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Backbarrow Ironworks, Backbarrow
Backbarrow Ironworks
locality:-   Backbarrow
civil parish:-   Haverthwaite (formerly Lancashire)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   ironworks
locality type:-   blast furnace
coordinates:-   SD355846
1Km square:-   SD3584
10Km square:-   SD38

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Lan 12 2) 
placename:-  Backbarrow Ironworks
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

evidence:-   descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821) 
source data:-   Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P026, button  goto source
Page 26, footnote:-  "... From thence [Newby Bridge] to Bouth, on the common turnpike 3 miles. (But it might be worth while to go a little out of the way through a valley on the left hand, by Backbarrow Cotton-spinning-mills, the iron founderies, and Low-wood Gunpowder-mills, which are very romantically situated)."

evidence:-   old map:- West 1784 map
placename:-  Backbarrow Furnace
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, about 1784.
"Backbarrow / Furnace"
item:-  Armitt Library : A1221.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- Fell 1908
placename:-  Backbarrow Ironworks
source data:-   Print, Backbarrow Furnace in 1850, Haverthwaite, Lancashire, by William Fell, 1908, published by Hume Kitchin, 7 Market Street, Ulverston, Lancashire, 1908.
image  click to enlarge
Tipped in opposite p.209 of The Early Iron Industry of Furness and District, by Alfred Fell. 
printed, bottom  "BACKBARROW FURNACE IN 1850."
printed, lower right  "W. Fell 1908:"
item:-  Armitt Library : A701.4
Image © see bottom of page

Bloomery forge from 1685; blast furnace from 1761; ceased 1967.

Marshall, J D &Davies-Shiel, Michael: 1977 (2nd edn): Industrial Archaeology of the Lake Counties: Moon, Michael (Beckermet, Cumbria):: ISBN 0 904131 13 0

Blast furnace built 1711; fueled by charcoal, blowing apparatus worked by water power

Lancaster and Wattleworth 1977

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