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placename:- Lowther Castle
other name:- Lowther Hall
locality:- Lowther Park
locality:- Lowther
parish Lowther parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
building/s; castle; motte and bailey
coordinates:- NY52272385
10Km square:- NY52

1Km square NY5223

photograph

Lowther Castle -- Lowther Park -- Lowther -- Lowther -- Cumbria / -- I'm not sure the scaffolding detracts from the view. -- 29.9.2005

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 7 8)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Lowther Castle
castle
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old map (vignette):- Burrow 1920s

Road strip maps with parts in Westmorland, Cumberland etc, now Cumbria, irregular scale about 1.5 miles to 1 inch, by E J Burrow and Co, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, 1920s.
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date:- 1920=1929
period:- 1920s

source:- Philip/Wilson 1890s

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LOWTHER CASTLE.
date:- 1895
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
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Lowther Castle
block, building

placename:- Lowther Castle
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
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Castle
Building and park.
county:- Westmoreland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 135:-
...
LOWTHER CASTLE AND PARK.
The Castle stands in a park of six hundred acres, on the east side of the delightful vale of Lowther. The building was begun in 1802, and its general form is pyramidal, the wings adorned with turrets
Page 136:-
and towers, rising up to an immense square tower occupying the centre. The north front is four hundred and twenty feet in length, having before it a rampart, forming a semi-polygon, flanked by circular bastions at the angles; below there is a large area enclosed by a parapet wall, with a covered way, and bastions at the corners. At the entrance is a porter's lodge, with a double gate and postern, and in the centre a large gateway, guarded by two strong octagonal towers. The south front forms a remarkable contrast to this, being built in the decorated style, with pointed windows enriched with tracery and niches; the cloisters also give additional interest and effect to this side. A lawn of velvet smoothness and emerald green, shut in by trees of the loftiest growth, stretches along this front. The interior of the Castle is fitted up with correspondent taste, oak being very plentifully used. The staircase, which ascends in the central tower, is magnificent. A beautiful flower-garden is separated from the park by a sunk fence, and from the south front several walks wind away to Lowther Terrace, through groves of forest trees. Below, the river Lowther pursues with gentle stream its devious course, through flowery meads and beneath the leafy foliage, sometimes betraying itself by its glittering stream, sometimes by its noisy babblings. The view from the great central tower is extensive, being shut in by Skiddaw, Helvellyn, St. Sunday Crag, and other distant mountains.
Page 176:-
...
'Lowther Castle, the seat of the Earl of Lonsdale - Castle and grounds shown daily;

placename:- Lowther Castle
person:- : Lonsdale, Earl of
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Otley 1823 (8th edn 1849)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
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Engraving, Lowther Castle, drawn by T Binns, engraved by O Jewitt, on p.106 of A Descriptive Guide of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, 8th edition, 1849.

placename:- Lowther Castle
date:- 1849
period:- 19th century, early; 1840s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY52, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY52, button to large image
building/s

descriptive text:- Baker 1802

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
pp.25-26:-
Near this passage [road to Penrith] is also the seat and extensive park of Lord Lonsdale, ... observable from the woods and smaller plantations of furs and other evergreens, tastefully arranged on the summits of the hills near them. Lowther Hall, next passed, is another possession of the family of that name. ...

placename:- Lowther Hall
person:- : Lowther Family
person:- : Lonsdale, Earl of
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
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page 273-274
About 3 Miles beyond Thrimby, on l. is Lowther Hall, Earl of Lonsdale.

placename:- Lowther Hall
person:- : Lonsdale, Earl of
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 7:-
...
Before we leave the river Lowther, it may not be improper to remark, that it gives name to a village, and probably to the great and illustrious family of Lowther, who have had their residence in that village since the reign of Henry the II. The family-mansion, called Lowther Hall, is well worth the notice of the curious traveller; but above all things, the admirable carpet-manufactory (carried on here for the sole use and pleasure of the family,) will amply gratify the curiosity of a spectator, as perhaps the whole world can scarcely equal it.
Among the many distinguished personages which the Lowther family has produced, I shall select a few of the most remarkable.
Sir Hugh de Lowther, Attorney-General to Edward the I.
Sir Hugh de Lowther, who, together with Richard Denton, was commissioned in the 17th of Edward the II. to summons and have ready all the armed men of the county of Cumberland. Afterwards, in the 13th of Edward the III. the same Sir Hugh de Lowther was commissioned to array all men at arms in the counties of Cumberland and Westmorland.
William Lowther, who, with Sir Thomas Colville, Sir John Etton, knights; William Selveyn, Henry Van Croypole, and Simon Ward, obtained leave from Richard the II. to challenge certain persons of the kingdom of Scotland to exercise feats of arms; and upon this the king appointed John Lord Roos to fix a camp and be judge in the said exercise.
Sir Richard Lowther. (the twelfth of the line,) was Lord-Warden of the West Marches, and several times a commissioner in the contests between the two kingdoms during the reign of Queen Elizabeth.
In the 11th year of her reign he was sent by her to Workington Hall, the seat of the Cunven [Curwen] family, to take prisoner Mary Queen of Scots, who had fled thither, and to carry her to Carlisle, and there to keep strict watch over her: His humanity, however, got the better of his duty, and he incurred Elizabeth's displeasure, by suffering the Duke of Norfolk to visit the unfortunate Princess in her confinement.

placename:- Lowther Hall
person:- : Lowther Family
person:- : Lowther, Hugh de, Sir
person:- : Denton, Richard
person:- : Lowther, William
person:- : Colville, Thomas, Sir
person:- : Etton, John, Sir
person:- : Selveyn, William
person:- : Croypole, Henry van
person:- : Ward, Simon
person:- : Richard II
person:- : Roos, John, Lord
person:- : Lowther, Richard
person:- : Curwen Family
person:- : Mary, Queen of Scots
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old print:- Clarke 1787

Bearing from line Penrith Beacon to Helvellyn on topograph = -38 degrees;
bearing calculated from grid references = -49 degrees.
Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
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Lowther
house

placename:- Lowther
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
Marked by a drawing of a building in a park enclosed by the river and a paling fence.
image Ws02NY52, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02NY52, button to large image

placename:- Lowther Hall
house; park
county:- Westmorland

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
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LOWTHER / Sr. Jas. Lowther Kt.
large house, formal garden, avenues of trees outline with fence palings; park

placename:- Lowther
county:- Westmorland
person:- : Lowther, James, Sir
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
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Hall
circle and line, in a park, outline of fence palings, trees

placename:- Hall
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

descriptive text:- Bickham 1753-54

Maps, A Map of Westmorland, 1753, and A Map of Cumberland, 1754, by George Bickham, published 1750s-96.
Noblemen's Seats are ... Lowther-Hall, Lord Viscount Lonsdale's.

placename:- Lowther Hall
person:- : Lonsdale, Earl of
date:- 1753
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP3P8, button   goto source.
Page 1026:-
...
At Lowther Hall, near Ulles-Water, the Lord Viscount Lonsdale.

placename:- Lowther Hall
person:- : Lonsdale, Earl of
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

descriptive text:- Defoe 1724-26

Travel book, Tour through England and Wales, by Daniel Defoe, published in parts, London, 1724-26.
My Lord Lonsdale, or Lonsdown, of the antient family of Louther, has a very noble and antient seat at Louther, and upon the River Louther; all together add a dignity to the family, and are tests of its antiquity. The house, as now adorned, is beautiful; but the stables are the wonder of England, of which, having not taken an exact view of them my self, I am loth to say, at second-hand, what fame has said; but, in general, they are certainly the largest and finest that any gentleman or nobleman in Britain is master of.
person:- : Lonsdale, Earl of; Lonsdown, Lord
person:- : Louther Family
date:- 1724=1726
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

descriptive text:- Fiennes 1698

The earlier Lowther Hall.
Travel book, manuscript record of Journeys through England including parts of the Lake District, by Celia Fiennes, 1698.
... Lord Landsdowns house call'd Louder-hall which is four mile from Peroth [Penrith]; I went to it through fine woods, the front is just faceing the great road from Kendall and lookes very nobly, with severall rows of trees which leads to large iron gates, open barres, into the stable yard which is a fine building on the one side of the house very uniform, and just against it is such another row of buildings the other side of the house like two wings which is the offices; its built each like a fine house jutting out at each end and the middle is with pillars white and carvings like the entrance of a building, these are just equal and alike and encompass the two sides of the first court which enters with large iron gates and iron palasadoes in the breadth, and then there is an ascent of 15 stone steps turned round very large and on the top large iron gates and same pallisad of iron betweene stone pillars, which runs the breadth of the front; this court is with paved walks of broad stone one broad one to the house, the other of same breadth runs acrosse to the stables and offices and so there is 4 large squares of grass in which there is a large statue of stone in the midst of each and 4 little Cupids or little boys in each corner of the 4 squares; then one ascends severall more steps to another little court with open iron railes and this is divided into severall grass plotts by paved walks of stone to the severall doores, some of which are straight others slope, the grass plotts being seven, and in each a statue, the middlemost is taller than the rest; this is just the front of the house where you enter a porch with pillars of lime stone but the house is the red sort of stone of the country.
Below-staires you enter a space that leads severall wayes to all the offices and on one side is a large parlour which lookes out on these green plotts with images; the staircase very well wanscoated and carv'd at the top; you are landed into a noble hall very lofty, the top and sides are exquisitely painted by the best hand in England which did the painting at Windsor; the top is the Gods and Goddesses that are sitting at some great feast and a great tribunal before them, each corner is the Seasons of the yeare with the variety of weather, raines and rainbows stormy winds sun shine snow and frost with multitudes of other fancys and varietyes in painting, and looks very naatural - it cost 500L that roome alone; thence into a dineing room and drawing-roome well wanscoated of oake large pannells plaine no frettworks nor carvings or glass work only in chimney pieces; 3 handsome chambers, one scarlet cloth strip'd and very fashionably made up the hangings the same, another flower'd damaske lined with fine Indian embroidery, the third roome had a blew satten bed embroider'd, in this roome was a very fine orris hangings in which was much silk and gold and silver; a little roome by in which was a green and white damaske canopy bed which was hung with some of the same hangings - being made for the Duke of Lortherdale and had his armes in many places, by his dying were sold to Lord Landsdon, they containe a Scottish story and garb the 4 quarters of the yeare; the roomes are all well pitch'd and well finish'd and many good pictures of the family and severall good fancy's of humane and animals; a good gallery so adorn'd which leads to a closet that looks into the Chappell, all things very neat tho' nothing extraordinary besides the hall painting; the chimney pieces are of dark coulloured marble which is taken out of the ground just by, its well polish'd, there was some few white marble vein'd but that is not dug out of this country.
The house is a flatt rooffe and stands amidst a wood of rows of trees which with these statues and those in two gardens on each side (which for their walks and plantations is not finish'd but full of statues) which with the house is so well contrived to be seen at one view; the Lady Landsdown sent and treated me with a breakfast, cold things and sweetmeates all serv'd in plaite, but it was so early in the morning that she being indisposed was not up.

placename:- Louder hall
person:- Lansdown, Lord
person:- Lansdown, Lady
date:- 1698
period:- 17th century, late
period:- 1690s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Wmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
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Lowther Ha.
outline of fence palings; park and house

placename:- Lowther Hall
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old print:-
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Print, hand coloured lithograph, South Front of Lowther Castle, Westmorland, painted by Thomas Law, engraved by Thomas Mann Baynes, published by James Brown, Penrith, Cumberland, 1829.
Printed by C Hullmandel.
Summertime; view of Lowther Castle from the parkland lying beyond the south front. In centre of composition two ladies and a gentleman stand conversing. To right of composition a herd of deer graze in the shade of a stand of trees.
inscribed at bottom left on print:-
Drawn on Stone by T.M. Baynes from a Sketch by T. Law
inscribed at bottom right on print:-
Printed by C. Hullmandel
date:- 1829
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
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Print, hand coloured lithograph, Lowther Castle, painted by Thomas Law, engraved by Thomas Mann Baynes, published by James Brown, Penrith, Cumberland, 1829.
Printed by C Hullmandel.
Summertime; view of Lowther Castle from the parkland lying beyond its walls. To left of foreground three men converse; two of them have shotguns, the third has a scythe slung over his shoulder. Two hounds lie beside them. Groups of cattle, sheep and deer inhabit the park.
inscribed at bottom left on print:-
Drawn on Stone by T.M. Baynes from a Sketch by T. Law
inscribed at bottom right on print:-
Printed by C. Hullmandel
date:- 1829
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
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Print, coloured, Hugh Cecil, Earl of Lonsdale, by Joseph W Simpson, 1948.
Hugh Cecil Lowther, 5th Earl of Lowther, stands in foreground with cigar in left hand with Lowther Castle in the background.
signed at top right on print:-
Simpson
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person:- : Lowther, Hugh Cecil; Lonsdale, Earl of
date:-
period:- 1940s

text:- Jackson 1990

Jackson, M J

other name:- Castellum de Lauudre -- 1174 & 1287
other name:- Lauudre, Castellum de -- 1174 & 1287

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
LOWTHER CASTLE / / / LOWTHER / EDEN / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 74345 / NY5214823802
courtesy of English Heritage
Country house built as sham castle, now a ruin without roof. 1806-14 on site of medieval hall, by Sir Robert Smirke for 1st Earl of Lonsdale. Calciferous sandstone ashlar with string course and battlemented parapets. Tall central square stair tower behind, and projecting above, 3-storey, 3-bay centre flanked by 2-storey, 3-bay wings. Low flanking recessed 3-bay links to 2-storey, 3-bay end pavilions; each angle with either a circular or octagonal turret. Central porte-cochere has pointed arches under tracery stone panels, battlemented parapet and octagonal, panelled turrets. Central bays have mixed fenestration of 4-light Tudor window over porch and pointed-arched windows. Ground floor pointed-arched tracery windows in wings under 2-light Tudor-style windows. Pavilions have 2-light Tudor-style windows. All windows now without tracery or mullions. House was closed in 1935 (it had over 260 rooms and had cost 77,000) and partly used as a tank training range during World War II. Contents sold in 1947 and roof removed 1957. See Colvin, Crook & Friedman, Architectural Drawings from Lowther Castle, 1980: Transactions Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society, new series, lxxxi, pp.122-136 and lxxxiv, pp.191-204. See also D. Sutherland, The Yellow Earl, 1965, for the later history of the castle.

placename:- Lowther Castle
district:- Eden
listed building
coordinates:- NY52142380
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
GATE PIERS FOR LOWTHER CASTLE OPPOSITE THE COLLEGE / / / LOWTHER / EDEN / CUMBRIA / II / 74367 / NY5264924150
courtesy of English Heritage
Gate piers for Lowther Castle. Late C17 or early C18. Grey and pink sandstone ashlar. Rusticated piers with shaped caps. Probably went out of use when the present castle was built in 1809.
district:- Eden
listed building -- gate piers
coordinates:- NY52642415
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
STABLE BLOCK EAST OF LOWTHER CASTLE / / / LOWTHER / EDEN / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 74346 / NY5229823825
district:- Eden
listed building -- stable
coordinates:- NY52292382
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
OUTER TERRACE WALL NORTH OF LOWTHER CASTLE / / / LOWTHER / EDEN / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 74348 / NY5221923948
courtesy of English Heritage
Outer garden terrace wall. 1806-10 by Sir Robert Smirke for 1st Earl of Lonsdale. Calciferous sandstone ashlar walls with battlemented parapets. Roughly C-shaped low wall with central lodge (listed separately) each angle having a small rectangular turret with loops. Graded for group value with Lowther Castle.
district:- Eden
listed building
coordinates:- NY52212394
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
LODGE NORTH OF LOWTHER CASTLE / / / LOWTHER / EDEN / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 74349 / NY5216123937
district:- Eden
listed building
coordinates:- NY52162393
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
INNER TERRACE WALL, RAMPS AND STEPS NORTH OF LOWTHER CASTLE / / / LOWTHER / EDEN / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 74347 / NY5215323868
courtesy of English Heritage
Terrace wall, ramps and steps in front of Lowther Castle. 1806-10 by Sir Robert Smirke for 1st Earl of Lonsdale. Calciferous sandstone ashlar. Low retainig wall for first stage of garden terrace immediately in front of castle. Central steps in front of main entrance, with long flanking carriage ramps, all in straight wall parallel with facade of house. The wall has 45 angles with low circular turrets at corners, the right wall going up to the facade, but the left linking with the stable wall. Graded for group value with Lowther Castle.
district:- Eden
listed building
coordinates:- NY52152386
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.1 no.34)

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
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Print, uncoloured engraving, South View of Lowther Castle, Lowther, Westmorland, drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by J Thomas, published by Fisher, Son and Co, London, 1833.
vol.1 pl.34 in the set of prints, Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
T. Allom. / J. Thomas. / SOUTH VIEW OF LOWTHER CASTLE. / THE SEAT OF THE RT. HONBLE. WM. LOWTHER, F.S.A. EARL OF LONSDALE. / FISHER, SON & CO. LONDON, 1833.

placename:- Lowther Castle
person:- : Lowther, William; Lonsdale, Earl of
date:- 1833
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail R2E51, button to large image
date:- 1830
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail R2E33, button to large image
date:- 1830
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Knyff and Kip 1707

Book, Britannia Illustrata, prints from drawings by Leonard Knyff, engraved by John Kip, published London, 1707-1740.
thumbnail BNF17, button to large image
Print, engraving, Lowther, Westmorland now Cumbria, drawn by Leonard Knyff, engraved by John Kip, 1707.
The house and gardens and surrounding lands are drawn in bird's eye view.
Probably from Britannia Illustrata, published London, 1707-1740.
date:- 1707
period:- 18th century, early

old print:- Morris 1866-80 (vol.2 no.33)

4 volumes of colour lithographs, A Series of Picturesque Views of Seats of Noblemen and Gentlemen of Great Britain and Ireland, edited by Francis Orpen Morris, published by William Mackenzie, 69 Ludgate Hill, London, etc, 1866-80?
thumbnail PR0102, button to large image
Print, coloured lithograph, Lowther Castle, Lowther, Westmorland, about 1880?
printed at bottom centre:-
LOWTHER CASTLE.

placename:- Lowther Castle
date:- 1880
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0285, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Lowther Castle, Westmoreland, published by Poet Close, Kirkby Stephen, Westmorland, late 19th century?
printed at bottom centre, left, right:-
LOWTHER CASTLE, WESTMORELAND. / PUBLISHED BY POET CLOSE, KIRKBY-STEPHEN. / THE SEAT OF THE EARL OF LONSDALE.

placename:- Lowther Castle
date:- 1860=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0365, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Lowther Castle, Westmorland, drawn by J P Neale, engraved by W Wallis, published by J P Neale, 16 Bennett Street, Blackfriars Road, and by Sherwood, Neely and Jones, Paternoster Row, London, 1819.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Drawn by J. P. Neale. / Engraved by W. Wallis. / LOWTHER CASTLE, / WESTMORLAND. / London Pub. July 1. 1819. by J. P. Neale, 16 Bennett St. Blackfriars Road & Sherwood Neely & Jones Paternoster Row.

placename:- Lowther Castle
date:- 1819
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0366, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Lowther Castle, Westmorland, drawn by J P Neale, engraved by Hardy and Co, published by Jones and Co, Temple of the Muses, Finsbury Square, London, 1830.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Drawn by J. P. Neale. / Engraved by Hardy & Co. / LOWTHER CASTLE, / WESTMORELAND. / Jones & Co. Temple of the Muses, Finsbury Square, London, Octr. 30. 1830.

placename:- Lowther Castle
date:- 1819
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0367, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Lowther Castle, Westmorland, drawn by J P Neale, engraved by W Enson, published by J P Neale, 16 Bennett Street, Blackfriars Road, and by Sherwood, Neely and Jones, Paternoster Row, London, 1819.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Drawn by J. P. Neale. / Engraved by W. Enson. / LOWTHER CASTLE, / (GENERAL VIEW) / WESTMORLAND. / London Pub. July 1. 1819. by J. P. Neale, 16 Bennett St. Blackfriars Road & Sherwood Neely & Jones Paternoster Row.

placename:- Lowther Castle
date:- 1819
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0374, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, birds eye view, Lowther in the County of Westmorland, 1700s.
Copied from a print by Knyff and Kip?
printed at bottom:-
LOWTHER in the County of WESTMORLAND

placename:- Lowther
date:- 1700=1709
period:- 18th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0375, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Lowther Castle, drawn by W Daniell, engraved by H Wallis, published about 1840.
Number 11 in the Landscape Galley.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Drawn by W. Daniell, R.A. / Engraved by H. Wallis. / Lowther Castle, / THE SEAT OF THE RT. HON. EARL OF LONSDALE. / No.11 in the Landscape Galley.

placename:- Lowther Castle
date:- 1840
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Lowther 1780s-90s

Scrapbook, 4 volumes, of descriptive texts, maps, and prints of views and coats of arms, for Westmorland and Cumberland, assembled by a member of the Lowther Family, late 18th early 19th century.
thumbnail BNF15, button to large image
Print, engraving, Lowther, Westmorland now Cumbria, 1700s.
The house and gardens and surrounding lands are drawn in bird's eye view.
Copied from the Knyff and Kip print?
date:- 1700=1709
period:- 18th century, early

old print:- Lowther 1780s-90s

Scrapbook, 4 volumes, of descriptive texts, maps, and prints of views and coats of arms, for Westmorland and Cumberland, assembled by a member of the Lowther Family, late 18th early 19th century.
thumbnail BNF16, button to large image
Print, engraving, Elevation of Lowther Hall, Cumbria, drawn by C Campbell, engraved by H Hulsbergh, mid 18th century?
thumbnail BNF18, button to large image
Print, engraving, General Plan of Lowther Hall, mid 18th century?

placename:- Lowther Hall
date:- 1730=1769
period:- 18th century, early

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Lowther Castle -- Lowther Park -- Lowther -- Lowther -- Cumbria / -- Gate piers, -- NY52682406 (at) -- 28.2.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Lowther Castle -- Lowther Park -- Lowther -- Lowther -- Cumbria / -- Gate piers, -- NY52652414 (at) -- 28.2.2011

hearsay There was a pele tower on the site from the 13th century, improved by Sir John Lowther after 1640. The castle was rebuilt 1675, and this was the one seen by Celia Fiennes in 1698. It burned down1726. Robert Adam drew plans for a castellated mansion, but his designs were not used. After Wicked Jimmy died, about 1802, plans were comissioned from Robert Smirke for a gothic mansion which were completed 1811.

ghost story The first Earl of Lonsdale was Sir James Lowther, born 1736. He was known as Wicked Jimmy, or the Bad Earl.
Sir James's marriage was arranged, he having no choice, and was not a happy match. He turned for consoslation to his sweetheart, the beautiful daughter of one of his tenants. She set her up in a house in Hampshire, where, far from home and family, she pined away and died. Sir James refused to have her buried, instead her corpse was dressed and sat at the dinner table as his companion. The putrifying body drove off his servants, and later she was brought back to Meaburn Hall to be kept in a glass lidded coffin in a cupboard. Eventualy she was buried, in the cemetery at Paddington, London, with a guard from the Cumberland militia to protect her for several weeks. Sir James returned to Lowther, suffering from fits of depression.
Sir James inherited the estate in 1784 and turned his grief to a lust for power. Thomas De Quincey said of him:-
He was a true feudal chieftan, and in the very approaches to his mansion, in his style of equipage, or whatever else was likely to meet the public eye, he delighted to express his disdain of modern refinement by the haughty carelessness of his magnificence. The coach in which he used to visit Penrith was old and decrepit, his horses fine and untrimmed, and such was the impression diffused about him by his gloomy temper and his habits of oppression, that, according to the declaration of a Penrith contemporary of the old despot, the streets were silent as he traversed them and an awe sat upon many faces.
Drink and sport killed him. He fell, drunk from a horse in steeplechasing, broke his neck, and died at age 66. He had not repented his life, and his ghost began to haunt Lowther. He galloped his coach across the park on moonlit nights, roamed in the stables and the village, and was haunted the castle halls. The parish priest failed to exorcise his ghost, but a catholic priest had slightly better success; but after a period away the ghost returned. The villagers took their own remedy. They dug him up and buried him on Hugh Laithes Pike by Hawes Water, with a great boulder on top to hold him down. His hauntings in Lowther stopped; though it is said that a figure is sometimes seen on the pike at dusk.

references Robertson, Dawn & Koronka, Peter: 1992: Secrets and Legends of Old Westmorland: Pagan Press (Kirkby Stephen, Cumbria) & Cumbria CC (library service)

notes site of 14th and 15th century towers and hall
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; plans and illustration

hearsay Over a porch is:-
L / I E / 1630
inserted by Sir John Lowther, married to Eleanor.

button   icehouse, Lowther Castle

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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