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placename:- Rey Cross
county:- Durham
coordinates:- NY904123
10Km square:- NY91

1Km square NY9012


Rey Cross -- Durham / -- (picture avoiding litter, road noise, etc.) -- 23.2.2007

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY81SE, button to large image
Rear Cross
no symbol

placename:- Rear Cross
county:- Durham
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Simpson's copying has made two places out of one, neither where it should be; for example, Morden has 'Rear als [or] Rey Cross'.
Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYW, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYW, button to large image
image SMP2NYV, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYV, button to large image
Rey Cross

placename:- Rey Cross
other name:- Rear
county:- Yorkshire
county:- Durham
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY81, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10NY81, button to large image
Rear Cross als Roycross
Stone on the county boundary.

placename:- Rear Cross
other name:- Roycross
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Saxton 1579 -- probably relevant

image Sax9NY81, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY81, button to large image
Cross atop a hillock.
county:- Westmorelandia
cross; boundary stone
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Wmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA18, button to large image
Rey Cross
circle; on county boundary

placename:- Rey Cross
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old print:- Bogg 1898

Book, Lakeland and Ribblesdale, OR A Thousand Miles of Wandering along the Roman Wall, the Old Border Region, Lakeland, and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg, publishd by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
thumbnail BGG126, button to large image
Print, engraving, Stainmoor, Rere or Roi Cross, ie Rey Cross, Durham, by Whiteley Brook, published by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
Included on p.106 of Lakeland and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg.

placename:- Rere Cross
other name:- Roi Cross
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Calverley 1899

Notes on the Early Sulptured Crosses, Shrines and Monuments in the Present Diocese of Carisle, by Rev William Slater Calverley, edited by W G Collingwood, published for the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, by Titus Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1899.
... just over the border in Yorkshire,
thumbnail CV1142, button to large image
Photograph by W L Fletcher.
John Speed, 1623, said:-
A stone crosse, on one side of whose shaft stood the picture, and armes, of the King of England, and on the other the image and armes of the king and kingdome of Scotland.
date:- 1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

hearsay Rey Cross stands beside the road. All that remains is the base and the top part of the shaft of a wheel headed cross; the cross is gone. It was set up by Edmund, King of Northumbria, AD946, to mark the boundary between Northumbria, England, and Strathclyde, Scotland, ruled by Malcolm I.
The cross would probably have stood 10 feet high. All that is left now is part of the top of the shaft and the plinth, any decorative carving worn away. It once stood west of the present location, in the roman marching camp. It was re-erected in a layby when the road was widened, 1992, and the meaningless stump is now surrounded by road noise and litter.
Tradition says the cross marked the grave of Erik Bloodaxe, last viking ruler of York, killed near here, AD945. When excavated in 1990 there was no evidence of any burial.

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Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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