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placename:- Epiacum
locality:- Whitley Castle
locality:- Kirkhaugh
county:- Northumberland
roman fort
coordinates:- NY695487
10Km square:- NY64

1Km square NY6948

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY64, button to large image
Whitley
Symbol for a roman fort?

placename:- Whitley
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 205:-
...
Whitley castle in Northumberland is the antient ALIONE. The inscription given by Mr. Camden is probably lost, for that now at Appleby is but a copy. It belongs to Caracalla, whose relationship to the several emperors here enumerated is explained by Mr. Ward. Mr. Horsley saw in the hands of Mr. Henry Wallace, of Whitley, proprietor of the site of the station this inscription:
and in a house called Castle-nook, at the south entry of the station another likewise to Caracalla. At Kirkhaugh adjoining in the church-yard is this inscription on an altar:
i.e. Deae Minervae & Herculi Victori.

placename:- Whitley Castle
other name:- Alione
person:- : Ward, Mr
person:- archaeologist : Horsley, John
person:- : Wallace, Henry
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 177:-
...
... at the confluence of the little river Alon with the Tine before-mentioned on the gentle slope of a hill are traces of a very large old town, defended on the north by four ramparts, and on the west by two. Whitley castle is the present name of this place, in proof of whose antiquity remains this imperfest inscription, in abreviated and complicated characters, by which we learn, that the 3d cohort of the Nervii erected there a palace to the emperor Antoninus son of Severus:
As the 3rd cohort of the Nervii was stationed here, and by the Notitia is placed at ALIONE, and by Antoninus at ALONE, and the little river that runs by this place is called Alne, we may with great probability suppose this place to have been ALONE, though not with absolute certainty, since the ravages of time and war have almost obliterated all memory of it.

placename:- Whitley Castle
other name:- Alone
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

source:- Rivet and Smith 1979


placename:- Epiacum
other name:- Epeiacum

old map:- Ptolemy 1793


Map, Albion et Hibernia Britannicae Insulae, from the data of Claudius Ptolemy, 2nd century, on the example of Gerard Mercator, 16th century, scale about 55 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Basire, published for the Society of Antiquaries, 1793.
thumbnail PTY3Cm, button to large image
Epiacum

placename:- Epiacum
date:- 1793
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Horsley 1732

NB: Horsley's ideas are not all accepted today.
Map, Britannia Antiqua, by Johanne Horsley, 1732. (nb this is tentative data)
thumbnail HOR1Cm, button to large image
Alione / Whitley Castle

placename:- Alione
other name:- Whitley Castle
date:- 1732
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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