button to main menu  Camden's Britannia, edn 1789

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norum quo salute
republicae volum solvit libens merito [o].
In Brougham castle Francis; earl of Cumberland, entertained James I. on his return from his last progress into Scotland 1617. Having been desolated in the civil wars it was repaired by Anne countess of Pembroke 1615 and 1652, since which it has been suffered to go to decay [p].
  Karl Lofts
  Kemp Howe

Shap, antiently written Heppe, is a long village, with the ruins of the Premonstratensian priory transferred from Preston in this county t. Henry II. valued at £.154 [q], and its beautiful tower in a sequestered vale half a mile off. At the S. end of the village on a common near the road side is an area upwards of half a mile long and between 20 and 30 yards broad, of small stones, and parallel to the road begins a double row of immense granites three or four yards diameter and 8 10 or 12 yards asunder, crossed at the end by another row; all placed at some distance from each other. This alley extended within memory above a mile quite through the village, since removed to clear the ground. The space between the lines at the south-east is 80 feet, but near Shap only 59, so that they probably met at last in a point. At the upper end is a circle of the like stones 18 feet diameter [r]. The ebbing well is now lost, its effect being purely fortuitous, and common in rocky countries [22].
  Shap Wells
Opposite to Wasdale fort, but in the parish of Crosby Ravensworth, by the side of the river Birkbeck, was discovered some few years ago a spa, now known by the name of Shap well, to which in summer is a considerable resort. It is impregnated with sulphur and smells like rotten eggs, and has been found serviceable in scorbutic disorders [s].
  Gibson, Edmund

At High Knipe, in Bampton parish, was born Thomas Gibson, M.D. physician general to the army, and author of "a System of Anatomy," who married to his second wife a daughter of Richard Cromwell the protector. There also was born 1669 his nephew EDMUND GIBSON, D.D. bishop of Lincoln and London, who had the honor of publishing a new translation of Mr. Camden's BRITANNIA, with considerable additions and improvements in successive editions. He was educated at the freeschool founded at Bampton 1623 by Dr. Thomas Sutton, another native, under Mr. Jackson (who held it 44 years), and admitted 1686 of Queen's college, Oxford. He began his literary career with publishing 1691 in 4to. "Drummond's Polemo-Middiana," and James V. of Scotland's "Cantilena Rustica," and in 1692 the Saxon Chronical, and the Catalogue of the Tenison and Dugdale MSS. In 1693 a correct edition of Quintilian, and in 1694, when he proceeded M.A. Somner's Roman Ports and Forts in Kent, and his Portus Iccius illustratus. In 1695 he entered into orders, and published, with the assistance of his friends, a new translation of the BRITANNIA, with a dedication to Lord Somers, who offered him a living of £.200. a year in the isle of Tanet, which he declined on account of health. In 1696 he was admitted library keeper at Lambeth to archbishop Tenison, who took him into his family, and in 1697 he was appointed morning preacher at Lambeth, and prefixed to the "Catalogus Manuscriptorum in Anglia & Hibernia," a Latin life of Bodley, and history of his library. In 1698 he published "The posthumous works of sir Henry Spelman, with his life," and was lecturer of St. Martin's in the fields. He distinguished himself in defence of the archbishop's rights as president of the convocation, and had the degree of D.D. conferred on him by the archbishop 1702, was preferred to the rectory of Lambeth, to the precentorship and a residentiary place in the church of Chichester, and 1710 to the archdeaconry of Surry. In 1713 he published his "Codex juris Anglicani," and in 1716 was promoted to the see of Lincoln, and 1723 translated to London. His close application to study and business of various kinds brought on a decay which terminated his life at Bath Sept. 6, 1748, in the 79th year of his age, having lived to publish a second edition of Britannia, enlarged to two volumes 1722. He was interred at Fulham with no other inscription over him than

"Edmund Gibson, lord bishop of London [t]."
Olaus Wormius [u] consulted by Spelman finds Loder or Lother a common name among the antient kings of Denmark, and derives it from Loth and Er, q.d. fortunate honor. The name of Lothair is also frequent among the German emperors. Perhaps however both the name and seat of Lowther here, as Lauder in Scotland, are to be derived from the neighbouring river, which in British signifies clear water, Gladdwr. This river springs in Wet Sleddale in Shap parish, and runs along by that abbey, Rosgill hall, through Bampton, by Askham and Lowther halls, Clifton hall, Round table, and at Brougham castle falls into the Emot, where it loses its name, and is carried with that river into Eden [x]. The family have figured here for many generations from the time of Henry II. Sir John Lowther, who was keeper of the privy seal and one of the lords justices during the absence of William III. 1699, was advanced 1696 to the dignity of baron Lowther viscount Lonsdale, which became extinct in his grandson. The first viscount built here 1685 a handsome house (which was burnt down 1720), and rebuilt and furnished the church. Christopher, another branch of this family, was created a baronet 11 Charles I. which honour ended in his grandson James, who died immensely rich 1755, and in the title of baronet and the estate was succeeded by James Lowther, a descendant from one common ancestor, and created earl of Lonsdale 1784 [y].
  Arthur's Round Table
"Within a mile of Perith, but in Westmoreland, is a ruin, as some suppose of a castle, within a flite shot of Loder, and as much of Emot water, standing almost as a mediamnis between them. The ruine is of some called the Round table, and of some Arthur's castel. A mile lower meteth Loder and Emot at Burgham castle [z]."
A little before the Loder joins the Emot, just beyound Yeoman's or Eamont bridge over the latter, it
[o] Horsl. 208.
[p] Burn, I. 358.
[q] Tan. 588.
[r] Pennant, 1769. 258. Stukeley, Abury. Burn, I. 477. West's Guide to the Lakes, p.181. West says 'the range leads to circles of small stones, and encreases the space between the rows as they approach the circles where the avenue is about 27 paces wide.
[22] G.
[s] Burn, I. 481. West Ib. 182.
[t] Burn, I. 463, 464.
[u] Mon. Dan. p.192.
[x] Burn, I. 428.
[y] G. Baronet. II. 308. Burn, 428-440.
[z] Lel. VII. 63.
gazetteer links
button -- Arthur's Round Table
button -- "Brougham Castle" -- Brougham Castle
button -- "High Knipe" -- High Knipe
button -- Karl Lofts
button -- Lowther
button -- Lowther, River
button -- "Brocavum" -- Brocavum
button -- Shap Abbey
button -- "Shap" -- Shap
button -- Spa Well
button -- Tiding Well
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