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placename:- Appleby Gaol
site name:- Appleby Police Station
locality:- Appleby-in-Westmorland
parish Appleby-in-Westmorland parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
gaol
coordinates:- NY68512042
10Km square:- NY62

1Km square NY6820

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 157:-
...
... The assizes are now held in the town-hall, and the gaol is at the end of the bridge.
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

hearsay Before the 17th century prisoners were kept in Appleby Castle.
Later a chantry on the bridge became the gaol.
A new court, gaol, and house for the governor, were built 1767. Robert Adam is credited with the design, the builder was Robert Fothergill. This gaol had 10 cells, it's use as the county gaol ceased 1878, though it continued for police prisoners. Most of the gaol was demolished in the 1970s, keeping the facade - now the front of the police station, the condemned cell - last used 1840, and the section for women prisoners.
The prison was described after the Battle of Clifton Moor, during the 1745 Rebellion. Captured prisoners were held at Appleby, their conditions described in a letter from Richard Fothergill to his brother George:-
I saw the pooor wretches brought to Appleby, little, ill-looking creatures, their heads and feet quite bare, and the most wretched rags on the rest of their bodies ... Pricked along by their drivers, scoffed and hooted at by the rabble which ran in multitudes about them, their feet all wreathed with clods of mire, mixed with blood; ready fo faint with hunger and the horror of their condition ... Notwithstanding the greatness of their crime ... yet I could not help pitying the poor unhappy wretches. Never before did I see human nature move onwards under such a load of wretchedness.

references Robertson, Dawn & Koronka, Peter: 1992: Secrets and Legends of Old Westmorland: Pagan Press (Kirkby Stephen, Cumbria) & Cumbria CC (library service)

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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