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Ulverston Sands, Morecambe Bay
Ulverston Sands
locality:-   Morecambe Bay
civil parish:-   Urswick (formerly Lancashire)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   sands
coordinates:-   SD30737411 (etc etc) 
1Km square:-   SD3074
10Km square:-   SD37

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Lan 16 8) 
placename:-  Ulverston Sands
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
OS County Series (Lan 16 12) 
OS County Series (Lan 16 16) 

evidence:-   old map:- Saxton 1579
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Westmorlandiae et Cumberlandiae Comitatus ie Westmorland and Cumberland, scale about 5 miles to 1 inch, by Christopher Saxton, London, engraved by Augustinus Ryther, 1576, published 1579-1645.
item:-  private collection : 2
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Speed 1611 (Wmd) 
placename:-  Ken Sandes
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, 1610, published by George Humble, Popes Head Alley, London, 1611-12.
"Ken Sandes"
item:-  Armitt Library : 2008.14.5
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   poem:- Drayton 1612/1622 text
placename:-  Levin Sands
item:-  placename, Leven Sands
source data:-   Poem, Poly Olbion, by Michael Drayton, published by published by John Marriott, John Grismand and Thomas Dewe, and others? London, part 1 1612, part 2 1622.
image DRY6P136, button  goto source
page 136:-  "... Levin from the Fells,
Besides her naturall source, with the abundance swells,"
image DRY6P137, button  goto source
page 137:-  "...
Till comming to the Sands, even almost at her fall,
On them her ancient Style shee liberally bestowes."

evidence:-   old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd) 
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, published by Abel Swale, the Unicorn, St Paul's Churchyard, Awnsham, and John Churchill, the Black Swan, Paternoster Row, London, 1695.
item:-  JandMN : 24
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821) 
source data:-   Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P035, button  goto source
Page 35:-  "In crossing Leven-sands, to Ulverston, you have on the right, a grand view of Alpine scenery. A rocky hill patched with wood and heath, rising immediately from the"
image WS21P036, button  goto source
Page 36:-  "coast, directs the eye to an immense chain of lofty mountains, apparently increased in magnitude and height since they were seen from Hest-bank. On a fine morning this is a pleasant ride, when the mountains are strongly illuminated by the sun-beams, and patched with shadows of intervening clouds that sail along their sides; or when they drag their watery skirts over the summits, and, admitting the streaming beams, adorn their rocky heads with silver, and variegate their olive-coloured sides with stripes of gold and green. This fairy scene soon shifting, all is concealed in a mantle of azure mist. At the Eau, or ford of the river Leven, another carter conducts you over. On the dissolution of the priory of Conishead, King Henry VIII. charged himself and his successors with the payment of the salary, fifteen marks per annum, which the guide received from the priory."

evidence:-   old map:- West 1784 map
placename:-  Leven Sands
placename:-  Ulverston Sands
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, about 1784.
"Leven and Ulverston Sands"
item:-  Armitt Library : A1221.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Camden 1789
placename:-  Levensand
source data:-   Book, Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
image CAM2P131, button  goto source
Page 131:-  "... Forness ... the shore here running out a great way to the west, the sea, as if enraged at it, lashes it more furiously, and, in high tides. has even devoured the shore, and made three large bays, viz. Kentsand, into which the river Ken empties itself, Levensand and Duddensand, between which the land projects ..."

evidence:-   old map:- Laurie and Whittle 1806
placename:-  Leven Sands
source data:-   Road map, Completion of the Roads to the Lakes, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, by Nathaniel Coltman? 1806, published by Robert H Laurie, 53 Fleet Street, London, 1834.
image  click to enlarge
"Leven Sands"
sands in estuary 
item:-  private collection : 18.18
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- Robertson 1911
placename:-  Ulverston Sands
source data:-   Print, lithograph? Ulverston Sands, from a watercolour by Arthur Tucker, published by Chatto and Windus, London, 1911.
image  click to enlarge
Tipped in opposite p.178 of Wordsworthshire by Eric Robertson. 
printed at bottom:-  "ULVERSTON SANDS"
signed at painting lower left:-  "Arthur Tucker"
item:-  JandMN : 197.33
Image © see bottom of page

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