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Longsleddale Map Notes

An extract has been made from each map used for the Lakes Guides project, that shows Longsleddale, a civil parish in Westmorland, now in Cumbria. The map features, symbols and labelling, have been studied for places in the parish. Why Longsleddale? simply because we live there; it is the area we know best and are most interested in. Studying all maps at this level would be nice, but would take more time than we have, and we wanted to try a detailed look at a small area. The places identified in the tabulations are in the parish. A line had to be drawn somewhere. Places outwith the parish can be seen on many of the map extracts, but the coverage varies, and consistency is important; so, Longsleddale only.

Map Features

The more you look closely the more you distrust maps, of any period.
rivers Rivers, in particular the River Sprint, are a strong clue to other features. Even when unnamed it is possible to recognise tributary streams.
relief Early maps suggest relief very roughly, usually with hillock symbols. It is possible to believe that the valley is defined more or less well on some of these maps.
When hill hachuring takes over the definition of valley, pass, and individual hills is more credible, but still uncertain unless supported by a label.
Contours, particulary when supported by layer colouring, give a better idea of the shape of the valley and its hills. Labels, even if just a spot height, enable reliable identifications of some hills.
settlements The most curious thing on early maps, and on small scale maps at any period, is why particular houses and farms are chosen to be included on the map. Inclusion is not a reliable measure of importance. Nor is it a reliable indicator of age. Nor is it a reliable indicator of position until the more scientific mapping begins at medium scale in the 18th century.
copying;
placenames
It is possible to find clues about who copies who if the inclusion, position, and the spelling of the labels of places are studied. Inclusion and spelling are tabulated for a range of features to enable this.
Placename labels on a map are not an authoritative guide to the names of places, on modern maps or on old.
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