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Birker Fell, Eskdale
Birker Fell
civil parish:-   Eskdale (formerly Cumberland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   hill
locality type:-   fell
coordinates:-   SD173975 (etc) 
1Km square:-   SD1797
10Km square:-   SD19

BLZ14.jpg (taken 24.4.2006)  

BLZ08.jpg  About 1911.
 courtesy of the King George IV, Eskdale Green.

evidence:-   old map:- Otley 1818
placename:-  Birker
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, The District of the Lakes, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, 1818, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Scotland, published by Jonathan Otley, Keswick, Cumberland, et al, 1833.
item:-  JandMN : 48.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H
placename:-  Birker Fell
source data:-   Map of the English Lakes, in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
"Birker Fell"
hill hachuring 
item:-  JandMN : 82.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Martineau 1855
placename:-  Birker Moor
item:-  birdskylarkeagle
source data:-   Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-76.
image MNU1P111, button  goto source
Page 111:-  "... crossing [the Duddon] at Ulpha Kirk, and getting upon the moor that way. As soon as the enclosures are past, up springs the lark, and freely run the rills, and keen is the air; and ghostlike are the mountains that appear by degrees above the high foreground of the moor. It is a rare pleasure in the lake district to meet with the lark. It is only on a very wide expanse of moorland that it can happen; for in the valleys the birds of prey allow no songsters. The eagles are gone (or nearly), and few ravens are left among the crags: but there are hawks domineering in every vale; so that those who would hear the lark must go out to such places as Birker Moor.- The mountain group in front is that which has been remarked upon before ... the whole line, from that peak to Hardknot, is very fine in all lights. ..."

evidence:-   old photograph:- Bogg 1898
placename:-  Birker Fell
source data:-   Photograph, halftone print, Glen Ulpha and Birker Fell, Ulpha, Cumberland, by G H Rodwell, published by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
image  click to enlarge
Included on p.215 of Lakeland and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg. 
item:-  JandMN : 231.84
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   outline view:- Jenkinson 1875
placename:-  Birker Moor
source data:-   Print, lithograph, outline view, Panoramic Sketches from Scawfell Pike, Cumberland, by Edwin A Pettitt, London, published by Edward Stanford, 55 Charing Cross, London, 1875.
image  click to enlarge
"... Birker Moor ..."
item:-  JandMN : 28.9
Image © see bottom of page

BOR99.jpg  Gravestone, just outside the door to St John's Church, Ulpha:-
"In Memory of / JAMES CROSBIE JENKINSON, / of Whitehaven, / Who perished on Birker Moor / during the 'pelting of the pitiless / storm' on the 1st. of January 1826, / aged 17 Years. / ..." (taken 27.2.2008)  

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