button to main menu  Camden's Britannia, edn 1789

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Page 191:-
castle, where they are placed in the roof of the hall, and at the head thereof, where many of them still remain. This castle was the antient palace of the lord Multon marrying the lord Vaux's heir lord of Naward of Gilsland; and afterward of the late lord Dacre, and now came by lineal descent to the noble earl of Sussex with the lands adjoining, and many brave parks and villages belonging thereto [c]."
The Fetherstonhaughs were a Northumberland family, whose antient seat was at a place of that name. Their house, it is said, was formerly on a hill (where are two stones called Fether stones), and was moated about for defence against the Scots. But, upon the ruin of this, the house was afterwards built in the holme or valley under the hill, which they there call haugh, and the family writ their names de Fetherston, and sometimes de Fetherstonhaugh. They first came to Kirk Oswald in the beginning of the last century, where they yet continue [d].
  College, Kirkoswald
The church of Kirk Oswald was turned into a college of 12 secular priests 1523: and, at the dissolution of great tithes, passed with it into lay hands; but the vicarage has been augmented by queen Anne's bounty. The choir is so disproportionate to the body, that bishop Nicolson supposed it was rebuilt by some of the lords Dacre when the church was made collegiate, as their arms and those of the Cliffords are painted in most of the windows. The belfrey is placed without the church on the top of a hill to the east [e].
  Great Salkled.
  Great Salkeld
The church of Great Salkeld seems to have been built at a different time from the steeple, and the latter seems of later erection, and intended for a secure hold or retreat for the rector: so the iron door below and the good cellar with several chimnies within persuade us to believe. Bishop Nicolson supposes it the work of archdeacon Close, brother of bishop Close, in the middle of the 5th century who lies buried under a blue stone robbed of its brass in the choir. The bridge was rebuilt 1360 [f].
  Little Salkeld.
  Little Salkeld
Little Salkeld is a manor in Addingham parish [g].
Of Ulleswater see in Westmorland, p.162.
  Armathaite Place
Armathwaite castle belongs to William Milborne, esq., by inheritance of Robert Sanderson, who bought it of Richard Shelton, esq., 1712, whose grandfather rebuilt and endowed the chapel here. In the castle was preserved in Mr. Machel's time a broad sword with a basket hilt; on one side of the blade EDWARDUS, on the other PRINS ANGLIE. It was probably left there in Edward I's time, and the prince might lodge here when his father's headquarters were at Lanercost [h]. Here was a small Benedictine nunnery, founded by Rufus, valued at £.18. 18s. [i].
  Linstock Castle
Linstock was granted with Carleton by Henry I. to Walter his chaplain, who took upon him a religious habit in St. Mary's priory, Carlisle, and with the king's consent gave both manors to that in frank almoyne for ever, and became prior there. For some time the bishop and convent held all their lands in common: but when the first partition was made by Gualo the pope's legate this barony fell to the bishop, and this castle was his seat so late as 1293 [k].
  Greystoke Castle
The barony of Graystock was granted by Ranulph de Meschines to Liulf, and Henry I. confirmed it to his son, whose posterity took name from it, and his great grandson was Fitz Walter, mentioned by Mr. Camden, and died 12 John. William lord Graystock, who married Merlay, was his great great grandson. It is now in Charles duke of Norfolk [l].
"Graystok castel of the lord Dacre [m]."
Greystock church was collegiate for a provost and six secular canons, founded by Ralph lord of Greystock 1382, valued at £.40. per ann. [n]
  Hutton John
  Hutton John
Hutton John in this parish was the seat of the Huddlestons from the reign of Mary, of which was John, the popish priest who assisted Charles II. in his escape after the battle of Worcester, and administered the sacrament to him on his death-bed, and dying 1704, aged 96, was buried in the body of the chapel at Somerset-house, where it may be doubted if he rests in peace. His elder brother Andrew was one of the first in this county who declared for the Revolution, and seized a ship loaded with ammunition for James II. His grandson now owns the estate [o].
  Armathwaite Nunnery
Nunnery in Ainstable parish was a small house of Benedictine nuns, founded by William Rufus a.r. 2. At the dissolution here were only a prioress and three nuns, and their ample revenues were reduced to £.18. 18s. per annum. [p] It was granted to William Graham, and passed by exchange to the Aglionbys present owners. On the head of a bed called the Nun's bed, is the rude inscription [q]. Pl.X. fig.8.
  Corby. Pl.X fig.9.
  Corby Castle
Corby in Wetheral parish, is now a modern mansion, seated on the brink of a stupendous cliff over-hanging the river Eden, and surrounded by well wooded hills, altogether forming a beautiful scene [r]. It belonged once to Harcla earl of Carlisle, on whose attainder Edward II. granted it to sir Richard de Salkeld, knt. who sold it to the heirs of the Howards of Naworth [s]. In one of the walls is the altar [t] which Mr. Camden describes at Willoford or Burdoswald [u].
  Wetheral Priory
  St Constantine's Cells

"Wetherhaul, a celle of St. Mary abbay, three miles south-east above Cairluel, on the same side of the river Edon [x]."
Wetherel, a Benedictine priory, was given to St. Mary's abbey at York by Ranulph de Meschines earl of Cumberland, t. Rufus or Henry I. valued at £.117. and granted at the dissolution to the Dean and Chapter of Carlisle [y]. The gate with a fine elliptic arch remains. A little farther in the midst of a vast precipice environed with woods are cut with much labour in the live rock three deep unroofed cells, divided by partitions of the same four feet thick, the front and entrance of fine cut stone; in front three windows and a fire-place. The cells, intended for security or retirement, are each 12 feet 8 inches deep, and about 9 feet 6 inches wide; below, before them, from the door to the end is a kind of gallery, 23 feet and an half long, bounded by the front, which overhangs the river Eden, above whose level they are 40 feet. There are marks of bolts and bars
[c] Sandford's MS. Hist. of Cumb. Burn, II. 424.
[d] Burn, II. 424.
[e] Ib. 428.
[f] Ib. 414,415.
[g] Ib. 449.
[h] Ib. 340-343.
[i] Tan. 75.
[k] Burn, II. 453.
[l] Ib. 348-366.
[m] Lel. VII. 72.
[n] Tan. 77.
[o] Burn, II. 366-370.
[p] Tan. 75.
[q] Burn, II. 429. 431.
[r] Ib. 335. Hutchinson, 250.
[s] Pennant.
[t] Cumb. xvi. p.256.
[u] Gord. xliii. p.96. Horsl. xvi. 256. Pennat 72.
[x] Lel. VII. 71.
[y] Tan. 75.
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button -- Armathwaite Nunnery
button -- "Armathwaite Castle" -- Armathwaite Place
button -- "Barony of Graystock" -- Barony of Graystock
button -- College, The
button -- Corby Castle
button -- "Hutton John" -- Hutton John
button -- Linstock Castle
button -- "Little Salkeld" -- Little Salkeld
button -- "Naward Castle" -- Naworth Castle (?)
button -- St Andrew's Church
button -- "Constantine's Cells" -- St Constantine's Cells
button -- St Cuthbert's Church
button -- St Oswald's Church
button -- "Wetherel Priory" -- Wetheral Priory
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