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Sadgill, Longsleddale
Sadgill
locality:-   Longsleddale
civil parish:-   Longsleddale (formerly Westmorland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   locality
coordinates:-   NY48260570
1Km square:-   NY4805
10Km square:-   NY40


photograph
BHU25.jpg  Low Sadgill beyond the trees on the left, Middle Sadgill in the middle, and High Sadgill hid in trees to the right.
(taken 11.2003)  

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 27 6) 
placename:-  Sadgill
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
OS County Series (Wmd 27 7) 
image
C5E001.jpg
"Sadgill"

evidence:-   old photograph:- 
source data:-   River Sprint and Sadgill Bridge by J H Hogg, Kendal, 1900s.
image  click to enlarge
BII37.jpg
in guide book, Kendal Illustrated, published by T Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1900s.  "LONGSLEDDALE"
item:-  private collection : 58
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   census returns:- 
placename:-  Low Sadgill
placename:-  Sadghyll
placename:-  Middle Sad Ghyll

evidence:-   old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd) 
placename:-  Sand Gills
source data:-   Map, 4 sheets, The County of Westmoreland, scale 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed 1768, and engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
image
J5NY40NE.jpg
"Sand Gills"
circle, labelled in italic lowercase text; settlement, farm, house, or hamlet? 
item:-  National Library of Scotland : EME.s.47
Image © National Library of Scotland

evidence:-   old map:- Cary 1789 (edn 1805) 
placename:-  Sand Gills
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Westmoreland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Cary, London, 1789; edition 1805.
image
CY24NY40.jpg
"Sand Gills"
block/s, labelled in italic lowercase; house, or hamlet 
item:-  JandMN : 129
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Otley 1818
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, The District of the Lakes, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, 1818, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Scotland, published by Jonathan Otley, Keswick, Cumberland, et al, 1833.
image
OT02NY40.jpg
item:-  JandMN : 48.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Hodgson 1828
placename:-  Sad Gill
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, 4 sheets mounted together on linen and rolled, Plan of the County of Westmorland, scale about 1.25 inches to 1 mile, by Thomas Hodgson, engraved by W R Gardner, Harpur Street, London, published by Thomas Hodgson, Lancaster, and perhaps by C Smith, 172 Strand, London,1828.
image
HDG6lsl3.jpg
map courtesy of Mark Cropper
"Sad Gill"
item:-  private collection : 371
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Kendal Corn Rent Act 1836
placename:-  Sad Gill
source data:-   Tithe map, Plan of part of the Township of Longsleddale, Westmorland, made regarding the Kendal Corn Rent Act, ie a tithe award map, scale about 20 inches to 1 mile, Kendal, Westmorland, 1836.
image
KCR201.jpg

courtesy of Mark Cropper
Plan of part of the Township of Longsleddale, Westmorland, made regarding the Kendal Corn Rent Act, ie a tithe award map, scale about 20 inches to 1 mile, Kendal, Westmorland, 1836.  "SAD GILL"
item:-  private collection : 370
Image © see bottom of page

 Kendal Corn Rent Act 1836

evidence:-   old text:- Prior 1865
source data:-   Guide book, Ascents and Passes in the Lake District of England, by Herman Prior, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Simpkin, Marshall and Co, London, 1865.
Page 7, on the Stile End path:-  "... going through the upper of these two gates; and then continuing without difficulty, with a wall on its right throughout, to the houses in the village. Opposite to these, a bridge is seen, on crossing which you are then in the main road up the valley. ..."

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Bulmer 1880s (1st edn 1885/Wmd) 
source data:-   Series of books, each the History, Topography, and Directory of a county in the NW, mostly by T F Bulmer, published by T Bulmer and Co, Manchester, Lancashire, 1880s; 2nd editions 1900s-10s.
"The township [Longsleddale] has no village of its own name; but there are two hamlets, Stockdale and Sadgill, the former containing two and the latter three houses."

evidence:-   old map:- OS 1881-82 New Series (outline edition) 
placename:-  Sadgill
source data:-   Map, engraving, area north of Kendal, Westmorland, New Series one inch map, outline edition, sheet 39, scale 1 inch to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1881-82.
image
O21NY40X.jpg
"Sadgill"
item:-  JandMN : 61
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old photograph:- Kendal Corn Rent Act 1836
source data:-   Photograph, sepia toned print, Longsleddale Nutting Party 1894, Sadgill, Longsleddale, Westmorland, 1894.
image  click to enlarge
PH0050.jpg
1894, charabanc "LONGSLEDDALE NUTTING PARTY 1894"

courtesy of Ruth Fishwick
item:-  private collection : 199
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- Watson 1894
source data:-   View of upper Longsleddale including Sadgill, Goat Scar and Buckbarrow, in The Annals of a Quiet Valley, by A Country Parson edited by John Watson, published by J M Dent and Co, London, 1894.
image  click to enlarge
WT1E01.jpg
"BERTHA NEWCOMBE"
item:-  Kendal Library : 5
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Wilson 1912
source data:-   Guide book, Longsleddale, by F M Wilson, published by T Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1912.
WILSON1.txt
"The parish has no village of its own name, but there are two hamlets, Stockdale and Sadgill; the former containing two, and the latter three houses."
"At Sadgill you will hear the mournful sound of the water as it dashes over the waterfall and among the rocks; ..."
The waterfall referred to is not Sadgill Force which is the one you can hear; though Sadgill Force does make a low moan. 

evidence:-   old postcard:- 
source data:-   Postcard, black and white, cattle on the grassing by the hoghouse above Sadgill, Longsleddale, Westmorland, 1920s - 1930s.
image  click to enlarge
PH0043.jpg
"4315[8], LONGSLEDDALE VALLEY, NEAR KENDAL"

courtesy of Michael Wooldridge
item:-  private collection : 145
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   textbook:- EPNS Westmorland 1967
placename:-  Satgill
placename:-  Sategille
placename:-  Sapgill
placename:-  Saggill
source data:-   Book, The Place Names of Westmorland, two volumes, by A H Smith, published for the English Place Name Society by Cambridge University Press, Cambridgeshire, 1967

 directory entries

 fungi

 hounds

 old parish registers (formerly )

evidence:-   map:- OS Six Inch (1956) 
placename:-  Sadgill
source data:-   Map series, various editions with the national grid, scale about 6 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, scale 1 to 10560 from 1950s to 1960s, then 1 to 10000 from 1960s to 2000s, superseded by print on demand from digital data.
image
SINY4805.jpg
"Sadgill"
several buildings drawn, not labelled. 

evidence:-   shepherds guide:- Robinson, Dent and Vickers 1885
placename:-  Sad Gill
source data:-   Book, Shepherds' Guide,
image
RDVp195b.jpg
"103 - JOHN FISHWICK, Sad Gill, Longsleddale. Cropped near ear, a stroke over the fillets and down both lisks, and a stroke from that up the back to the shoulder."
item:-  Kendal Library : 41
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   shepherds guide:- Hodgson 1849
source data:-   Book, Shepherd's Guide, or a Delineation of the Wool and Ear Marks of the Different Stocks of Sheep, Lancashire, Cumberland, and Westmorland, by William Hodgson, Normoss, Corney, Cumberland, 1849.
image
HG2p597a.jpg
"GEORGE HUDSON, Sad Gill."
"Forked near ear, a red stroke from the fillets to the far side of the tail, and a stroke from the near hock bone over and across the other and down the buttock, TH on the far horn."
item:-  Kendal Library : 39
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   shepherds guide:- Hodgson 1849
source data:-   Book, Shepherd's Guide, or a Delineation of the Wool and Ear Marks of the Different Stocks of Sheep, Lancashire, Cumberland, and Westmorland, by William Hodgson, Normoss, Corney, Cumberland, 1849.
image
HG2p597b.jpg
"GEORGE HUDSON, Sad Gill."
"Under key bitted near ear, cropped far, a red stroke over and down both shoulders, and one over the back and down both sides, and a pop at the tail head."
item:-  Kendal Library : 39
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   shepherds guide:- Hodgson 1849
source data:-   Book, Shepherd's Guide, or a Delineation of the Wool and Ear Marks of the Different Stocks of Sheep, Lancashire, Cumberland, and Westmorland, by William Hodgson, Normoss, Corney, Cumberland, 1849.
image
HG2p591c.jpg
"BENJAMIN MARTIN, Sad Gill."
"Cropped near ear, a stroke over the fillets and down both lisk[s], and a stroke from that up the back to the shoulders."
item:-  Kendal Library : 39
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   shepherds guide:- Walker 1817
placename:-  Sadgill
source data:-   Shepherds guide, The Shepherd's Guides or a Delineation of the Wool and Ear Marks on the Different Stocks of Sheep ..., in Westmorland, by Joseph Walker, printed by W Stephen, Penrith, Cumberland, 1817.
image
WK13L01.jpg
courtesy of George Akrigg
"No.1 - JAMES MATTINSON, Sadgill:"
"Cropped near ear, a red mark on the back and down both lisks, IM on the horn, and a figure."
item:-  private collection : 91
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   shepherds guide:- Walker 1817
placename:-  Sadgill
source data:-   Shepherds guide, The Shepherd's Guides or a Delineation of the Wool and Ear Marks on the Different Stocks of Sheep ..., in Westmorland, by Joseph Walker, printed by W Stephen, Penrith, Cumberland, 1817.
image
WK13L02.jpg
courtesy of George Akrigg
"No 2 - THOMAS WALKER, Sadgill:"
"Cropped far ear, and under key bitted near, a red mark over both shoulders, and another over behind the shoulders, a pop on the tail head, and TW on the horns."
item:-  private collection : 91
Image © see bottom of page

notes:-  
The shepherds guides do not always distinguish the various Sadgill farms, and sometimes just refer to 'Sadgill'.

evidence:-   old newspaper:- Z8900705.txt
placename:-  
item:-  placename, Sadgill
source data:-   Z8900705.txt
Westmorland Gazette
Transcription from the Westmorland Gazette 5 July 1890 
page 6:-  "... Sadgill is plainly indicated by the mournful sound of the water as it dashes over the waterfall, and among the rocks underneath Buckbarrow. One authority states that the river Sprint rises in Sadgill, but its course may be traced to Harter Fell."

 mountain biking

 rain storm 20151205

 snow December 2010

hearsay:-  

"... Five miles from the Dun Bull Sad Gill is reached. Why "Sad?" Possibly because it is the furthest limit of any attempt at cultivation, if one excepts a couple of fir plantings on the slopes of Buckbarrow; or perhaps the name is derived from the Anglo-Saxon "Sad," meaning "heavy" or "sodden." Otherwise it is a comfortable looking hamlet of not more than four or five houses, if as many, ..."

Barber, John B &Atkinson, George: 1931: Lakeland Passes


photograph
BQY25.jpg  Path from Tills Hole to Low Sadgill.
(taken 1.7.2009)  
photograph
BXG70.jpg  Trees in Old Close.
(taken 2.9.2012)  
photograph
BQO42.jpg  Rainbow.
(taken 26.5.2009)  
photograph
BLV76.jpg  Windbreak, east of the bridge, Sadgill.
(taken 13.4.2006)  
photograph
BSF91.jpg  Cars parked at the road end.
(taken 7.3.2010)  
photograph
BSD08.jpg  Postman, on his way out.
(taken 8.2.2010)  
photograph
BJW30.jpg  Sheep on the road
(taken 29.9.2005)  
photograph
BJW31.jpg  Sheep on the road
(taken 29.9.2005)  
photograph
BJW32.jpg  Sheep changing field
(taken 29.9.2005)  

fiction:-  
Called High Close in

Ward, Humphrey, Mrs: 1888: Robert Elsmere

story:-  
At the edge of Sadgill Wood, above Middle Sadgill, there is said to be an ash tree with a horizontal bough, on which can be seen the groove of the rope where the last sheep stealer was hanged in the valley.

see:-    High Sadgill, Longsleddale

see:-    Middle Sadgill, Longsleddale

see:-    Low Sadgill, Longsleddale

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