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placename:- Troutbeck
parish Lakes parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
building/s; locality; valley
coordinates:- NY4103
10Km square:- NY40

1Km square NY4103

photograph

Troutbeck -- Lakes -- Cumbria / -- 30.9.2005
photograph

Troutbeck -- Lakes -- Cumbria / -- 22.1.2011 -- AA village sign:- -- 'AUTOMOBILE ASSOCIATION / AA / LOWWOOD 2 / TROUTBECK / PATTERDALE 9 3/4 / LONDON 271 / SAFETY FIRST' -- NY40710216 (at)

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 26 12)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Troutbeck
building/s
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL101, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Troutbeck, Westmorland, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
Frontispiece to Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at lower centre:-
[JPennell]
printed at bottom:-
Troutbeck.

placename:- Troutbeck
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL146, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Troutbeck, Westmorland, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
On page 192 of Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at bottom:-
Troutbeck.

placename:- Troutbeck
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

old print:- Bemrose 1881

thumbnail BEM106, button to large image
Print, uncoloured, Troutbeck, Westmorland, published by Bemrose and Sons, 23 Old Bailey, London and Derby, by A B Moss, Carlisle, Cumberland, and by T Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, about 1881.
On p.27 of a Handy Guide to the English Lakes and Shap Spa.
printed at bottom:-
TROUTBECK.

placename:- Troutbeck
date:- 1881
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0750, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, the head of Troutbeck, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 33:-
... The singular valley of Troutbeck was once a wooded basin, where the terrified Britons took refuge from the Romans, while the latter were making their great road from Kendal to Penrith. That road actually ran along the very ridge of the
Page 34:-
Troutbeck hills, ... After Romans and Saxons were gone, the valley was a great park, and the inhabitants were virtually serfs, in danger of the gallows, (which had a hill to itself, named after it to this day) at the will and pleasure of the one great man. In course of time,- that is, a good many centuries ago,- the valley was disparked, and divided among the inhabitants,- only one very large estate being left,- the new park, containing 2,000 acres. This was the estate given by Charles I, to Huddlestone Phillipson, for his services in the civil wars. The valley now contains a string of hamlets,- Town End, Town Head, High Green, Crag, and High Fold; and its farmsteads and outbuildings show some of the most curious specimens of ancient edifices that are to be seen in the district. Josiah Brown, whom we mentioned in connexion with Orrest Head, found nearly his match in oddity in this vale. A "rum fellow" in Troutbeck had a prodigious bull; and so had Josiah: and what must they do but meet half-way, and have a bull-fight; the terms being that the winner should have the fallen animal. Josiah actually came riding his bull. The battle was tremendous and the Troutbeck animal went down before Josiah's, and
Page 35:-
was given by him to the poor of Troutbeck. These anecdotes appear very strange to people who have lived in towns, or among the more level manners of the south: and this is why we relate them. They are among the curiosities of the district. Troutbeck is the most primitive of the frequented valleys of the district. To find any other so antique and characteristic, it is necessary to leave the high road, and explore the secluded dales of which the summer tourist sees and hears nothing. The dale looks from the uplands as if it had been scooped out between the ridges with a gigantic scoop. Its levels are parcelled out into small fields, of all manner of shapes; and the stream,- the beck abounding in trout,- winds along the bottom, from the foot of High Street, to fall into the lake just by Calgarth.
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY40, button to large image
Troutbeck
river valley

placename:- Troutbeck
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY40, button to large image
Troutbeck
Dispersed settlement.

placename:- Troutbeck
county:- Westmoreland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 31:-
...
... Troutbeck, a mountain valley, distinguished by the Fells at its head - the picturesque remains of cottage architecture - ... The village is half a mile long, wildly scattered on the side of a steep hill, at the foot of which are the chapel and school. ...
Page 160:-
...
[Troutbeck] ... The village, or rather string of hamlets, bears the names of Town-end, Town-head, High-green, Cragg, and Highfold, and is distant from three to four miles north by east of Bowness, and south-east of Ambleside. From the elevated parts of the road above Troutbeck Bridge, splendid views of Windermere are obtained. The valley of Troutbeck is well worth visiting, and pleasant walks may be contrived to it from Ambleside, Low Wood Inn, and Bowness.

placename:- Troutbeck
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

This is presumably the Coniston Limestone Series?
Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P158, button   goto source.
Page 158:-
The THIRD division - forming only inferior elevations - commences with a bed of dark-blue or blackish transition limestone, containing here and there a few shells and madrepores, and alternating with a slaty rock of the same colour; the different layers of each being in some places several feet, in others only a few inches in thickness. This limestone crosses the river Duddon near Broughton; passing Broughton Mills it runs in a north-east direction through Torver, by the foot of the Old Man mountain, and appears near Low Yewdale and Yew Tree. Here it makes a considerable slip to the eastward, after which it ranges past the Tarns upon the hills above Borwick Ground; and stretching through Skelwith, it crosses the head of Windermere near Low Wood Inn. Then passing above Dovenest and Skelgill, it traverses the vales of Troutbeck, Kentmere, and Long Sleddale;
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY40, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY40, button to large image
TROUTBECK

placename:- Troutbeck
valley; area; building/s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 134:-
...
... The river ... Troutbeck .... gives name to a town near upon its banks, which is upwards of a mile in length, and for one year, viz. part of 1784, and part of 1785, had neither within or belonging to it, either Clergyman, Miller, or Blacksmith: The reader will be more astonished, when I tell him that this town is so large as to contain 300 Constables, 300 common Carriers, and 300 Bulls.
In this town was born one Hogarth, a poet, who was descended from the same stock with the celebrated Painter of that name, and lived at the same time. Their great grandfather, there called Thomas Hoggart, was born at the village of Bampton in Westmorland, where he and his two sons are registered in the parish register. They always spelled it Hoggart, till the painter softened it into Hogarth. Our poet wrote three or four plays, and had a party of comedians (his own villagers,) to perform them at the Christmas entertainments: So much of late hath appeared in the news-papers and magazines of this man, that I shall in part be silent concerning him; only giving here a specimen of his poetry, copied from his own hand-writing, which is all the original I at present have. He was a poor labouring man, and wrote his pieces mostly after supper, or on Sunday afternoons; and they were generally upon some particular affair that happened in his neighbourhood, and were sung by himself to his companions over a glass of ale the next meeting; let his song speak for him.
Page 135:-
THE TAMING OF A SHREW.
Page 136:-
He frequently made sarcastical songs on his neighbours, (if they had stray's or trip'd a little in crim. con.) and sung them in the presence of the party, for which he often received a broken pate, and indeed had one eye knocked out by a blow with a stick from one of them; this made him cautious not to sing afterwards when the parties were present, except he had a good Esquire at his back.
At this Troutbeck was also born the present truly learned, and pious judge, Sir John Wilson, who by merit alone hath risen to the dignities he now bears.
There lived at this Troutbeck [at Hird House] a man of amazing strength, whose name was Gilpin, commonly called the Cork Lad of Kentmere: ...

placename:- Troutbeck
person:- poet : Hogarth, Mr
person:- judge : Wilson, John, Sir
person:- : Hird, Hugh; Cork Lad of Kentmere
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY40SW, button to large image
Troutbeck
hill hachuring; valley, locality and buildings

placename:- Troutbeck
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY40, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY40, button to large image
Troutbeck
Circle.

placename:- Troutbeck
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY40, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10NY40, button to large image
Troutbeck
Circle, building and tower.

placename:- Troutbeck
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

hearth tax returns:- Hearth Tax 1675

Records, hearth tax survey returns, Westmorland, 1674/75.
Troutbeck

placename:- Troutbeck
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

hearth tax returns:- Hearth Tax 1670

in Westmerland / The hundred of Kendall Barrony
Records, hearth tax returns, exchequer duplicates, Westmorland, 1670.
Troutbecke

placename:- Troutbecke
date:- 1670
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY40, button to large image
Troutbek
Buildings and tower.

placename:- Troutbek
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Wmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP14NY40, button to large image
Troutbek
circle, tower

placename:- Troutbek
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY30, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY30, button to large image
Building, symbol for a hamlet, which may or may not have a nucleus.
Troutbek
Settlement.

placename:- Troutbek
county:- Westmorelandia
hamlet
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP4, button to large image
Troutbeck
circle; village or hamlet

placename:- Troutbeck
locality:- Kendal Ward
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old print:- Green 1809

thumbnail GN0336, button to large image
Print, soft ground etching, Farm House in Troutbeck, Westmorland, by William Green, published by William Green, Ambleside, Westmorland, and Longman, Hurst, Rees and Orme, Paternoster Row, London, 1809.
Plate 36 in Seventy Eight Studies from Nature.
printed in introductory pages to set of prints:-
Number 36. Troutbeck is four miles from Ambleside, and two from the Inn at Low Wood. - It is a large village; the buildings are picturesque, and those who delight in cottage scenery will rarely find a greater variety in so small a compass. From the road which connects the Inn and the village, are various stands, where the traveller may view Windermere with advantages that scarcely any other road in the neighbourhood of that lake can give him.
printed at bottom:-
FARM HOUSE IN TROUTBECK. / Published Ambleside, Augst. 1st. 1809, by W. Green.

placename:- Troutbeck
date:- 1809
period:- 19th century, early

old drawing:-
thumbnail PR1380, button to large image
Drawing, Near Troutbeck, by Windermere, Westmorland, by John Harper, 1840.
View of Lakeland vernacular farmhouse near Troutbeck. Two storey with large vernacular round chimneys surrounded by walls and trees. Executed in pencil with touches of white gouache on buff coloured paper. Preparatory sketch drawn on the spot by the artist.
at bottom left:-
near Troutbeck. 16 Sep/40

placename:- Troutbeck
date:- 1840
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Green 1809

thumbnail PR1271, button to large image
Print, Farm House in Troutbeck, Westmorland, drawn and engraved by William Green, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1809.
Courtyard of a stone farmhouse with outbuilding to left of composition. Beyond rise barren fells.
printed at bottom centre:-
FARM HOUSE IN AMBLESIDE Published Ambleside. Augst 1st 1809 by W. Green.
date:- 1809
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Sylvan 1847

thumbnail SYL108, button to large image
Print, engraving, Windermere from Troutbeck, Westmorland, published by John Johnstone, Paternoster Row, London, et al, 1847.
On p.39 of Sylvan's Pictorial Guide to the English Lakes.
printed at bottom:-
WINDERMERE FROM TROUTBECK.

placename:- Troutbeck
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Tattersall 1836

Guide book, The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
thumbnail TAT104, button to large image
Print, engraving, Windermere from Rayrigg Bank, Westmorland, drawn by George Tattersall, engraved by W F Topham, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
The print is captioned with mountain names and acts as an outline view.
Tipped in opposite p.31 of The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall.
printed at bottom:-
WINDERMERE from RAYRIGG BANK.
printed at bottom left to right:-
Furness Fells. / Coniston Old Man. / Wetherlam Foot. / Wrynose. / Langdale Pikes. / Hardknot. / Loughrigg Fell. / Fairfield. / Troutbeck Hundred. / Kirkstone. / Wansfell. / Applethwaite Common. / High Street. / Hill Bell.

placename:- Troutbeck Hundred
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
TROUTBECK.
Beaumont Thos., farmer, Crag.
Benson, Anthony, yeoman, Coat Syke.
Benson, William, farmer, Low Longmire.
Benson, Thomas, yeoman, High Green.
Benson, John, yeoman, Crosses.
Bigland, John, farmer, near Borrane.
Birkett William, yeoman, Town Head.
Birkett Thomas, yeoman, Great House.
Birkett, Robert, yeoman, Middleriggs.
Braithwaite, James, yeoman, Town Foot.
Braithwaite, Elizabeth, school-mistress, Mathew How.
Braithwaite, John, mechanic, Troutbeck Bridge.
Brownrigg, George, joiner, Beckside.
Browne, Harrison, yeoman, Drummermire Head.
Browns, Mrs. Lucy, Town End.
Browne, Richard, farmer, Low Wood.
Brown, Ben., yeoman, Boot.
Coffee, Jeremiah, tailor, Crag.
Dawson, Mrs, Crag House.
Fell, Robert H., bobbin-maker, Troutbeck Bridge.
Forrest, Birkett, yeoman, Low House.
Forrest, Matthew, farmer, Low Skelgill.
Green, Elizabeth, innkeeper, Mortal Man.
Page 213:-
Harrison, Thomas, schoolmaster, Crag.
Hartley, William, farmer, Troutbeck Park.
Hayton, George, joiner, Town Head.
Hopkirk, James, Brow Head.
Hunter, Thomas, farmer, Town Head.
Hutchinson, John, Esq., Broad Oaks.
Jenkinson, Thomas, yeoman, Near Orrest.
Kennedy, Simon, letter carrier.
Lancaster, J., innkeeper, Kirkstone Top.
Lancaster, Henry, bootmaker, Longmire Gate.
Lancaster, Thomas, bootmaker, Lane.
Leather, Thomas, tailor & draper Mathew How.
Lingard, J. H. Esq., Holeherd.
Longmire, Jas., farmer, Orrest.
Longmire, W., churchwarden, Crosses.
Longmire, John, yeoman, Longmire.
Longmire, J., yeoman, Butt Hill.
Mackereth, Benson, innkeeper, Head.
Mackereth, W., yeoman, High Fold.
Mounsey, William, relieving-officer, and registrar of births and deaths, Highfold.
Parker, William, farmer, Limefit.
Pool, Joe., yeoman, Slack Foot.
Pool, Abram, yeoman, Beckside.
Rigg, George, blacksmith, Longmire Gate.
Sewell, Rev. William, Low Fold.
Stainton, Thomas, farmer, Town Head.
Storey, Thomas, yeoman, High Green.
Storey, Alison, farmer, Lane Foot.
Storey, Geo., waller, Lane Foot.
Storey, Christopher, farmer, Brow Top.
Todd, George, farmer, Longgreen Head.
Todd, James, farmer, Crag.
Towneon, Rd., farmer, Midtown.
Tyson, Henry, innkeeper, Troutbeck Bridge.- Post-office.
Tyson, Thomas, farmer, High Skelgill.
Tyson, Isaac, farmer, Town Head
Wilson, Nicholas, yeoman, Town End.
Wilson, Nicholas, junr., farmer, Town End.
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

hearsay In the mid 19th century the local farmers would pass pest-striken cattle, and womenfolk and children, through a 'need fire' to cure them.

hearsay In 1799 the first hunt mayor, R Birkett, was elected by the Troutbeck Hunt, to lead the 'mayor hunt' and to officiate at the subsequent merry neet.

hearsay Troutbeck had three hundred bridges, three hundred constables, and three hundred bulls. The valley is divided into three hundreds, each with a bridge, a constable, and a bull.

button   auction room, Troutbeck
button   barn, Townend
button   barn, Townend: Steven Campbell
button   barn, Troutbeck
button   Beckside, Troutbeck
button   Bell Hill, Troutbeck
button   bench mark, NY41250272
button   Bessyboot, Troutbeck
button   Bluegill Folds, Troutbeck
button   bridge, Troutbeck
button   Buttments Farm, Troutbeck
button   Church Bridge, Troutbeck
button   Crag, Troutbeck
button   fingerpost, Troutbeck
button   Gallows Howe, Troutbeck
button   garage, Troutbeck
button   Hagg Bridge, Troutbeck
button   Hart Crag, Troutbeck
button   High Fold Farm, Troutbeck
button   High Fold, Troutbeck
button   High Green Farm, Troutbeck
button   High Green, Troutbeck
button   Hird House, Troutbeck
button   house, Troutbeck (2)
button   Howe, Troutbeck
button   Hundreds, Troutbeck
button   Jaunie Wife House, Troutbeck
button   Jesus Church, Troutbeck
button   Lane Foot, Troutbeck
button   Lane, Troutbeck
button   Low Fold Farm, Troutbeck
button   Low Fold, Troutbeck
button   Low House Farm, Troutbeck
button   Low House, Troutbeck
button   Low Ibbotsholme, Troutbeck
button   mill, Troutbeck
button   Mortal Man, Troutbeck
button   Nanny Lane, Troutbeck
button   NY40: earthquake 19880912 1423
button   Park Fell, Troutbeck
button   Pearson's Lane, Troutbeck
button   pinfold, Troutbeck
button   post box, Troutbeck
button   post box, Troutbeck (2)
button   post box, Troutbeck (3)
button   Queens Head, Troutbeck
button   ring of bells, Troutbeck
button   Robin Lane Cottages, Troutbeck
button   school, Troutbeck
button   sheep feeder, Troutbeck
button   sheep feeder, Troutbeck (2)
button   sheepfold, Troutbeck
button   sheepfold, Troutbeck (2)
button   South View, Troutbeck
button   Spying How, Troutbeck
button   St James' Well, Troutbeck
button   St John's Well, Troutbeck
button   St Margaret's Well, Troutbeck
button   station, Holbeck Lane
button   Storeythwaite, Troutbeck
button   sundial, Troutbeck
button   Thornthwaite, Troutbeck
button   Tongue, Lakes
button   Town End Farm, Troutbeck
button   Town End House, Troutbeck
button   Town End, Troutbeck
button   Town Foot, Troutbeck
button   Town Head, Troutbeck
button   Townend, Troutbeck
button   Trout Beck (5)
button   Troutbeck Inn, Troutbeck
button   Troutbeck Institute, Troutbeck
button   war memorial, Troutbeck
button   water trough, Troutbeck
button   water trough, Troutbeck (2)
button   water trough, Troutbeck (3)
button   waterfall, Troutbeck
button   Yew Tree Cottage, Troutbeck

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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