scotch Gate
other name:- Richard Gate
site name:- City Walls
locality:- Carlisle
parish Carlisle city, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
town gate; prison
coordinates:- NY45
10Km square:- NY45
References Fiennes 1698

1Km square NY4050

descriptive text:- Baker 1802

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
Page 27:-
... [Carlisle] hath three entrances by gates, strongly fortified; that to the west is called the English gate, one to the south is called the Irish gate, and another nortward is called the Scotch gate. ...

date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 193:-
...
"The City of Cairluell ... is walled with a right fair strong wall ... In the wall be three gates Bocher or S. Calden or W. and Richard or N. ...
... The city has three gates, the French, English, and Scotch; ...

placename:- Scotch Gate
other name:- North Gate
other name:- Richard Gate
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Smith 1752

Estate plan, Map of the Soccage Lands at Carlisle, scale about 27 ins to 1 mile, by George Smith, 1752.
thumbnail M005P2, button to large image
Scotch gate ye City Prison

placename:- Scotch Gate
prison
date:- 1752
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 161)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
thumbnail B161m00, button to large image
Scotch Gate

placename:- Scotch Gate
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

descriptive text:- Fiennes 1698

Travel book, manuscript record of Journeys through England including parts of the Lake District, by Celia Fiennes, 1698.
... there are 3 gates to the town [Carlisle] ...the other the Scottish gate through which I went into Scotland; ...
date:- 1698
period:- 17th century, late
period:- 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 62)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG62m000, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG62m000, button to large image
In mile 0, Cumberland.
Scotch gate
on the north of Carlisle.

placename:- Scotch Gate
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 86)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG86m065, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG86m065, button to large image
In mile 69, Cumberland.
Town gate on the further side (north) of Carlisle.
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 38)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG38m297, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG38m297, button to large image
In mile 301, Cumberland.
Gate on the town walls.
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

source:- Ogilby 1699 (edn 1712)

image OGY7p072, button   goto source.
page 72
... Carlile ... having 3 Gates, viz. the Caldo or Irish-Gate, Bother or English-Gate, and Rickard or Scotch-Gate.

placename:- Rickard Gate
other name:- Scotch Gate
date:- 1699
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

descriptive text:- Gents Mag (1746) -- possibly relevant

The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1914.
... On Sunday [10.11.1745] they [rebels] invested the city on all sides, having passed Eden at several fords below. The marq. of Tullibardin was driven with his corps from Shaddan-gate by the four gun battery ...

placename:- Shaddan Gate
person:- Tullibardin, Marquis of
date:- 1745
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1358, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, The Scotch Gate, Carlisle, Cumberland, by W Hetherington, 1880.
View of the Scotch Gate in the centre of the composition with buildings either side. A group of soldiers on horseback carrying flags proceed through the Scotsh Gate and bear to the right.
Based on original watercolour by Robert Carlyle dated 1791.
signed at bottom right:-
W Hetherington 1880
date:- 1790
period:- 19th century, late

old painting:-
thumbnail PR0916, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, The Scotch Gate, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Robert Carlyle snr, 1791.
The Scotch Gate stands in centre of composition, its studded doors thrown open, adjoined by other buildings to both left and right. In centre foreground a lone gentleman walks by; to his right stand two other gentlemen, conversing. Through the Gate a tall sandstone building is seen on the opposite side of the street beyond.
One of a set of 11 original drawings for proposed aquatints The Antiquities of the City of Carlisle, 1791
This is one of 17 of Carlyle's works copied by Matthew Ellis Nutter for Carlisle in the Olden Time.
inscribed at bottom centre:-
THE SCOTCH GATE, CARLISLE.

placename:- Scotch Gate
date:- 1791
period:- 18th century, late

old print:- Thurnam 1835

Set of prints, lithographs, with descriptive text, Carlisle in the Olden Time, drawings by M E Nutter et al, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Ackermann and Co and others, London, 1835.
thumbnail THM106, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, The Scotch Gate, Carlisle, Cumberland, drawn by M E Nutter, lithographed by Giles, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Ackermann and Co, by Hodgson, Boys, and Graves, and by Charles Tilt, London, 1835.
Printed by Graf and Soret.
Included in Carlisle in the Olden Time.
printed at bottom:-
Drawn by M. E. Nutter from the Original Sketch. / Giles lith. / THE SCOTCH GATE. / Carlisle, Published by Charles Thurnam. / London. Ackermann & Co. - Hodgson, Boys, and Graves & Charles Tilt. / Printed by Graf & Soret.

placename:- Scotch Gate
person:- soldier
date:- 1835
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Thurnam 1835

Set of prints, lithographs, with descriptive text, Carlisle in the Olden Time, drawings by M E Nutter et al, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Ackermann and Co and others, London, 1835.
thumbnail THM103, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Carlisle from near Stanwix Bank, Cumberland, drawn by M E Nutter, lithographed by Giles, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, Cumberland, by Ackermann and Co, by Hodgson, Boys, and Graves, and by Charles Tilt, London, 1835.
Printed by Graf and Soret.
Included in Carlisle in the Olden Time.
printed at bottom:-
Drawn by M. E. Nutter from the original sketch. / Giles lithog. / CARLISLE FROM NEAR STANWIX BANK. / UPWARDS OF ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO. / Carlisle, Published by Charles Thurnam. / London. Ackermann & Co. - Hodgson, Boys, and Graves & Charles Tilt. / Printed by Graf & Soret.
date:- 1835
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0385, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Prospect of the City of Carlisle, Cumberland, published late 18th century.
Included in The Modern Universal British Traveller. The city has town walls and gates.
printed at top:-
Engraved for The Modern Universal British Traveller
printed at bottom:-
Prospect of the CITY of CARLISLE, in Cumberland.
date:- 1780=1799
period:- 18th century, late

hearsay Once the debtor's gaol for Carlisle.

notes gateway, demolished; debtor's prison in the tower above
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; plan and illustration

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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