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placename:- Barony of Copeland
other name:- Barony of Egremont
other name:- Barony of Allerdale above Derwent
county:- Cumbria
barony
10Km square:-

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 179:-
...
The great barony of Copeland lies between the rivers Darwent and Dudden and the sea, and was granted by Ranulph de Meschines to his brother William, who seated himself at Egremont castle, and caused the name of the barony to be changed from Copeland to Egremont, which it retains to this day.
Within this great barony and forest are divers manors and knights' fees, manors of themselves holden of this castle. ...

placename:- Barony of Copeland
other name:- Barony of Egremont
person:- : Meschines, Ranulph de
person:- : Meschines, Willliam de
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 93:-
...
It may be expected by my readers, that I should say something more of the Barony of Copeland and Derwent-Fells; as we leave it here and shall not enter it again, I shall endeavour to satisfy their curiosity.
King William, commonly called the Conqueror, after his conquest of Cumberland, gave it as a kingdom to one of his followers, (viz.) Ranulph Meschiens a Norman, he gave him, besides, men and arms to defend himself and his property, from foreign invasion, and the turbulent inhabitants, who were fond of liberty. Ranulph, being in peaceable possession for a while, began to disperse his army, and plant them at different parts of the country, for the better improving of agriculture. He gave to his friends and officers, as was customary in those times, certain portions of land, which were generally on the borders of his kingdom, being such as he apprehended there would be the most trouble in keeping; reserving to himself the middle part, (viz. the Forest of Inglewood.)
Some say that here began the feudal tenure in England, but Cambden believes it was introduced by the Romans. I shall give it in his own words, page 533, (quoting Lampridius, he says) "Cum enim Alexander Severus, Imp. (ut est apud Lampridium) sola quae hostibus capta erant limitaneis ducibus et militibus donaset, Ita ut coram

placename:- Barony of Copeland and Derwent Fells
person:- : Wiilam the Conqueror
person:- : Meschines, Ranulph
person:- : Camden, William
person:- : Severus
person:- : Meschines, William
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

hearsay Created by Henry I in dividing up the new County of Carlisle ie Cumberland.

references Ferguson, Richard S: 1890 & 1970 (reprinted): History of Cumberland

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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