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placename:- Kendal to Cockermouth
other name:- Cockermouth to Kendal
locality:- Kendal
parish Kendal parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
route
locality:- Cockermouth
parish Cockermouth parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
route
road code:- Kndl=Cckr

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P091, button   goto source.
Page 91:-
GENERAL DIRECTIONS:
WITH NOTICES OF THE VARIOUS OBJECTS PASSED IN EACH ROUTE.
STAGES.
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Jefferys 1770

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
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road
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Kitchin 1767 (plate 84)

Road book with strip road map maps, Kitchin's Post Chaise Companion, by Thomas Kitchin, published by Robert Sayer, 53 Fleet Street, John Bowles, Cornhill, and Carington Bowles, St Paul's Church Yard, London, 1767.
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date:- 1767
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 261)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
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The Road from Kendal to Cockermouth - from Kendal on past Keswick, Cumberland. Places labelled are:-
Laubercus a Village / 39, Laufield / 40 / Mountains / 41 ... 42 / 43, a Moor / Cockermouth, Cocker Flu, Derwen Flu
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 260)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
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The Road from Kendal to Cockermouth - from Kendal on past Keswick, Cumberland. Places labelled are:-
Kendal, a Com~on, The Castle, Lunt Flu / 1 ... 2 / Barnside on right / 3 ... 5 / Stanley / 6, Caston / Chappel on ye Inges on right / 7 / Grass Gate on right?, Broad Gate on left? / 8 / Winandermere / 9 / a Water Mill / 10 ... Winandermere Water on the left ... 13 / Ambleside, The Hall / 14 / Ridal Park both sides of the road, Ridal Hall on right / Ridal, Smiths Shop, 15 ... 19 / Grasmere Hill, enter Cumberland, Dunmail Raise Stones drawn by 6 upstanding stones on left / 20 / Wibourn Chappel / 21 / 22, Wibourn Water, 23 / Thurlspot / 24 ... Smathods Bridge over Thurlmire Flubius ... 28 / Cust / 29, Cartherit / Keswick, a Wood Br. over Thurlemire Flu / 30, a turning to Cockermout ye worst way, a Smiths shop, Crosthwate on left / 31 / Milbeck Hall on right / 32 ... 33 / Little Crosthwate / part of Basinthwate / 34 ... 35 / part of Basinthwate / 36, Basinthwate on right / Birthut Wood on right / 37 / Cole: Beck / 38, Armanthwate
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 259)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
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Plate 259 has the title cartouche for:-
The Roads from KENDAL to COCKERMOUTH, &c. Containing 32 Comp. and 43'7 measd. Miles &c.
and a table of distances, computed and measured miles in miles'furlongs, which includes, from Kendal:-
Stanley 4 / 5'3
Ambleside 10 / 13'3
Keswick 22 / 29'5
Cockermout 32 / 43'7
and from Egrimond
Winnick 5 / 6'3
Cockermout 10 / 14'1
Bodel 15 / 21
Thursby 24 / 33'4
CARLISLE 29 / 39'4
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Morden 1695 (EW)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MRD3Cm, button   goto source.
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double line; road
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 96)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG96, button   goto source.
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The Roads from KENDAL in Westmorld. to COCKERMOUTH in Cumberld.
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

strip map:- Geographia 1925

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246. - KENDAL TO KESWICK.
date:- 1925
period:- 1920s

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
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Itinerary, Route 42 in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Kendal to Carlisle, through The Lakes, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.85-88 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.85:-
ROUTE 42. / KENDAL via the Lakes, Windermere (8 1/4), Grasmere (17), Dunmail Raise (20 1/4), Thirlmere, Keswick (30), Bothel (42 3/4), to CARLISLE (61 1/4).
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date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, illustrated itineraries, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
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Itinerary, Route 42 reverse in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Carlisle to Kendal, through The Lakes, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
pp.89-92 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3.
printed at beginning, p.89:-
ROUTE 42. Reverse. / CARLISLE through the Lakes via Bothel (18 1/2), Keswick (31 1/4), Thirlmere, Dunmail Raise (41), Grasmere (44 1/4), Windermere (53) to KENDAL (61 1/4).
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date:- 1908
period:- 1900s

old itinerary:- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, British High Roads, published in four parts by Tinsley Brothers, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
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Itinerary, route 7, London to Whitehaven via the Lake Districts, including from Settle, Lancashire; through Kirkby Lonsdale, Kendal, Ambleside, Westmorland; then Keswick, Cockermouth to Whitehaven, Cumberland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
pp.71-91 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes; pp.84-91.
printed at p.71:-
... / ROUTE VII. - LONDON to WHTEHAVEN via THE LAKE / DISTRICTS. (See Maps 65 to 80.) / Hitchin (as per Route I.) 34, Shefford 41, Bedford 50, Higham-Ferrers, / 64 3/4, Kettering 74 1/2, Rockingham 83 1/4, Uppingham 88 3/4, Oakham, / 94 3/4, Melton Mowbray 104 3/4, Nottingham 123 1/4, Rotherham 159 1/4, / Barnsley 171 3/4, Huddersfield 188 3/4, Halifax 196 3/4, Keighley 2083/4, / Skipton 218 3/4, Settle 234 3/4, Kirkby Lonsdale 252 1/2, Kendal 264 1/2, / Ambleside 278 1/2, Keswick 293 1/2, Cockermouth 305 1/2, Whitehaven / 319 1/2. / ...
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date:- 1877
period:- 19th century, late

old strip map (pp.77-78):- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, British High Roads, published in four parts by Tinsley Brothers, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
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Strip map, road map, part of London to Whitehaven, including from before Kirkby Lonsdale through Kendal, Windermere to beyond Ambleside, Westmorland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
Map pp.77-78 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes.
printed at top:-
BRITISH HIGH ROADS / 77 LONDON TO WHITEHAVEN. 78
date:- 1877
period:- 19th century, late

old strip map (pp.79-80):- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum)

Road book, British High Roads, published in four parts by Tinsley Brothers, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
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Strip map, road map, part of London to Whitehaven, including from before Keswick through Cockermouth to Whitehaven, Cumberland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
Map pp.79-80 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes.
printed at top:-
BRITISH HIGH ROADS / 79 LONDON TO WHITEHAVEN. 80
date:- 1877
period:- 19th century, late

old strip map:- Smith 1826 (Roads/Cum)

Road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, Cumberland, etc, scales roughly 8 miles to 1 inch, by Charles Smith and Son, 172 Strand, London, engraved by Gardner, published 1826.
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Strip map, pp.85-87, including To Kendal by Halifax and Settle, continued to Keswick etc, published by Charles Smith and Son, 172 Strand, London, 1st edn 1826.
From Settle, Lancashire; through Kirkby Lonsdale to Kendal, Westmorland; and other routes.
Included in Smith's Pocket New Companion to the Roads of England and Wales.
printed at p.86:-
TO KENDAL / by Halifax & Settle / continued to Keswick &c.
date:- 1826
period:- 19th century, early

old strip map:- Smith 1826 (Roads/Cum)

Road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, Cumberland, etc, scales roughly 8 miles to 1 inch, by Charles Smith and Son, 172 Strand, London, engraved by Gardner, published 1826.
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Strip map, pp.88-90, including To Kendal by Halifax and Settle, continued to Keswick etc, published by Charles Smith and Son, 172 Strand, London, 1st edn 1826.
Through Ambleside, Westmorland; then Keswick, Cockermouth to Maryport, Cumberland; and other routes.
Included in Smith's Pocket New Companion to the Roads of England and Wales.
printed at p.86:-
TO KENDAL / by Halifax & Settle / continued to Keswick &c.
date:- 1826
period:- 19th century, early

old strip map (pl.82):- Jeffery 1775 (pl.82/Roads)

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Strip map, road map, From Kendall to Cockermouth and From Egremont to Carlisle, by Thomas Jefferys, published by R Sayer and J Bennett, 53 Fleet Street, London, 1775.
Plate 87 in Jefferys's Itinerary or Travellers Companion.
printed at plain cartouche, upper centre:-
From KENDALL to COCKERMOUTH / Stanley 5 / Ambleside 13 / Keswick 29 / Cockermouth 44 / From EGREMONT to CARLISLE / Cockermouth 14 / Bowland 21 / Thursby 33 1/2 / Carlisle 39
printed at top left and right:-
67 / 67
printed at bottom right of centre:-
Publish'd as the Acts directs by R. Sayer & I. Bennett 16 Janry. 1775.

placename:- Kendall to Cockermouth
date:- 1775
period:- 18th century, late

old strip map (pl.96):- Senex 1719 (plate 96/Roads)

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Strip map, road map, The Road from Kendal in Westmorel to Cockermouth and The Road from Egremond to Carlisle in Cumberland, by John Senex, The Globe, Salisbury Court, Fleet Street, London, 1719.
Plate 96 in An Actual Survey of all the Principal Roads of England and Wales.
printed at plain cartouche, upper centre:-
The Roads from / KENDAL in WESTMOREL: to COCKERMOUTH / EGREMOND to CARLISLE in CUMBERLAND. / The first commencing at Kendal & so to / Stanley 5 / Amleside 13 1/4 / Keswick 29 1/2 / Cockermouth 44 / The second commencing at Egremond & so to / Winnick 6 1/4 / Cockermouth 14 1/4 / Bowland 21 / Thursby 33 1/4 / CARLISLE 39 1/4
printed at bottom right:-
96

placename:- Kendal to Cockermouth
date:-
period:- 18th century, early

source:- Ogilby 1699 (edn 1712)

image OGY7p178, button   goto source.
page 178
Distances from Kendal
The Roads from
KENDAL to COCKERMOUTH,
And from Egrimond to CARLISLE.
Westmoreland and Cumberland include the Road, and the Thurle, Darwen, Coker, Eln, Wampul and Cauda, are the chief Rivers cross'd over. This Road, in general, is as bad as any in England, being very hilly, stony and moorish.
   Forward Turnings to be avoided.
At 1'7 The Left acute: 7'5 The Left acute. 31M. The Right to Melbeak. 35'3 The Right to Skiddow.
   In the Road to CARLISLE.
At the End of Egrimond, the Left to Whitehaven. 5'1 The Right acute. 6'1 The Right to Keswick. 7'3 The Right acute. 8'2 The Left acute. 15'3 The Left to Bridkirk. 16'6 The Right acute. 22'6 The Left to Blin-Rosset. 31'2 The Left acute.
FROM Kendal, ascend a Hill, and at 2'6 leave Barnside V. on the Right; then bearing to the Left, over an Asc. and Desc. at 5M. enter Stanley V. of 5F. At 6'1 by Caston V. on the Right, and 5F. farther, by Chappel on the Inges, on the same hand; pass between Grass-Gate and Broad-Gate, 2 Villages. At 7'5 go over a Hill of 7F. with a Desc. of 3F. and at the Bottom, by a Wood, on the Left.
At 9'5 thro' Winandermere V. descend St. Kathern's Brow-hill, and at the Bottom, over a Stone Br. cross a Brook; Winandermere Water lying by the Road on the Left; which Lake is the biggest in England, and is plentifully supply'd with Fish. Whence over a Stone Br. and Brook, also by a Wood on the Right, and some Houses, come at 13'2 to Ambleside of 4F. seated near the said Lake, and having a Mt. on Wednesd. indifferently well stored with Provisions.
Thence several great Hills ranging on both sides of the Road for some M. pass thro' Ridal P. and over a Br. and Brook, leaving Ridal-hall on the Right, at 14'7
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page 179
thro' Ridal V. over an Asc. and Desc. by Gresmere Ch. on the Left, cross some Brooks, and ascend a Hill of 8F. near Gresmere hill of a great height, on the Left. At 19'6 over a Stone Br. and Brook, enter Cumberland; where, on the Left, is a great heap of Stones call'd Dunmail Raise-Stones, suppos'd to have been cast up by Dunmail K. of Cumberland, for the Bounds of his Kingdom.
Hence by Wyburn Chap. and Thurlspot V. on the Right, and Wyburn Brook on the Left; at 25M. cross Smathods Stone Br. over Thurlemire flv. and leave the Hills on the Right, which lye along the Road on the Left to 27'2. There over a Brook, go up a Hill, and at 28'2 thro' Cust. V. Then descending, pass thro' Cartherit V. and at 29'4 to Keswick of about 2F. on the Road, but more transverse; and on Thurlemire flv. as its Influx into the Darwen. 'Twas a Town of good Note in former Time, now much decay'd; yet it has a Market on Saturdays.
From Keswick, over a Wooden Br. cross the said Thurlemire, by other great Hills along the Road on the Right and Left; Derwen flv. running between the Road and the Hills on the Left.. Then by Crosthwate Ch. on the Left, and Milbeck-hall on the Right, at 33'1 pass thro' Little Crosthwate V. afterwards by Basin-Thwate V. on the Left, and the Chap. on the Right. At 37M. bear to the Left; leave Colbeck and Armanthwate on the Right, and at 38M. over a Wooden Br. cross the said Darwen. At 38'4 go thro' Lawbercus V. and at 39'2 Lawfield V. Where, over a Hill of 1M. descend 5F. and at 43'4 enter Cockermouth, on Derwen and Coker flv. a Place of good Account, with a fair Ch. and strong Castle. As a Borough-Town it elects Parl. Men, and has a Mt.on Mond. with 2 Fairs.
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page 250
...
The Roads from KENDAL in Westmoreland to COCKERMOUTH ...
date:- 1699
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

route parts
mapping:- road, Kendal to Windermere
road, Windermere to Ambleside
road, Ambleside to Keswick
road, Keswick to Cockermouth

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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