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Goat's Water, Torver
runs into:-    Torver Beck

Goat's Water
locality:-   Old Man of Coniston
civil parish:-   Torver (formerly Lancashire)
civil parish:-   Coniston (formerly Lancashire)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   tarn
coordinates:-   SD26619766 (etc) 
1Km square:-   SD2697
10Km square:-   SD29
altitude:-   1650 feet
altitude:-   503m

BTN42.jpg  and Dow Crag.
(taken 8.9.2010)  
Click to enlarge
BTN44.jpg (taken 8.9.2010)  

evidence:-   old map:- West 1784 map
placename:-  Goats Tarn
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, about 1784.
item:-  Armitt Library : A1221.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Cooke 1802
placename:-  Goats Tarn
source data:-   Map, The Lakes, Westmorland and Cumberland, scale about 8.5 miles to 1 inch, engravedby Neele and Son, published by Sherwood, Jones and Co, Paternoster Road, London, 1824.
image  click to enlarge
"Goats Tarn"
outline with form lines; lake or tarn 
item:-  Hampshire Museums : FA2000.62.5
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Laurie and Whittle 1806
placename:-  Goats Water
source data:-   Road map, Completion of the Roads to the Lakes, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, by Nathaniel Coltman? 1806, published by Robert H Laurie, 53 Fleet Street, London, 1834.
image  click to enlarge
"Goats Water"
item:-  private collection : 18.18
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Otley 1818
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, The District of the Lakes, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, 1818, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Scotland, published by Jonathan Otley, Keswick, Cumberland, et al, 1833.
item:-  JandMN : 48.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834) 
placename:-  Gates Water
placename:-  Goats Water
item:-  troutcharfishing
source data:-   Guide book, A Concise Description of the English Lakes, the mountains in their vicinity, and the roads by which they may be visited, with remarks on the mineralogy and geology of the district, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirkby Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823; published 1823-49, latterly as the Descriptive Guide to the English Lakes.
image OT01P036, button  goto source
Page 36:-  "... Gates Water, (Goats Water) reposes between the Old Man's western side, and the foot of the precipitous Dow Crag; (Dove Crag.) Besides being in common with the other tarns stocked with trout, it also contains some char. Its stream forms the rivulet of Torver."

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843) 
placename:-  Goats Water
source data:-   Guide book, A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by Rev William Ford, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, by W Edwards, 12 Ave Maria Lane, Charles Tilt, Fleet Street, William Smith, 113 Fleet Street, London, by Currie and Bowman, Newcastle, by Bancks and Co, Manchester, by Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, and by Sinclair, Dumfries, 1839.
image FD01P012, button  goto source
Page 12:-  "..."
"... Goats Water, whose length is half a mile, and margin stony. ..."

evidence:-   old drawing:- Aspland 1840s-60s
placename:-  Goats Water
source data:-   Drawing, pencil, Goat's Water, Torver and Coniston, Lancashire, by Theophilus Lindsey Aspland, 27 July 1852.
image  click to enlarge
"Goats Water. cliffs should be higher up."
page number  "(12)"
item:-  Armitt Library : 1958.390.16
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H
placename:-  Goat Water
source data:-   Map of the English Lakes, in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
"Goat Wr."
outline with shore form lines, lake or tarn 
item:-  JandMN : 82.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Martineau 1855
placename:-  Gait's Tarn
item:-  fox
source data:-   Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-76.
image MNU1P168, button  goto source
Page 168:-  "... Where Dow Crag and the Old Man join, a dark and solemn tarn lies beneath the precipice, as he will see from above, whence it lies due west, far below. Round three sides of this Gait's Tarn, the rock is precipitous; and on the other, the crags are piled in grotesque fashion, and so as to afford,- as does much of this side of the mountain,- a great harbourage for foxes, against which the neighbouring population are for ever waging war. ..."

evidence:-   old photograph:- Marr 1916
placename:-  Goatswater
source data:-   Photograph, halftone print, Goatswater, Coniston, Cumberland, 1916.
image  click to enlarge
item:-  JandMN : 173.36
Image © see bottom of page

BTN43.jpg (taken 8.9.2010)  
BTN45.jpg  A stone by the tarn; what?
(taken 8.9.2010)  

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