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Hornby Castle, Lancashire
Hornby Castle
county:-   Lancashire
locality type:-   castle
coordinates:-   SD587686
1Km square:-   SD5868
10Km square:-   SD56

MN photo:-  
The castle is inaccessible; all that can be seen is the more recent construction.

BUU71.jpg (taken 26.6.2011)  
BUU72.jpg (taken 26.6.2011)  

evidence:-   old map:- Saxton 1579
placename:-  Hornbye Castle
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Westmorlandiae et Cumberlandiae Comitatus ie Westmorland and Cumberland, scale about 5 miles to 1 inch, by Christopher Saxton, London, engraved by Augustinus Ryther, 1576, published 1579-1645.
Building with two towers, symbol for a castle.  "Hornbye cast:"
item:-  private collection : 2
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Speed 1611 (Wmd) 
placename:-  Hornbye Castell
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, 1610, published by George Humble, Popes Head Alley, London, 1611-12.
"Hornbye Castell"
circle, two towers 
item:-  Armitt Library : 2008.14.5
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd) 
placename:-  Hornbye Castle
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, published by Abel Swale, the Unicorn, St Paul's Churchyard, Awnsham, and John Churchill, the Black Swan, Paternoster Row, London, 1695.
"Hornbye Castle"
item:-  JandMN : 24
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd) 
placename:-  Hornby Castle
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
"Hornby Cast."
item:-  Dove Cottage : 2007.38.59
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- 
placename:-  Hornby Castle
source data:-   Print, uncoloured engraving, Hornby Castle, Lancashire, drawn by N Whittock, engraved by J Rogers, published by I T Hinton, 4 Warwick Square, London, perhaps late 18th century?
image  click to enlarge
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-  "N. WHITTOCK, DELT. / J. ROGERS, SC. / HORNBY CASTLE. / LONDON. PUBLISHED BY I. T. HINTON, 4, WARWICK SQAURE."
item:-  JandMN : 298
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821) 
item:-  summer house
source data:-   Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P218, button  goto source
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769 
Page 218:-  "..."
"... I came to Hornby, ... the castle, in a lordly situation, attracted me, so I walked up the hill to it; first presents itself a large white ordinary sashed gentleman's house, and behind it rises the ancient keep, built by Edward Stanley, Lord Monteagle. He died about 1529, in King Henry VIII's time. It is now only a shell, the rafters are laid within it as for flooring. I went up a"
image WS21P219, button  goto source
Page 219:-  "winding stone stair-case, in one corner, to the leads, and at the angle is a single hexagon watch tower, rising some feet higher, fitted up in the taste of a modern summer-house, with sash windows in gilt frames, a stucco cupola, and on the top a vast gilt eagle, built by Mr. Charteris, the present possessor. He is the second son of the Earl of Wemyss, brother to the Lord Elcho, and grandson to Colonel Charteris, whose name he bears."
"From the leads of the tower there is a fine view of the country round, and much wood near the castle. Ingleborough, which I had seen before distinctly at Lancaster to north-east, was completely wrapped in clouds, all but its summit; which might have easily been mistaken for a long black cloud too, fraught with an approaching storm. ..."

evidence:-   old text:- Camden 1789
placename:-  Hornby Castle
item:-  Gunpowder Plot
source data:-   Book, Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
image CAM2P131, button  goto source
Page 131:-  "... the river Lone passes by ... Hornby, a noble castle, founded by N. de Mont Begon, and owned by the Harringtons and Stanleys, barons Mont Eagle, descended from Thomas Stanley first earl of Derby. The 3d and last of them William Stanley left Elizabeth his only daughter and heiress wife of Edward Parker lord Morley, mother of William Parker, whom king James invested with his grandfather's title of Mont Eagle, and we and our posterity must acknowledge to have been born for the good of the whole kingdom. For, from an obscure letter privately sent to him, and by him most opportunely produced, the wickedest plot which the most accomplished villainy could contrive, was detected when the kingdom was on the eve of destruction, when certain wretches, under the cursed mask of religion, lodged a great quantity of gunpowder under the parliament-house, and waited to fire it and blow up their king and country in a moment."

evidence:-   old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions) 
source data:-   Book, Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
image CAM2P140, button  goto source
Page 140:-  "... ..."
""At the foot of Lunesdale is Hornby castle longing to the lord Montegle, half a mile from the Lune. ..."

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (8th edn 1849) 
source data:-   Guide book, A Concise Description of the English Lakes, the mountains in their vicinity, and the roads by which they may be visited, with remarks on the mineralogy and geology of the district, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirkby Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823; published 1823-49, latterly as the Descriptive Guide to the English Lakes.
image OT80P174, button  goto source
Page 174:-  "... The site of the Castle was anciently occupied by the Romans. The first structure, of which there are no remains, is attributed by Camden to Nicholas de Montbegon, who flourished about the 12th century, or the 1st of Henry I. The Great Tower was built by Edward, the first Lord Mounteagle, whose name and motto may be seen upon it. The Eagle Tower, which surmounts it, was erected by Lord Wemyss, in 1743; and the late Front by the Chartres family. Within the last few years, it has been newly fronted, and otherwise much improved. Independently of other associations connected with this place, it will be long remembered as the subject of 'The Great Will Cause,' which, commenced in 1826, 'dragged its slow length along' for many a year, wearying out the patience of all: a striking instance of 'the law's delay.'"

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843) 
source data:-   Guide book, A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by Rev William Ford, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, by W Edwards, 12 Ave Maria Lane, Charles Tilt, Fleet Street, William Smith, 113 Fleet Street, London, by Currie and Bowman, Newcastle, by Bancks and Co, Manchester, by Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, and by Sinclair, Dumfries, 1839.
image FD01P154, button  goto source
Page 154:-  ".."
"Hornby.- On the right is Hornby Castle, the property and possession of the estates attached to which, have latterly been a source of lucrative emolument to the gentlemen of the long robe."

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