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placename:- Shap Abbey
other name:- Abbey of St Mary Magdalen
parish Shap Rural parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
abbey; religious house
coordinates:- NY54791522
10Km square:- NY51

1Km square NY5415

photograph

Shap Abbey -- Shap Rural -- Cumbria / -- 18.7.2010
photograph

Shap Abbey -- Shap Rural -- Cumbria / -- Chapter house, left foreground. -- 18.7.2010

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 14 13)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Shap Abbey
religious house
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old print:- Heaton Cooper 1905 (edn 1908)

thumbnail HC0160, button to large image
Print, colour halftone, Shap Abbey, Shap Rural, Westmorland, from a watercolour painting by Alfred Heaton Cooper, published by Adam and Charles Black, London, 2nd edn 1908.
Opposite p.182 of The English Lakes, painted by Alfred Heaton Cooper, described by William T Palmer.
printed at tissue opposite the print:-
SHAP ABBEY
printed at signed lower right:-
[A HEATON COOPER]

placename:- Shap Abbey
date:- 1905
period:- 1900s

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL180, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Shap Abbey, Shap Rural, Westmorland, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
On page 304 of Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at lower left:-
Joseph Pennell
printed at bottom:-
Shap Abbey.

placename:- Shap Abbey
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL183, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Looking West from Shap Abbey, Shap Rural, Westmorland, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
On page 309 of Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at lower right:-
Joseph Pennell
printed at bottom:-
Looking West from Shap Abbey.

placename:- Shap Abbey
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

source:- Philip/Wilson 1890s

thumbnail PHW1E039, button to large image
TOWER OF SHAP ABBEY.
date:- 1895
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old print:- Bemrose 1881

thumbnail BEM128, button to large image
Print, uncoloured, Tower of Shap Abbey, Shap Rural, Westmorland, published by Bemrose and Sons, 23 Old Bailey, London and Derby, by A B Moss, Carlisle, Cumberland, and by T Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, about 1881.
On p.113 of a Handy Guide to the English Lakes and Shap Spa.
printed at bottom:-
TOWER OF SHAP ABBEY.

placename:- Shap Abbey
date:- 1881
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0712, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Shap Abbey, Shap Rural, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY51, button to large image
Shap Abbey
block, building

placename:- Shap Abbey
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY51, button to large image
Abbey
county:- Westmoreland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 140:-
...
SHAP ABBEY,
Founded by Thomas, son of Gospatrick, who de-
Page 141:-
[de]dicated it to God and St. Mary Magdalene, endowing it for canons of the Premonstratensian order. Their revenues, at the dissolution, were £154 17s. 7d. The Abbey church appears to have been a large building. The great tower is the only part now standing, but extensive foundations of buildings were discovered in 1825, on the south side of the Abbey, near which the pillar of an ancient bridge is till to be seen in the midst of the river.

placename:- Shap Abbey
person:- : Premonstratensian Order
event:- : Dissolution, The
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P084, button   goto source.
Page 84:-
On the banks of the river Lowther, about a mile west of Shap, may be seen some remains of an Abbey ... which was founded about the year 1150.
...
image OT01P161, button   goto source.
Page 161:-
... the old red sandstone formation; ... whether it passes under or only abuts against the adjacent limestone, I have not yet myself had an opportunity of observing; but have been told that their junction may be seen near Shap Abbey; and in a quarry near Greystoke.
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY51, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY51, button to large image
Abbey
abbey; religious house

descriptive text:- Baker 1802

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
pp.25-26:-
...
... Shap ... Here were latterly some relics of a convent of Cistercian monks, ...
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 148:-
... Shape, antiently Heye, a small monastery, built by Thomas son of Gospatric, son of Orme, ...

placename:- Shape monastery
other name:- Heye monastery
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 161:-
...
... the ruins of the Premonstratensian priory transferred from Preston in this county t. Henry II. valued at L.154, and its beautiful tower in a sequestered vale half a mile off [from Shap]. ...
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
Abbey
image Ws02NY51, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02NY51, button to large image
county:- Westmorland
building/s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P173, button   goto source.
Page 173:-
... the ruins of Shap (or Heppe) abbey to Shap. The remains of this ancient structure are inconsiderable, yet picturesque. A square tower, with piked windows, is the chief part of the ruins, and does honor to the reign of King John, when it was built for canons of the praemonstratensian order, that had been first placed at Preston-patrick, near Kendal, by Thomas, son of Gospatrick.
This abbey was dedicated by the first founder to St. Mary Magdalene, and he endowed it with a large portion of his lands, in Preston, near Kendal. His son translated it to Magdalene vale, near Shap, and further endowed it with the lands of Karl, or Karl-wath. Robert de Vitripont (Vipon) first Lord of Westmorland, confirmed the preceding grants, and added to that of Matilda his mother, and Ivo his brother, the tithes of all his mills, and of the game killed in all his lands in Westmorland. This grant is dated on Saturday, April 24, in the 13th of King John.

other name:- Heppe Abbey
person:- : Gospatrick, Thomas
person:- : Vitripont, Robert de; Vipon, Robert de
person:- : Premonstratensian Order
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY51NW, button to large image
Shap Abbey
tower; abbey remains

placename:- Shap Abbey
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY41, button to large image
Abby
circle and line

placename:- Abby
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYK, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYK, button to large image
Abby

placename:- Abby
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY51, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10NY51, button to large image
S Abby
Circle.

placename:- Shap Abby
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

descriptive text:- Keer 1605 (edn 1620)

Map, Westmorlandia et Comberlandia, ie Westmorland and Cumberland now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605; published about 1605 to 1676.
third page
(9) There is mention made but of one religious house that hath beene in all this Country [Westmorland], and that was a little Monastery seated neere unto the River Loder, built by Thomas the sonne of Gospatricke, the sonne of Orms: ...
person:- : Thomas son of Gospatrick
date:- 1620
period:- 17th century, early; 1620s

map:- see:- : 1954: Monastic Britain: Ordnance Survey

canons
person:- : Premonstratensian Order

photocopy Whitehead 1882:-
vol.6 p.435

image t1006435.jpg
Whitehead, H: 1882: Church Bells in the Deanery of Brampton: TransCWAAS: vol.6: pp.417-443

old print:- MacBride 1922

Wild Lakeland, by MacKenzie MacBride illustrated by Alfred Heaton Cooper, published by Adam and Charles Black, London, 1922-28.
thumbnail MB0107, button to large image
Print, colour, Shap Abbey and Fells, by Alfred Heaton Cooper, published by Adam and Charles Black, 4-6 Soho Square, London, 2nd edn 1928.
Tipped in opposite p.32 in Wild Lakeland by MacKenzie MacBride.
printed at bottom:-
SHAP ABBEY AND FELLS
signed at lower left:-
A. HEATON COOPER

placename:- Shap Abbey
date:- 1922
period:- 1920s

old print:- Green 1819

Guide book, 2 volumes, The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green, Ambleside, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1819 and 1820.
thumbnail GN0113, button to large image
Print, soft ground etching, Shap Abbey, Westmorland, by William Green, 1820, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1820.
Tipped in opposite vol.1 p.377 of The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green.
printed at bottom right, centre:-
Vol.I, page 377, line 9. / SHAP ABBEY. / Published at Ambleside, by Wm. Green, 1820.

placename:- Shap Abbey
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0109, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Remains of Shap Monastery, Westmoreland, drawn and engraved by J Greig, published by W Clarke, New Bond Street, 1818.
Included in the Antiquarian Itinerary.
printed at bottom:-
Drawn & Engraved by J. Greig for the Antiquarian Itinerary. / Remains of Shap Monastery, Westmoreland. / Published for the proprietors May 1. 1818. by W. Clarke. New Bond Street.

placename:- Shap Monastery
date:- 1818
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Britton and Brayley 1802

Book, with prints, The Beauties of England and Wales, by John Britton and Edward Wedlake Brayley published by Vernor and Hood, at al, London, 1802; published to 1847?
thumbnail PR0150, button to large image
Print, hand coloured engraving, Remains of Shap Abbey, Westmoreland, drawn by W Pearson, engraved by Matthews, published by John Harris, St Paul's Churchyard, London, 1813.
Included in the Beauties of England and Wales, by John Britton and Edward W Brayley.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Engraved by Matthews, from a Drawing by W. Pearson, / for the Beauties of England & Wales. / Remains of / SHAP ABBEY, / Westmoreland. / London. Published by John Harris, St. Pauls Church Yard, July 1. 1813.

placename:- Shap Abbey
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0210, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Shap Monastery, Westmorland, engraved by Godfrey, published by Samuel Hooper, 1774.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Printed for S. Hooper 2 July 1774. / Godfrey Sc. / Shap Monastery, Westmorland.

placename:- Shap Monastery
date:- 1774
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0211, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Heppe or Shap Monastery, Westmorland, engraved by Godfrey, published by Samuel Hooper, 1774.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
July 2d. 1774 / Godfrey Sc. / HEPPE, OR, SHAP MONASTERY, WESTMORLAND. / ...

placename:- Heppe Monastery
other name:- Shap Monastery
date:- 1773
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0298, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Shap Abby, drawn by Moses Griffith, engraved by P Mazell, published 1790s?
printer at top:-
XX 257
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Moses Griffith del. / P. Mazell sculp / SHAP ABBY.

placename:- Shap Abby
date:- 1790=1799
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0387, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Heppe Monastery, in Westmoreland, ie Shap Abbey, engraved by Coote, published by Alexander Hogg, 16 Paternoster Row, London, late 18th century.
printed at bottom right, centre:-
Coote sculpt. / HEPPE MONASTERY, in WESTMORELAND. / Published according to Act of Parliament by Alexr. Hogg No.16 Paternoster Row.

placename:- Heppe Monastery
date:- 1780=1799
period:- 18th century, late

descriptive text:- Lowther 1780s-90s

Scrapbook, 4 volumes, of descriptive texts, maps, and prints of views and coats of arms, for Westmorland and Cumberland, assembled by a member of the Lowther Family, late 18th early 19th century.
thumbnail BNF19, button to large image
Print, engraving, Heppe or Shap Monastery ie Shap Abbey, Shap Rural, Cumbria, engraved by Godfrey, 1774; with descriptive text:-
HEPPE, OR, SHAP MONASTERY, WESTMORLAND.
THIS Monastery was originally founded near Preston in Kendale, about the latter end of the reign of Henry the Second, by Thomas Fitz Gospatrick Fitz Orme, whose father, as appears by the Pipe Role of 22d Hen. II. was amerced 500 marks for surrendering the castle of Appleby to the King of Scotland. He endowed it for Premonstratensian Canons, and dedicated it to the honour of St. Mary Magdalene. It was afterwards removed with his consent, and during his life-time, to a valley in the parish of Hepp, now called Shapp; probably, a more fertile and pleasant situation.
AMONG other donations, this Thomas gave these Canons as much wood as they would take out of his forests; also the bark of his trees which should fall off, and permitted them to grind at his mill toll free; he likewise gave them pasture about Swindale for sixty cows, twenty mares, and five hundred sheep, with other possessions in the territory of the town of Heppe, where he erected their Convent a-new.
ROBERT DE VETERIPONTE, or Vipont, lord of Westmorland, confirmed all his gifts, which with the benefactions of others so enriched it, that at the Dissolution (about which time there were therein twenty Religious) its yearly revenues amounted to 154l. 17s. 7d. ob. Dudgale; 166l. 10s. 6d. ob. Speed. The site was granted, 36th Henry VIIIth, to Thomas Lord Wharton. Not many years ago it belonged to Robert Lowther, Esq.
IN Brown Willis's History of Abbies are the following particulars respecting this Monastery:
Richard Redman, bishop of St. Asaph, held this Abbey in commendam an. 1519. Richard Baggot, last abbot, surrendered this Convent 14. Jan. 1540, 31st Hen. 8th, and had a pension of 40l. per ann. allowed him, which he enjoyed an. 1553, when there remained a charge 14l. 2s. in annuities, and these pensions, viz. To Thomas Watsonne, Robert Barlonde, John Addison, Edward Michael, and Edmund Carter, 6l. each; Martin Makarethe, John Dawston, Richard Mell, 5l. each; John Bell, 5l. 6s. 8d. George Ellerson, Anthony Johnson, John Rode, and Ralph Watson, 4l. each.
This View was taken Anno 1773.

placename:- Shap Abbey
other name:- Heppe Monastery
other name:- Shap Monastery
date:- 1774
period:- 18th century, late

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Shap Abbey -- Shap Rural -- Cumbria / -- Cloister garth, left foreground. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Shap Abbey -- Shap Rural -- Cumbria / -- Cellarer's store rooms. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Shap Abbey -- Shap Rural -- Cumbria / -- Inside the tower. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Shap Abbey -- Shap Rural -- Cumbria / -- Engraved circle, where a canon should stand after processing in. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Shap Abbey -- Shap Rural -- Cumbria / -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Shap Abbey -- Shap Rural -- Cumbria / -- 23.3.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Shap Abbey -- Shap Rural -- Cumbria / -- 22.7.2005

photographs
The stumps of pillars show the internal arrangement of the stonework.
tiny photograph, 
button to large Shap Abbey -- Shap Rural -- Cumbria / -- Pillar. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Shap Abbey -- Shap Rural -- Cumbria / -- Pillar. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Shap Abbey -- Shap Rural -- Cumbria / -- Pillar. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Shap Abbey -- Shap Rural -- Cumbria / -- Pillar. -- 18.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Shap Abbey -- Shap Rural -- Cumbria / -- Pillar. -- 18.7.2010

hearsay
Tower and some other remains of a Premonstratensian abbey, founded late 12th century by monks from Preston Patrick. The monastery at Preston Patrick was founded 1191 by Thomas son of Gospatrick; they moved to Shap about 1199. The Premonstratensian Order were puritanical followers of St Norbert, originating at Premontre, France. They wore white robes.
Anthony Whitehead of Reagill wrote:-


references Robertson, Dawn & Koronka, Peter: 1992: Secrets and Legends of Old Westmorland: Pagan Press (Kirkby Stephen, Cumbria) & Cumbria CC (library service)

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Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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