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Stanley Force, Eskdale
Stanley Force
Dalegarth Falls
site name:-   Stanley Ghyll Beck
site name:-   Birker Beck
locality:-   Stanley Ghyll
civil parish:-   Eskdale (formerly Cumberland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   waterfall
coordinates:-   SD17429955
1Km square:-   SD1799
10Km square:-   SD19

CDF40.jpg (taken 4.6.2015)  
CDF41.jpg (taken 4.6.2015)  

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 83 2) 
placename:-  Stanley Force
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

evidence:-   old print:- Green 1810 (plate 48) 
source data:-   Print, soft ground etching, Stanley Gill, showing Stanley Force, Eskdale, Cumberland, by William Green, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1808.
image  click to enlarge
Plate 48 in Sixty Studies from Nature, 1810. 
printed at bottom:-  "STANLEY GILL. / Drawn and Engraved by William Green, and Published at Ambleside, June 24, 1808."
watermark:-  "J WHATMAN / 1813"
item:-  Armitt Library : A6641.48
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Otley 1818
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, The District of the Lakes, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, 1818, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Scotland, published by Jonathan Otley, Keswick, Cumberland, et al, 1833.
Marked by three chevrons across the stream. 
item:-  JandMN : 48.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834) 
placename:-  Dalegarth Force
placename:-  Stanley Gill Force
source data:-   Guide book, A Concise Description of the English Lakes, the mountains in their vicinity, and the roads by which they may be visited, with remarks on the mineralogy and geology of the district, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirkby Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823; published 1823-49, latterly as the Descriptive Guide to the English Lakes.
image OT01P045, button  goto source
Page 45:-  "DALEGARTH FORCE, or Stanley Gill, on the same side of the valley, is a sublime piece of scenery. From the ancient mansion of Dalegarth Hall, now a farm house, a path has been formed, crossing the stream from side to side, three times, by lofty wooden bridges. The water falls, in successive cascades, over granite rocks, which rise on each side to a stupendous height, and are finely ornamented with trees, and fringed with a profusion of bilberry, and other plants, rooted in the crevices."
image OT01P108, button  goto source
Page 108:-  "The small river Esk winds along a narrow valley, among verdant fields, surmounted by rugged rocks, ... On the left hand, in travelling down the valley, there are two remarkable cascades. The first is seen from the road; but the other, which lies beyond the chapel, requires a walk of more than half a mile to view it."

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843) 
placename:-  Stanley Gill
item:-  height, Stanley Force
source data:-   Guide book, A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by Rev William Ford, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, by W Edwards, 12 Ave Maria Lane, Charles Tilt, Fleet Street, William Smith, 113 Fleet Street, London, by Currie and Bowman, Newcastle, by Bancks and Co, Manchester, by Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, and by Sinclair, Dumfries, 1839.
image FD01P013, button  goto source
Page 13:-  "..."
"... Stanley Gill, which may be seen by application at Dalegarth Hall, ... now belonging to E. Stanley, of Ponsonby Hall, Esq., M.P. ..."
image FD01P179, button  goto source
Page 179:-  "WATERFALLS."
No. Name and Situation of Fall. Height.
11 Stanley Gill, near Eskdale 62 feet

evidence:-   old print:- Garnett 1850s-60s F
source data:-   Print, uncoloured lithograph, Stanley Ghyll, Eskdale, with Stanley Force, Cumberland, drawn by T L Aspland, engraved by William Banks, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Post Office, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s?
image  click to enlarge
printed, bottom left, right, centre  "L. Aspland, Delt. / Engd. by W. Banks, Edinr. / STANLEY GHYLL, ESKDALE. / PUBLISHED BY J. GARNETT, WINDERMERE."
item:-  Armitt Library : ALMA335.2
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evidence:-   old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H
placename:-  Dalegarth Force
source data:-   Map of the English Lakes, in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
"Dalegarth Force"
two lines across a stream, waterfall 
item:-  JandMN : 82.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Martineau 1855
item:-  pinebeechoakbirchhollyashtree
source data:-   Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-76.
image MNU1P112, button  goto source
Page 112:-  "On the right, a rude new road at length appears, tending towards a wooded ravine. That ravine is Stanley Ghyll, and at its head is the waterfall. The key may be had at the farmhouse of Dalegarth; ..."
"The Stanley Ghyll fall has much the character of Ara Force; and the immediate surroundings may perhaps be rivalled by other waterfalls in the district. But the glen itself is indisputably the finest in the region; and it is scarcely possible to say too much of the view from the Moss-house on the steep, which should certainly be the first point of view. From hence the eye commands the whole ravine, whose sides are feathered with wood from base to ridge. The fall is between two crags,- the one bare, the other crowned with pines; and if there is a slant of sunlight between them, it gives the last finish of beauty to the chasm. The most modern element in the scene, the young larches, cannot offend the eye,- so well as their vivid green is intermingled with the well-grown beech, oak, birch, and hollies, of a soberer hue. There is a bridge below, descried from the moss-house, which will tempt the stranger to find his way down; and there he will meet with two more, by means of which he will reach the fall. Here, among a wilderness of ferns and wild flowers, he may sit in the cool, damp abyss, watching the fall of waters into their clear rock-basin, till his ear is satisfied with their dash and flow, and his eye with"
image MNU1P113, button  goto source
Page 113:-  "the everlasting quiver of the ash sprays, and swaying of the young birches which hang over from the ledges of the precipice. A path then leads him under the rocks, now on this side of the stream, and now on that, till he emerges from the ravine, and winds his way through the hazel copse to the gate."

evidence:-   old text:- Martineau 1855
placename:-  Stanley Gill Waterfall
source data:-   Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-76.
image MNU1P180, button  goto source
Page 180:-  "WATERFALLS."
"No. : Names and Situations of Falls. : Counties : Feet in Height."
"10 : Stanley Gill, Eskdale : : Cumberland : 62"

evidence:-   old print:- Bemrose 1881
placename:-  Stanley Gill Fall
source data:-   Print, uncoloured, Stanley Gill Fall, Eskdale, Cumberland, published by Bemrose and Sons, 23 Old Bailey, London and Derby, by A B Moss, Carlisle, Cumberland, and by T Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, about 1881.
image  click to enlarge
On p.46 of a Handy Guide to the English Lakes and Shap Spa. 
printed at bottom:-  "STANLEY GILL FALL."
item:-  JandMN : 455.13
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evidence:-   old print:- Heaton Cooper 1905 (edn 1908) 
placename:-  Dalegarth Force
source data:-   Print, colour halftone, Dalegarth Force, Eskdale - Stanley Force, Eskdale, Cumberland, from a watercolour painting by Alfred Heaton Cooper, published by Adam and Charles Black, London, 2nd edn 1908.
image  click to enlarge
Opposite p.206 of The English Lakes, painted by Alfred Heaton Cooper, described by William T Palmer. 
printed at tissue opposite the print:-  "DALEGARTH FORCE, ESKDALE"
item:-  JandMN : 468.68
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evidence:-   old print:- Philip/Wilson 1890s
placename:-  Stanley Gill Force
source data:-   Print, engraving, Stanley Gill Fall, published by George Philip and Son, London, Philip, Son and Nephew, Liverpool, Lancashire, and Titus Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, about 1895.
image  click to enlarge
item:-  JandMN : 58.18
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evidence:-   old print:- Linton 1852
source data:-   Print, engraving, Stanley Gill from the Moss House, Eskdale, Cumberland, drawn by R Shepherd, engraved by W H Lizars, Edinburgh, published by Whittaker and Co, London, and by R Gibson and Son and by Callander and Dixon, Whitehaven, Cumberland, 1852.
image  click to enlarge
Tipped in opposite p.70 of A Handbook of the Whitehaven and Furness Railway, by John Linton. 
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-  "R. Shepherd delt. / W. H. Lizars sc. / STANLEY GILL / From the Moss House"
item:-  Armitt Library : A1158.10
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- Sylvan 1847
source data:-   Print, engraving, Stanley Gill, the force, Eskdale, Cumberland, engraved by Thomas Gilks, published by John Johnstone, Paternoster Row, London, et al, 1847.
image  click to enlarge
On p.146 of Sylvan's Pictorial Guide to the English Lakes. 
printed at lower left:-  "T Gilks Sc"
printed at bottom:-  "STANLEY GILL."
item:-  Armitt Library : A1201.36
Image © see bottom of page

CDF42.jpg (taken 4.6.2015)  

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