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placename:- Burgh by Sands
other name:- Bruff
parish Burgh by Sands parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
coordinates:- NY323591
10Km square:- NY35

1Km square NY3259

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 15 12)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Burgh by Sands
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY36, button to large image
blocks, settlement

placename:- Burgh
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
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Burgh on the Sands

placename:- Burgh on the Sands
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
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page 555-556

placename:- Burgh
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 187:-
Burgh on Sands ... An altar inscribed,
was dug up in the vicar's garden; the 5th to that deity in England. Another inscription published in Gent. Mag. Aug. 1749, p.367, runs thus:
On the spot where Edward I died, ...
"Burgh yn the sand standeth a mile off from the hither bank of Edon. It is a village by the which remain the ruins of a great place, now clene desolated, where king Edward the first died. Burgh
Page 188:-
"stondith from Bolnes three miles and from Cair Luel four or five, and longid sometime to the Morvilles. Here was 15 years ago the lord Maxwell sore woundid, many slain and drowned in Edon." This relates to the battle of Sollom moss 1524.
Burgh belonged to the Lucys and Multons, and passed by the heiress of the latter to the Dacres of Dacre castle, to the coheiress of a younger branch of whom this barony was allotted, and her descendant in the 4th generation Henry Howard, duke of Norfolk, sold it about 1689 to sir John Lowther, bart. ancestor of the present possessor.

placename:- Burgh on Sands
other name:- Burgh yn the Sand
person:- : Morville Famliy
person:- : Lucy Family
person:- : Molton Family
person:- : Dacre Family
person:- : Howard Family
person:- : Lowther, John, Sir
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
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Burgh upon Sands / V
circle, building and tower, vicarage

placename:- Burgh upon Sands
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP4P187, button   goto source.
... The Romans had also another Station near this Place [Drumburgh Castle], which, by changing of the Name, is, at present called
Burgh upon Sands, a large Barony, taking in all the neighbouring Lands and Town: It was first bestowed by Ranulph de Meschines, Lord of Cumberland, upon Robert de Estrivers, or Trivers, whom he made also chief Forester in his Forest of Englewood. From him, by
image SMP4P188, button   goto source.
Marriage it came to Sir Hugh Morvil, whose Family enjoy'd it for some Time, and were called the Morvils of Burgh super sabulones: A Knight of this Family, named Hugh Morvil, was one of the four that kill'd Thomas Beckett, Archbishop of Canterbury; for which, being afterwards very penitent, he gave the Rectory of this Town to the Abbey of Holm Cultram, which the Bishops of Carlisle appropriated to the Monks.
The Sword with which he kill'd the Archbishop was kept long at Issal, and now remains in the Family of the Arundels. ...
image SMP4P189, button   goto source.
The Inhabitants say, that under this Burgh in the very AEstuary, there was first a Sea Fight between the Scots and English; and when the Tide was out, a second Fight began between the Horse of both Sides, as strange as that which Pliny relates in Caramania, and makes a great Wonder of it: Into this AEstuary the Huna, or River Eden, having pass'd thro' Part of Westmoreland, and quite cross the N.E. Parts of the County, falls with a vast Body of Waters, which in the Year 1216, seemed to be the greatest Enemy that the Scots had, for when they had plunder'd the English without Resistance, and were returning with Loads of Spoil, they came upon them with a full Torrent, and quickly swallow'd up the whole plundering Crew.

placename:- Burgh upon Sands
person:- : Meschines, Ranulph de
person:- : Estrivers, Robert de; Trivers, Robert de
person:- : Morvil Family
person:- : Morvil, Hugh, Sir
person:- : Beckett, Thomas a
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

descriptive text:- Bowen 1720 (plate 162)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
... Burgh upon Sands suppos'd to be the same with old Castra Exploratum, memorable on the account of ye renowned K: Ed. 1st. who seduced the Welsh, and marching with his Army against the Scotch dyed here in his Camp 7. Julÿ a.d.1307.

placename:- Burgh upon Sands
other name:- Castra Exploratum
person:- : Edward I
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY35, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY35, button to large image
Burgh Upon Sand
Circle, building and tower; there is also a deleted label.

placename:- Burgh upon Sand
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY35, button to large image
Burgh kirk
Buildings and tower.

placename:- Burgh Kirk
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
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Burgh Kirk
circle, buildings, tower

placename:- Burgh Kirk
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

source:- Lloyd 1573

Map, Angliae Regni, Kingdom of England, with Wales, scale about 24 miles to 1 inch, authored by Humphrey Lloyd, Denbigh, Clwyd, drawn and engraved by Abraham Ortelius, Netherlands, 1573.
thumbnail Lld1Cm, button to large image

placename:- Burg
date:- 1573
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Gough 1350s-60s

Reproduction of the Gough Map of Great Britain, reduced size, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1875; and a full size line reproduction, with added transcriptions of placenames, 1935.
thumbnail Ggh1Cm, button to large image
thumbnail Ggh2Cm, button to large image

placename:- Burgh Juxta Sablones
county:- Cumberland

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY35, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY35, button to large image
Church, symbol for a parish or village, with a parish church.

placename:- Burgh
county:- Cumberlandia
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP3, button to large image
circle; village or hamlet

placename:- Burgh
locality:- Cumberland Ward
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD10, button to large image
Burgh up Sand
circle, italic lowercase text; village, hamlet or locality

placename:- Burgh up Sand
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

hearsay John Stagg, known as Blin' Stagg the Fiddler, was born here, 1770. His father was a tailor. He was educated to be a clergyman, but lost his sight in an accident. He played the fiddle and sang, and was in great demand for merry nights.

button   Amberfield, Burgh by Sands
button   Burgh by Sands Castle, Burgh by Sands
button   Burgh by Sands School, Burgh by Sands
button   Burgh House, Burgh by Sands
button   Burgh Station, Burgh by Sands
button   Burghmoor House, Burgh by Sands
button   Dykesfield Bridge, Burgh by Sands
button   fingerpost, Burgh by Sands
button   Greyhound, Burgh by Sands
button   Hangman Tree, Burgh by Sands
button   Hewitt Cottage, Burgh by Sands
button   Hill, Burgh by Sands
button   Longburgh Hall, Burgh by Sands
button   manor house, Burgh by Sands
button   Mill House, Burgh by Sands
button   North End, Burgh by Sands
button   roman fort, Burgh by Sands
button   Shield, Burgh by Sands
button   St Michael, Burgh by Sands
button   trig point, NY3280159938
button   Watch Hill, Burgh by Sands
button   West End, Burgh by Sands
button   West Green Bridge, Burgh by Sands
button   Westgreen School, Burgh by Sands

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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