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placename:- City Walls
locality:- Carlisle
parish Carlisle city, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
town wall
coordinates:- NY398562
10Km square:- NY35
References Listed Buildings 2010

1Km square NY3956

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
WEST CITY WALLS / / WEST WALLS / CARLISLE / CARLISLE / CUMBRIA / I / 386918 / NY3990255829
courtesy of English Heritage
City walls. C12 with extensive rebuilding and refacing of 1746, 1876-7, 1985, 1988-9. Squared blocks of red sandstone with some calciferous sandstone (some re-used Roman stone), partly with chamfered plinth and partly battered. Gently curving wall which projects at its northern end, built against a river terrace as a retaining wall; the West Walls street is at the higher level behind and the pavement forms the parapet walk along the wall. The northern projection was rebuilt or refaced in 1876-7, when the nearby railway was re-aligned; set into the end of this part of the wall is the inscription stone WEST WALLS. Off-centre external stone steps to the Town Dyke Orchard were added in 1883; the parapet between the steps and the projection was rebuilt in new red sandstone in 1985. Further south a number of buildings were constructed against the wall and these were demolished in 1988; the wall behind needed partial rebuilding and this was done with red sandstone from the demolished buildings. The foundation stone from each demolished building was incorporated; THE FAWCETT SCHOOLS (dated 1851 in Roman numerals); the mayor and date 1879 for the police station extension, the mayor and date 1840 for the police station; recording the restoration, a stone with the mayor's name and date 1988, the unveiling was on 21 April 1989. At southern end of the exposed wall are the Sallyport steps which were added c1813 and nearby is the medieval sallyport opening, now merely an arched recess. The wall continues beyond the Sallyport steps, but is concealed by buildings; for the listing of the remainder of the wall to the south see Nos 10-22 West Walls (qv) and for the northernmost stretch see under Carlisle Castle (qv). For an engraving of the West Walls when complete in 1745 by the Buck Brothers, see J Cornforth, Country Life, (1978).

placename:- West City Walls
other name:- City Walls, West
district:- Carlisle
listed building
coordinates:- NY39905582
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
FRAGMENT OF NORTH CITY WALLS ADJOINING SOUTH EAST ANGLE / / / CARLISLE / CARLISLE / CUMBRIA / I / 386573 / NY3981456210
courtesy of English Heritage
Fragment of north city walls. C12 with extensive repairs of different periods up to 1973. Squared blocks of red sandstone with some calciferous sandstone and some re-used Roman stone; partly on chamfered plinth with partly flagged parapet walk and rounded coping. High thick wall zig-zagged down slope, partly stepped. Where the wall turns up at a sharp angle there is a C12 sallyport with rounded arch, blocked in similar materials to the wall at an early date. Further down the wall is a projecting oriel C15 or C16 canted turret, now supported by C19 buttress. Towards the demolished end of the wall it has been reduced in height and some stone replaced in 1973 to fill previous gap. At the rear of the wall, part of the parapet walk over the Castle moat has been cut away (probably in 1819); in other places the paving has gone from the walk. Wall was used as a retaining wall for gardens on Finkle Street and build-up of soil caused large crack still evident; soil removed in 1972. Remainder of north walls demolished between 1811 and 1815. Remains standing over 2 metres high survive beneath street level of West Tower Street (excavated 1973). For full details see McCarthy et al (1990).

other name:- North City Walls
other name:- City Walls, North
district:- Carlisle
listed building
coordinates:- NY39815621
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

notes remains of 12th century town walls, some rebuilt
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; plan and illustrations

button   Bochard Gate, Carlisle
button   Carlisle: West Walls
button   Collier's Tower, Carlisle
button   English Gate, Carlisle
button   Irish Gate, Carlisle
button   Scottish Gate, Carlisle
button   Springold Tower, Carlisle
button   Tile Tower, Carlisle

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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