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placename:- Three Brother Tree
locality:- Whinfell Forest
parish Brougham parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
tree; oak
coordinates:- NY58442715
10Km square:- NY52

1Km square NY5827

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 4 15)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
Three Brothers' Trees (Site of)

placename:- Three Brothers' Trees
tree
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 160:-
...
In the middle of this park [Whinfield] is the Three brother tree, so called from there having been three of them, whereof this the least was 42 feet circumference a good way from the top, still remaining 270 years old, the trunk hollow, and capable of admitting a man on horseback to turn in it. ...

placename:- Three Brother Tree
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P170, button   goto source.
Page 170:-
...
... In Whinfield-park are ... and the Three-brothers' tree; ...
image WS21P171, button   goto source.
Page 171:-
... the remains of large aged oaks, that have long out-lived their own strength. One of them is upwards of nine yards in circumference.

placename:- Three Brothers Tree
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY52NE, button to large image
Three Brother Tree
tree

placename:- Three Brother Tree
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

descriptive text:- Defoe 1724-26

Travel book, Tour through England and Wales, by Daniel Defoe, published in parts, London, 1724-26.
... three oak trees which were call'd the Three Brether, the least of which was thirteen yards about; but they own'd there was but one of them left, and only the stump of that; so we did not think it worth going to see, because it would no more confirm the wonder, than the people affirming it by tradition only. The tree or stump left, is call'd the Three Brether Tree, that is to say, one of the three brothers, or brethren.

placename:- Three Brether Trees
site name:- Whitefield Park
date:- 1724=1726
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

descriptive text:- Fiennes 1698

Travel book, manuscript record of Journeys through England including parts of the Lake District, by Celia Fiennes, 1698.
... in this park [Leighton Hall] is the 3 Brother tree which a little from the root measures 13 yards circumference; ...
date:- 1698
period:- 17th century, late
period:- 1690s

old print:- Pennant 1773 (edn 1801)

Book, A Tour from Downing to Alston Moor, 1773, by Thomas Pennant, published by Edward Harding, 98 Pall Mall, London, 1801.
thumbnail PEN622, button to large image
Print, engraving, Three Brother Tree, Whinfell Forest, Brougham, Westmorland, drawn by Moses Griffith, engraved by S Sparrow, published by Edward Harding, 98 Pall Mall, London, 1801.
Tipped in opposite p.152 of A Tour from Downing to Alston Moor, 1773, by Thomas Pennant.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Moses Griffith. Del / S Sparrow Sc / THREE BROTHER TREE / Pub June 1 1801 by Edw Harding 98 Pall Mall.

placename:- Three Brother Tree
date:- 1801
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0424, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Three Brother Tree, Brougham, Westmorland, drawn by Moses Griffith, engraved by S Sparrow, published by Edward Harding, 98 Pall Mall, London, 1801.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Moses Griffith Del. / S. Sparrow Sc. / THREE BROTHER TREE / Pub June 1 1801 by Edw Harding 98 Pall Mall

placename:- Three Brother Tree
date:- 1801
period:- 19th century, early

descriptive text:- Lowther 1780s-90s

Scrapbook, 4 volumes, of descriptive texts, maps, and prints of views and coats of arms, for Westmorland and Cumberland, assembled by a member of the Lowther Family, late 18th early 19th century.
thumbnail BNF08, button to large image
Print, engraving, North West Prospect of Whinfield Forest, ie Whinfell Forest, Brougham, Cumbria, drawn by O Neale, engraved by Pranker, published by H Turpin, 104 St John Street, Smithfield, London, 1779.
The North West Prospect of Whinfield Forest, situate near Appleby in the County of Westmorland, belonging to the Rt. Honble. the Earl of Thanet; with an exact Representation of that wonderful large Oak, call'd the 3 Brethren Tree, whose Circumference is 14 Yards, and will admit a Horse & Man thereon to ride Within the Same.
date:- 1779
period:- 18th century, late

note Oak, Quercus sp.

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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